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海洋平台建造工程专用词汇(中英文对照)


海 洋 平 台 建 筑 专 用 词 汇 表 Abrasive Abrasive (喷砂用的)磨料 砂纸 Air compressor 空压机 Air driven pump 气动泵 Air hoister 气动绞车 Air manifold 气包 Air tight test 气密性试验 Air-hose 风带 (焊接)工艺孔 Aircraft obstruction beaco

n 航空障碍灯 Alarm buzzer 报警蜂鸣器 Aliphatic polyurethane 脂肪族聚氨酯漆 Allowable(working)/permissible stress 许用应力 Aluminum alloy anode 铝合金阳极 Aluminum ingot 铝锭 Aluminum paint 银粉漆 遵守 Aluminum sheet 铝皮 Ambient air temperature 环境气温 荷载的不利组合 Ambient temperature 环境温度 Anchor block 地锚块 Anchor bolt 地脚螺栓 Anchor ground 锚地 Anchor pile 锚桩 Anchor profile/pattern 涂装表面的粗糙度 Anchor rack 锚架 Arc strike 弧击 Argon arc welding 氩弧焊 Articulated tower mooring system 铰接塔系泊系统 Artificial island 人工岛

AC generator 交流发电机 AC motor 交流电动机

Accelerated corrosion testing 加速腐蚀试验 Acceptance criteria 合格准则 Access hole(for welding)=cope hole

Accommodation and power platform(APP)生活动力平台 In accordance with=in line with=as per=in light of Acetylene gas 乙炔 按照

Acid electrode 酸性焊条 Acid proof cement 防酸水泥 Additive 添加剂 Adhere to(v)/ adherence to(adj) Adjacent columns 相邻立柱 Adverse combination of loads Adverse condition 不利条件 Aeronautical radio system 航空无线电系统 Aforementioned 上述的 Aft winch 船艉绞车 Agitator 搅拌器 Air blower 鼓风机 Anchoring buoy 锚泊浮筒 Angle of incidence 入射角 Angle of reflection 折射角 Angle probe method 超声波斜射探伤

Angle steel 角钢;embedment design 地面下的设计 Angle valve 角阀 Anode core 阳极芯子 Anode end face geometry 阳极端面几何形状 Anode life 阳极寿命 Anode potential 阳极电位 Anode stand-off post 支 架 式 阳 极 的 立 柱 ; plant equipment layout drawings 设备布置图;mechanical plant design and layout 机械装置的设计与布置图 Anode resistance 阳极电阻 Anti-electrostatic floor 防静电地板 Anticorrosive paint 防锈漆 Antipollution measures 防污染措施 API specified requirements API 规定的要求 Apparent batter 视斜度 Applicable API specification API 适用规范 Approach-departure sector 直升飞机起落扇形区 Appurtenance=attachment=accessory=auxiliary 附件 Arc air gouging 碳弧气刨 Arc cutting 电弧切割 Ball hardness 布氏硬度 Ball valve 球阀 Bar (截面较小的)圆钢方钢六角钢等 Bar chart 统计用的柱状图 Bar bumper 靠船件 Barge strength and stability 驳船强度及稳性 Barrel (管件的)加厚段 Base metal 母材、基本金属 Basic design 基本设计

As-built 完工 As-built dossier 完工资料 As-rolled 轧制状态 Assemble(v)/assembly(adj)组装 Associated gas 伴生气 At the option of A 按 A 的意愿

Atmospheric diving system = unpressurized diving system 常压潜水系统 Atmospheric vent 放空管 Auto fire alarm system 火灾自动报警系统 Automatic spraying system 自动喷淋系统 (to be)buttered (焊接的)长肉 Back chipping 清根 Back gouging 反面气刨 Backing weld 打底焊道 Backpressure regulator(self contained)背压式调 节阀(自力式) Backwash return pump 反冲洗回流泵 Backwash surge tank 反冲洗罐 Beveling/chamfering 开坡口 Bid drawing 招标图纸 Bilge/fire pump 舱底污水-消防两用泵 Bilge alarm system 污水报警系统 Blast cleaning 喷砂除锈 Blind flange 盲法兰 Blind spectacle flange 快速盲法兰 Blow count 打桩的锤击数 Blowdown vessel 排放罐 Blowhole;gas pore 气孔

Basic electrode=lime type covered electrode 碱性焊条 Battery room 蓄电池间 Blowout preventer system(BOP system)防喷器系统 Beam depth 梁高 Beam path distance 超声波发射程距 Bearing strength of the ground 地基承载力 Bearing stress 支撑应力 Before welding is initiated 始焊前 Bending moment 弯矩 Bending stress 弯曲应力 Bevel 坡口 Bevel angle 坡口面角度 Bow 船艏 Box beam 箱形梁 Box type joint 箱形节点 Brace 拉筋 Bracelet anode 手镯式阳极 Branch member 支杆 Breathing apparatus respirator 防毒面具 Bridge 栈桥 Bridge(overhead)crane 天车吊 Brittleness 脆性 Brush coating 用毛刷涂漆 Buckle fastener 绑带 Bulb angle 球扁钢 Build-up girder 组合梁 Bulk head 隔板、舱壁

Blowout preventer stack 防喷器组 Buoyant turret mooring 浮筒转塔式系泊 Boat landing 登船平台 Bolt, nut and washer 螺栓、螺母及垫片 Bolted connection 螺栓连接 Boom 吊机扒杆 Boom angle 吊臂倾斜角 Bore hole 镗孔 Boss with plug 带有丝堵的管座 Bottom echo 底面回声 Bottom sitting drilling platform 坐底式钻井船 Boundary condition 边界条件 Cable rack/tray 电缆托架 Caisson 沉箱 Caisson washing pump 洗舱泵 Cantilever beam 悬臂梁 Cantilever jack-up rig 悬臂自动式钻井船 Cantilever well module 悬臂式井口模块 Cap beam 帽梁 Capped steel 半镇静钢 Capsizing lever 倾覆力臂 Capsizing moment=overturn moment 倾覆力矩 Carbon arc air gouging 碳弧气刨 Carbon dioxide cylinder 二氧化碳气瓶 Carbon equivalent 碳当量 Carbon-dioxide arc welding 二氧化碳气体保护电 弧焊 Cargo master system 货油舱总监控系统

