湛江一中 2015—2016 学年度第一学期期末考试
考试时间：120 分钟 满分：150 分 命题教师：
第一部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；毎小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读以下四篇短文，从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该选项涂黑。
Why play games? Because they are fun, and a lot more besides. Following the rules… planning your next move… acting as a team member… these are all “game” ideas that you will come across throughout your life. Think about some of the games you played when you were in a primary school, such as rope-jumping and hide-and-seek. Such games are entertaining and fun. But perhaps more importantly, they translate life into exciting dramas that teach children some of the basic and practical rules they will be expected to follow the rest of their lives, such as taking turns and cooperating. Many children’s games have a practical side. Children around the world play games to help them make preparations for work they will do as grown-ups. For example, some Saudi Arabian children show preference for a game called bones, which sharpens the precise hand-eye coordination needed in hunting. Many sports encourage national or local pride. The most famous games of all, the Olympics, bring athletes from around the world together to take part in friendly competition and make a presentation of their talents. People who watch the event wave flags, knowing that a precious gold medal is a win for an entire country, not just the athlete who has earned it and should be praised. For countries facing the pressure of natural disasters or war, an Olympic win can mean so much. Sports are also an event that unites people. Soccer is the most popular sport in the world. People on all continents play it–some for fun and some for a living. Nicolette Iribarne, a Californian soccer player, has discovered a way to spread hope and power through soccer. He created a foundation to provide poor children with not only soccer balls but also a promising future. Next time you play your favorite game or sport, think about why you enjoy it, what skills are needed, and whether these skills will help you in other aspects of your life. 1. Through playing hide-and-seek, children are expected to learn to ________________.
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A. be a team leader C. act as a grown-up
B. obey the basic rules D. predict possible danger
2. According to the passage, why is winning Olympic medals so encouraging? A. It inspires people’s deep love for the country. B. It proves the exceptional skills of the winners. C. It helps the country out of natural disasters. D. It earns the winners fame and fortune. 3. Iribarne’s goal of forming the foundation is to __________________. A. bring fun to poor kids C. give poor kids a chance for a better life A. Games benefit people all their lives B. provide soccer balls for children D. call on soccer players to help poor kids B. Sports can get all athletes together
4. We can infer from the passage _______________________. B. People are advised to play games for fun D. Sports makes a country competitiveness
Thinking is something you choose to do as a fish chooses to live in water. To be human is to think constantly. But thinking may come naturally without your knowing how you do it. Thinking about thinking is the key to critical(判断性的) thinking. When you think critically, you take control of your thinking processes to construct your own ideas. Otherwise, you might be controlled by others’ ideas. Indeed, critical thinking is at the heart of education. The word “critical” here contains a special meaning. It doesn’t mean taking one view against another view, as when someone criticizes another person for doing something wrong. The nature of critical thinking is thinking beyond the easily seen–beyond the pictures on TV which are often not consistent with reality, the untrue and controversial reports in the newspapers, and the faulty and contradictory reasoning. Critical thinking is an attitude as much as an activity. If you are curious about life and desire to dig deeper into it, you are a critical thinker. If you find pleasure in deep thinking about different ideas, characters, and facts, you are a critical thinker. Activities of the mind and higher-order reasoning are processes of deep and careful consideration. They take time, and do not consist with the fast speed in today’s world: fast food, instant coffee, and self-developing film. If you are among the people who believe that speed is a measure of intelligence, you may learn something new from a story about Albert Einstein, who made great contributions to science during his life. The first time Banesh Hoffman, a contemporary scientist, was to consult Albert Einstein about his work, Hoffman was too nervous to speak. but Einstein was very considerate and immediately put Hoffman at ease by saying, “Please go slowly. I don’t understand things quickly.” 5. Critical thinking is important to us because if we don’t think critically, ______________. A. it will be hard for us to think naturally and fast
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B. we might be controlled by other people’s ideas C. we will follow the ideas of others naturally D. we might be fooled by other people’s ideas 6. If you are a critical thinker, you will ______________________. A. think deeply about different ideas C. take one view against another view B. trust the reports in the newspapers D. criticize other people for their mistakes
7. In the last paragraph, “something new” suggests that ___________________. A. the smarter you are, the faster you do things B. the faster you do things, the smarter you become C. speed can improve intelligence D. intelligence is not decided by speed 8. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Thinking and Critical Thinking C. Thinking is Natural and Human B. Understanding Critical Thinking D. Thinking Fast Means Intelligence
