当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

高中定语从句详细讲解


高中定语从句详细讲解
(一)定义及相关术语 1.定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。定语从句一般紧跟在 它所修饰的先行词之后。 2.先行词:被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词。 3.关系词:引导定语从句的词叫关系词。 关系词有关系代词和关系副词。关系代词有 that, which, who, whom, whose, as 等; 关系副词有 when, where,

why 等。 关系词通常有下列三个作用:A、引导定语从句;B、代替先行词;C、在 定语从句中担当一个成分。例如: The man who is shaking hands with my father is a policeman. 该 句中,who is shaking hands with my father 是定语从句,修饰先行词 the man, “who”是引导定语从句的关系词,代替先行词 the man,在定语 从句中作主语。 (二)关系代词引导的定语从句 关系代词指人的有 who, whom, that, whose 1.who 指人,在定语从句中作主语。 The boys who are playing football are from Class One. 正在踢足球 的男孩是一班的。 Those who want to go to the museum must be at the school gate a t 7 tomorrow morning. 想去博物馆的人必须在明晨 7 点到大门口集合。 Yesterday I helped an old man who had lost his way. 昨天我帮助 了一位迷路的老人。 That is the teacher who teaches us physics. 那就是教我们 物理的老师。 2.whom 指人,在定语从句中做宾语,常可省略。 Mr Liu is the person ( whom ) you talked about on the bus. 刘 先生就是你们在公共汽车上谈论的那个人。 Li Ming is just the boy ( whom ) I want to see. 李明正是我想要见 的男孩。 The professor ( whom ) you are waiting for has come. 你 正在等的教授已经来了。 The girl ( whom ) the teacher often praises is our monitor. 老师经 常表扬的那个女孩是我们的班长。 注意:关系代词 whom 在口语或非正式文体中常可用 who 来代替,也可省 略。 The man ( whom / who )you met just now is my old friend. 3.That 指人时,相当于 who 或 whom;在定语从句中作主语或宾语,作宾 语时常可省略。

The number of people that / who come to visit this city each year r eaches one million. 每年来参观这座城市的人数达一百万。 Where is the man that / whom I saw this morning? 我今天早上看到 的那个人在哪儿? The person that /whom you introduced to me is very kind. 你介绍 给我的那个人很友好。 4.Whose 通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语。 I visited a scientist whose name is known all over the country. 我拜 访了一个全国知名的科学家。 He has a friend whose father is a doctor. 他有一个爸爸当医生的朋 友。 I once lived in the house whose roof has fallen in. 我曾经住在那幢 屋顶已经倒塌了的房子里。 注意:指物时,常用下列结构来代替: The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired. The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired. Do you like the book whose cover is yellow? Do you like the book the cover of which is yellow? 关系代词指物的有 that, which, whose 1. That 指物时,相当于 which.。在定语从句中作主语或宾语,作宾语时常可 省略。 The season that / which comes after spring is summer. 春天以 后的季节是夏季。 Yesterday I received a letter that / which came from Australia. 昨天我收到了一封来自澳大利亚的信。 2. Which 指物,在定语从句中做主语或宾语,做宾语时常可省略。 Football is a game which is liked by most boys. 足球是大多数男 孩所喜欢的运动。 The factory which makes computers is far away from here. 制 造计算机的那家公司离这儿很远。 He likes to read books which are written by foreign writers. 他 喜欢外国作家写的书。 The house which is by the lake looks nice. 湖边的那幢房子看上去 很漂亮。 This is the pen ( which ) he bought yesterday. 这是他昨天买的钢 笔。 The film ( which ) they went to see last night was not interestin g at all. 他们昨晚看的电影一点意思也没有。 3. Whose 通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语。 I visited a scientist whose name is known all over the country. 我拜访了一个全国知名的科学家。

He has a friend whose father is a doctor. 他有一个爸爸当医生的 朋友。 I once lived in the house whose roof has fallen in. 我曾经住在那 幢屋顶已经倒塌了的房子里。 注意:指物时,常用下列结构来代替: The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired. The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired. Do you like the book whose cover is yellow? Do you like the book the cover of which is yellow?

