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牛津译林模块一Unit2 Growing pains

Unit 2

Growing pains 基础落实

1. surprise [s?′praIz] vt使吃惊,使惊奇;n. . 惊讶;惊人的事物→ adj令人吃惊的 surprising →adj 惊讶的 . .

2.explain [Ik′spleIn] vt & vi解释,说明→n. . . 解释 explanation 3.leave [li?v] vt .使??处于某种状态,听任 4.reason [′ri?zn] n.原因,理由→adj.合情合理的


5.behavior [bI′heIvj?(r)] n.行为,举止→v.行为,表现,举止


6.fault [f??lt] n.过错,错误 7.rude [ru?d] adj 粗鲁的,无礼的→adv.粗鲁地,无礼地 .

rudely →n. 粗鲁,无礼 rudeness
8. punish [′p?nI?] vt .惩罚→n. 惩罚punishment →adj 免受 . 惩罚的 unpunished 9. boring[′b??rI?] adj令人厌倦的,乏味的,无聊的→adj . . 感到厌烦的 bored →vt使??厌烦 bore . 10.interest[′Intr?st] vt 使??感兴趣; n.兴趣; . 利益→adj . 令人感兴趣的 interesting →adj感兴趣的 interested .

11.silly[′sIlI] adj .愚蠢的→(同义词)adj笨的,愚蠢的 .

stupid →(同义词)adj .傻的,愚蠢的 foolish
12.insist [In′sIst] vt & vi . .坚持,坚持认为 13. valuable [′v?lj??bl] adj 宝贵的,珍贵的;贵重的 . →n. 价值 value 14.suggest [s?′d?est] vt 建议;暗示;使想起→n.建议 . suggestion 15. selfish [′selfI?] adj 自私的→n.自我,私心 self → . adj .无私的 selfless

16. forbid [f?′bId] vt .禁止→过去式 forbade →过去分 词 forbidden 17.truly [′tru?lI] adv.真诚地;真实地→adj 真实的, . 忠诚的 true →n.真理 truth

语境助记——词不离句,句不离段 We were truly bored and surprised at silly, selfish and rude behaviour and he even didn’t give us a reasonable explanation.We suggest he be punished for his fault.

Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1.turn up 调高声音;出现 turn down 调低声音,拒绝 2.can’t wait to ...迫不及待地要?? 3.be supposed to 应该??,应当?? 4.do with 处理,处置 (同义词组) deal with 5.be a mess / in a mess 乱成一团

in chaos 混乱
6.leave sb. in charge 委托某人负责 7.be hard on 对??苛刻,对??要求严格 be cruel to sb.对某人残酷

8.be angry at sth.对某事生气 be angry with sb.生某人的气 9.argue about 为??而争吵 10. take sb.’s advice 接受某人的建议 11.make a difference 要紧;有影响;起(重要)作用 12. like crazy 发疯似地,拼命地 13.in charge of 负责,掌管 in the charge of 在??掌管/负责之下

14.not... any more 不再,再也不 15. after all 毕竟;终究;到底

above all 最重要的是
16.go out (灯)熄灭 put out 熄灭(火) 17.insist on 坚持,坚持认为 18. mix up 混淆,弄乱;搅匀,拌和

Ⅲ.句式与运用 1. Eric runs in after it, followed by a big dog, walking very slowly.埃里克随后跑进来,后面跟着一条大狗,走得很 慢。

句式提取 分词在句中作伴随状语。 句式仿写 他女儿扶着他,慢慢的回家去了。 walking He went home,supported by his daughter,
very slowly.

2.We thought you were an adult,a person from whom we could expect good decisions...我们本以为你是个大人, 一 个我们可以从你那里得到很好的决定的人??


from whom...定语从句。

句式仿写 我们原认为你提到的那本书不值得一读。
We thought the book to which you referred was not worth reading.