Burn through 烧穿 Burner 气焊工 Burr and flashing 飞边毛刺 Business and management 经营管理 Butt-welded seam 对接焊缝 Butterfly valve 蝶阀 Cable layer 敷缆船 Cementing vessel 固井船 Center of buoyancy 浮心 Center of floatation 漂心 Center of gravity 重心 Center punch 冲子 Central control room(CCR)中央控制室 Central processing platform 中心处理平台 Centrifugal pump 离心泵 Centrifuger 离心机

Cargo tank cleaning machine 洗舱机 Carrier (搬运)小车 Catenary anchor leg mooring(CALM)悬链锚腿系 泊 Cathodic protection 阴极保护 Cellar deck 底甲板 Cellar shutdown panel(CSDP)井口系统关断盘 Cement grout 水泥浆 Chemical injection package 化学注入撬 Chemical injection system 化学药剂注入系统 Chemical seal 化学密封 Chipping hammer 敲渣锤 Chisel 风铲 Chord member 弦杆 Christmas tree 采油树 Circumference /perimeter 周长 Circumferential weld 环焊缝 Classification survey 入级检验 Clean water surge tank 清水缓冲罐 Clearance 间隙 Close drain tank 闭式排放罐 Closed/open circuit 闭/开路 Clustered well heads 丛式井口 CO2 cylinder unit CO2 气瓶组 CO2 extinguisher CO2 灭火器 Coal tar epoxy paint 含焦油环氧涂料 Coaming 档水扁钢 Coating 涂装

Ceramic fibers 防火陶棉 Ceramic tiles 瓷砖 Certifying authority 第三方检验机构 Chain block 倒链 Chair with arm-rests 带扶手的半软椅 Chamfering 开坡口 Channel steel 槽钢 Charpy-V notch energy 夏比 V 形缺口韧性值 Charpy-V notch impact test 夏比 V 形缺口冲击试验 Chart datum 海图基准面 Check randomly / spot check 抽检

Check valve 止回阀 Checkered plate 花纹板 Cold formed pipe 冷卷管 Cold shut 冷隔 Cold work 冷加工、冷作 Collapse ring 加强环板 Column 立柱 Combustible gas detector 可燃气体探测器 Come-along 手搬葫芦 Commercial blast cleaning 普通级喷砂除锈 Commissioning 调试 Complete penetration groove weld 全熔透坡口焊 Completion riser 完井立管 Composite rockwool ceiling/panel 复合岩棉天花板/板 Concentric reducer 同心大小头 Conceptual design 概念设计 Concrete platform 混凝土平台 Condensate drum 冷凝液罐 Condensing water 冷凝水 Conductor 隔水套管 Conductor guide 套管导向 Cone 大小口、锥体 Consumption rate 阳极消耗率 Continuous beam 连续梁 Cruciform bollard 单十字带缆柱 Crude cooler 原油冷却器 Heat exchanger 换热器

Coating interval 涂漆间隔 Coefficient 系数 Continuous double fillet weld 双面连续贴角焊 Contraction stress 收缩应力 Control valve(accessories handwheel)带手轮的 控制阀 Control valve assembly 控制阀总成 Coordinates 坐标系 Coordination 协调 Cope hole (焊接)工艺孔 Correlation curve 相关曲线 Corrosion allowance 腐蚀余量 Corrosion coupon 腐蚀挂片 Corrosion protection 防腐 Corrugated plate interceptor 斜板分离器 Coupling 连轴器、管箍 Couplant 耦合剂 Crane barge/vessel 起重船 Crane support 吊机支撑 Crater 焊口 Crawler crane 履带吊车 Criteria (验收)标准 Cross angle 交叉角 Cross section 横截面 Crow bar 撬杠 Daily diesel filter 日用柴油滤器 Damage-prone connection 易破坏的节点 Damper,dampener 减振器

Loading/export pump 外输泵 Loading pump 装载泵 Crude oil drain tank 原油排放舱 Preheat exchanger 预热器 Crude suction strainer 原油吸入滤器 Crude transfer pump 原油输送泵 Cup support 垫蹲 Curing time (油漆的)固化时间 Current capacity(阳极的)电流容量 Current density(阳极的)电流密度 Curvature radius 曲率半径 Customer/purchaser 客户/需方(签合同后客户变需方) Cut by torch 以火焰切割 Cutoff allowance 切割余量 Cutting plan 排板图 Cutting sheet 单件图 (in)duplicate 一式两份 (to)drive piles 打桩 DAC curves 距离-振幅曲线 Diaphragm/diaphragm valve 隔板/隔膜阀 Die stamp 钢印 Diesel daily tank 柴油日用罐 Diesel filter coalescer 柴油过滤净化装置 Diesel generator set 柴油发电机组 Diesel pump 柴油泵 Diesel transfer pump 柴油输送泵 Differential pressure control valve 差压控制阀

DC generator 直流发电机 Decibel(Db) 分贝 Deck beam 甲板梁 Deck cover 甲板敷料 Deck crane 甲板吊车 Deck floor plate 甲板板 Deck water seal unit 甲板水封装置 Deep freeze compressor 深冷压缩机 Deepwater jacket 深水导管架 Deflection 挠度 Dehydration degassing vessel 脱水除气器 Dehydrator feed pump 电脱水供给泵 Delivery of materials 材料交货 Derrick barge 回转式起重船 Desander 除砂罐 Dew point 露点 DFT(dry film thickness)干膜厚度 Diagonal brace 斜拉筋 Dial gauge 百分表 Double bed 双层床 Double bevel groove K 形坡口 Double bollard 双柱带缆柱 Double groove 双面坡口 Double probe method 双探头法 Double V groove 双面 V 形坡口(X 形坡口) Doubler plate 垫板、包板 Down hill welding 下向焊

