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信息匹配的解题技巧


信息匹配的解题技巧
一、信息匹配的主要阅读方法: 1. 顺读法。按照题目内容顺序快速浏览文章首句、尾句和关键词语,来了解文 段的大意并明确试题的具体要求,然后再按照要求进行匹配。 2. 倒读法。先读懂后面的题项,抓住关键信息,然后再带着所获关键信息,有 针对性地查找所需要的或相关的匹配信息,选择到一个就划记一个选项,免得干扰视线。 二、信息匹配的解题技巧: 1. 巧辨关

键词,注意相同、同义、同词源的词和词组。 2. 标记关键信息,并用笔划掉已被确定了的匹配项。 3. 排除生词干扰,在阅读时跳过专有名词等生词,从整体上了解一下材料的主要内容。 4. 对于有交叉(重合)信息点,首先将共同信息点分组,然后再在相同中找差异。 信息匹配训练 第一篇 首先,请阅读下列有关运动鞋的介绍:
[A] Nike Team Destroyer Baseball Shoes (Women’s) $64.99 - $64.99 Product Description: Leave your opponents in the dust in the Women’s N ike Team Destroyer, the first true women’s turf shoe. Designed for the competitive athlete looking for comfort and performance. Brand: Nike Material: Leather, Synthetic, Rubber Age Group: Adult [B] Adidas Rod Laver $47.95 - $64.00 Product Description: An Adidas Classic. This shoe is for the traditional stylist and old-school player. Nylon mesh and two-color, dual-density polyurethane midsole. Brand: Adidas Age Group: Adult [C] Nike Hyperdunk Basketball Shoes $109.99 - $109.99 Product Description: Hyperdunk hits US retail in late July Nike and Kobe Bryant today launched the Nike Hyperdunk, Nike’s (NYSE: NKE) lightest and strongest basketball shoe ever and one of the many superior, lightweight performance product innovations the company unveiled to support athletes from over 100 countries who will compete for gold in 32 sports in Beijing this summer. Brand: Nike Material: Nylon, Rubber Gender: Men’s Activity: Designer: Basketball Jay Meschter, Eric Avar Age Group: Adult Activity: Casual Athletic Shoes Gender: Women’s Activity: Baseball

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[D] Nike Keystone 3/4 Baseball Shoes (Boys’) $34.99 - $34.99 Product Description: Just because they’re playing Little League doesn’t mean they can’t have major league footwear. Crafted of lightweight and durable synthetic leather, the Boys’ Nike Keystone 3/4 (BG) is a versatile shoe designed for all turf conditions. Brand: Nike Age Group: Kids [E] Activity: Baseball Gender: Boys’ Material: Leather, Synthetic, Rubber

Nike Shox Experience+ Running Shoes (Women’s)

$99.98 - $99.98 Product Description: Don’t forget that pounding the pavement takes a toll on your fragile feet. Treat them like VIPs in the Nike Shox Experience+ Women’s Running Shoe, an ultra-cushioned shoe for runners who love a great ride. Brand: Nike Activity: Running Gender: Women’s Age Group: Adult $79.98 - $95.00 Product Description: The lightweight Nike Air Zoom Structure Triax+ 11 Men’s Running Shoe is for the runner who wants the best of everything —stability, superior cushioning and flexibility. Brand: Nike Activity: Running Gender: Men’s Material: Rubber Age Group: Adult

[F] Nike Air Zoom Structure Triax+ 11 Running Shoes (Men’s)