3. Maybe, now that he has been so rude to us, feel but I like...也许吧, 但既然他这样粗鲁地对我们, 我想??

句式提取 now that 既然??,引导原因状语从句。

句式仿写 既然你去过那里,请给我们讲一讲那里 的情况。
Now that you have been there, us something tell
about it.

4.The money with which you were to buy dog food is gone,...你用来买狗食品的钱没有了,??


with+which 引导的定语从句。

句式仿写 你刚才和他握手的那个人是我老师。

The man with whom you shook hands just now is my teacher.

5.I still wish we could go and see a film tomorrow, though!不过我仍希望我们明天能去看电影!



How I wish I had been to the Shanghai Expo!

6.Sometimes he acts as though he doesn’t even love us at all.有时,他表现得似乎一点都不爱我们。

句式提取 as though“好像”引导方式状语从句。
句式仿写 他举手好像要说什么。
He raised his hand as if/as though (he was going) to say something.

Ⅳ.高考源于教材 1.What did you do with the money we left?(教材原句) In many people’s opinion,that company,though

A relatively small,is pleasant________.(2010· 四川,11)
A.to deal with C.to be dealt with B.dealing with D.dealt with



来说较小, 人们却能够与之愉快合作。 该句可还原成 To deal with that company is pleasant。故选 A。

2.Mom and Dad look at each other as lights go out. (教材原句) —May I open the window to let in some fresh air?

C —________
A.Come on! C.Go ahead!

(2009· 四川,1) B.Take care! D.Hold on!



气进来吗?——开吧!C 项意为“请便”,用于 回答别人的请求,可译为“去吧,好吧,说吧, 干吧等”。

3.The room is a mess,with pizza boxes on the floor and dirty dishes in the sink. (教材原句) The living room is clean and tidy,with a dining

A table already________for a meal to be cooked.
(2010· 山东,29) A.laid C.to lay B.laying D.being laid

解析 句意为:起居室干净又整洁,为做饭准备的 餐桌也已摆好。with 后跟复合结构,a table 与 lay 之间为被动关系, 且有 already 暗示, 故空白处应用 过去分词表被动和完成。

Acts Characters

Things they do

How they feel Findingtheroom in a

Mom and Dad Act one

Justcoming mess and the dogtired back from and hungrythey feel angry. Playing Seeing parents back early and angry at them,he is surprised and4.frightened . 1.vacation 2. disappointed and


3. soccer at home

However,he hopes to give Act one Daniel Stay in another room an5. explanation at first but then feel angry with parents.

Act two Daniel

6. Expressing his anger with parents

He is so angry with his arms crossed.


7.Comforting his brother

He tries to make Daniel 8. calm and not angry. Thinking they are hard on their children,she feels sorry and 9. Regretful . He is stubborn,

Act two Mom

things that happened today


insisting on 10. punishingDaniel.

重点单词 1.explain v.解释;说明

explanation n.解释,说明
explain sth.to sb.=explain to sb.sth.对某人解释某事 explain+疑问词+to do sth./thatclause explain to sb.+thatclause 向??解释?? make an explanation 作说明,进行解释

in explanation of 作为??的说明/辩解

(1) I was used to the familiar bilingual dictionaries,in which the words are explained both in English and Chinese. 是用英汉两种语言解释的。 (2) He explained to us that he was late because of the traffic. 他向我们说明了他迟到是因为交通拥挤。 (3) Can you explain to me the reason why you didn’t come?你能给我解释你没来的原因吗? (2010· 辽宁, 完形填空) 过去我习惯了用熟悉的英汉双解词典,里面的单词都

语境活用 He was late.We asked him to (1) explain to us (向我解释) why.But his (2) explanation for (??的解释) being late didn’t sound reasonable.