Diffuser 布风器 Dihedral angle 二面角 Dimensional checks 尺寸检验 Direct/alternating current arc welding 直/交流电弧焊 Disassembling 拆除 Discontinuity 缺陷 Displacement oil tank 置换油罐 Distortion from welding 焊接变形 Distress signals 遇险呼救信号 Diver support vessel 潜水作业船 Dog 组装用的刀把 Dolphin 系缆柱 Domestic sea water pump 生活海水泵 Double agent facility 双介质灭火装置 Driving voltage 驱动电压 Dry chemical extinguisher 干粉灭火器 Dry-type tree 干式采油树 During the course of structures 结构寿命期间 Dye penetrant inspection 着色检验 Dynamic-positioning rig 动力定位钻井船 Earth lead 地线 Eccentric reducer 偏心大小头 Edge preparation 坡口加工 Edge crimping(卷管的)压头 Effective throat thickness 焊缝计算厚度 Elbow 弯头 Electric dehydrator 电脱水器

Drain pit 排放池 Draught gauge 吃水标尺 Conceptual drawing 概念图纸 Basic drawing 基本设计图 Bid drawing 招标图纸 Design drawing 详细设计图 Fabrication drawing 加工设计图 Shop drawing 车间加工图 As-buit drawing 完工图 Dredger 挖泥船 Drift pin 心轴、销子 Drift test 管流试验、管线试通 Drilling module /template 钻井模块/基盘 Drillship, drilling ship 浮式钻井船 Electrolyte 电解质 Elevation(EL)标高、立面图 Elongation 延伸率 Emergency air compressor 应急空压机 Ballast control system 压载控制系统 Emergency BOP recovery system 防喷器紧急回收 系统 Emergency power station 应急电站 Emergency shutdown system(ESD)应急关断系 统 Emergency switch board/switch room 应急开关柜/ 配电间 Emery cloth 金刚砂布 Emulsion transfer pump 乳化油输送泵 Engine room 动力舱、机舱 Engineering geotechnical vessel 工程地质船

Electric desalter 电脱盐器 Electric drill 手电钻 Electric submersible pump 电潜泵 Electric-hydraulic valve 电-液操作阀 Electrical connection 导电连接 Electro-slag welding 电渣焊接 Electrochemical property 电化学特性 Electrode covering 焊条药皮 Electrode holder 焊把、焊钳 Existing structure 已有结构 Explosion proof equipment 防爆设备 Exposure distance 防火距离 Extent of defect in %缺陷百分率 Extent of repair / repair rate 返修率 Extra margin of stress 应力余量 Fabricated wide flange shape 焊接成的宽翼缘型钢 fabrication aids 制造辅助物(如临时吊点) Fabrication design/ phase/ sequence/ yard 加工设计/制 造阶段/顺序/场地 Face bend test 表面弯曲试验 Facsimile transceiver 传真收发两用机 Fastener 紧固件 Fatigue damadge 疲劳破坏 Field assembly 空间/现场组对 Field mating point 海上对接点 Field splice 现场拼接 Field weld 现场焊缝 File 锉刀

Engineering vessel 工程船舶 Entire length 全长 Equal angle 等边角钢 Equation 公式 Equipment base 设备底座 Erection 安装 ERW(electric resistance welding)电阻焊 Essential variable 焊接基本参数 Excess of weight 超重 Finite element analyses 有限元分析 Fire alarm siren 火灾警笛 Fire control panel 消防控制盘 Fire damper 防火风闸 Fire door closer, fire proof door 防火门 Fire extinguishing system 消防系统 Fire fighting water, fire water 消防水 Fire foam hydrant 消防泡沫栓 Fire hose station,hose box 消防箱 Fire monitor 消防炮 Fire panel 火灾-可燃气报警显示器 Fire proof wall,fire wall/fire protection wall 防火墙 Fire protected plastic tiles 防火塑料地板 Fire station 消防软管箱 Fire water/foam monitor 消防炮(水或泡沫) Fire water deluge system 大水量灭火系统 Fire water hydrant 消防水栓 Fire water jockey/ lift pump 消防水增压/提升泵

Filer metal 填充金属 Final fabrication tolerance 最终制造公差 Finish coat 面漆 Finished product 成品 First stage separator 一级分离器 Fit-up 坡口组对 Fitter 组装工 Fixed tower SPM 塔系泊 Flame arrester 阻火器 Flame cutting 火焰切割 Flame cutting droplets and debris 火焰切割形成的熔滴和 料头 Flame cutting torch 火焰切割枪 Flammability limits 可燃度极限 Flange 翼缘、法兰 Flare assembly 火炬总成 Flare boom 火炬臂 Flow indicator(FI)流量显示器 Flare drum 闪蒸罐 Flare pilot gas 火炬引燃器 Flare scrubber 火炬分液器 Flat bar 扁钢 Flat plate anode 扁阳极 Flat welding 平焊 Flaw detectability 缺陷检测灵敏度 Flexible hose 柔性软管 Flexible riser 挠性立管 Forming 压制成型

Fire-fighting vessel,fire boat 消防船 First aid kit 急救箱 First coat 底漆 First stage hydrocyclone 一级水力旋流器 Floater controlled valve 浮球控制阀 Floating cargo/loading hose 浮球输油/装油软管 Floating oil production and storage unit(FPSU) 浮式生产储油装置 Floating production, storage and off-loading tanker 浮式生产储油外输轮 Floppy disk 软盘 Flow chart 流程图 Frame structure 梁格结构 Flow quantity recorder(FQ)累计流量计 Flow switch 流量开关 Flux 焊药 Flux cored arc welding(FCAW)药芯焊 Flux-cored electrode 管状焊条 Flux-cored wire 药芯焊丝 Foam extinguishing system 固定式泡沫灭火系统 Foam monitor/station 泡沫炮/站 Fog horn/ signal 雾笛 Foot print/ valve 被交位置/底阀 Forecastle 艏楼 Foreman 领班 Forged steel(FS)锻钢 Fork lift 铲车、叉车 Gas cutting machine with magnetic wheels 磁轮式 气割机 Gas export facility 天然气外输设施

