学员编号：SQST88888888 年 学员姓名：张三 授课类型 星 级 T1-状语从句 ★★★ 1. 掌握各种状语从句 教学目的 2. 练习短文改错和语法填空 授课日期及时段 2016 年 5 月 12 日 13:00-15:00 教学内容 级：高三课 时 数：3 辅导科目：英语 T2–短文改错 ★
★★ 学科教师：郭中州 T3–语法填空 ★★★
（建议 3-5 分钟） 我学过哪些状语从句？
（建议 20-25 分钟） 状语从句在句中作状语，修饰主句中的动词、形容词或副词等。状语从句放在主句之前时，常用逗号分开：放在主 句之后，一般不用逗号。状语从句按其意文和作用可分为时间、条件、原因、让步、目的、结果、方式、比较、地点等 九种。 1. 时间状语从句 时间状语从句常用连词有 when， as， while， before， after， since， till （until） ， as soon as， hardly?when?， no sooner? than，the moment 等。时间状语从句一般不用将来时，因此，主句若为将来时，时间状语从句要用一般现在时。如： I'll go on with the work when I come back tomorrow. ? when, while 与 as 的异同 作为从属连词，三者的意思都是“当?时候”，在用法上有如下异同点。
在主句的谓语动词表示短暂动作，而从句说的是一段时间发生的动作时，三个连词都可以。如： I met him as／when／while I was doing some shopping. 2. 从句动作发生的时间如果是某一点，而且主句动作同时或几乎同时发生时，不能用 while，而只能用 when 或 as。如： I met him as/when I was getting off the bus. 3. 当从句动作发生在主句动作之前时，只能用 when，如： I will ring you up when I return. 4. 主句用进行时态，从句动作发生的时间如果是某一点，只能用 when。如： My mother was cooking the supper when I got home. 5. 如果主句和从句的动作都在一段时间发生，可用 as 或 while，只不过 as 强调主句和从句中的动作同时发生，而 while 强调主句的动作延续于 while 所指的整个时间。 As I put on my coat，something fell out of the pocket onto the floor. While he was in prison，Joe Hill continued to write songs to keep up the worker's fight． ? when 的从属连词用法 when 作为从属连词引导时间状语从句，既可放在主句之前，也可放在主句之后。如： When we got home，it was already eight o'clock. Come again when you have time． 但在下面这组句子中，when 引导的不是时间状语从句，通常不译成“当?的时候”。 1) One evening some of Napoleon's soldiers were drinking together when a young Frenchman brought a fiend to their table. 2) He had just got into bed about half past eleven when he felt the floor shaking under him. 3) An Arab was walking alone through the desert when he met two men. 4) I was just going to explain when the bell rang． 在以上例子中，各句的中心不在前面，而在 when 引导的分句上。而且 when 引导的句 子说明的情况是事先未曾预料到的，有一定的突然性。when 的意思为 and at that moment 或 and suddenly。 when 引导的这种句子不能放在句首。翻译时常常译成并列句。 ? till（until）表示“一直到?”时，主句用持续性动词的肯定式，从句也用肯定式：表示“直到?才?”，主句用非 持续性动词的否定式，从句用肯定式。例如： He did not get up till his mother came in. He worked until it was dark. ? as soon as， 和 the moment 引导的从句表示 “—?就?” 用 no sooner。 ?than 和 hardly?when 引导的从句表示 “刚?? 就??”。主句中的动词一般用过去完成时，从句用过去时；而且主句一般倒装，把助动词 had 提到前面。例如： As soon as I finish the work， I’ll go to see you． Hardly had I entered the room when I heard a loud noise． 2. 让步状语从句 让步状语从句由 although（though），as，even if，．however,whatever，no matter＋when／how／what／who／where 等词引导。 ? though 和 although 1. although 是较正式语体，语气化（even）though 强，且一般用在句首。（even）though 比较通俗，较常用。下 列情况只能用 though： 2. 在部分倒装的从句中，如： Young though he was，he was burdened with a big family. 3. 在 as though，even though 等短语中 though 不能用 although 代替。值得注意的是，不管 though 还是 although，
都不能与 but 连用。 ? 由 as 引导的让步状语从句 由 as 连词引导的让步从句是一种部分倒装句，其结构通常是：adj.(adv, n 或 v)＋as＋主语＋谓语＋其他成分＋（主 句）。注意，名词前不用冠词。如： Tall as he is，he cannot reach the top shelf．（前面是形容词） Fast as he ran， he missed the first bus．（前面是副词） Hero as she is，she is modest。（前面是名词） Try asI might，I couldn't lift the stone．〔前面是动词原形〕 上述句子中的 as 都可以用 though 代替。下面三种结构意思相同： Though he was a child ( Child as he was/ Child though he was)，he has won three gold medals in sports． 3. 原因状语从句 ? for，because，since，as 表示原因 for 和 because，since，as 一样，都可作“因为”讲。但它不表示产生某种结果的必然因果关系，它们之间用逗号分 隔开。because 表示产生某种结果的必然因果关系，是全句的中心，主句反而成了次要的部分，有时主句甚至可以 省略。回答 why 的问题只能用 because．比较： It must have rained last night，for the ground is wet． The ground is wet because it rained last night． ? since 和 as 表示原因的份量不如 because 那么重，而且通常放在句首。