2.fault n.过错,错误;缺点,毛病;责任

find fault with...挑??的毛病 find fault in 看出??的缺点 in/at fault 有错,有责任 It’s one’s fault that...??是某人的过错

(1) However,they can hardly blame me;it is largely their own fault. 的错。 (2) The police said that the other driver was in/at fault —he should have slowed down. 警方说错在另一位司机——他本来应该减速。 (3) She loves me in spite of all my faults. 我虽然有种种缺点,但是她依然爱我。 (2009· 重庆,完形填空) 但是他们并不能责怪我;在很大程度上是他们自己

易混辨析 fault,shortcoming 二者都含有“缺点”之意。 (1)fault 侧重表示影响到某人或某物达到完美无 缺程度的缺陷或不足之处。 (2)shortcoming 侧重表示人或物的不足、缺点或 缺陷,常含有“虽有不足但已不错”之意。
一言辨异 In spite of all my friend’s shortcomings ,I still like him because I don’t like finding a fault .

3.scene n.(戏剧)一场;现象;场面;景色

behind the scenes 在幕后;暗中
on the scene 在现场;当场;在台上 come on the scene 出场,登场

(1) Firefighters were on the scene immediately. 消防队员立即赶到了现场。 (2) The police present at the scene had only scratched the surface of the accident. 在场的警察对事故只做了简单的处理。

易混辨析 scene,scenery,sight,view (1)scene 指展现在眼前的情景,也可以指 scenery 的一 部分,大多包括景物中的人及活动在内。 (2)scenery 指某地总的自然风光或景色,尤指美丽的乡 间景色。 (3)sight 既可以指场景,眼前看到的景观,也可以指名 胜、风景,在表示“名胜、风景”时,用复数形式。 (4)view 常指从某个位置或角度所看到的景色,指“视 野,眼界”。还可表示“观点”。

一言辨异 The Great Wall whose scenery is beautiful is one of the most breathtaking sights in the world, but twenty years ago,beautiful as theview was from the distance,a dirty scene appeared in front of us when we arrived there.

4.mark n.分数;记号;标志;得分;痕迹;v. 标明; 标志;打分数,批改

mark with...用??作标记
mark on 在??上做记号

get 90 marks for English 英语得了 90 分 as a mark of...作为??的标志 mark sth. down 记下 mark papers 批阅试卷

(1) The workers packed the glasses and marked on each box “This Side Up”. (2010· 课标全国卷, 22) 工人们把玻璃杯装好,并在每个箱子上标注“此面 向上”的标记。 (2) You can’t afford to get another low mark in English.你的英语不能再得低分了。 (3) Food marked with red stars are included in the recipe. 标有红星的食品被列入了食谱。

5.insist vt & vi 坚持;坚决主张 . .

insist on sth.坚决主张,insist on doing sth.坚持 要求做某事,insist that sb.?should? do sth.坚持 要某人做某事?虚拟语气?,insist that...坚持说, 坚持认为?真实语气?

(1) The only wonder is that so many states insist on closing their ears to the message. (2009· 山东,阅读理解 C) 唯一惊讶的是这么多的国家都坚持对这个消息充 耳不闻。 (2) He insisted that his answer was right. 他坚持说他的回答是正确的。 (3) I insisted that you (should) go there on time. 我坚持要求你准时到那里去。

易混辨析 insist on,stick to (1)insist on 坚决要求,坚持认为,是对“要求、看法、 意见或主张”的坚持。 (2)stick to 是对“愿望、原则、决定、诺言、意见、理 想或某种理论”的坚持不渝。

一言辨异 We stick to the important thought—Three putting it into practice. Represents, insist on and

6.forbid vt .禁止,不准

forbid doing sth.禁止做某事,forbid sb.to do sth.禁止某人做某事,be forbidden to do sth.被 禁止做某事,forbid sb.from doing sth.禁止某人

should 做 某 事 ,forbid that...??????????????? do... 禁 止 ??