Forming of plates into tubular 由板卷成管 Formula/equation of carbon equivalent 碳当量公式 Four way valve 四通阀 Fracture toughness 断裂韧性 Free water knockout vessel 游离水分离器 Fresh water pressure vessel 淡水压力罐 Friction coefficient 摩擦系数 Fuel gas compressor package 燃气压缩机撬 Fuel gas scrubber 燃气洗涤器 Fuel pump 燃油泵 Full coupling 全螺纹的接头 Full penetration weld 全熔透焊缝 Funnel-shaped guide 喇叭口状导向 Furnace 熔炉、加热炉 Fusible plug 易熔塞 Fusion/bond line 熔合线 (to be)ground flush 磨平 Gantry crane 龙门吊 Gap gauge 间隙尺 Gas bottle/cutting 气瓶/气割 Grease 黄油,润滑油 Grind/grinder 打磨/砂轮机 Grit 石英砂 Grit blasting 喷丸除锈 Groove 熔池 Groove angle 坡口角 Guard filter 保护滤器

Gas injection module 注气组块 Gas metal arc welding(GMAW)熔化极气体保护 焊 Gas processing plant 天然气处理厂 Gas shielded arc welding 气体保护电弧焊 Gas tungsten metal arc welding(GTAW)钨极气 体保护焊 Gas turbine generator set 燃气轮发电机组 Gas turbine power generator 燃气轮机发电机 Gasket 垫圈 Gate valve 闸阀 Geophysical survey vessel 物探船 Girders and webs 水平桁材和垂直桁材 Girth weld 环缝 Global positioning system(GPS) 全球定位系统 Globe valve(normally closed)截止阀(常闭) Glycerin 甘油 Graphite crucible 石墨坩埚 Grating 隔栅 Gravity damper 重力风闸 Gravity platform 重力式平台 Gravity type foundation 重力式基础 Heat medium drain tank 热介质排放罐 Heat number 炉号 Heat traced pipeline 伴热管线 Heater treater feed pump 热处理器供液泵 Helmet 安全帽、焊接面罩 Heating medium boiler/circulating package 热介质 锅炉/循环撬 Disel daily tank 柴油日用罐

Guide funnel 导向喇叭口 Guide structure 导向结构 Gusset / stiffener 节点板、筋板 Guyed tower platform 拉索塔平台 H-shape H 型钢

Expansion vessel 膨胀罐 Make-up pump 再启动泵 Heating medium oil,thermal oil 传热介质油 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning system (HAV)采暖、通风、空调系统 Heave wall section/ pipe 厚壁段/管 Heavy can 节点加厚段 Heavy duty coating 厚层防腐 Heavy plate 厚板 Helideck 直升机甲板 Hex head bolt 六角头螺栓 High/low pressure switch(PSHL)高-低压开关 Heat affected zones(HAZ)热影响区 High concentration gas alarm 高浓度可燃气报警 High pressure condensate tank 高压凝析油罐 Ignitor 点火器 Immersion suit 防寒救生衣 Impact resistance 耐冲击性 Impressed-current protection system 外加电流保护 系统 In any jacket plane 在任意导管架平面内 In-process inspection 工序间的检验 Inclined stair 斜梯 Included/groove angle 坡口角度 Inclusion 夹杂物 Incomplete fusion 未熔合 Incomplete penetration 未焊透 Inflatable liferaft 气胀式救生筏 Inlet gas generator package 惰性气体发生器撬

Half nipple 一端带螺纹的接头 Halogenated hydrocarbon cylinder 卤化烃瓶 Halogenated hydrocarbon local panel 卤化烃就地控制盘 Hand winch 手动缆绳车 Handrail 栏杆 Hard hat 安全帽 Hardener 固化剂 Hauling to the front 牵引至码头前沿 Hazardous area 危险区 High pressure flare 高压火炬 High pressure separator(HP separator)高压分离器 High-low/mismatch 错皮 Histogram (统计用)直方图 Hold 待定 Hold point (检验的)停点 Holder 焊钳 Holiday detector 气孔探测仪 Horizontal distance 水平距离 Horizontal welding 横焊 Hose assembly/connection 软管总成/接头 Hose handling crane 软管起声吊机 Hose reel 软管轮

Hot dip galvanizing 热浸锌 Hot work 明火作业 Human life and property 人民生命财产 Hydrant 消火栓 Hydraulic pile-driving hammer 液压打桩锤 Hydraulic press 液压机 Hydrostatic/hydraulic test 水压试验 Hyperbaric diving system=pressurized diving system 常 压潜水系统 Ice-breaker 破冰船 Interference(杆件之间的)相碰、打架 Intergranular corrosion 晶间腐蚀 Intermediate strength steel 中强度钢 Intermittent welding 断续焊 Internal and external beveling 内外坡口 Interna diameter 内径 Internal quality audits 内部质量审核 Internal stress 内应力 Interpass temperature 层间温度 Intersected pipe 被交管 Intersection line 相贯线 Invitation for bid=call for bid 招标 J-tube Jack 千斤顶 Jack-up rig 自升式钻井船 J 形管

Inorganic Zinc primer 无机锌底漆 Inside diameter(ID)内径 Installation site 安装现场 Instrument air receiver 仪表空气接受器 Instrument capillary tube 仪表控制管线 Instrument master control room 仪表总控制室 Insulating flange 绝缘法兰 Insulation(heat traced)保温(加伴热) Intact/vdamage stability 完整/破损稳性 Jockey pump 供消防水干管的补给水泵 Joint can 节点加厚段 Joint detail 节点祥图 Junction box(explosion proof)接线箱(防爆型) Killed steel 镇静钢 Kingpost 将军柱 Key plan 总图、索引图 Lack of fusion/vpenetration 未融合/焊透 Ladder 直梯 Ladle analysis 熔炼分析 Lamellar tearing 层状撕裂 Lap 焊缝盖面 Lap welding 搭接焊 Lateral load 侧向荷载 Launch/cargo barge 滑道式/装载式驳船 Launch way and rocker 滑道和摇臂 Launching and uprighting of a jacket 导管架的下水 和直立 Launching truss 下水桁架