如： Since you say so，I suppose it's true. As it is raining，I will not go out. ? for 是个并列连词，只能放在另一个并列分句前面，表示一种推理或解释，或用作附加说明，而不是指理由或原因， 语气最弱，一般不放在句首，常译成“因为”，“其理由是”。例如： The day breaks， for the birds are singing。 for 表示因果关系时，可以同 because 交替使用，但 for 前须用逗号，而 because 则不必。 ? because 用于否定句中时，有没有逗号意义是不相同的。 I'm not interested in him，because he is poor．（否定主句） 我对他不惑兴趣是因为他很穷。 I'm not interested in him because he is poor．（没有逗号时，否定转移到从句） 我不是因为他很穷才对他感兴趣。 4. 条件状语从句 条件状语从句用 if, unless（if...not），as（so）long as（只要）等词引导，如果主句是将来时， 条件状语从句用一般现在时表示： As long as I live，I shall work hard。 I shall not go to school unless I finish my homework. ※unless 与 if unless 和 if 都可引导条件状语从句，但意义不同。unless 的意思是 if not，两者常可互换。如： I'll go if my wife is invited too。＝I won't go unless my wife is invited too， 有时虽没有 not，而反义词语也可互换。如： I go for a walk every day if weather permits．＝I go for a walk unless bad weather stops me． 5. 地点状语从句 地点状语从句常用 where，wherever 等连词引导。 Wherever you go，I'll follow you. 注意 where 引导的地点状语从句不要和定语从句相混淆。
We shall go where working conditions are difficult．（状语从句） We shall go to the place where working conditions are difficult.（定语从句） 6. 结果状语从句 结果状语从句一般由 so，so that，的?that，such?that 引导，放在主句之后。例如： The box is so heavy that nobody can move it. It is such a heavy box that nobody can move it. So heavy the box is that nobody can move it．（可用倒装结构） 注意不要和定语从句混淆： Zhangjiajie is such a marvelous place that everyone wants to visit it. （that 引导状语从句） 张家界是如此神奇的地方，人人都想去游玩。 Zhangjiajie is such a marvelous place as everyone wants to visit.（as 引导状语从句并作宾语） 张家界是如此一个人人都想去游玩的神奇的地方。 7. 目的状语从句 目的状语从句常由 so that，in order that，lest／for fear that 等引导，放在主句之后。 ? so that， in order that They started early so that they might arrive in time． ＝They started early so as to／in order to arrive in time. He works hard in order that he can serve he country well. 注意： 1) so that 和 so as to 均不能位于句首. 2) 与 so that 作结果状语的区别。如： He hurried to the station so that he could catch the early bus.（表目的） = He got to the station hurriedly so that he could catch the early bus． 他匆匆忙忙赶到车站，为的是能搭上早班车。 He hurried to the station so that he caught the early bus.（表结果） = He got to the station hurriedly so that he caught the early bus. = He got to the station so hurriedly that he caught the early bus. ? lest 和 for fear that 所连接的状语从句里常用 should 或原形动词以免；生怕；唯恐（that 用于 fear worry 等词之后起 连接作用，无实际意义） They started out early for fear that they (should) miss the train. Be careful lest you fall from that tree。要当心，以免从树上摔下来。 I was afraid lest he might come too late。我怕他来得太晚。
（建议 10-15 分钟） 时间状语从句 1. I have to give a speech, I get extremely nervous before I start. (2013 山东, 28) A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Whoever D. However
2. I have heard a lot of good things about you I came back from abroad. (2013 陕西, 18) A. since B. until C. before D. when 3. It’s much easier to make friends you have similar interests. (2013 安徽, 23) A. unless B. when C. even though D. so that 4. He smiled politely Mary apologized for her drunken friends. (2012 山东, 27) A. as B. if C. unless D. though 5. I had hardly got to the office my wife phoned me to go back home at once. (2012 全国Ⅱ, 11) A. when B. than C. until D. after 6. The map is one of the best tools a man has he goes to a new place. (2012 上海, 40) A. whenever B. whatever C. wherever D. however 7. It was April 29, 2011 Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony. (2011 福建, 33) A. that B. when C. since D. before 8. As is reported, it is 100 years Qinghua University was founded. (2011 四川, 6) A. when B. before C. after D. since 9. He had no sooner