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上海理工大学附属中学2015-2016学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题


上理工附中 2015 学年第一学期高一期末考试英语试卷
I. Listening Comprehension (20%)
Section A (10%) Directions. In section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each

conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and de cide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. In a hospital. B. At a school. C. At a restaurant D. In a supermarket. 2. A. At 6:45. B. At 7:15. C. At 7:45 D. At 8:45. 3. A. Doing her homework. B. Cleaning her room. C. Watering the flowers. D. Seeing a movie. 4. A. Buying chairs. B. Taking part in a contest. C. Preparing for the dinner. D. Arranging the place for a contest. 5. A. She found it by herself. B. She asked the police for help. C. Her mother found it at home. D. Someone handed it in to the police. 6. A. Teacher and student. B. Son and mother. C. Classmates. D. Boss and employee. 7. A. 10. B. 18. C. 28. D. 38. 8. A. Jenny sings best. B. Jenny sang better last time. C. Jenny doesn’t practice hard. D. Jenny could sing better. 9. A. 6 dollars. B. 18 dollars. C. 7 dollars. D. 5 dollars. 10. A. Spring. B. Summer. C. Autumn. D. Winter. Section B (6%) Directions. In section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question about it, read the four possible answers on your pape r, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. Question 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Her classmate. B. Her favorite teacher. C. Her good friend. D. Her mother. 12. A. Serious. B. Humorous C. Patient. D. Beautiful 13. A. One year ago. B. Two years ago C. Three years ago. D. Four years ago. Question 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. They have no idea what slavery is. B. They think it is abnormal to have slaves. C. They think there are no slaves in the world. D. They think slavery doesn’t exist in America. 15. A. It has many forms. B. It only exists in poor countries.
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16.

C. It is a problem from the distant past. D. It comes into being in 2012. A. Modern slavery. B. Problems of American society. C. The International Labor Organization. D. Population of different countries.

Section C (4%) Directions. In section B, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers below. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following passage. A Schedule Time Transportation Reason Things to be done At _______17______ p.m. tomorrow. By ________18________ To attend a ____19_______. To buy some _______20____ for her son.

Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.

II.

Grammar and Vocabulary (29%)
(12%)

Section A

Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best complete the sentence. 21. Perhaps it is the only market ___________ you can get such cheap goods. A. that B. of which C. by which D. where 22. I feel mo st angry about the way ___________ I’ve been treated. A. which B. where C. that D. how 23. Can you see a man and his horse ___________ are crossing the bridge? A. which B. who C. that D. they 24. There were dirty marks on her trousers __________ she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that 25. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, __________ the sailing time was 226 days. A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which 26. I don’t believe the reason __________ he has given for his being late. A. why B. that C. how D. what 27. The school ________ I visited last year was not the one ________ I once worked. A. which; where B. which; which C. where; which D. where; where 28. Do you remember the days _______ I came to you to borrow a dictionary? A. in which B. which C. when Where 29. Is this museum ________ they visited last month? A. that B. where C. which D. the one 30. I have bought two ball pens, ________ writes well. A. neither of them b. none of them C. neither of which D. none of which
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31. She heard a terrible noise, __________ brought her heart into her mouth. A .it B. which C. this D. that 32. He is the scientist ______ great contributions to the development of science and technology a 5,000,000-yuan prize was awarded to him by the central government. A. for whom B. about whom C. for whose D. about whose

Section B (8%) Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given world: for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. Plants seem to know which way is up and which way is dow n; furthermore, they seem to know right from left. (33) ___ ______ a cutting from a Lombardy poplar(钻天杨) is kept alive, new shoots will grow from the end (34) _________ grew uppermost in the tree. There is no visible difference (35) _________ the top and the bottom of the living stick, even under a microscope. Even so, the stick will not send out shoot from the end it views as bottom (36) _________ this end happens to be on top! Scientists studying this subject further split their cuttings lengthwise. To their surprise, they made (37) _________ interesting discovery. Much (38) _________ (many) buds grew on the right-hand side of the split surface than on the left. They split the sticks again and found that the buds again (39) _________ (grow) on the right side. The results of the entire study showed a 60-40 preference (40) _________ the right side, proving that growing plants is basically ―right-handed‖.
[来源:学科网 ZXXK] [来源:学。科。网 Z。X。X。K]