Jacket cap/handling 导管架 帽/ 扶正 Jacket launching and upending 导管架下水及竖立 Jacket launching barge 导管架下水驳船

Jacket leg/ leveling/ lifting eye 管架腿柱/调平/吊耳 Jacket panel assembly 导管架组对 Jacket positioning/securing 导管架定位/固定 Leak test 密封性试验(试漏) Leg 桩腿、导管 Leg of a fillet weld (角焊缝)焊角高度 Level 水平仪 Level gauge(with drain)液位计(带排放) Life boat 救生艇 Life boat davit, davit 吊艇架 Life buoy 救生圈 Life jacket 救生衣 Life raft, life float 救生筏 Lift calculation 吊装计算 Lifting gear 吊艇机 Lifting load 起吊荷载 Lifting lug/padeye 吊点 Lifting up of panel structure 单片起吊 Light type combustible gas 轻质可燃气体 Line pipe 管线管 Line throwing apparatus 抛绳装置 Liquid trap 液体捕集器 Living quarter 生活块 LNG carrier/tanker 液化天然气运输船 Loading arm 输油臂 Manifold 管汇 Manned platform 驻人平台

Lay barge 铺管船 Lead sections and subsequent add-ons of piles 首 桩及后续桩段 Jacking state 升降状态 Loading flexible hose 柔性装载软管 Loadout and seafastening 装船固定 Local deformation 局部变形 Local stress 局部应力 Longitudinal seam/weld 纵焊缝 Low explosion limit(LEL) 爆炸下限 Low hydrogen type electrode 低氢型焊条 Low pressure scrubber 低压气净化器 Low stress round nosed die stamp 低应力圆头钢印 Lower deck 下甲板 Lub oil drain tank 润滑油排放罐 Lubricant oil transfer pump 润滑油传输泵 Lug 吊耳 Machinery deck 机械甲板 Machining 机加工 Macrosection 宏观断面 Generator set 发电机组 Process line 工艺管线 Switch room 变电间 Transformer room 变压器室 Make-up drawing 造管图 Manhole 人孔 Mill scale 钢材出厂时的表面氧化皮 Mill sheet 制造工艺规程表

Marine growth 海生物 Marine radio system 海事通讯系统 Marine transportation 海运 Marking and cutting 划线下料 Mat support jack-up rig 沉垫自升式钻井船 Material substitution 材料代用 Material take-off 材料估算单 Material traceability 材料跟踪 Operating water depth 工作水深 Mean sea level(MSL)平均海平面 Medium pressure separator(MP separator)中压分离器 Member 杆件 Member drawing (杆件的)单件图 Metacenter 稳心 Metal lash 钢板网 Mezzanine deck 夹层甲板、半甲 Middle deck 中甲板 Mild steel 低碳钢 Mill 钢厂 Mill certificate 厂家的材质证书 Multi-supported beam 连续梁 Multi-well template system 多井盘系统 Multihead metering pump 多头计量泵 Multipass welding 多层焊 Multiple lift 多台吊车联合起吊 Navigational light 导航灯 NC(numericl-control)cutting machine 数控切割机

Mineral slag 矿渣 Miscellaneous items 附件 Model test 模型试验 Mold 模具 Mold lofting 放样 Moment 力矩 Moment of longitudinal inclination 纵倾力矩 Moment of transverse inclination 横倾力矩 Moment of inertia 惯性矩 Mooring bit/dolphin 系缆柱 Mooring cable 系泊缆绳 Mooring head 系泊头 Mooring template 系泊基盘 Mooring yoke 系泊钢臂 Motor operated valve 电动阀 Move to yard front 移至码头前沿 Mud mat 防沉板 Mudline 泥线 Multi-point mooring, spread mooring 多浮筒系泊系 统 Multi-purpose epoxy 多用途环氧漆 Offshore drilling installation/rig 海上钻井设施/装置 Offshore hook-up 海上连接 Oil boom, oil fence 围油栅 Oil concentration (污水)含油浓度 Oil depot 油库 oil fence reel 围油栅卷筒 Oil moisture content 油雾含量

Near white metal 接近金属白色 Needle valve 针阀 Nipple 对丝 Node can 节点段 Nominal diameter 公称直径 Non-combustible 不可燃物质 Non-conformance 不一致事项 Visual inspection 外观检验 Nonskid ceramic mosaic 防滑陶瓷马赛克 Normal practice 通常作法 Normalize 正火 Notch toughness 缺口韧性 NRL ( Naval Research Laboratory ) drop weight test NRL 落锤试验 Obsolete document 作废文件 Oceanographic research vessel 海洋调查船 Over head crane 天车吊 Overboard 舷外 Overhanging beam 悬臂梁 Overhead welding 仰脸焊 Overlap 焊瘤

Oil spill 溢油 Oil storage barge 储油轮 Oil treatment facility 油处理设施 Oily water tank 含油污水仓 One-line diagram 单线图 Onshore fabrication 陆上预制 Open drain pump 开式排放泵 Open firing point 明火点 Operating condition/state 作业条件/状态 Operation draft 作业吃水 Orifice plate 孔板流量计 Out of roundness 椭圆度 Outside diameter(OD)外径 Ovality 椭圆度 Over coating intervals 复涂间隔 Philips driver 十字螺丝刀 Phthalic paint 苯二甲酸涂料 Pig launcher 清管器发射器 Pile cap 桩帽 Pile driving records 打桩记录 Pile driving refusal 拒锤点 Pile extracting 拔桩 Pile foundation 桩基 Pile guide 桩导向 Pie penetration 桩的贯入度 Pile section/segment 桩段 Pile sleeve 桩套筒

Overlapping joint 塔接节点 Oxyacetylene gas welding 氧-乙炔气焊 Packaged air conditioner 空调机撬块 Packer 封隔器 Padeye 吊点 Paint brush 油刷子 Paint roller 油漆滚子