语境活用 运用上述词汇完成下面的情景 As parents,we do (1) forbid ur daughter to surf the Internet too much.But we don’t forbid (2)


(look) up helpful information through the computer.Of course,she feels unhappy whenever she (3) is forbidden to chat with her epals on line.Anyway , she is quite understanding.She knows that we don’t really (4) forbid her to learn something good on the Internet.

7.spare adj .空闲的;不用的;备用的;vt .抽出;留出; 免除
(1) in one’s spare time 在某人闲暇时间 a spare key 一把备用钥匙 ? 为??抽出/分出??; spare sb.sth. ? ? (2) spare sth.for sb.? 免除某人的?? ? spare no effort(s)不遗余力;竭尽全力 spare no expense 不惜一切代价

(1) But most of his spare time is spent working. (2009· 海南, 阅读理解 B) 但他的大部分业余时间都花在工作上。 (2) We’ll spare no effort to find the culprits of this crime. 我们会竭尽全力追查本案的凶犯。 (3) Nigel coaches a cricket team in his spare time. 奈杰尔业余时间担任一个板球队的教练。

As a teacher,he almost has no (1) spare time (闲 暇时间), whenever the students have any problems, but he (2) spares no effort to help (不遗余力地帮助) them.He can hardly (3) spare his family any time (抽出一些时间给家人),even his children.

8.suggest vt .建议;暗示;使想起

suggestion n.提议;意见
suggest ?建议?? It is suggested that sb.?should? do sth. at/on sb.’s suggestion 根据某人的建议

make/offer/come up with/put forward
suggestion 提出建议


follow/take/accept a suggestion 听从/接受建议

注意:(1)suggest 作“建议”讲时,其后的宾语从 句要用虚拟语气,即(should+)动词原形。 (2)suggest 作“暗示,表明”讲时,引导的从句用 陈述语气。 (3)suggest 后不可接双宾语, 间接宾语多由介词 to 引出,即 suggest sth.to sb.向某人建议某事。

(1) Lady Luck suggested I should turn left. (2010· 湖南, 完形填空) 幸运女神建议我应该向左转。 (2) Someone suggested sending Liu Xiang to the US for treatment.有人建议送刘翔去美国治疗。 (3) He suggested that the work(should) be started at once.他建议立即动工。 (4) His accent suggested that he was from Sichuan. 他的口音表明他是四川人。

易混辨析 suggest,advise (1)advise 后可跟带不定式的复合宾语,即 advise sb.to do sth.,而 suggest 则不能。 (2)advise 的名词形式 advice 为不可数名词,如 a piece of advice; suggest 的名词形式 suggestion 为可数名词, 如 a suggestion。 (3)表示“提出,暗示,表明”时用 suggest,而 advise 无此含义。

用 suggest,advise 的适当形式填空 (1)Who do you advise to go there with her? (2)His silence suggested refusal. (3)He made a very useful suggestion that she join in the club activities.

Ⅰ.语境填词 1.The doctor explained (解释) the risks to me before the operation. 2.They are always finding fault (毛病) with my work. 3.The students were able to go behind the scenes (后台) to see how programmes are made. 4.She insisted (坚持) on going there. 5. The hospital has no spare (多余的) operating capacity.


D 1.“What will you say in________ of your frequent
lateness this time?” asked the teacher. A.doubt C.expectation

B.wonder D.explanation

in explanation of 是固定词组,意为“解

释”。句意为:老师问:“这一次你将用什么话来 为自己经常迟到辩解?”

C 2. don’t think it’s my________ that the TV blew “I
up.I just turned it on,that is all,” said the boy. A.error C.fault B.mistake D.duty


fault 表示“(承担错误的)责任; 过失”; error

强调“违反某一既定标准, 不经心而做了错事, 产 生偏差、疏忽或行动上的错误”;mistake 指由于 “粗心、 不注意或由于理解、 认识或判断上的不正 确而造成行动或看法上的错误, 有时这种错误是无 意的”。

3.While watching Titanic,most people couldn’t help crying when it came to the scene________ Jack saves D the girl’s life but dies in icy water himself. A.which C.why B.as D.where