Section C

(9%)

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. signal B. shelter C. experience D. nearly AB. typical AC. breathes AD. set BC. protection BD. active CD. fairly Some deser t animals can survive the summer heat and dryness because they are very unusual. The camel, for example, can __41__and bear an increase in the temperature of its body and its blood of 9℃ without anything bad happening to it. In addition, it can drink a lot of water at one time; then store enough water in parts of its body to supply its needs for two weeks or more. The kangaroo rat, on the other hand, gets all the water it needs from water that it produces when it __42__. However, most animals need to maintain a __43__ constant body temperature, and will die if it rises more than 5℃. Therefore, they need to find some way to stay away from the heat of the summer sun. Nor can many animals either store or produce water in their bodies, as the camel and kangaroo rat can. So they must find ways to keep their bodies from losing water because of the heat. Because very few desert animals can survive the high temperature of a __44__summer’s day, most of them are __45__only in the night. The desert comes fully to life only after the sun has __46__. The night is relatively cool, and the darkness provides__47__, not only from the sun, but also from other animals and from the birds. So the coming of darkness is the __48__for the large majority of animals and insects to start again their search for water and food. When morning comes, most of them seek shelter again: many go underground; __49__ all find some dark and cool places where they can keep away from the sun’s heat.
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Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension (31%)
Section A (15%) Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marke d A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Job stress has been known to cause heart problems in people who already have cardiovascular(心血管) disease. Now Finnish scientists have shown that the pressure of work can __(50)__cause damage in healthy people. High blood pressure, lack of __(51)__, smoking and being overweight __(52)__ to heart disease -- a __(53)__ killer in many industrialized countries. But Mika Kivimaki, of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, and his colleagues, who studied the __(54)__ histories of 812 healthy Finnish men and women in a metal industry company over 25 years, said job stress also plays an important role. Workers who had the highest job-related stress levels at the start of the study were more than twice as __(55)__ to die of heart disease, __(56)__ the study published in The British Medical Journal. Work stress __(57)__ too much work as well as a lack of satisfaction and feeling undervalued and __(58)__. Many people work long hours but if the effort is __(59)__ the stress is minimized. Kivimaki said job pressure is damaging when being overworked is __(60)__ with little or no control, unfair supervision and few career opportunities. The British Heart Foundation said the results __(61)__ earlier research showing that people in jobs with low control, such as manual workers, could be at greater __(62)__ of heart disease than other employees. "It is __(63)__ for people to try to minimize levels of stress at work and for employers to __(64)__ people to have more control at work and to be rewarded for their success," the foundation said in a statement. 50. A. though B. seldom C. thereby D. even 51. A. enthusiasm B. patience C. exercise D. interest 52. A. contribute B. propose C. introduce D. add 53. A. moderate B. plain C. leading D. heavy 54. A. personal B. professional C. family D. medical 55. A. much B. equal C. likely D. stable 56. A. according to B. owing to C. due to D. contrary to 57. A. involves B. brings C. proceeds D. contains 58. A. isolated B. stimulated C. confused D. unappreciated 59. A. increasing B. improved C. rewarding D. neglected 60. A. sponsored B. combined C. threatened D. responded 61. A. indicate B. support C. simplify D. overflow 62. A. portion B. chance C. risk D. danger 63. A. comfortable B. predictable C. profitable D. advisable 64. A. allow B. transfer C. persuade D. rescue
[来源:学+科+网 Z+X+X+K]