Painter 油漆工 Panel assembling 平面组对,单片组对 Parasitic echo 干扰回声 Parent steel 母材 Past successful practice 以往成功的作法 Pedestal crane 基座式/平台式吊机 Peening 捶击 Perpendicularity of pipe end 管端垂直度 Personnel protection 人身保护 Phenolic paint 酚醛树脂涂料 Piping and instrument diagram(P&ID)管线仪表图 Plain end 无螺纹管端 Plasma arc cutting(PAC)等离子弧切割 Plasma arc weldign(PAW)等离子弧焊接 Plate girder 板梁 Plate type heat exchanger 板式换热器 Platform positioning on the site 导管架的现场定位 Platform-to-shore radio system 平台-海岸无线电系统 Pliers 钳子 Plug 丝堵 Plug valve 旋塞阀 Plummet 铅坠 Plus or minus 2 正负 2

Pile spacer 扶桩间隙块 Pile washing out 冲桩 Pilot house 驾驶室 Pinhole 针尖状气孔 Pipe diameter 管径 Pipe fitting 管件 Pipe rack 管子托架 Pipe shoe 管子支撑 Pipe wrench 管钳 Pipeline laying barge 铺管船 Port hole 舷窗 Portable extinguisher 手提式灭火器 Potable two-way radio 双向无线电话 Positioner 定位器 Positive displacement flow meter 容积式流量计 Positive flow meter 正位流量计 Postweld heat treatment 焊后热处理 Pot life (油漆的)混合期效 Power wire brush 电动钢丝刷 Pressure differential flow meter 差压流量计 Pressure gauge 压力表 Pressure regulation valve 压力调节阀 Pressure regulator(external tap)压力调节阀(阀 外引压) Pressure relief/safety valve 压力释放/安全阀 Primary structural member 主结构杆 Procedure qualification record(PQR)process 焊 接工艺评定工序 Port 左舷

Pneumatic binary signal 双向气动信号 Pneumatic lines 气控管线 Pneumatic operated valve 气动操作阀 Pneumatic operated with manual reset valve 手动复位气 动阀

Pneumatic test 气压试验 Polarization potential(阳极的)极化电位 Polarized steel 极化铁 Polyurethane paint 聚氨酯涂料 Porosity 密集气孔 Protractor 量角器 Provision 条款、规定、措施 Punch marks 冲眼 Punching shear 冲剪应力 Purchase order number 订货合同号 Purge/pilot gas package 吹扫/引燃器撬块 Process drain 工艺排放 Quality awareness 质量意识 Quality check in process 工作中自检 Quality loop 质量环 Quality planning 质量策划 Quality policy 质量方针 Quality related costs 质量成本 Quality review/assessment 质量评审 Quality surveillance 质量监督 Quasi-static loading 准静力荷载 Quay 码头 Quenched and tempered steel 淬火加回火钢 Quick coupling 快接管箍 Quick release hook(QRH)快速解脱钩

Process module 工艺模块 Production manifold 生产管汇 Production shutdown panel(PSDP)应急系统关断 盘 Production welding 生产性焊接 Professional skill 专业技能 Radiographic interpretation 射线探伤的评片 Radius of operation 作业半径 Receipt and storage of materials 材料的接受和储 存 Receipt to / dispatch from a warehouse 入/出库 Receiving inspection 到货检验 Reciprocating pump 往复泵 Recommended practice 推荐作法 Red lead 红丹 Reducer concentric 同心大小头 Reducer 大小头、变径头 Reducer eccentric 偏心大小头 Refinery / petrochemical works 炼油/石化厂 Reinforcement 加强筋 Rejected or scrapped 拒收或报废 Relaxation of rejection criteria 拒收标准的放宽 Release=issue=distribution(文件的)发放 Removable hatch 活动舱盖 Removable spool piece 可拆短管 Remove rust 除锈 Quiver 焊条筒

Radial offset of abutting edges of longitudinal weld seam 纵缝对接口的径向错皮 Repair welding 补焊、返修焊缝 Rolled steel plate 轧制钢板

Rescue boat 救助艇 Residual stress 残余应力 Retention of documents 文件的保管 Revolving derrick barge 全回转式起重 船 Rework 返工 Rib plate 肋板 Rigger 组装工人,起重工 Right angle square 直角尺 Righting moment 回复力矩 Rimmed steel 沸腾钢 Ring stiffener 补强用环板 Riser clamps 立管卡子 Riser template 立管基盘 Riveter 铆工 Rock wool panel/shell 岩棉板/ 管 Rockwell hardness 洛氏硬度 Rod bar 圆钢 Rod electrode 电焊条 Rod stub 焊条头 Roll-up support 翻身垫墩 Rolled shape/section 轧制型钢 Sand blasting 喷砂除锈 Sand filter unit 砂滤装置 Sand hopper 喷砂砂罐 Sand jack 砂墩 Sandpaper 砂纸 Satellite navigation system 卫星导航系 统

Rolled tubular 卷制管 Roller bearing 滚珠轴承 Root face 坡口的钝边 Root gap/opening 焊根间隙 Root run 根部焊道 Rope reel 缆绳卷筒 Rotary oil burner 旋转燃烧器 ROV(remote operated vehicle)水下机器人 Row-up 立片、单片起立 Rubber gasket 橡皮垫 Run-off tab 熄弧板 Run-on tab 引弧板 S-curve (统计用)S 曲线 Sacrificial anode 牺牲阳极 Saddle 垫墩 Saddle end 马鞍口 Safe working load(SWL)安全工作荷载 Safety factor 安全系数 Sag 下垂 Salt spray test 盐水喷雾腐蚀试验 Salvage vessel 救援船 Secondary/primary brace 次要/主要拉筋 Section 剖面图、一段 Segment 一段 Self tapping screw 自攻螺丝 Self weight 自重 Self-contained pressure regulator 自给式压力调节阀

