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英语2英语语法填空与完形合集


高一英语 第一部分:语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第一节: 完形填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分) One day, two brothers happened to wonder what might be the fate of a perfectly honest and wise stranger who should be lost in London without a friend, and with no money but a million-pound bank note. They thought me to be the 1 person, a poor, honest and intelligent stranger. They handed me a (n) 2 that contained a £1,000,000 bank note. I, in 3 , with nothing but the bank note, got into a(n) 4__ house. I took the bank note to pay for the bill and asked for the 5 . The boss who _6_ me at first changed his attitude completely. He 7 me that I could have anything I wanted at any time I chose, and let the account run so long as I was pleased. They all treated me as a(n) 8 guest. Then I got into a tailor?s shop, the 9 thing happened. I managed to buy whatever I wanted, asking for change. I owned the respect and later I 10 a girl, Portia. Everything went well with the £1,000,000 bank note on me. After a month, the brothers 11 . To my 12 , one of them was my Portia?s papa. He took that friendly and hospitable bill back to the Bank of England and 13 it; then the bank canceled it and made me a 14 of it, and he gave it to us at our 15 . 1. A. wrong B. right C. just D. fit 2. A. envelope B. pocket C. bag D. bottle 3. A. trouble B. rags C. danger D. ruins 4. A. resting B. eating C. playing D. swimming 5. A. chance B. change C. advice D. food 6. A. looked upon B. praised C. thought highly of D. looked down upon 7. A. suggested B. considered C. flattered D. forced 8. A. unwelcome B. honoured C. unpopular D. strange 9. A. different B. similar C. same D. strange 10. A. married B. knew C. met D. fell in love with 11. A. left B. died C. returned D. regretted 12. A. amusement B. disappointment C. joy D. surprise 13. A. cashed B. charged C. changed D. understood 14. A. surprise B. present C. honour D. pride 15. A. wedding B. journey C. part D. ceremony 第二节: 语法填空 (共 10 小题, 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 15 分)
阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡上标号为 16-25 的相应位置。

I like taking photos very much. Once I travelled by ship 16__ a cloudy morning. It was in the afternoon 17__ the weather turned fine. Therefore, I wanted to take some photos. I was looking around and I saw next to me a lovely little girl 18__ (sit) on her father ?s shoulders. 19__ was lucky for me to meet such a perfect moment—the girl was smiling and the surrounding view was beautiful. Without thinking, I took a picture 20_ the little girl at that moment.
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Her mother was surprised that a 21__ (strange) was photographing her daughter. I explained that I was moved by that sight and showed them 22__photo on my digital(数字的) camera. They loved it very much. I said I could email it to them when I got home. Finally, they gave 23__ their email address. The next day, I sent them their daughter ?s photo as I __24__ (promise). This morning I received a message back saying they are grateful and _25__ they are very happy with the lovely photo of their daughter and a lovely memory of the day.

第二部分:阅读 (共两节,20 小题, 满分 40 分)
第一节:阅读理解(共 15 小题。每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A Waste can be seen everywhere in the school. Some students ask for more food than they can eat and others often forget to turn off the lights when they leave the classroom. They say they can afford these things. But I don't agree with them. Waste can bring a lot of problems. Although China is rich in some resources(资 源) , we are short of(缺乏) others, for example, fresh water(淡水) 。 It is reported that we will have no coal(煤) or oil to use in 100 years. So if we go on wasting our resources, what can we use in the future and where can we move? Think about it.I think we should say no to the students who waste things every day. Everybody should stop wasting as soon as possible. In our everyday life,we can do many things to prevent waste from happening, for example, turn off the water taps (水龙头) when we finish washing, turn off the lights when we leave the classroom,try not to order more food than we need,and so on. Little by little,everything will be changed. Waste can be stopped one day,if we do our best. 26. From the passage we know that some students often _______ in the school. A. eat too much B. don't work hard C. waste things D. throw rubbish everywhere 27. Which is not mentioned in this passage? A. Fresh water B. Forest. C. Oil. D. Coal. 28. What may happen in 100 years? A. We may still have enough oil. B. We may still have enough coal. C. We may have a little oil. D. We may have no coal or oil to use. 29. Which of the following is right? A. Waste brings problems. B. Waste can bring no problem. C. China is rich in fresh water. D. Students never waste things. 30. Which is the best title of this passage? A. Stop Wasting B. School life C. Waste in the School D. Rich Resources in China B Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of food people need. They say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day. They are: green and yellow
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vegetables of all kinds; citrus (柑橘)fruits and tomatoes; potatoes and other fruits and vegetables ; meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; milk and foods made from milk; bread or cereal (谷物), rice is also in this kind of foods; butter or something like butter. People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day. Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. It doesn?t matter whether foods are eaten raw or cooked, canned or frozen. It doesn?t matter if a person eats dinner at 4 o?clock in the afternoon or at eleven o?clock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day. There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on earth. The first thing is to find some ways to feed the world?s population so that no one is hungry. The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kind of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy. 31. According to the scientists, which of the following groups of food is the healthiest for your lunch? A. chicken, apples, cereal , cabbages. B. potatoes, carrots, rice, bread. C. oranges, bananas, fish, tomatoes D. beef, pork, fish , milk 32. It is important for people to eat __________. A. three times a day B. dinner at twelve o?clock C. cooked food all the day D. something from each of the seven kinds of food every day. 33. People in different countries and different places of the world________________. A. have the right kinds of food to eat B. cook their food in the same way C. have their meals at the same time D. eat food in different ways. 34. Which of the following is NOT true? A. People in some places don?t have enough to eat. B. There are too many people in the world. C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry. D. The scientists are trying to make people grow to be strong and healthy. 35. If there is paragraph 4, wh at do you think is going to be talked about? A. When people eat their lunch. B. What to do with the two problems. C. How to cook food in different ways. D. Why people eat different kinds of food.