阅读以下消费者的信息,然后匹配他们拟要购买的鞋。 56. Terminal examination is coming near and Lowes, a university student, is busy preparing for it. Unfortunately, his baseball shoes are worn out. He’d like to get a pair of shoes, which is comfortable and not that expensive on the net. 57. Tony’s birthday is coming. His girl friend is going to get him a pair of basketball shoes as a gift,which is made of thinner material and less heavy. 58. Jogging is one of Emmy’s hobbies. Every afternoon after work she spends half an hour jogging along the seaside to keep fit. She wants to buy a pair of shoes which is ultra-cushioned. 59. Simon, who works in a big company, has decided to go hiking with his friends for a holiday. He’d like to get a pair of casual athletic shoes which is of a traditional style. 60. Baseball is very popular in the USA. Even women have their own baseball club. Rachel is the captain of a part-time baseball team. There will be a game next weekend. So she would like to buy a kind of baseball shoes designed for the professional athletes for all her teammates. 第二篇 阅读下列应用文及相关信息, 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字 母涂黑。 A. Beijing Highlights Luxury : 4 Days $269 Up Standard : 4 Days $249 Up Super Deluxe : 4 Days $519 Up Budget : 5 Days $189 Up Beijing boasting a history of over a thousand years is rich in cultural relics. Our four-day itinerary will take you to the
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most popular sites around the city. You will see the magnificent Great Wall; sacred Tiananmmen Square; majestic Forbidden City as well as the verdant gardens of the Summer Palace. B. Beijing Hutong Tour Luxury & Standard : 5 Days $299 Up Super Deluxe : 5 Days $669 Up Budget : 6 Days $239 Up Beijing, one of the six ancient capital cities of China still has a rich history, and a diverse and colorful culture. Take a special rickshaw ride through an old Hutong neighborhood to experience the different life styles of Beijing residents. A visit to the Lama Temple will expose you to the local people’s religious beliefs.

C. Short Beijing Travel Luxury & Standard : 3 Days $159 Up Are you annoyed by your tight time schedule but interested in visiting Beijing? Here we provide an elaborately (精心地) designed 3-day Beijing tour itinerary taking you to explore the highlights of Beijing. Hence, you can make full use of your time to visit the most aspects of Beijing. D. Beijing Group Tour Luxury : 5 Days $279 Up Explore the highlights of Beijing on a tight budget, why not join our Beijing group tour with only 6-18 people to each group, you will not only make new friends from different countries but also experience all of the comfort and flexibility at a lower price. E. Beijing Essence Tour Luxury : 2 Days $75 Up To guide you to catch all the in short time schedule, we two 2-day refined Beijing tours. full use of your precious time to of Beijing.

highlight sites of Beijing carefully design these Take the tour and make see as much as possible

F. Beijing One-Day Tours - 17 options here for you! Luxury : 1 Day $29 Up Beijing is such a large city with numerous places of interest to visit. 17 one-day package tours offered here are all made up of the essence of Beijing. You can choose any of your preferred according to your interest.

46. Dick is a newcomer to Beijing where he is going to stay for 5 days. Since he has to attend a very important conference on the third day, he has very limited time to spare. But he wishes to spend two days visiting a few of the scenic spots in Beijing so that he could have some basic idea of what Beijing is like.