Saturation diving 饱和潜水 Scaffolding 脚手架 Screw driver 螺丝刀、改锥 Scriber 划线针 Sea chest 海水柜 Sea current 海流 Sea state 海况 Sea water lift pump 海水提升泵 Seafastening/tie-down of jackets(导管 架装船的)固定 Seafloor bearing capacity 海床承载力 Seal weld 密封焊道 Seal welding 密封焊 Seamless pipe 无缝管 Second coating 二遍漆 Second gas scrubber 二级气体洗涤器 Second stage hydrocyclone 二级水力 旋流器 Sheet pile 钢板桩 Sheet piling 板桩 Shelf life 油漆的储存期限 Shielded metal arc welding(SMAW)手 工电弧焊 Shim plate 间隙条、导向块 Shop design 加工设计 Shop drawing 车间加工图 Shop primer 车间底漆 Shot blast 喷丸除锈 Shower bath 沐浴器 Shrinkage strains 收缩应变

Self-elevating drilling platform 自升式钻井船 Self-inspection 自检 Self-shielded welding 自保护焊 Semi-automatic welding 半自动焊 Semifinished / vintermediate product 半成品 Semisub drilling unit 半潜式钻井装置 Semisubmersible rig 半潜式钻井船 Serrated 锯齿形 Service after sales 售后服务 Sewage treatment unit 生活污水处理装置 Sewage unit 排污罐 Shackle 卡环、卸扣 Shall 必须(强制性的)

Shape cutting 仿形切割 Shape steel 型钢 Shear stress 剪切应力 Single buoy mooring(SBM)单点系泊 Single groove 单面坡口 Single point mooring(SPM)单点系泊 Single V groove 单面 V 形坡口 Sit-on bottom stability 坐底稳性 Site assembly 空间组装、现场组装 Site installed 现场安装 Site representative 驻厂代表 Sitting on the sea bed 坐底 Skidded loadout 滑道式装船 Skidway 滑道

Shutdown switch 关断开关 Shutdown valve 关断阀 Shuttle tanker 穿梭油轮 Side bend test 侧弯试验 Silencer 消音器 Silver Chloride 氯化银 Reference cell 参比电池 Simple beam / simply supported beam 简支梁 Single anchor leg mooring(SALM)单 锚腿系泊 Single berth with chest and drawers 有 柜和抽屉的单人床 Sling 吊索 Slip way 滑轨 Slop tank 污油罐 Slope 坡度 Slot welding 槽焊 Shotted member 开槽杆件 Smoke detector 烟雾探测器 Smooth transition 平滑过渡 Socket type 插焊式 Socket weld flange 插焊法兰 Sockolet 插焊管座 Soft yoke mooring system 柔性钢臂系泊 系统 Solenoid valve 电磁阀 Sound area,area free from defect 无缺 陷区 Space assembling 空间组对 Spacer 间隙块 Spanner 扳手

Skip weld 跳焊 Skirt pile/ plate /sleeve 裙桩/ 板/套筒 Slag 熔渣 Slag catcher 捕集器 Slag inclusion 夹渣 Slag removal 清渣 Slate pencil 石笔 Slide door 滑动门 Slide down the launch way 沿滑道滑动 Slide shoe=lunch cradle 滑靴 Spilled oil recovery 溢油回收 Spiral welded pipe 螺旋焊管 Splash zone 飞溅区 Splice 拼接 Spray coating 喷漆 Spreader bar 撑杆 Spring line 粉线、墨斗线 Spring washer 弹簧垫片 Spud 桩脚 Square bar 方钢 Squareness of pipe end 管端垂直度 Stabbing cone 插尖 Stair treads 梯子踏步 Stand off slender anode 支架式细长阳极 Stand-by boat 值班船 Stand-by power station 备用电站 Standard test block 标准试块

Spark arrester 避雷器 Spatter 焊接飞溅 Specified requirement 规定的要求 Specimen 试件

Starboard 右舷 Static/dynamic load 静载/动载 Static electricity discharge 静电释放 Static electricity earth 静电接地 Steam distribution system 蒸汽分配系统 Submarine pipeline/cable laying 海底管线/电缆铺设 Submerged arc welding(SAW)埋弧自动焊 Submersible rig 坐底式钻井船 Submit to=present to=forward to=hand in 提交 Subsea cementing equipment 水下固井设备 Subsea template 海底基盘 Subsea wellhead 海底井口 Substructure 下部结构 Subsurface safety valve(SSSV)井下安全阀 Suction anchor 吸力锚 Suction filter 吸入口滤器 Superintendent 总监 Superstructure 下部结构 Surface preparation 表面处理 Surface safety valve(SSV)地面安全阀 Surface welding 水上焊接 Susceptibility to passivation 钝化敏感度 Swage nipple 变径头 Swivel assembly 旋转头总成 Swivel chair 转椅 Swivel stool 圆转凳 4:1tapered transition bevel 四比一过度坡口

Spherical joint 球形节点 Steam radiator 蒸汽散热器 Steel ruler 板尺 Steel tape 钢卷尺、盘尺 Steel wire shot(抛丸用的)钢丝 Stenciled marks 漏字板喷漆字 Stern 船艉 Stool 圆凳 Straightening 调直 Straightness 弯曲度 Strain 应变 Strain gage 应变仪 Stress concentration factor 应力集中系 数 Stripping pump 扫舱泵 Strong back 临时加强板 Structural component 结构杆件 Structural integrity 结构的整体性 Structural steel 结构钢 Stub 短粗管 Stubbing cone 插尖 Stud bolt 双头螺柱 Stud pin 保温钉 Sub-standard specimen 小试件

T-square 丁字尺 Tab plate 引、熄弧板的总称 Tack welding/ spot weld 点焊 Tacker 点焊工;stich weld 断焊 Tandem loading system 串靠装油系统 Tank and loading shutdown panel (TLSDP)储罐-外输关系关断盘 Tank mixer 搅拌器 TEE 三通;countersink bolt 沉头螺钉 Temperature controller(TC)温度控制 器 Template 样板;cold overlap 飞边 Template type platform 导管架型平台 Tender ship 钻井辅助船 Tensile hoop stress 周向拉应力 Tensile strength 抗拉强度 Tension leg platform(TLP)张力腿平台 Tension / compression member 拉/压杆 Tensioner 张紧器 Test crude header 原油计量总管 Test crude heater 原油计量加热器 Test piece 试件,既用于试验的焊件

