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Unit 5 Grammar同位语从句


Unit 5 Grammar

Noun Clauses as the appositive

名 词 性 从 句

主语从句
表语从句

主语
表语 宾语

宾语从句 同位语从句

同位语

名词

> 1、复习内容: 名词性从句----同位语从句。 2、目标要求: (1)掌握其后能接同位语从句的名词。 (2)掌握同位语从句的连接词。 (3)能区别同位语从句与定语从句。 3、学习指导: (1)复习重点: 同位语从句的运用。 (2)复习难点: 同位语从句与定语从句的区别。

观察下列句子划红线的部分。 1. The news that we won the game is exciting. 2. I have no idea when he will come back home. 3. Word came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. 4. They are investigating the question whether the man is trustworthy.

同位语从句
1. 概念: 在复合句中作名词的同位语的名词性 从句。

2. 功能:
同位语从句对名词进一步解释、说明

名词的具体内容。
3.常引导同位语从句的名词 fact, news, idea, promise, faith, question, problem, doubt, fear, hope, order, belief, thought, reply, truth, suggestion, advice, proposal

引导同位语从句的连接词
功能 从属 连词 连接 代词 连接 副词 例词

只起连接作用,不充当 从句中的任何成分。

that, whether whether

既起连接作用,又在从句 who, what , 中担任成分(主语、宾语、 whose, which 表语或定语)。
既起连接作用,又在从句 中担任成分(状语)。

when, where, why, how how

复合代词 既起连接作用,又在从句 whoever, whatever, & 中担任成分(主语、宾语、whichever, whenever, 复合副词 表语或定语、状语)。 wherever, however however

1.如同位语从句意义完整,应用that引导同位语从 句。(即that 不充当任何成分,只起连接作用) ? 例:The general gave the order that the soldiers should cross the river at once. 2.如同位语从句意义不完整,需增加"是否"的含义, 应用whether引导同位语从句。(if不能引导同位 语从句) ? 例:We‘ll discuss the problem whether the sports meeting will be held on time. 3.如同位语从句意义不完整,需增加"什么时候"、 "什么地点"、“什么方式"等含义,应用when, where, how等词引导同位语从句。 ? 例:I have no idea when he will be back. ? 例:I have no impression how he went home, perhaps by bike.

They expressed the hope that they would come over to visit China again. I have no idea how they were able to get it done in so short a time. Have you any idea what he is doing now?
They asked me the question whether the work was worth doing. The question who should do the work requires consideration.

1. Two thirds of all girls in Britain are on a diet./ The fact worries their parents and teachers a lot.

The fact that two thirds of all girls are on a diet worries their parents and teachers a lot.
2. The Queen of England was on a three-day visit in China./ We heard the news last night.

We heard the news last night that the Queen of England was on a three-day visit in China.

3. Time travel is possible./ There is no scientific proof for the idea.

There is no scientific proof for the idea that time travel is possible.
4. Chinese students should be given more free time./ The suggestion is welcomed by many people, especially kids in school.

The suggestion that Chinese students should be given more free time is welcomed by many people, especially kids in school.

仔细看,找区别
A: The news that he told me is that Tom would go abroad next year. 定语从句 B: The news that Tom would go abroad is told by同位语从句 him.
同位语 从句

A: He put forward the suggestion that the second question should be discussed first. B: The suggestion that he had put forward was turn down.
定语从句

仔细看,找区别
A: We were greatly pleased at the news that the Chinese women's volleyball team had won the match again.
(同位语从句)

B: We were greatly pleased at the news that our teacher had told us. (定语从句 )
同位语从句

A:The suggestion that students should learn something practical is worth 定语从句 considering. B:The suggestion that they are

仔细看,找区别
‖ idea (同位语从句) A: I have no idea when they will come. B: I’ll never forget the days when I lived there. the day A: We don’t understand the problem why this is the best choice. (同位语从句) ‖ the the reason 〓 B: The reason why he didn’t come to the problem (定语从句) meeting is that he is ill.
(定语从句)

同位语从句与定语从句的区别
类别

性质 功能

引导词that 的作用

Wh- 引导词 的作用

同位 补充 只起连接作用 不能替换所修 名词性 语 ,不做成分, 饰的名词,有 说明 疑问意义。 不能省略。 从句 定语 修饰 形容 既替代先行 Tip: 在先行词与与从句之间加一个系动词 从句 词性 限定 词,同时也 关系词没有疑 be,使之构成一个新句子,如果句子通顺且 在句中做某 问意义,可替换 符合逻辑,则为同位语从句。反之,则为定 种成分,做 先行词. 宾语可以省 语从句。 略。

