1.阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Everybody needs sleep. Sleep helps us to restore(恢复) many body functions. For example it helps us to recover from tiredness. Sleep can also organize memories,
as well as help us to recover memories. After we learn something new, sleep may solidify the learning in our brain. How much sleep do we need then? It depends on a number of factors. Generally for adults, 7 to 8 hours a night appear to be the best amount of sleep, although some people may need as few as 5 hours or as many as 10 hours of sleep each night. Teenagers may need about 9 hours of sleep per night. For children, 10 or more hours should be needed every day. Unfortunately, nowadays many students don’t have enough time to sleep. According to a recent survey, most middle school students only have an average of less than 7 hours’ sleep each night, much less than required. Some students, especially some of those who are preparing for the entrance examinations for higher schools, sleep for only four to five hours every day, according to the researchers. The government has called on schools and teachers “to reduce the students’ burden”. But some education experts suggest that more measures be taken to assure the students’ sleeping time. [写作内容] 1. 概括上文中的内容，该部分词数大约 30； 2. 阅读上文后，谈谈你的感想，该部分词数大约 120： （1） 学生睡眠不足的主要原因： （2） 就如何改变现状提出你的建议。 [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内 容，但不是直接引用阅读材料中的句子。
2. 阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Friends play an important part in our lives. We all like to make friends, but in fact we often don’t clearly understand how to do it. While we get on well with a number of people, yet these people are probably not your true friends. In fact most people usually have very few friends in life. For example, a person usually has less than 6 friends although he knows a lot of people. It is always true that two people like each other and enjoy being together, but beyond that, the degree of intimacy(亲密) between them and the reasons why they share their interests are quite different. When we make friends, we take into account(考虑) things like age, race, interests, economic condition, social position, and intelligence. Although these factors are not of great importance, it is more difficult to get on with people when there is a marked difference in age and background. Some friendly relationships can be kept on argument and discussion, but it is usual for close friends to have similar ideas and beliefs, to have attitudes and interests in common. It generally takes time to reach this point. And the closer people become,
the more they depend on one another. Friends have to learn to put up with annoying habits and accept differences of opinions. [写作内容] 1. 概括上文中第一段的内容，该部分词数大约 30； 2. 谈谈你对交友的看法，并包括如下要点，该部分次数大约 120： （1） 你认为怎样的朋友才是真正的朋友？ （2） 作为学生，你在交友时应该考虑哪些因素？ [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内 容，但不是直接引用阅读材料中的句子。
3. 阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 It goes without saying that English plays an important role in our modern society. English is an international language. Wherever you go, you can hear English spoken by many people. From this point of view, it is true that English is important to our daily life. Learning English is like learning to swim or learning to play ball. We are like the man who thinks he can learn to swim only by reading books about swimming. In fact, we learn by doing. The grammatical rules are valuable as we need some assistance. In the same way, advanced instructions about swimming are helpful as we learn something from actual experience in the water. But reading books never makes a swimmer and learning rules never makes a practical linguist. The regular procedure in learning English involves listening first, to be followed by speaking. Then comes reading, and finally the writing of the language. The way you learn English is much the same as the way you learned your own language. First of all you must listen and then repeat and repeat until you can use the language easily. In other words, you have to build up language habits in English just as you build up English habits in your own language. To sum up, we must bear in mind that nobody can learn to swim for you. Nobody can learn to play ball for you. Nobody can learn English for you. It’ up to you. You must learn for yourself and you will learn if you really want to and are willing to practice. [写作内容] 1.概括上文中的内容，该部分词数大约 30； 2.然后以约 120 个词就“如何学习英语”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下 内容要点： （1）中国人学习英语很不容易； （2）你学习英语的方法； （3）学好英语贵在坚持。 [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内 容，但不是直接引用阅读材料中的句子。 4.阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 A car needs gas to run and your body also needs food to work for you. Eating
the right kind of food is very important. It can keep your body strong, so you should take care of what you eat. There are four main food groups altogether. The dairy products group has food like milk. The other three groups are the meat and fish group, the fruit and vegetable group, and the bread and rice group. Each meal should have at least one food from all the four main groups. With all these food together you will be given enough energy during the day. It is easy to get into bad eating habits. You may eat your breakfast in a hurry to get to school on time. Or you may not have time for a good lunch. It may seem easy to finish your supper with fish and chips all the time. But you will find yourself tired during these days and you can not think quickly. Watching what you eat will help keep your body healthy and strong. It is also good to take some exercise. It will help you eat more if you take a walk or play games in the open air. Having a good eating habit with some exercise is the key to your health. [写作内容] 1.概括上文中的内容，该部分词数大约 30； 2.然后以约 120 个词就“健康与饮食”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下内 容要点： （1）有些同学没有良好的饮食习惯，如不吃早餐，吃快餐，暴饮暴事； （2）提倡吃主食，进餐要规律； （3）你对此有什么看法，为什么？ [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内 容，但不是直接引用阅读材料中的句子。
5.阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 The way people spent their vacation changed a great deal in the 1900s. In 1990, 40% of the people spent their vacations at home, but the figure dropped to 9% in 1999. It seemed that people were becoming more and more mobile, and they wanted to explore the entertainment in the outside world. The seaside still has its varied attractions to people. The rate dropped slightly from 38% in 1990 to 30% in 1999. But there might be a tendency of further decreasing in the future because of the pollution. Now a great number of people spend their vacations traveling abroad. The rate in 1999 doubled as compared with 1990. And the tendency will be continuing because more and more people can afford the overseas journeys. There are two main benefits for tourism. The first and most obvious one is the economic benefits which come to the host country. It is usually people from better-off countries that can afford to travel, and they bring with them a lot of money to the countries they intend to visit. The second is that tourism increases international understanding and friendship between peoples of different countries. [写作内容]