此处是定语从句, where 作地点状语, 相当

于 in which。

4.The match is to take place in two days and they are

B busy ________ the tennis court.
A.turning out C.making out

(2011· 黄山月考)

B.marking out D.breaking out

D 5.Sam insisted that he________ the law and________.
A.didn’t break;mustn’t be punished B.doesn’t break;shouldn’t punish C.hadn’t broken;be not punished D.hadn’t broken;not be punished

解析 项。

句意为:Sam 坚持说他没犯法(应用真实语

气),坚持他不应受到惩罚(应用虚拟语气)。故选 D

6.Our school forbids________,that is to say,we are

D not allowed________ at school.
A.to smoke;to smoke B.students’ smoking;smoking C.students to smoke;smoking

(2011· 苏州模拟)

D.students’ smoking;to smoke


forbid (sb.’s) doing sth.禁止(某人)做某事;

be allowed to do sth.被允许做某事。

D 7.Let’s________ to carry out the plan.
A.try our best C.spare no efforts B.spare no effort D.all the above

解析 句意为: 让我们尽最大努力来完成这项计划。 A、B、C 项都有此意。

8.He suggested________ a meeting and it suggested

B that he________ in our plan.
A.to hold;was interested B.holding;was interested C.holding;should be interested D.should hold;be interested

(2011· 长沙模拟)


suggest doing sth.固定用法;第二个空由于

主句中 suggest 的意思为“暗示”,固其后的宾语 从句应用陈述语气。

重点短语 1.do with 处理,对付;对待;解决;涉及

do with 有时可与 deal with 互换, 表示“处理, 解决”。
(1) —What have you done with my pen? —I’ve put it away. ——你把我的钢笔弄到哪儿去了? ——我把它收起来了。 (2) I hate to deal/dealing with large impersonal companies. 我讨厌与那些没有人情味的大公司打交道。

易混辨析 deal with,do with (1)这两个短语都可表示“处理”,但用法不同。用于 特殊疑问句时,deal with 常与 how 连用,do with 常与 what 连用。 (2)deal with 还可表示“与??相处;关于;与??有 生意往来”。
一言辨异 I don’t know how to deal with the book dealing with politics,but you know what to do with it very well.

2.be supposed to 应该??;理应??

?1?be supposed to...被期望做??,应该??;被认 为是,被认为 be not supposed to do sth.不允许做?? ?2?suppose/supposing 引导条件状语从句,相当于 if“如果,假设”。

(1) I have reached a point in my life where I am supposed to make decisions of my own. 我已经到了自己做出决定的年龄了。 (2) He was supposed to have arrived on the five o’clock train. 他本该赶上五点钟的那班火车的(但他没有)。 (3) I don’t think we should devote any more time to this question. 我认为我们不应该在这个问题上花更多的时间。 (2009· 浙江,14)

3.go out 熄灭;外出娱乐;送出,发出;播放,播出;公 布,发表 go up 上涨;上升;攀登 go off 离去;爆炸 go against 违反,违背 go ahead 前进;好吧 go over 走过去;仔细检查;复习 go all out (to do)全力(去做) go about 从事;干;到处走动 go by 流逝;过去 go without 忍受某事物的缺乏; 没有某事物也可应付

(1) —Honey,let’s go out for dinner. —That’s great! I don’t have to cook. (2010· 重庆,26) ——亲爱的,我们出去吃晚饭吧。 ——太好了!我不用做饭了。 (2) The bomb went off in a crowded street. 炸弹在挤满人群的大街上爆炸了。 (3) I was about to go out when the telephone rang. 我正要出去,这时电话铃响了。

4.feel like (doing)想要(做)??;感觉自己像

feel sorry for 为??感到难过,遗憾 feel at home 感到自在;不拘束 feel oneself 心情好;自觉健康 feel as if...感觉好像,仿佛 feel one’s way 摸索着前进