finished his speech the students started cheering. ( 2011 辽宁, 29) A. since B. as C. when D. than 10. You can’t borrow books from the school library you get your student card. (2009 上海, 32) A. before B. if C. while D. as 条件状语从句 1. we have enough evidence, we can’t win the case. (2013 重庆, 25) A. Once B. As long as C. Unless D. Since 2. She says that she’ll have to close the shop business improves. (2013 江西, 28) A. if B. unless C. after D. when 3. I took my driving license with me on holiday, I wanted to hire a car. (2013 北京, 30) A. in caseB. even if C. ever since D. if only 4. One’s life has value one brings value to the life of others. (2012 江苏, 30) A. so that B. no matter how C. as long as D. except that 5. It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties it gets more financial support from the European Union. (2012 福建, 30) A. if B. unless C. because D. since
6. All the photographs in this book, stated otherwise, date from the 1950s. (2012 陕西, 25) A. unless B. until C. once D. if 7. He had his camera ready he saw something that would make a good picture. (2011 山东, 28) A. even ifB. if only C. in case D. so that 8. The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, accompanied by an adult. (2010 山东, 28) A. once B. when C. if D. unless 让步状语从句 1. He is so busy. He cannot afford enough time with his son he wants to. (2013 四川, 7) A. even ifB. as if C. because D. before 2. small, the company has about 1, 000 buyers in over 30 countries. (2013 天津, 5) A. As B. If C. Although D. Once 3. One can always manage to do more things, no matter full one’s schedule is in life. (2013 辽宁, 24) A. how B. what C. when D. where A. whatever B. whoever C. wherever D. whichever 5. I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. (2012 湖南, 28) A. While B. Once C. If D. Until 6. hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. (2012 湖南, 32) A. However B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Whenever 7. Hot the night air was, we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey. (2012 陕西, 18) A. although B. as C. while D. however 8. —Look at those clouds! —Don’t worry. it rains, we’ll still have a great time. (2012 北京, 21) A. Even if B. As though C. In caseD. If only 9. I don’t believe we’ve met before, I must say you do look familiar. (2012 新课标全国, 25) A. therefore B. although C. since D. unless 10. It was a nice meal, a little expensive. (2011 全国Ⅱ, 19) A. though B. whether C. as D. since 11. volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball. (2011 北京, 29) A. Since B. Once C. Unless D. While 12. all of them are strong candidates, only one will be chosen for the post. (2011 陕西, 19) A. Since B. While C. If D. As
13. To show our respect, we usually have to take our gloves off we are to shake hands with. (2011 重庆, 30) A. whichever B. whenever C. whoever D. wherever 其他状语从句 1. Mark needs to learn Chinese his company is opening a branch in Beijing. (2013 山东, 26) A. unless B. until C. although D. since 2. A number of high buildings have arisen there was nothing a year ago but ruins. (2012 山东, 32) A. when B. where C. before D. until 3. If you happen to get lost in the wild, you’d better stay you are and wait for help. (2012 四川, 10) A. why B. where C. who D. what 4. Everything was placed exactly he wanted it for the graduation ceremony. (2012 天津, 14) A. while B. when C. where D. though 5. The police officers in our city work hard the rest of us can live a safe life. (2011 上海, 37) A. in caseB. as if C. in order that D. only if 6. Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him he had done something very clever. (2011 湖南, 33) A. as if B. in case C. while D. though 7. Today, we will begin we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out. (2010 重庆, 32) A. when B. where C. how D. what