The news is that he told 1. The news that he told me is that Tom would go me. abroad next year. 2. The news Tomwould wouldgo goabroad. abroad is told by The news is that that Tom him. The suggestion is that the 3. He put forward the suggestion that the second questionshould should be first. question bediscussed discussed first. 4. The that had put forward Thesuggestion suggestion ishe that he had put was turn down. forward The news that the Chinese 5. We were is greatly pleased at thewomen's news that the volleyball Chinese women's volleyball team had won the team had won the match again. match again. 6. We were greatly pleased at the news that our The news is that our teacher had told us. teacher had told us.

7. The that should learn Thesuggestion suggestion isstudents that students should learn something practical is worth considering. something practical . 8. The suggestion that they are they considering The suggestion is that are is that students should learn something practical. considering . 9. I have no idea they will come. idea is when when they will come. 10. I’ll never forget the days when I lived there. the days is when I lived there 11.We don’t understand the problem why this is the is why this is the best choice the problem best choice. 12. The why he didn t come Thereason reason is why he’ didn ’t to the meeting is come that he is the ill. meeting. to

典例题解
1.Some researchers believe that there is no doubt____ a cure for AIDS will be found. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 2. A warm thought suddenly came to me ____ I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother's birthday. A. if B. when C. that D. which 3. Nobody believed his reason for being absent from the class ________ he had to meet his uncle at the airport. A. why B. that C. where D. because

4. Along with the letter was his promise _______ he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 5. Danby left a word with my secretary ____________ he would call again in the afternoon. A. who B. that C. as D. which 6. I’ve heard a whisper _____ David and Heather are Tips: heading for marriage. (08四川延考区) 1. 观察名词,是否为常引导同位语从句的名词。 A. what B. which C. who D. that 2. 抓出句子主干。

3. 分析从句结构,判断是否缺成分。

Exercise—Multiple choices
1. Here’s an announcement ____ the winner at chess can get a prize of 1’000 yuan. A. that B. why C. whether D. when 2. It’s a question _____ he did it. A. what B. that C. how D. if 3. The dream ____ we are flying in space has finally been realized by a Chinese astronaut Yang Liwei. A. when B. that C. which D. what 4. They rumor spread ____ a new school would be built. A. that B. what C. where D. which

5. The question ____ it is right or wrong depends on the result. A. if B. which C. that D. whether 6. I have a question ______ student should take the responsibility. A. that B. which C. what D. if 7. They expressed the suggestion _____ she accept the award. A. what B. when C. that D. which Tip:在某些名词(wish, demand, suggestion, advice等)后的同位语从句要用虚拟语气!

1. Information has been put forward

____more middle school graduates
will be admitted into universities. A while B that

C when

D as

2. The news ____ he was kidnapped
surprised us greatly. A. what C. why B. that D. when

3. His suggestion ____ the meeting be delayed was turned down. A. which B. that

C./

D. it

4. I have no idea ____ he will start.

A. when
C. what

B. that
D./

5. I've come from the government with a message ____ the meeting won't be held tomorrow. A. if C. whether B. that D. which

6. The thought ____ he might fail in the exam worried him. A. when B. which C. what D. that 7. The order ____ the prisoner be set free arrived too late. A. which B. whether C. that D. what

8. He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing. A. whether B. where C. that D. when 9. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at ____ was thought a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that

10. The nurses are trying their best to reduce the patient's fear ____ he would die of the disease. A. that B. as C. of which D. which 11. The question occurred to me ____ the book was worth reading. A. what B. whether C. which D. if

1. There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars ___ road conditions need____. (2003 上海) A. that; to be improved B. which; to be improved C. where; improving D. when; improving

2. Along with the letter was his

promise _____ he would visit me
this coming Christmas. (2004 上海春) A. which C. what B. that D. whether

3. A story goes ____Elizabeth I of

England liked nothing more than
being surrounded by clever and

qualified noblemen at court.
(2004 上海) A. when C. what B. where D. that

4. Some researchers believe that there is no doubt _____ a cure for AIDS

will be found.
A. which

(2005 广东)
B. that

C. what

D. whether

5. There is much chance _____ Bill will
recover from his injury in time for the race. (2006 天津)

A. that
C. until

B. which
D. if


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