(1) I was so angry and I just didn’t feel like looking for another job. (2008· 上海,阅读理解 B) 我非常生气,不想再找另外的工作。 (2) I don’t feel myself today. 我今天感觉不舒服。 (3) We’ll go for a walk if you feel like it. 要是你愿意,我们去散散步。

5.now that 既然;由于

by now 到现在

for now 暂时,目前,当前
from now on 从现在起

(1) Now that we’ve discussed our problem,are people happy with the decisions taken? (2009· 宁夏海南,35) 既然我们已经讨论了我们的问题, 人们对我们做的决定 满意吗? (2) Now that you have finished your work, you’d better have a rest. 既然你的工作已经做完了,最好休息一下吧。 (3) I’ll never give up from now on. 今后我决不放弃。


now that,do with,go about,be supposed to,feel like
1.I don’t know what to do with all the food that’s left over. 2.The speaker is supposed to be excellent. 3.I don’t know what is the best way to go about it. 4.Do you feel like a cup of coffee? 5. Now that dinner is ready,wash your hands.


D 1.—How do you________ a disagreement between the
company and its customers? —The key to solving the problem is to meet the demand made by the customers. A.make do with C.handle with B.do with D.deal with

解析 由于句中有 how,所以应用 deal with,表 示如何处理;handle with 应去掉 with。

C 2. train________ arrive at 11∶30, was an hour The but
late. A.was about to C.was supposed to (2011· 黄山月考) B.was likely to D.was certain to

解析 句意为:火车应该于 11∶30 到,结果晚了 一个小时。be supposed to 应该。

D 3.Would you please________this form for me to see if
I’ve filled it in right? A.take off C.give up B.look after D.go over



查一下这个表格填得是否正确吗?take off 脱下;起 飞;look after 照顾;give up 放弃;go over 复习;仔 细查看。

4. They were completely different from my own family, yet I felt________ with them immediately. B A.sorry C.myself B.at home D.badly

解析 由句意可知,应是“感到不拘束”;feel at home 感到不拘束。

D 5 . ________ she is out of a job , Lucy has been
considering going back to school,but she hasn’t decided. A.Even if C.If (2011· 南京模拟) B.Though D.Now that

解析 句意为:既然工作没了,Lucy 已在考虑重返 校园,但她还没有做出决定。now that=since 既然。

重点句型 1.The room is a mess,with pizza boxes on the floor and dirty dishes in the sink.房间里一片狼 藉,地板上扔着许多比萨饼盒子,洗碗池里堆 着未洗的碗碟。 句式提取:with+复合宾语

本句是 with 复合结构,此结构在句中可作定语,也可作 状语, 表伴随、 方式、 条件或原因等, 可位于句首或句尾。 结构如下: ?1?with+宾语+doing ?doing 表主动或正在进行的动作? ?2?with+宾语+done?done 表被动或已完成的动作? ?3?with+宾语+to do ?to do 表示将来的动作? ?4?with+宾语+adj. ?adj.表状态? ?5?with+宾语+adv. ?adv.表状态? ?6?with+宾语+介词短语

(1) Tired,Jim was fast asleep with his back against a big tree. (2010· 四川,5) 累坏了,吉姆背靠着一棵大树,酣睡着。 (2) With all the things she needed bought,she went home happily. 买了所需要的所有东西后,她高兴地回家了。 (3) With so many essays to write ,he won’t have time to go shopping this morning. 他有那么多文章要写,今天早上将没有时间去买东 西了。

写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a.The street is over 600 years old with more than 300 shops along. upset. (2009· 全国Ⅱ) (2009· 湖南) b. With so many eyes staring at me, felt nervous and I c.A donation activity is arranged by our Student Union, with the proposal that students in their final year of high school give away the used books, magazines and newspapers to the students in lower grades. (2007· 福建)

2.Eric sits on his bed looking at Daniel,who has his arms crossed and looks angry.埃里克坐在床上,瞧 着双臂交叉、表情愤怒的丹尼尔。 句式提取:have+复合宾语

have sb.do sth.叫某人做某事 have sb./sth.doing sth.使某人做??,使某物正处 于?? have sth. done 把??做完 have+宾语+to do ?have 的意思是“有”?