Section B
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Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage your have just read. (A) R alph and Ilene hadn’t been to a baseball game in about five years. They lived only 15 miles from the stadium, but the heavy traffic on game day made those 15 miles seem more like 60 miles. It took them about an hour to get to the stadium. Then, when the game was over, it took half an hour just to get out of the parking lot. Then the drive home was another hour. In other words, the traveling took longer than the game itself. One day, they decided to go to a game. They drove south on the 110 freeway. The 110 is California’s original freeway, full of twists and turns. Accidents occur daily. California drivers think yellow lights and sharp curves mean the same thing—speed up! The traffic was lighter than they expected. They arrived at the stadium 40 minutes before game time. They paid the $8 parking fee, parked and locked the car, and walked to the main entrance. Several individuals were standing around outside the stadium, looking casual but actually selling tickets secretly. They walked over to a man in a red cap. Ralph’s instincts were correct. The m an had tickets for good seats at a fair price. Ralph gave the man $45 and thanked him. ―Don’t thank me, my friend. Put your hands behind your back, please. You’re under arrest.‖ ―What?‖ Ralph was astonished. ―What’s going on?‖ ―Buying scalped tickets(黄牛票) is illegal in Los Angeles, and we’ve got a new mayor who wants us to enforce all the laws that bring in money.‖ said the man. ―Don’t worry. We’ll have you back here right after we book you. You can pay the $150 fine with your credit card. Have a nice day. Oh, and enjoy the game!‖ 65. Why didn’t Ralph and Ilene go to the baseball game very often? A. Because they were not very interested in baseball. B. Because they lived far away from the stadium. C. Because it was often hard to find a place to park. D. Because it was time-consuming to go there. 66. Why did many accidents occur on the 110 freeway according to the passage? A. Because the traffic lights were broken. B. Because traffic was heavy there. C. Because people always drove too fast. D. Because the road conditions were poor. 67. By saying ―Ralph’s instincts were correct,‖ the author means that ________. A. Ralph was lucky enough to get two tickets right before the game started B. Ralph identified the right person who offered tickets at reasonable prices C. Ralph was good at bargaining so that he got the tickets at a fair price D. Ralph was wise enough to choose the best two tickets from the man 68. What is the man in a red cap? A. A ticket dealer. B. Mayor of the city. C. A robber. D. A police officer.
[来源:学科网]

