Unit 2 The Olympic Games
The 29th Beijing Olympic Games
/>Michael Phelps won eight gold medals altogether in Beijing Olympic Games.
Volunteers _________help people from all over the world.
compete against / for competition, competitor
From what we learned what words on the Olympics can you think of ?
events: running race, horse riding , skiing,
skating, swimming, sailing, team sports,
the Olympic Games a special village, gymnasium , stadium mascot, motto medal, olive wreath,
athletes, women, slaves
Who When Pausanias Li Yan
on March 18th, 2007
Purpose to find out about the present-day Olympic Games
Pausanias A Greek writer
Li Yan A volunteer
Can you find some questions Pausanias ask?
L12 L17 L26 L33
1.How often do you hold your Games? 2.Winter Games? 3.Do you mean the Greek world? 4.Where are all the athletes housed?
5.Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games? L36 6.Do you compete for prize money ?
What’s the main idea of the text? introduce The text mainly ____________ the Olympic Games , especially the similarities and __________ differences _________ between the ancient Olympic Games and the modern Olympic Games.
1.How often do you hold your Games?
L: Every 4 years…. Q1: How many kinds of Olympic Games now?
2 sets of games, the Winter and the Summer Olympics
Q2: Will any athlete be admitted as competitors? Why? No, only those who have reached the agreed standard for their event.
Only someone who reach the agreed standard will be admitted as competitors . So do you think the competitions are very fierce (激烈）？ What do you think is the most important and valuable in these competitions? Friendship ,strength and courage…
Who are the real winner? Winners are not always measured(衡量）in medals and victories, but in the efforts they make.
Q1: Why we call them the Winter Olympic Games?
There are competitions like skiing and ice skating which need snow and ice.
Q2: Which events do the Summer Olympics have? It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports
Some knowledge about the Winter Olympics
The Olympic Winter Games has developed over a long period of time, with some sports disappearing and others being added. Some, such as curling(冰上溜石), have recently returned. Others, including ski jumping(跳高滑 雪)and figure skating(花样滑冰), have changed and still are part of the program. Figure skating is the only sport which has always been open to women while, ski jumping are still men-only events.
3: Do you mean the Greek world?
Only _____ Greek cities, no other countries could join slaves in, nor could _______ or women _______.
ancient Olympic Games
Any country can take _____ modern Olympic Games part if their athletes are Women good enough. ________ are not only allowed, but play a very important amazed, role in… unbelievable
4 : Where are all the athletes housed?
a special village to live in, a reception building, some stadiums, and a gym as well.
5: Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games? 1. a great responsibility but also a great honor to be chosen 2.There is as much competition to host …as to win …
6.Do you compete for prize money? It’s still about the motto of the Olympics “Swifter, Higher and stronger”
Modern Olympic Games 2 (Summer &Winter Olympics)
Ancient Olympic Games How many 1 (summer Olympics) kinds What running races, horse events(项目） riding and so on Athletes Host city Prizes only men in the Greek world cities in Greece olive wreath
over 250 sports, skiing, ice skating and so on
any athletes reaching the standard any city in the world
1. How often : every 4 years 2. Some events are same: running, horse riding
3. Not compete for money
4. Motto : “Swifter, Higher, and Stronger”
Answer these questions
1.What aspects of the Olympics are talked about in the text? How, what, ______, who ______, where ______, why for what 2.What’s Li Yan’s attitude towards the Modern Olympics? A. disappointed A. novel B. uninterested B. newspaper B 3.Where can you probably find this kind of article? C.magzine C. by explaining 4.How does the writer introduce the Olympics? A. by comparing B. by giving examples A A.theory B. B practice 5.Which word can best replace the word “basis”? C. discipline C. proud C
Which expressions do you like best in the text.
L5: I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” L15: Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors.
L22: It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with… L27. No other countries could join in, nor could
slaves or women!
L30. Women are not only allowed , but play a very important role in … L40. There’s as much competition to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals.
Having learned the interview , have you noticed some expressions such as conjunctions ?
1.But, of course, and , instead, earlier
together with, as a matter of fact,
Certainly, and after…, so , 2.May I ask…? Do you mean…? I see.. Does anyone … Oh, yes . You know…
Post reading . Read the short passage.
The ancient Olympic Games started in 776 BC and stopped in 393 AD. The ancient Olympic Games were held every four years in summer in Greece. Only Greece free-citizens (公民) could take part. Slaves were not allowed to compete. And only men and boys could compete in the ancient Olympic Games. Women could take part in chariot races (敞篷马车比赛) with horses but this was the only time they could join in. Married women were not even allowed to watch the games. If they try to watch the games, they could be put to death. The winners got wreaths made of olive leaves. They didn’t receive money but they could get presents from their hometowns. There was no Winter Olympic Games in the ancient Olympic Games. There were many events, such as boxing, running, horse riding, wrestling(摔跤). And the motto of the ancient Olympic Games was also “Swifter, Higher, Stronger”.
Try to make an interview, Li Yan is now interviewing Pausanias about the ancient Olympics. Li Yan：My name is Li Yan. I am a volunteer for the 2008 Olympic Games. May I ask you some questions about the ancient Olympics? Pausanias: Yes, I heared that Beijing Olympic games is great. What would you like to know? Li Yan: When and where did the first Olympic Games start? P: Li: How often|……..? P: Li: I know women were not allowed to compete, could they watch the games? P: L: P: L: Thank you so much for your time.
When you watch the Olympics, I hope you will remember more than the history of the games. You should pay attention not just to the winners ... but to the people who don’t win the gold medal. Think about what they took to get there, the dedication（奉献）.
1.Goals determine what you are going to be.—Julius Erving 目标决定你将成为什么样的人 ——朱利叶斯· 欧文 2.Success grows out of struggle to overcome difficulties. —S.Smiles 成功来自克服困难的斗争。 ——S· 斯迈尔斯 3.The man who has made up his mind to win will never say “impossible”． —B.Napoleon 凡是决心取得胜利的人是从来不说“不可能的”。 ——B· 拿破仑
Homework 1.Review the text and learn more about the ancient and modern Olympics 2.Write down an article of your feelings after you read the text .