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C There was once a captain who loved money so much that he cheated his sailors at the end of every voyage and took their wages. On the last day of one voyage, the ship was in a small port. It was winter time, and the sea was very cold, so the captain said to his sailors, “ If one of you stays in the water during the whole night, I will give him my ship. But if he comes out before the sun appears, I shall get his wages.(工资)” The sailors had heard about the captain? cheating, so they didn?t trust him. But then one of them, who thought that he was cleverer than the captain, said that he would do it. He got into the water and, though it was very cold, stayed in it. When it was nearly morning, some fishermen lit a fire on the shore abut half a mile away. “ You are cheating,” the captain said to the sailor. “ The fire?s warming you.” “ But it?s half a mile away.” Said the sailor. “ A fire is fire,” answered the captain. “ Perhaps you think that you are clever because you have won my wages, but you can?t cook a chicken,” said the sailor. “ I can?t,” answered the captain. “ If you cook this chicken,” said the sailor, “ I shall work for you without wages for seven years, but if you can?t, you will give me your ship.” The captain agreed, took the chicken and said, “ Where?s the fire?” “There it is,” answered the sailors, “ On the shore.” “ ?A fire?s fire?, you said,” answered the sailor. “ If it is enough to warm me in the water, it is enough to cook your chicken.” 36. The captain got the sailors? wages ________________. A. to buy a chicken for himself B. and kept the money for future use C. by cheating them D. and said he would return the money soon. 37. Which of the following statement is true? A. All the sailors refused to get into the water because it was too cold. B. The captain knew that the fire the fishermen made was enough to warm the sailor in the water. C. The captain succeeded in cheating the sailor. D. It was the sailor who was clever. 38. The captain insisted that the fire was warming the sailor because he ___________. A. didn?t want to lose the bet B. didn?t believe the sailor?s success C. wanted to keep his promise D. wanted to show his cleverness 39. Which of the following statement is NOT true? A. The sailor didn?t trust the captain. B. In order to help the sailor in the water, the fishermen made a fire. C. The Captain failed to cheat the sailor this time. D. The sailor didn?t get out of the water before the sun appeared.
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40. What is the best title? A. How a captain cheated his sailor B. How a sailor got a ship C. A brave sailor D. A fire is fire D This is a true story that happened in Japan. In order to renovate the house, a Japanese tore open the walls. Japanese houses normally have a hollow space between the wooden walls. When tearing down the walls, he found that there was a lizard stuck there because a nail from outside was hammered into one of its feet. He saw this, feeling pity and curious. When he checked the nail, he found it was nailed 10 years ago when the house was first built. What happened? The lizard had survived in such a position for 10 years! It has been in a dark wall partition(夹层) for 10 years without moving! Then he wondered how this lizard survived for 10 years without moving a single step---since its foot was nailed! So he stopped his work and observed the lizard: what has it been doing? What and how has it been eating? Later, he didn?t know from where another lizard appeared, with food in its mouth. Ah! He was astonished and touched deeply. The free lizard had been feeding the stuck one for the past 10 years… Such love, a beautiful love! Such love happened with this tiny creature… What can love do? It can do wonders! Just think about it: one lizard had been feeding the other one untiringly for 10 long years, without giving up hope on its partner. If a small creature like a lizard can love like this… just imagine how we can love if we try. 41. The underlined word “renovate” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _________. A. tear down B. tear open C. paint D. repair 42. How did the Japanese feel when seeing the stuck lizard? A. Frightened B. Enjoyable C. Confused D. Usual 43. Why did the Japanese stop his work? A. To watch how long the lizard can still live here. B. To find out why the lizard had survived here for 10 years. C. To have a rest by watching the lizard. D. To take out the nail and set the lizard free. 44. What can we learn from the free lizard? A. It encourages us to live even longer. B. It teaches us never to abandon our loved ones. C. It tells us to take pity on the stuck lizard. D. It teaches us to give more help to our loved ones. 45. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Lizard Love B. Two Lizards C. Such a Story D. A Wonder 第二节.信息匹配(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请阅读下列电影节目简介和个人信息,并按照要求匹配信息。 首先,请阅读电影节目简介: There?s a movie festival for the next weekend and here are some of the movies.
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A. Robots, a cartoon about a robot that wants to make the most out of life. There?s no dull moment in the film. It?s best for family entertainment. B. Harry Potter, based on the famous British novel by the same name, is about a young orphan boy who learns magic to defend himself from the same person who killed his parents when he was just a baby. C. Memoirs of a Geisha, an award winning movie about a young Japanese girl who grows up to be a geisha. D. The Blair Witch project, a horror movie which is guaranteed to scare you out of your wits. E. 13 going on 30, is about a 13-year-old girl who grows up too fast. This is an entertaining movie with a lesson: the grass is not always greener on the other side. F. Mr. & Mrs. Smith, a thrilling spy story, about a husband and wife who are both spies but are not aware that the other is a spy. This movie will keep you on the edge of your seat with one twist after another. 请阅读以下 5 人的个人信息,然后进行匹配: 46. Katherine hates movies but loves reading novels, and is really into fantasy stories. She almost never watches movies but will sometimes if they turn one of her favorite books into a film. 47. Amy is a 60-year-old retired geography teacher. She really loves everything that is about Asia. In her youth she had spent several years traveling Korea, Japan, China and Southeast Asia. 48. Little Tommy is a seven-year-old boy, who spends all his free time only watching animated features and movies about machines that can walk and talk. 49. Fred is a student in the local college working on a degree in film-making. He wants to make scary ghost movies. 50. Kate is a twelve-year-old girl, who is really into romance and 007 movies, or any movie that has secret agents.