(B)
It is generally accepted that every experience teaches the child something and the effects are
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cumulative. ―Upbringing‖ is normally used to refer to the treatment and training of the child within the home. This is closely related to the treatment and training of the child in school, which is usually distinguished by the term ―education‖. In a society such as ours, both parents and teachers are responsible for the opportunities provided for the development of the child, so that upbringing and education are interdependent. The ideals and practices of child rearing vary from culture to culture. In general, the more rural the community, the more uniform are the customs of child upbringing. In more technologically developed societies, the period of childhood and adolescence tends to be extended over a long time, resulting in more opportunity for education and greater variety in character development. Early upbringing in the home is naturally affected both by the cultural pattern of the community and by the parents’ capabilities and their aims and depends not only on upbringing and education but also on the innate(天生的) abilities of the child. Intelligent parents, however, realize that the particular setting of each family is unique, and there can be no rigid general rules. All parents have to solve the problems of freedom and discipline. The younger the child, the more readily the mother gives in to his demands to avoid disappointing him. She knows that if his energies are not given an outlet, her child’s continuing development may be warped(扭曲). A child must be allowed to enjoy this ―messy‖ but tactile (触觉的) stage of discovery before he is ready to go on to the less physical pleasures of toys and books. Similarly, throughout life, each stage depends on the satisfactory completion of the one before. 69. The word “cumulative” in Line 2 most probably means . A. decisive B. progressively greater C. strong D. extremely beneficial 70. It can be seen from the passage that . A. upbringing and education are mutually complementary B. by no means does the technological factor affect the development of children’s character C. there are advisable rules for parents to go by in bringing up their children D. the cultural pattern is the single factor that affects a child’s upbringing in the home 71. A child’s development might well be badly affected if . A. he were brought up in a happy environment B. his mother often gave in to his demands C. his energies were freely given an outlet D. he had to follow unusually strict rules. 72. As it is presented in the passage, rather than a smooth progression the development of the human character and personality is a series of . A. acts B. completions C. functions D. stages Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. The West began to take more notice of the East. The fifth volume of an enormous work re-assessing (再评价) the Chinese contribution to science and technology is to be published next year. The first volume, which was published twenty years ago, set the tone for the whole work. In
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it, evidence was given to show that many inventions which, until then, western historians had claimed for Europe, were made first in China. The attempt to rewrite the intellectual history of the world was not received without protest by some respectable historians. However, the evidence that has been presented so far in the first four volumes has persuaded many historians who were doubtful at first. China’s invention of paper, printing, the magnetic compass and gunpowder has never been quarreled, but this new history has added advanced bridge design, mechanical clocks, paddle boats and many other inventions to the list. In the four volumes published so far no attempt has been made to explain why China has not kept up with the West in science and technology in modern times. It is probable that the answer is to be found in the social and economic history of China, where an unchanged society under a relatively kind regime (政治制度) of upper classes contrasts with the potentially revolutionary and energetic society of the West at the end of the Middle Ages. In recent years, the Chinese government has been making every effort to catch up with the West again, and there is little doubt that the gap is being reduced year by year. But will China avoid the West’s mistakes? (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TWELVE WORDS.) 73. So far, _________________volumes have been published. 74. When was the first volume published? 75. The subject of this five-volume work is _______________________________________. 76. According to the passage, what are the probable reasons for China not keeping up with the west?

IV. Writing (20%)
Section A Direction: Choose one of the words and expressions from the box to complete each sentence in their proper forms. Note that there is one word more than you need. go through give way to cover a distance of pass on out of the question lead to lay the foundation for in search of

77. All the lakes are like links in a ch ain and ____________ more than five kilometers. 78. That American’s policy makers might be considering such a change isn't ____________. 79. Many citizens, especially the young, have been leaving Gonaives ____________ a better life in other parts of Haiti or abroad. 80. He became restless when his wife failed to _________ 81. Some of their decisions have stood the test of time; others ____________new developments. 82. The incident ____________ something of a craze in financial and journalistic circles, including widespread condemnations(谴责) of citizen journalism. Section B Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 83. 我发现很难用语言来表达我的感情。 (it, means) 84. 养成良好的习惯对一个人的健康大有裨益。(benefit) 85. 寒假即将来临,我将每天陪伴我的奶奶。 (company) 86. 众所周知,许多人对于房价的持续上涨感到非常担忧。(As, concern)
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上理工附中 2015 学年第一学期高一期末考试英语试卷答案
1-10 CAADC CDDBD 11-13 BCC 14-16 DAA 17. 1:00 18. plane/air 19. meeting 20. gifts 21-25 ACCAB 26-30 AACDC 31-32 BC 33-40 33. If 34. that/which 35. between 36. even if 37. another 38. more 39. grew 40. for 41. C 42. AC 43. CD 44. AB 45.BD 46. AD 47. BC 48.A 49. D 50 – 64 DCACD CAADC BBCDA 65-68 DCBD 69-72 BADD 73. Four 74. Twenty years ago. 75. re-assessing the Chinese contribution to science and technology 76. China’s (the) unchanged society and the revolutionary and energetic society of the West 77. cover a distance of 78. out of the question 79. in search of 80. turn up 81. have given way to 82. led to 83. I find it hard to express my feelings by means of words. 84. Forming a good habit benefits people’s health greatly/ a lot/very much. 85. The winter vocation is drawing near and I will keep my grandma company every day. 86. As we all know, many people feel/are concerned about the increasing house prices very much.

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