(一)限制性定语从句中只能用 that 引导定语从句的情况 1.当先行词是 everything, anything, nothing (something 除 外), all, none, few, little, some 等不定代词时,或当先行词受 every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much 等代词修饰时。如: Have you taken down everything that Mr. Li said? 李老师讲的你都记 下来了吗? There seems to be nothing that is impossible to him in the world. 对他来说似乎世界上没有什么不可能的事。 All that can be done has been done. 所有能做的都做好了。 There is little that I can do for you. 我不能为你干什么。 He stayed in the library and looked up any information that they ne eded. 他呆在图书馆查找所需的资料。 注意:当先行词指人时,偶尔也可用关系代词 who,如: Any man that / who has a sense of duty won’t do such a thing. 任何 有责任感的人都不会做这样的事。 All the guests that / who were invited to her wedding were importan t people. 所有应邀来参加她婚礼的客人都是重要人物。 2.当先行词被序数词修饰时。如: The first place that they visited in London was the Big Ben. 在伦敦他 们参观的第一个地方是大本钟。 3.当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。如: This is the best film that I have ever seen. 这是我看过的最好的电影。 4.当先行词被 the very, the only 修饰时。如: This is the very dictionary that I want to buy. 这正是我要买的词典。 After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing that he owns . 家里发生了火灾过后,那辆旧车成了他的唯一拥有。 注意:当先行词指人时,偶尔也可用关系代词 who。如: Wang Hua is the only person in our school who will attend the meeti ng. 王华是我校唯一出席会议的人。

5.当先行词前面有 who, which 等疑问代词时。如: Who is the man that is standing by the gate? 站在门口的那个人是谁? Which is the T-shirt that fits me most? 哪件 T 恤衫最合我的身? 6.当先行词为人与动物或人与物时。如: They talked about the persons and things that they remembered at school 他们谈论着他们所能记起的在校时的人和事。 Look at the man and his donkey that are walking up the street. 瞧 瞧那个沿街走来的人和他的 毛驴。

定语从句 1.This is the best factory ____we visited last year . A. where B. which C. in which D. that

2.Is this the factory ____computers are built ? A. that B. which C. in which D. in that

3.please pass me the dictionary ____cover is red . A. whose B.its C. which D. which of

4.The man ____has arrived . A. whom I told you B. that I told you

C. whom I told you about him D. I told you about 5. Do you know the comrade ____we are talking ? A. to whom B. to who C. whom D. to that

6. They visited the house ___the great writer was born . A. from where B. in which C. which D. in where

7. The comrade ___is speaking at the meeting is my teacher . A. whom B. which C. who D. whose

8. He asked us to watch carefully everything ___he did in class . A. who B. that C. what D. where

9. I’ll visit the professor tomorrow ,___he will be back from Shanghai . A. who B. that C. when D. which

10.The school ___I study is a new one . A. on which B. at where C. on that D. at which

11. China has many islands,____the largest is Taiwan . A. in which B. at which C. which D. of which

12. The city ____my mother grew up is not far from here . A. what B. where C. that D. which

13. Our teacher lives in the house ____door faces to the north . A. which B. his C. that D. whose

14. Do you know the man ___your father nodded ?

A. whom

B. to whom

C. to who

D. about whom

15.Wrestling is a sport in ___people easily get hurt . A. that B. when C. which D. what

16. I told you ____I know . A. all that B. all which C. all what D. all whom

17.China has a lot of famous writers ,one ___is Lu Xun . A. of which B. of whom C. of who D. of them

18. Is this factory ____we visited last year ? A. in which B. around that C. whom D. the one

19. Who is the man ____was there ? A. who B. which C. that D. whom

20. Is there anything ____I can do for you, sir ? A. that B. which C. whose D. who

21. I still remember the day ____she first wore that green dress . A. which B. in which C. on that D. on which

22. The knife ____we used to cut the bread is very sharp . A. with which B. with it C. with that D. which

23. The games ____the young men competed in were difficult . A. in which B. which C. it D. who

24.It rained hard yesterday, ____ prevented me from going to the park.. A. that B. which C. as D. it 25. George Mallory was an English school teacher _____ loved climbing. A. who which B. whom C. he D.