In the near future, daily newspapers and monthly magazines will probably disappear. Electronic media can provide the same information faster and cheaper. The Internet, together with laptops and cellphones, makes it possible that almost everyone can at any time and in almost any place get some news for free or for few fees. You’ll browse the computer newspapers or magazines just like switching on TV. An electronic voice will tell you stories about the latest events. You’ll even get to choose the kind of voice you want to hear. Want more information on the brief story? A simple touch makes the entire text appear. There are the predictions from the experts working on the newspapers of the future. Pictured as part of home-based media and entertainment systems, computer newspapers and magazines would unite printed and broadcast news, offering information and analyzing video images of news events. The continuing loss of readers will result in a small number of advertisements in newspapers. It makes no sense to spend millions of dollars to print ads. With the development of technology, more and more electronic medium have been created until now, but replacing the traditional newspapers and magazines has a long way to go, because the resistance to computer newspapers and magazines from journalism(新闻业) may be much stronger. Since it is such a cultural change, it may be not until the present journalists, who aren’t used to it, die off that the newspaper industry is not considered as an industry any longer. Anyway, technology is making the traditional newspapers and magazines disappear gradually. 9. Computer newspapers and magazines have all the advantages except that ____________. A. they are more expensive than traditional newspapers
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B. you can choose the kind of voice you like to hear C. you can get more information from them easily D. you can easily store information for the future use 10. The underlined word “resistance” in the fifth paragraph probably means ____________. A. a thought which directs your action B. a force that acts to stop something happening C. a force that helps you do something D. an idea which is different from others 11. We can infer from the passage that _________________. A. all technological developments are very important B. traditional newspapers and magazines will disappear soon C. new things will replace the old ones in the future D. traditional newspapers and magazines will be more popular 12. The author writes the article to __________________. A. let people know the great development of the journalism B. tell readers what newspapers and magazines are like in the future C. prove newspapers and magazines are not welcomed any more D. say traditional newspapers and magazines are better than before
My father often talks about his definition of success. He tells us that it isn’t measured in money or material things, but in love and joy. While my brothers and I were all raised together under the same roof, I wonder how different we can be sometimes. Four kids, four different life paths, personalities and ambitions. We must follow a different path to let our light shine, and that’s what makes us so unpredictable and unique. In today’s world, expecting every child’s education to be the same, progress at the same rate and be measured against the narrow standards of performances is not just outdated, it’s also harmful to young people. I experienced this disconnect(脱节) firsthand after graduating from college. I had many opportunities in front of me, but they didn’t test my limits and my creativity to pursue my passions. At first, I took a job at a big consulting firm. However, I couldn’t shake my passion for music. I had followed the somewhat predictable path of a college graduate, but I was crazy about how to become an artist. Now I am a nine-time Grammy Awards winner who has sold multiple Top 10 Albums. Imagine what it would look like if our schools were set up to help people discover and pursue a personal passion instead of a predictable path? The good news is that a number of individuals and organizations are finding new ways to innovate in education. The goal is to create more student-centered environments that help young people not just do better in school
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but also discover what they love. We can’t live lives of joy if we can’t discover what we love doing with our lives. So let each person discover the power and uniqueness of his or her own passion. 13. What does the writer ’s father think success should be measured in? A. Pleasure. B. Ability. C. Wealth. D. Fame. 14. We can infer that the writer _________________________. A. is devoted to reforming the education system B. pursued his passions once he left college C. realized his dream before his graduation D. finally became an outstanding singer 15. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Where there is a will, there is a way. C. All that glitters is not gold. B. Let every child’s light shine. D. Let bygones be bygones.
第二节（共 5 小题；毎小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to Motivate Yourself to Study Studying can be one of life’s most boring activities. truths! Remind yourself of your purpose. 17 Where do you see yourself in 5, 10, or even 20 years? The time you spend studying now will help to make your future dream a reality. Whether you are working towards a degree, a special skill, or some type of personal achievement, the act of studying is like a bridge between where you are now and where you want to be in the future.! 18 A well-educated person is a powerful person. Knowledge is priceless. A well-educated, knowledgeable person is a person who is able to navigate and excel better within the world around him/her. Dare yourself to succeed. 19 When you get over the barriers, you’ll realize that personal achievement and fulfillment are wonderful things. Allow yourself to do the things that can contribute to your personal achievement and fulfillment –like studying! Always keep a positive attitude. Your attitude towards study can have a huge impact on your motivation! 20 But if you have a positive attitude towards your study, you will be able to boost motivation, just by having a positive attitude towards it. A. Is it never too old to learn? B. Realize knowledge is power.