1.概括上文中的内容，该部分词数大约 30； 2.然后以约 120 个词就“Travel”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下内容要 点： （1）越来越多的人选择旅游的客观因素； （2）主观因素，即旅游对个人有何影响； （3）你认为旅游对学习有何影响？ [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内 容，但不是直接引用阅读材料中的句子。
6.阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 On Keeping a Dairy in English Keeping a diary in English is one of the effective ways to improve our English writing ability. Compared with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes less time. It can help us to develop the habit of thinking in English. If we persist in this practice, gradually we’ll learn how to express ourselves in English. In keeping a diary in English we certainly run up against a lot of difficulties. In the first place, it often happens that we have trouble finding appropriate words and phrases to give expression to our mind. Secondly, there are many idiomatic ways of saying things in Chinese. And it is extremely hard for us to put them into English properly. Surely, there are some other roadblocks we may come across in keeping a diary in English. As far as I’m concerned, my suggestion is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary within easy reach. Whenever something beats us, we can first put it down in our notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also turn to our English teacher for help, if necessary. In short, I believe that it is of great use to keep a diary in English for the development of our writing skills. [写作内容] 1.概括上文中的内容，该部分词数大约 30； 2.然后以约 120 个词就“记日记的作用”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下 内容要点： （1）要用英语思维，最好写英语日记； （2）经常用英语记日记，等于天天在练笔； （3）你对用英语写日记有什么看法，为什么？ [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内 容，但不是直接引用阅读材料中的句子。
1.Sleep is important for everybody, though people may need different amount of time to sleep. Students need 9 or more hours to sleep every day. But, unfortunately, many students don’t have enough sleep. There are several reasons for this. First, the students are burdened with too much homework. Every day middle school students have to do the exercises on different subjects, which usually take them several hours in the evening. Second, students have to get up very early—usually earlier tan most workers—so that they can get to school on time. What makes it worse is that their teachers and parents care much less about their sleep than their study. This will be harmful to their health. Measures must be taken to improve the situation. First, less homework should be given to the students. Second, more attention should be paid to their health. Third, the living conditions for them should be improved.
2.Making friends seems to be more difficult than we think. Although many people have many friends in life, they know they are actually not their true friends. True friends are the ones who can often sense and share your happiness and sorrow, like your brothers and sisters. They will help you when you have difficulties and feel happy when you succeed. True friends may also have different opinions, but they usually make a discussion instead of arguing or fighting. When I make friends, the first thing I take into account is age because different ages mean different topics for discussion. In my opinion, most of us can hardly ignore generation gap during making friends with others. The second is sex. In China, boys don’t usually make friends with girls because they always have different interests and hobbies. Meanwhile, girls always feel it inconvenient or difficult to talk freely to boys.
3.English is an international language because it has been used by most of the nations in the world. If we know English well, we can communicate with foreigners and do business with other countries. Learning English is like learning to swim or learning to play ball. We muse practice a lot. To a Chinese, learning English well is not easy. But I managed to overcome the difficulties. The spelling and meaning of words may be the first difficulty. But I found my own way to deal with them. As to spelling, I never copied a word again and again to remember it, but tried to find its relevance to the sound. As to the meaning, I often put the word into the sentence to learn its meaning. Grammar may be another difficulty. But I’ve also got it over by spending much time reading the articles written in English. Overcoming all these difficulties requires perseverance. Perseverance is an important reason why I can learn English well.
4.We are what we eat. What we eat depends on main food groups. When we have got enough energy from all the food together, we can keep fit. A good eating habit with some exercise is good for health. However, bad eating habits are still very common among us students. Some of us often go to school without breakfast; some like to have snacks; some others are particular about food; and still some eat or drink too much. All these bad habits will surely do harm to our health. To keep fit, we should have various healthy diets, which generally include proper amounts of fish, meat, vegetables, fruit as well as main food. We need to develop good eating habits that will keep our lifetimes. Besides, we’d better have meals regularly. Mealtime is the ideal opportunity to set an example by creating a positive atmosphere in which healthy food attitudes can be developed. Only in this way can we have enough energy to study better.
5.Compared to spend their vacation at home, people prefer to have a trip to other places, for example, the seaside. And there are more people choosing to travel abroad, which can not only benefit the host countries’ economy, but also develop the mutual understanding and friendship between people from different countries. We can say that travel has become a worldwide activity. With new modes of fast, comfortable transport and the increasing of people’s income, more and more people are tempted to leave their homes to see more of the wonderful world. People travel for many reasons, but perhaps the most common is traveling for pleasure. It provides an effective way to get your mind off your work. Travel is also one of the best means for learning. One may have heard or read about something, but one can never get an accurate picture of it until one sees it. I believe that the knowledge obtained from actual experience is more valuable than obtained from books.
6.Keeping a diary can improve our English. It helps us form the habit of English thinking and express ourselves. When we come across difficulties like choosing proper words, and Chinese idioms into English, we can turn to references. To master the English language, we’ll try our best to think in English when listening, speaking, reading and writing; I believe it is better to keep diaries in English regularly and practice the language. Keeping the English diary means practicing English every day. In my opinion, keeping a diary in English is one of the effective methods to improve English writing skills. The diary is short and small, time saving; we are free to set down what’s on inside and outside ourselves. Unconsciously we can use English freely and effectively.