（建议 3-5 分钟） Step 1. 思考回忆所学知识点
Step 2. 错题回顾
（建议 3-5 分钟） 各个击破
（建议 15-20 分钟） (2013 陕西) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多 有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线( ),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My grandfather and I enjoy fishing. One Sunday morning we go fishing at a lake.We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake.As soon as we arrived,so we dropped the lines into the water.Before waiting for about half an hour,I was beginning to get impatiently.I wanted to give up,and my grandfather told me to wait a little longer.Finally,there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught.Within the next few minute,my grandfather also caught a fish.
Felt hungry,we built a fire by the lake and barbecued the fish.It was delicious.
（建议 10-15 分钟）（历年高考真题） 答案: My grandfather and I enjoy fishing. One Sunday morning we fishing at a lake.We took fishing poles and headed for the lake.As soon as we arrived,
so we dropped the lines into the water.
waiting for about half an hour,I was beginning to get
.I wanted to
mygrandfather told me to wait a little longer.Finally,there
a sudden pull at the pole and
caught.Within the next few
,my grandfather also caught a fish.
hungry,we built a fire by the lake and barbecued the fish.It was delicious. 剖析:1.句中出现了时间状语 One Sunday morning 且整篇文章说的是过去的事情,故用一般过去时。 2.修饰名词短语 fishing poles 应用形容词性物主代词。 3.分析句子结构可知,此处是 as soon as 引导的时间状语从句,so 多余。 4.根据句子意思可知,此处指的是在等了大约半个小时之后。故应用 after。 5.get 是系动词,后面要用形容词作表语。 6.根据上下文的意思可知,此处表示转折,而非并列。 7.在 there be 句型中,be 的变化要和后面的名词保持一致。根据后面的 a sudden pull 可知,谓语动词要用单数形式。 8.此处用不定冠词 a,表示泛指。 9.few 后面跟可数名词的复数形式。 10.根据句子结构可知,feel 与其逻辑主语 we 之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,故应用现在分词作状语,表示原因。
（建议 3-5 分钟） Step 1. 思考回忆所学知识点 Step 2. 错题回顾
The Ministry of Education on Tuesday released some information about Chinese students whowent abroad for study in 2006. 31 information shows that in 2006, some 134,000 Chinesestudents went to study abroad, and 120,000 of 32were self-funded (自筹资金) students, accounting for 90% of the total. 33 (compare) with the previous year, the number of students who went abroad for studywas increased by 15 ,000, or a rise of 13%. At the same time, there had been a growing number ofoverseas students 34 came back to China after study. In 2006, over 40,000 overseas studentscame back, with 33,000 of them being self-fund students, 20% 35 than the year before. More and more Chinese students go abroad for study, 36 is supported by the Chinese government. An official from the
Ministry of Education said that China follows an educational policy that37 (encourage) students to study abroad and come back whenever they want. Inspired by thispolicy, the number of students going abroad for study keeps rising. Statistics show that 38 China carried out the opening - up policy, a total of one millionstudents have gone abroad for study. Many of them have finished the study and come back to China.These people have made great 39 (contribute) to China with their work. At present, over 60%of principals and leaders in colleges, universities and research institutes in China have been 40to study.