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But you can change your
attitude towards the hardship of studying by reminding yourself of a few basic but important
C. What are your goals in life? D. Devote your spare time and energy to study. E. Thinking negatively is not helpful and will not help you to get motivated. F. In fact, the very nature of studying goes against the basic human desire to maximize pleasure. G. Tell yourself you can successfully overcome any real or imagined difficulty standing in your way.
英语知识运用 （共两节, 满分 45 分）
第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从第 21—40 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D） 中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卷上将该项涂黑。 It was a hot summer day and I was longing to go swimming at the local pool. 21 , I was riding in the back seat of the car as my parents 22 to a friend’s house. They were going to 23 a hand to a church work camp repairing her roof and porch. As an eight-year-old boy I knew that there wouldn’t be much for me to do and I was 25 . The work camp was mostly made up of 26 who had given up part of their summer 24 . I ended up sitting in the yard,
vacation to help others free of charge. They were managed by the pastor(牧师) and a few skilled carpenters who also worked 27 . Most of that afternoon, I sat in the shade while they were wet with 28 in the sunshine. They cut boards and hammered them in place. They 29 rotted tiles(瓦片) and nailed in new ones. They cleared off the old paint and 30 with the new. They did it all 31 . They shared stories and smiles. They shared jokes and 32 . Finally our friend asked me to help her pay them with the two things she could 33 : sweet tea and smiles. I carefully carried the 34 to the workers who downed the tea with joy. By the end of the day the three gallons of tea were 35 . The workers were out of nails, paint, and lumber, 36 the job was done. There was one thing left, however. It was the one thing that you would never run out of. It was the one thing that you couldn’t give away 37 having even more of it. It was love. It lightened our 38 and smiles. I went home with a heart 39 of it and was happier than any day at 40 could have made me. 21. A. Therefore 22. A. walked 23. A. lend 24. A. right 25. A. crying 26. A. seniors B. Moreover B. hiked B. take B. wrong B. watching B. parents C. Besides C. drove C. borrow C. upset C. reading C. teenagers
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D. Instead D. ran D. bring D. angry D. singing D. adults
27. A. directly 28. A. rain 29. A. pulled out 30. A. drew 31. A. sadly 32. A. tears 33. A. prepare 34. A. glasses 35. A. missing 36. A. but 37. A. through 38. A. eyes 39. A. aware 40. A. house
B. voluntarily B. blood B. pulled down B. brushed B. joyfully B. experiences B. gain B. nails B. lost B. so B. with B. faces B. proud B. pool
C. skillfully C. water C. pulled over C. cleaned C. curiously C. concern C. make C. paint C. gone C. or C. without C. burdens C. full C. school
D. independently D. sweat D. pulled in D. wrote D. carefully D. laughter D. afford D. hammers D. cooling D. though D. from D. spirits D. afraid D. yard
第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。将 答案填写在答题卡的相应位置。 On a diet? Then consider sitting by the window the next time you eat out. The researchers measured and meal checks 42 41 (map) the design of each restaurant and then used 43 they sat.
(track) what diners ordered and how it related to
The results were telling people: people sitting
44 (far) from the front door ate the (seat) at a dark
fewest salads and were 73 percent more likely to order desserts. Those 45
table ate heavier food and ordered more of it, while diners sitting at 46 high-top bar table ordered more salads and fewer desserts. The darker it is, the more “invisible” you might feel, the less easy 47 is to see how
much you’re eating and the less guilty you might feel. Seeing the sunlight, 48 (passer-by) or trees outside might make you more aware 49 how you look, might make you think about
walking or might inspire you to choose a green salad. The researchers also noted that slim diners chewed around 15 times per mouthful, three chews more than heavier diners. By 50 for the brain to feel full.