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47. Coming from Los Angeles, as an exchange student, John is eager to know about Beijing which he believes is a great city with a lot of things to explore. So he plans to go around on Sundays. Since he is not familiar with the city, he decides to join one of the local tour agencies. But he prefers things to be different every week. 48. Mary is a mother with a 9-year-old daughter. She wants to travel around Beijing this summer holiday with her daughter. She would like her daughter to make some friends while opening her eyes during the trip. 49. Li Xue has a very long holiday this year. She wants to go on a guided tour round the most popular sites of Beijing. She does not believe in those so called “cheap and good” offer, so she does not care much about money. So long as the tour is comfortable and enjoyable, she will not hesitate to join in. 50. Professor Zhou is interested more in culture and the way of life of the local people than simply taking a city sightseeing tour. Instead of going to museums and popular sites, he likes to explore how the local people lived in the old times. 第三篇 请阅读下面应用文和相关信息,按照要求进行匹配,并在答题卡上将对应题号的相 应选项字母涂黑。 首先,请阅读下列广告信息: A. ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER Classes for beginners for 3 months. Focus on grammar as well as writing and oral English. 3:00 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. Small classes with maximum 8 students Course fee: $300(10% discount for the first to enroll) Tel: 22325445 B. HALIFAX PLAYHOUSE Ring’s Cross Street, Halifax. Oct. 10th –17th on Golden Pond by Emest Thompson. This is a magical comedy about real people. A well-acted play for everyone. Don’t miss it. Performances: 7:30 p.m. Admission: $3. Tel: 3659 9988 C: LONDON COLLEGE OF ENGLISH Classes for foreign students of all levels. 3 months, 6 months, 9 months and 1 year course. Focus on spoken language. Open through all year from 8:00 a. m. to 5:00 p.m. Small class with maximum 12 students. Course fee for English for one year: $1,200 Discount at shorter period of study. Tel: 22342381 D: EXHIBITIONS OF OIL PAINTINGS Gallery of the Central Academy of Fine Art A combination of Eastern and Western Art 8:00 am to 5:00 p.m. from January 3rd to 19th Admission: $2 for adults, $1 for students Tel: 33569875 E: WESTERN ART SHOW China National Art Museum European modern art, Chinese art and African ancient art. Open from 7:30 am to 4:00 pm from January 6th to 20th Admission: $3 for adults, $1.5 for middle school students. Tel: 25545569 F: GRAND THEATRE
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Oxford Street, Leeds. Restaurant and Café . Sept. 1-19 Admission: Tues-Thurs. $2~6; Fri. & Sat. $4~8 Sue Townsend’s musical play. Performances: Evenings 7:45. October 10~17, at 2:30 p.m. No Monday performance. All kinds of drinks offered Tel: 52011611 然后请阅读下列 Wendy 等人的信息,并匹配各人所需要联系的电话号码: 46. Wendy, a student who is interested in comedy and performing, happens to be free on Oct. 12th and wants to relax herself by enjoying some performances, but she has no more than $4. 47 Carol happens to be free on October 15th and plans to enjoy some performances while having a cup of coffee. 48. Jenny, a student who is a major in art is interested in Italian art as well as Chinese, will be free after school at 4:30. 49. Tom will go to study in the USA for a master’s degree. He wants to have a full-time special training for several months to improve his oral English. 50. Mark, a worker of an export company, needs to improve his writing and oral English. He can only go to the training class after work every day. 46. Wendy A. 22325445 47 .Carol B. 3659 9988 48. Jenny C. 22342381 49. Tom D. 33569875 50. Mark E. 25545569 F. 52011611 第四篇 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应 选项字母涂黑,选择项有一项是多余的。 首先阅读下列国外媒体上的插图及介绍性文字: A. Cornwall You can find that 'weekend feeling' every day of the year, in the country's favourite holiday destination. Some find it in a rock pool on a golden beach, others find it along a dramatic coastal path over-looking crashing waves, while for some it can only be discovered on wild moors and quiet woods. Art lovers are sure to find all the inspiration they could wish for in a lively arts scene, while gastronauts can savour the secret ingredients that make Cornwall a foodie's heaven. Start planning, start discovering; get your free 2011 official Cornwall guide and visit the website. B. Cornwall, paradise found The gardens of Cornwall are the envy of the world. With its temperate climate Cornwall is the perfect home for a flourishing variety of plants, trees and shrubs. For seasoned horticulturists, keen amateurs or energetic families looking for a fun day out, there is always a surprise around the next corner - maybe a hidden vista or a startling splash of colour. With over 70 gardens to choose from you can walk amongst wild woodlands or stand and admire the formal splendour of a country estate. Kitchen gardens, perfumed gardens, and even Japanese gardens - you will discover something fresh, whatever the season. Click the 'request brochure' button for your FREE guide or visit the website for more information.
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C. Peak District Come to the Peak District and get right to the heart of a great holiday - right at the heart of the UK. Our world-class destination is a stone's throw from everywhere. From Hollywood film locations to superb landscapes and quality accommodation to luscious local food, we've got it all. Add awesome attractions, historic houses, glorious gardens, fantastic theme parks, fabulous festivals and vibrant nightlife - and you have the perfect recipe for a brilliant break. Order your free copy of our 2011 Visitor Guide now!

D. Discover the stunning Channel Island of Guernsey in 2011 It doesn't take long to get to the stunning Channel Island of Guernsey, but once you're here, you'll feel a long way from home - Discover its unforgettable blend of stunning scenery, unique character and rich heritage for yourself in 2011. Welcome to the islands of Guernsey. Lying close to the north coast of France and bathed by the warm waters of the Gulf Stream, the islands are the perfect escape. Indulge in an unforgettable meal, explore the region's rich heritage or simply revel in the beauty of your surroundings, the islands of choice have it all. On this site, you'll find all the information you need to create a holiday filled with special memories - So take some time to look around and start planning your perfect break. E. Visit the English Riviera - South Devon’s Beautiful Bay Torquay, Babbacombe, Paignton and Brixham boast stunning beaches and award-winning visitor attractions. But it's not just palm trees and a famously mild climate, there is treasured literary and natural heritage just waiting to be discovered. The 22 miles of coastline has been endorsed by UNESCO as a Global Geopark. Explore Agatha Christie's place of birth and the inspiration behind fictional tales and her real life story. Visit the website to request your free Accommodation Guide and prepare to explore South Devon's beautiful bay.