历届高考英语单项选择题定语从句精选 26.His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone ______ family was poor. A.of whom B.whom C.of whose D.whose

27.She heard a terrible noise, _______ brought her heart into her mouth. A.it B.which C.this D.that

28.In the dark street , there wasn’t a single person _____ she could turn for help. A.that whom B.who C.from whom D.to

29.The weather turned out to be very good , ____ was more than we could expect. A.what B.which C.that D.it

30.After living in Pairs for fifty years he returned to the small town ____ he grew up as a child. A.which B.where C.that D.when

31.Carol said the work would be done by October,______personally I doubt very much. A. it B.that C.when D.which 32.Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, ________,of course , made the others unhappy. A.who B.which C.this D.what 33.Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase , _____ was very reasonable. A.which price C.its price C.the price of which D.the price of whose

34._____ has already been pointed out , grammar is not a set of dead rules. A.As B.It C.That D.Which

35.He lived in London for 3 months , during ____ time he learned some English. A.this B.which C.that D.same

36.On the wall hung a picture, _____ color is blue.

A.whose

B.of which

C.which

D.its

37.Whenever I met him , ____ was fairly often, I like his sweet and hopeful smile. A.what B.which C.that D.when

38.The visitor asked the guide to take his picture _____ stands the famous tower. A.that D.there B.where C.which

39.The boss ____ department Ms King worked ten years ago look down upon women. A.in which B.in that C.in whose D.whose

40.I don’t like _____ you speak to her. A.the way way of which B.the way in that C.the way which D.the

41.I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella ._______ I got wet through . A.It’s the reason C.There’s why B.That’s why D.It’s how

42.He made another wonderful discovery , ____ of great importance to science. A.which I think is C.which I think it B.which I think it is D.I think which is


相关文章:
高中定语从句讲解及练习(包含答案)
高中定语从句讲解及练习(包含答案)_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit1 Attributive clause 定语从句讲解与练习 一.定义:在复合句中修饰某一名词或代词的从句...
高一定语从句讲解
高一定语从句讲解嘉定二中高一英语组 第一讲 1、功能:相当于形容词,修饰名词或代词,在句中作定语 一: 先行词: 被定语从句所修饰的词 二: 关系代词:用来连接...
高中定语从句要点讲解
高中定语从句要点讲解_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。定语从句三部曲 1. 找出先行词; 2. 确定先行词在从句中的成分:主语,宾语, 状语; 3. 选择正确的关系词。 ...
最新讲解最全的定语从句讲解.doc
最新讲解最全的定语从句讲解.doc_英语_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档最新讲解最全的定语从句讲解.doc_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高一英语...
高中英语定语从句详解与练习
高中英语定语从句详解与练习_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语定语从句详解Ⅰ. 概念: (1) 定语从句:在主从复合句中用作定语的从句叫定语从句定语从句...
高中定语从句完整讲解(自制)
高中定语从句完整讲解(自制) 完全自己手动打印版本,详细的高考会考到的定语从句内容。完全自己手动打印版本,详细的高考会考到的定语从句内容。隐藏>> 提分快 找凹凸...
高中定语从句的详细讲解
高中定语从句详细讲解_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。定语从句语法要点 (一)定义 1.定语从句:在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词从句叫定语从句。定语从句一 ...
高中定语从句详细讲解
高中定语从句详细讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中定语从句详细讲解 (一)定义及相关术语 1.定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。定语从句一 般紧跟在...
高中定语从句详细讲解
高中定语从句详细讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。定语从句基础讲解,非常有用的讲义 高中定语从句详细讲解(一)定义及相关术语 1.定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫...
定语从句知识点讲解教师版
定语从句知识点讲解教师版_英语_高中教育_教育专区。环球教育 定语从句 高中语法 定语从句(Attributive Clause)一.概念: ?在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句 ?定语...
更多相关标签:
定语从句详细讲解 | 高中定语从句讲解 | 高中英语定语从句讲解 | 高中定语从句讲解视频 | 高中定语从句讲解ppt | 高中定语从句讲解教案 | 高中英语从句详细讲解 | 定语从句讲解 |