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(eat) more slowly, the diner spends less time it takes
第三部分 课本知识运用（每题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 根据所给的单词或汉语提示写出所缺的单词和其恰当形式。 51. The old painter wanted to sell his personal ____________ (possess). 52. The students who are addicted to computer games have a __________(tend) to sleep in class. 53. Their _________(anxious) to do better than their competitors pushed them to train hard. 54. Some advice I found on the Internet might help you to stop and __________ (strong) your resolve. 55. Get your parents to buy things that are ___________ (economy) with energy. 56. Some residents couldn’t _________ ________ with the heavy air pollution and moved out of the city. 一些居民无法忍受严重的空气污染，搬出了这个城市。 57. I can well remember that rainy night, my mother was ________ her _______ to the hospital with me on her back alone. 我很清楚地记得，那个雨夜，我妈妈独自背着我朝医院走去。 58. _________the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the Impressionists, __________ lived and worked in Paris. 在那些突破传统画法的画家中,有生活和工作在巴黎的印象派画家。 59. The exhibition in Guggenheim Museum will _______ _______those who love Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings. 古根海姆博物馆的展览将吸引那些印象派和后印象派作品的爱好者。 60. We would have won if we _________ ________ out of energy. 我们本来会夺冠，如果我们没有筋疲力尽的话。 61. Plant trees in your garden or your school yard, as they absorb carbon dioxide from the air and _________ your spirit when you look at them. 在你的花园或者校园里栽种树木，因为它们能吸收空气中的二氧化碳，并且在你观赏 它们的时候能让你振作精神。 62. I was __________ _______ a volcanologist working for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory twenty years ago. 二十年前，作为一名火山学家，我被派到夏威夷火山观测站工作。 63. I am doing a project _________ ________ of my school about global warming. 我正代表学校做一项关于全球变暖的课题研究。 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（/\)，并在其下面写出该加的词。
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删除：把多余的词用斜线（\ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线（一），并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 This afternoon an American high school delegation, consisted of 10 students and 5 teachers came to visit our school. Our headmaster show them around some parts of the school, such as the library, the lab and the gym. Fortunately, our class was chosen to have an informal discussion with the visitors, that was a better opportunity for us to practice our English. Everyone at present were active to introduce themselves one for another. Our monitor, Zhanghua, introduced the Chinese traditional festivals, especial the Chinese Spring Festival. Soon after that Tom, an American student, who was a great fan of Yao Ming and Jeremy Lin, said anything about NBA and some other hobbies. Then we talked about some other topics that we were interested. 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假定你是李华。前不久，你参加了全国英语演讲比赛并获得了一等奖。请用英语给校 刊写一篇文章，谈谈你的体会。内容主要包括： 1．付出才有回报； 2．收获自信和友谊； 3．感激之情。 注意：1. 词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头已写好，不计入总词数。 Looking back to the National English Speaking Competition I took part in Several days ago, I have a lot to share with you.
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一 阅读理解 第一节 1-4 BACA 5-8 BADB 9-12 ABCA 13-15 ADB 第二节 16-20 FCBGE 二 完型填空 三 语法填空 21-25 DCAAB 26-30 CBDAB 31-35 BDDAC 36-40 ACDCB 41. mapped 42. to track 43. where 44.farthest/furthest 45.seated 46.a 四 课本知识运用 51. possessions 52. tendency 53. anxiety 54. strengthen 55. economical 56. put up 57. making way 61. refresh 五 短文改错 This afternoon an American high school delegation, consisted of 10 students and 5 teachers consisting came to visit our school. Our headmaster show them around some parts of the school, such as showed the library, the lab and the gym. Fortunately, our class was chosen to have an informal discussion with the visitors, that was a which better opportunity for us to practice our English. Everyone at present were active to introduce good 划去 at was 58. Among, who 59. appeal to 60. hadn’t run 62. appointed as 63. on behalf 47. it 48. passers-by 49.of 50. eating
themselves one for another. Our monitor, Zhanghua, introduced the Chinese traditional festivals, after especial the Chinese Spring Festival. Soon after that Tom, an American student, who was a great especially fan of Yao Ming and Jeremy Lin, said anything about NBA and some other hobbies. Then we something talked about some other topics that we were interested ∧. in 六．写作 One Possible Version： Looking back to the National English Speaking Competition I took part in 第 10 页 共 10 页
Several days ago, I have a lot to share with you. For a start, I feel really delighted that I’ve won first prize in the competition, which makes me understand the true meaning of the proverb “No pain, no gain”. What’s more, in the five-day competition, I established a close friendship with the students from all over our country, from whom I’ve learned a lot. More importantly, taking this competition has enabled me to overcome my fear of speaking in public, thus developing my self-confidence. Additionally, I owe many thanks to my tutor and the judges, without whose help, I couldn’t have done such an excellent job. To sum up, I will always cherish this meaningful and memorable experience.
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