Thermal insulation 保温 Thermal spraying 热喷涂 Thermocouple 热电耦 Thermometer 温度表 Thickness of root face 钝边高度 Thinner 稀料 Threaded one end (TOE)一头管端带螺纹 Threadolet 丝扣管座 Three phase arc welding 三相电弧焊 Three way valve 三通阀 Through drying time 油漆的干透时间 Through member 贯通杆件 Through-thickness direction 厚度方向 Thrust 轴向荷载 Tidal variations 潮汐变化、潮差 Tidal zone 潮差段 Timber 木料 Toe board 踢脚板 Tolerance 公差 Tool box 工具箱

Test separator shutdown panel(TSDP) Top coat 面漆 计量分离器关断盘 Test specimen 试样, 即从试件上切取供 Top/middle/lower/cellar deck 顶/中/下/底甲板 试验用的样品 Topside/upper structure 上部结构 Tubular joint 管节点 Torque 扭矩 TOS(top of structure)结构顶部 Total attenuation 衰减度 Total enclosed fire protected lifeboat 全 封闭耐火救生艇 Tubular member 管件 Tug boat 拖轮 Tundish 漏斗 Tungsten inert gas welding 钨极惰性气体保护焊(如氩弧焊)

Touch drying time 油漆的触干时间 Toughness 韧性 Tower-type platform 塔式平台 Towing state 拖航状态 Towing vessel, tug boat 拖轮 Towing/vanchor handling/supply essel 拖航、抛锚、供应三用工作船 Trailer 拖板 Trailer puller 拖车车头 Transition piece 过渡段 Transition slope / taper 过渡坡口 Transport vessel for jackets 导管架的运 输船 Treated water tank 净化水罐 Trial fit-up 试装 Triplicate 一式三份 Trouble shooting 故障巡查 Truck crane 汽车吊 Tubular 管材 Vent pipe 放空管 Vertical welding 立焊 Vickers hardness 维氏硬度 Vortex breaker 涡流消除器 Walkway 走道 Wall offset (对接)错皮 Wall skeleton 墙皮骨架 Walnut filter package 核桃壳滤器撬 Warehouse/stock room 库房 Warm formed pipe 热卷管

Turbine primary element 涡轮流量计 Two kinds media filter package 双介质滤器撬 Ultra-violet detector(UV detector)紫外线探测器 Uncoated steel 裸钢、无涂层钢 Undercut 咬边 Unequal angle 不等边角钢 Uninterrupted power supply(UPS)不间断电源 Union 由任、活接头 Unless otherwise specified 除非另外说明 UO welded pipe 用 UO 法卷成的钢管 Upon contract award 合同签字后 Upper/middle/lower deck framing 上中下甲板梁格 Utility air receiver 公用空气接受器 Utility drain 公用设施排放 Utility module 功用设施模块 Vernier caliper 游标卡尺 Vacuum breaker valve 真空阀 Weather deck, open deck 露天甲板 Weather resistance 耐风化性 Web 腹板;renovate 修补、恢复 Wedge 楔子 Weld 焊缝 Weld leg 焊角高度 Weld metal 焊缝金属,焊肉 Weld number 焊缝号 Weld profile 焊缝外形 Weld reinforcement 焊缝加强高、余高

Warpage/ warping 翘曲变形 Washer 垫片 Waste heat recovery unit 废热回收装置 Waste water disposal well 废水处理井 Water expansion tank 水膨胀罐 Water injection coarse/fine filtration package 注水粗/细滤器撬块 Water injection jacket 注水导管架 Water moisture content 水汽含量 Water seal 水封 Water spray nozzle 喷淋水嘴 Water tightness 水密性 Watertight door 水密门 Flat position/ downhand welding 平焊 Horizontal position welding 横焊 Overhead position welding 仰脸焊 Vertical position welding 立焊

Weld seam fit-up 焊缝组对 Weld toe 焊趾(焊缝表面与母材的交接处) Weldability 可焊性 Welded pipe 焊管、有缝管 Welder performance qualification test 焊工技能考试 Welding cable 电焊把线 Welding consumable 焊接耗材 Welding deformation 焊接变形 Welding flux 焊剂 Welding goggles 气焊眼镜、焊工护目镜 Welding neck flange 焊接带径法兰 Welding platen 组焊平台 Wellhead module 井口模块 Wellhead platform(WHP)井口平台 Wet method underwater welding 湿式水下焊 Wet-type automatic sprinkler system 湿式自动喷洒灭火系统

Welding procedure specification (WPS) Wheeled extinguisher 推车式灭火器 焊接程序 Gas tungsten metal arc welding Whichever is less 取较小值 (GTAW)钨极气体保护焊(含氩弧焊) Shielded metal arc welding(SMAW)手 工电弧焊 Submerged arc welding(SAW)埋弧自 动焊 Welding spats 焊工护脚、脚盖 Welding spatters 焊接飞溅 Welding stress 焊接应力 Welding symbol 焊接符号 Welding wire/ rod 焊丝 Welding with backing 衬垫焊 Weldment 焊件 Winch 绞车;Wellhead manifold 井口管汇 Wind shield 防风墙;Flange plate 翼板 Witness point 见证点; Shalft,sag rods 螺杆 Working ratio 开工率 Workover module 修井模块 Wormhole 条虫状气孔 Yield strength 屈服强度 Yoke (单点系泊的)油克

Weldolet 对焊管座 Well killing pump 压井泵 Well service tank 修井液罐 Spherical Tank 球罐

y-type tee

Y 型三通 Z 向特性

Z direction property

Zinc rich epoxy primer 环氧富锌底漆

Gas metal arc welding(GMAW)熔化极气体保护焊 Welding procedure qualification test 焊接程序评定试验 Welding procedure qualification records(WPS)焊接程序评定试验报告


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