(1) To save class time,our teacher has us students do half of the exercises in class and complete the other half for our homework. (2007· 湖南,27) 为了节省课堂时间,我们的老师让我们学生在课堂上做 完一半练习,把另一半当做家庭作业来完成。 (2) It was cold, she had the fire burning all day and and night. 天很冷,她日夜烧着炉火。 (3) At that time,he had nobody to talk to. 在那时,他没有人可以说话。

Ⅰ.完成句子 1.冬天来了,该买暖和的衣服了。

With winter coming on ,it’s time to buy warm clothes.
2.乔让我给他找辆车。 Joehad me find a car for him. 3.作业做完后,小男孩出去玩了。 The boy went out to play with his home work finished . 4.你最好把那颗坏牙拔了。 You’d better have that bad tooth pulled out .


B 1.________ the crisis of economy getting more and more
serious,the government is searching for ways to improve people’s life. A.As B.With C.When D.If

解析 介词 with 的复合结构。句意为:经济危机正 变得越来越严重,政府正寻找办法提高人们的生活 水平。

2.—Good morning.Can I help you?

D —I’d like to have this package________,madam.
A.be weighed C.to weigh B.to be weighed D.weighed

解析 have sth.done 叫人做某事。答句意为:—— 我想叫人称一下包裹,女士。

3.John received an invitation to dinner,and with his

A work________,he gladly accepted it.
A.finished C.having finished B.finishing D.was finished

解析 “with+宾语+宾补”结构中, 宾补表示完 成时用过去分词。

4.She will tell us why she feels so strongly that each of

B us has a role________in making the earth a better
place to live. A.to have played C.to be played B.to play D.to be playing

简单句与写作训练(2) 句式 4:主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 特点:谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语才能表达完整的意思。这两 个宾语一个是动作的直接承受者,另一个是动作的间接承受者。 He showed me how to run the machine. 他演示给我看怎样操作这台机器。 That gentleman told us a funny story. 那位绅士给我们讲了个有趣的故事。 注意:该句式的句子都可以转化为句式 3 的形式,一般是在间 接宾语之前加 to 或 for 并置于直接宾语之后。 I gave her a book.—I gave a book to her. He bought me a pen.—He bought a pen for me.

句式 5:主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 特点:该句式中动词虽然是及物动词,但是只跟一个宾语 还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补充成分来说明宾语, 才能使意思完整。宾语补足语用来补充、说明宾语的情况。 He beat a friend of mine black and blue. 他把我的一位朋友打得青一块紫一块。 We caught him stealing a watch from the counter. 我们当场抓住他从柜台里偷手表。 I have got all the mistakes in my maths homework corrected. 我已经把我数学作业中的所有错误都改正了。

【体验写作】 一、单句改错 1.Don’t make your mother be worried. 2.Who had you to write this article?

去掉be 去掉to

3.You shouldn’t have kept him wait outside.

4.We elected John a monitor in our class.

5.I found him cried in the room.

6.Do you find it easily to learn maths well?


二、翻译句子 1.我们会请人把房间重新装修一下的。(have sth. done)

We’ll have the room redecorated .
2.由于有许多困难问题尚待解决,新当选的总统将有一段 艰难期。(with+宾语+宾补)

With a lot of difficult problems to settle, the newlyelected president is having a hard time.

3. 既然你得到了一个机会, 你还是充分利用它为好。 (now that)

Now that you’ve got a chance,you might as well make full use of it.

I spend six hours a week marking.
5.我不喜欢背后议论人。(like sb.doing sth.)

I don’t like people talking behind one’s back.


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