The Story of J.K.Rowling and Harry Potter
The elder stateswoman of British fantasy literature is J．K. Rowling，the gifted creator of Harry Potter. Joanne Rowling’s roots are in the southw
est of England，where she grew up. But the idea for Harry Potter came to her while she was on a delayed train between Manchester and London. She wrote down her ideas on the back of an envelope. She then went to teach English in Portugal，where she continued to add flesh to the bones of the first Harry Potter story. But her name is forever associated with Edinburgh in Scotland， where she lived and developed the format for the whole series of seven books. There are many anecdotes about how，in 1990，J.K. Rowling began the first draft of Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. She had the extra burden of looking after her baby daughter while she worked，and because she was too poor to own a typewriter，she wrote by hand. She spent many hours over a single cup of coffee in a warm cafeteria in Edinburgh because she had no money to pay for the heating at home. Success was not swift and Rowling might have given up. But she was stubborn and overcame all the difficulties. It was only in 1997 that she completed the first Harry Potter story， which， because the publishers in the USA requested an adjustment to the title，was also known as Harry Potter
and the Sorcerer’s Stone. Rowling always intended that her output would be a book every year until she had finished the series. In fact， took her about ten years to complete. it But after the first book，the success of each of the following titles was automatic. The fifth book，The Order of the Phoenix sold about seven million copies the day it was published. Rowling’s style has been a target for some criticism，but what make the books so important is that， because they appeal to readers of all ages， they create a special literary bond between parents and children. In an age of computer games and television programmes，it is also claimed they are responsible for a renewed interest in reading. Harry Potter has even become part of the school curriculum，much to the pleasure of the schoolchildren. And the Harry Potter effect is not just restricted to the English?speaking world. Rowling’s books have been translated into more than 55 languages，and it has been estimated that more than 250 million copies have been distributed around the world. In 2005 it was estimated that Rowling had accumulated more than one billion dollars on deposit in her bank. She has thus attained the status of being the first writer to become a billionaire.
作品《哈利·波特》的天才般的(gifted)创作者——J.K.罗琳，是 英国魔幻文学的显赫人物(stateswoman)。乔安妮·罗琳在老家(roots 根，根基)——英格兰的西南部——长大。但是关于《哈利·波特》的 想法是在从曼彻斯特开往伦敦的延迟的火车上闯入她的脑海的。她把 她的想法写在一个信封(envelope)的背面。此后她去了葡萄牙教授英 语， 在那里， 她继续给第一本 《哈利· 波特》 小说的框架添加血肉(flesh)。 但是她的名字永远和苏格兰的爱丁堡联系在一起(be associated with)， 她生活在那里并把整个系列的 7 本书的框架构思出来。 关于 J.K.罗琳是怎样在 1990 年开始《哈利·波特与魔法石》的第 一份草稿(draft)，这里有许多趣闻(anecdote)。当她写作时，她有另外 一个麻烦， 那就是她还有照看她才几个月大的女儿的重担(burden)， 而 且由于她很穷，买不起打字机，只好用手写。在爱丁堡的一间温暖的 自助餐厅(cafeteria)里， 她要花好长时间才能喝完一杯咖啡(以便在此期 间写她的小说)，因为她没钱支付家里的暖气费。 成功并非一帆风顺(swift 快的，迅速的)，罗琳曾经可能放弃。但 她意志顽强(stubborn)并克服(overcome)了所有困难。 直到 1997 年她才 完成第一部 《哈利· 波特》 小说， 由于美国的出版商要求调整(adjustment) 书名，这本书也被称做《哈利·波特与魔法石》 。
罗琳完成她的第一部小说后， 打算每年写完一部(output)一直到她 完成整个系列。实际上，完成这个目标花费了她 10 年的时间。继第 一部成功之后，随后而来的几本书的成功也就自然而然(automatic)了。 第五部《凤凰社》仅在发行的当天就销售出去 700 万册。 罗琳的写作风格成了一些批评(criticism)的对象(target)，但是这些作品 之所以重要是因为它们吸引(appeal to sb.)了各个年龄段的读者，并且 在父母和孩子之间建立起了一条特殊的文学纽带。在一个电脑游戏和 电视节目盛行的时代里，它们也再度掀起了对阅读的兴趣。 《哈利·波 特》甚至已经成为学校课程(curriculum)的一部分，这使得学生们特别 开心。 《哈利· 波特》 的影响不仅仅局限于(be restricted to)讲英语的国家。 罗琳的小说已被翻译成逾五十五种语言，估计已经向全世界发行 (distribute) 超 过 2.5 亿 册 。 据 推 测 到 2005 年 ， 罗 琳 的 银 行 累 积 (accumulate)存款(deposit)已超过十亿美元。因此(thus)她已是(attain 达 到，得到)第一位(status 身份，地位)亿万富翁(billionaire)作家。