F. Pure Jersey Whether you're looking for a short break or longer holiday, Jersey has it all! Discover breathtaking beaches, fabulous restaurants, cosmopolitan shopping, leafy country lanes, award-winning attractions and fascinating WWII history. Stay in family-friendly hotels or self-catering lodges, chic hotels or great-value guest houses. With over 30 departure points from the UK, you can fly in less than an hour or sail by fast ferry. What's more, with its lovely mild climate, Jersey is the warmest place in the British Isles.

以下是几位计划出行者的情况介绍。请将介绍与相关插图及说明性文字匹配起来。
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46.Doris , an amateur photographer , is now learning English in the UK. She is planning for a short visit to a place where she can not only has inspiration but also enjoys good food. More importantly, she wish to make it flexible according to her schedule. Any season would be fine as long as there are colourful flowers and warm sun shine. 47.Rainy, a housewife, is taking a short break to relax herself from boring daily routine, but wishes to spend some days outdoors with her three young girls. She hates the cold winter and is ready to travel by any means of transportation so long as it won’t take a long time. She prefers street shopping to on line shopping. 48. Shirley, a professional column writer, is expecting to experience the UK in a special and unforgettable way. She writes about review on food, introduction to customs and lifestyle of the British. 49. Kathy, an artist, has great passion for nature. She is enthusiastic about exploring the unknown , learning from tradition, enjoying the amazing scenery and bathing the sun on the beach. She usually reads a lot about the persons she paints before she starts working on it. 50. King, a scholar, a nature lover, has written quite a few books on wars. On the other hand, he is particular about food. He is planning to spend one or two days simply enjoying the beauty of nature and quietness of the woods. 第五篇 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。 下面是对礼物的介绍:
[金太阳新课标资源网 HTTP://WX.JTYJY.COM/]

A. PC Repair and Maintenance * 2-hour DVD * professional advice and tips * for beginners to expert

$ 20

B. Bosch Drill * a Powerful tool * additional wide variety of bits. * DIY fan’s best choice

$ 100

C. Traveler Hong Kong $ 25 * take you around Hong Kong * history, culture, food[金太阳新课标资源网] * guidance for your tour * 200 colored pages

D. Shinco GPS Set $ 700 (Global Positioning System) * see your track, heading, and waypoints * free up-to-date maps of China[ http://wx.jtyjy.com/] * voice guidance * large screen display
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E. Mega Mp3 Player * stereo sound * additional earphone * colored menu * support both WMA & MP3 files

$ 90

F. 10 Moons Digital Photo Frame * digital photo display * large and high quality screen * support any picture files * digital camera plug-in

$ 300

请阅读下列消费者的介绍,然后匹配消费者与符合他们需求的礼物。 46. Peter. Peter just bought a second-hand laptop. But it seems that it doesn’t run properly. He wants something that can help him repair it. 47. Jack. Jack enjoys traveling. He often drives his car to travel around China. He would like something that he can take with him on his journeys and helps him find his way. 48. Jenny. Jenny is a busy housewife. She is curious about the outside world. She reads books about different places in the evening. She takes interest in Asia, especially China. 49. Stone. Although Stone is very busy for his work, he is fond of repairing things. He likes improving his house by himself on weekends. He wants a tool that can help his to do it. 50. Josh. Josh often goes traveling and likes taking photos by his digital camera. But it’s inconvenient to print photos. He wants something to display his photos easily. 消费者 46. Peter. 47. Jack. 48. Jenny. 49. Stone. 50. Josh. 礼物 A. PC Repair and Maintenance B. Bosch Drill C. Traveler Hong Kong D. Shinco GPS Set E. Mega Mp3 Player F. 10 Moons Digital Photo Frame

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第一篇 DCEBA 第二篇 EFDAB 第三篇 BFDCA 第四篇 BFCEA 第五篇 ADCBA

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