第三部分:写作(共三节,满分 40 分)
第一节:基础知识(共 2 小题,满分 15 分) 一、使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 (5 分) 51.Some people hold the __________(believe) that the earth is flat. 52.He is economically ________(independence). 53. I don?t mind _______________(apologize) to others if I make a mistake. 54.Children are often ________(curiosity) about toy cars. 55.His experience is very ______________(limit) for this job 二、单词拼写(共 5 题,每题 1 分,共 5 分) 56. I?m sorry, but I didn?t mean to keep you waiting here for a long time. Can you ______ (原谅)me? 57. The boy lifted the stone with all his _______(力量). 58. They entered the area without ________(许可) 59.His experience is ____________(难以置信的) 60.If you have any problem with the words, you can ______(咨询) a dictionary.
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二、根据汉语意思并按要求完成句子。(15 分)
61.I'm _______ ________ ________(盼望)your visit next week. 62.He _______ _______ _______( 提醒我)visiting the park. 63.显然对于学生们来说,他们应当为未来做好充分的准备。 (It is obvious …) _________________________________________________________________________ 64.我们要保持自然界得平衡,这是重要而且必不可少的。 It is important and necessary that ________________________________________.

65.这就是我所感兴趣的。 (用表语从句) _______________________________________________________________ 第二节、基础写作(25 分) 快餐在现在的中国很流行, 但快餐对人的身体却没什么好处。请你根据下面要点 以“FAST FOOD” 为题写一篇英语短文。 1.快餐在中国十分流行,人们尤其是儿童和青少年喜欢吃快餐。 2.快餐受欢迎至少有几个方面的原因; ⑴ 方便、节约时间; ⑵ 既可在快餐店里吃又可带回家吃; ⑶ 店里的环境干净、舒服; 3.从营养角度讲,快餐食品却不尽人意; 4.建议:如时间来不及可考虑吃快餐,但以偶尔品尝为宜; 孩子要尽量少吃快餐。 注意:词数 100 左右。生词:营养(nutrition)

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答案
一. 完型填空 1-5 BABBD 6-10 CABCD 11-15 CDABA 二,.语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 16. on 17. that 18. sitting 19. It 20. of 21. stranger 22 the 23. me 24.had promised 或 promised 25. that

26~30 CBDAA 31~35 ADDCB 36~40 CDABD 41~45 DCBBA 46~50 BCADF 一、使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 (5 分)
51..belief 52.independent 53apologizing 54curious 55.limited

56.forgive 57.strength
61.looking forward to

58.permission

59 unbelievable 60.consult

62.reminded/reminds me of

63.It is obvious to the students ,they should get well-prepared for the future. 64.we must keep the balance of nature
65.This is what I am interested in

Fast food Fast food is becoming more and more popular in China, especially among children and teenagers. There are several reasons for its popularity. Firstly, it is very convenient and saves a lot of time. Secondly, you can either eat it there or take it away. Thirdly, the environment of fast food restaurants is both clean and comfortable. However, in terms of nutrition, fast food is far from satisfactory. It is usually not a balanced diet and low in nutritional value. Fast food is only a good choice when you are in a hurry and turn to it once in a while. It?s not good for people, especially children, to eat fast food as little as possible.

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