语法专项练习：非谓语动词 一、单项选择： 1.The meeting _______ next week is sure to be a great success. A. to take place B. to be taken place C. to have taken place D. being taken place 2._______ by the Comrade
Lei Feng, we try our best to do good deeds. A. Inspired B. Being inspired C. To be inspired D. Inspiring 3.It's no good _______ here. Let's go home. A. to wait B. waited C. waiting D. being waited 4.I listened to the wind, ______ that he would not come tonight. A. thinking B. to think C. thought D. being thinking 5.As a result of my laziness, I failed ________ my work in time. A. and finished B. to finish C. and finishing D. to finished 6.I am sorry ______ written you a letter at the time. A. to have not B. to not have C. not to have D. not having 7.Tom apologized to me ______ again. A. to be late B. of being late C. to have been late D. for being late 8.I remained _______ long after I had been told the story. A. puzzling B. puzzled C. being puzzled D. to be puzzled 9.Will you lend him a magazine _________? A. to be read B. for reading C. to read D. he read 10.The article _________ on this subject was written by Mr. Black. A. referring B. referred C. referring to D. referred to 11.Living near the sea, ___________________. A. we enjoy healthy air and beautiful sight B. healthy air and beautiful sight is what we enjoy C. it is healthy air and beautiful sight we enjoy D. so we enjoy healthy air and beautiful sight 12.__________ since the night before, I felt very hungry. A. Having not eaten anything B. Not eating anything C. I hadn't eaten anything D. Not having eaten anything 13.We then listened to the child ________ the article ______ on the blackboard. A. read, writing B. reading, writing C. to read, written D. read, written 14.________ it with me and I'll see what I can do. A. When left B. Leaving C. If you leave D. Leave 15._________ such a chance, why don't you have a try? A. To give B. Having C. Given D. Giving 16.We discussed the plan that we would like to see ________ the next week. A. carry on B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out 17._________ made them much disappointed. A. His not coming back B. Not his coming back C. He not to come back D. Not he come back 18.Five people were reported ________ in the accident. A. to be killed B. to kill C. killed D. to have been killed 19.I flew to Paris this morning, my assistant ________ me there this Friday. A. joining B. to join C. will join D. wants to join 20.He tried to calm himself, _______ . A. force B. to force C. forcing D. forced 21.____________ , I went to the park with my uncle. A. As holiday B. Being no classes C. Since have no classes D. It being a holiday 22. "Do you mind _________?" "Go ahead." A. opening the door B. your opening the door C. my opening the door D. I opening the door 23. I have one or two things ____________. A. to look B. to see C. to see to D. to look to 24._________ is bad for his health. A. Mike smoking B. Mike's smoking C. Mike's being smoking D. Mike smokes 25.I came into the classroom, ______ my seat and sat down to read.
A. finding B. to find C. found D. founded 26.I am tired and I don't feel like _____ any further. A. to walk B. to be walking C. walking D. walk 27.She did nothing but ________walk in the street. A. taking B. take C. to take D. took 28.It is a problem that doesn't need ________ right now. A. to solve B. solving C. being solved D. to be solving 29.I ________ my handbag stolen last week. A. had B. let C. lost D. left 30.________ by a crowd of people, I felt nervous, ______ what to say. A. Watching, didn't know B. Having watched, and not knew C. Having been watch, not known D. Being watched, not knowing 二．对比练习： 1. ________many times , but he still couldn't understand it . 2. ________many times , he still couldn't understand it . A. Having been told . B. Told C. He was told D. Though he had been told 3. ________to the left , you'll find the post office . 4. If you ________to the left , you'll find the post office . 5. ________to the left , and you'll find the post office . A. Turning B. To turn C. Turn D. Turned 6. ______from space , the earth looks blue . 7.______from space , we can see the earth is blue . A. Seen B. Seeing C. To see D. See 8. The dirty clothes ______ , the girl hung them up outside . 9. ______ the dirty clothes ,the girl hung them up outside . A. was washed B. washed C. were washed D. having washed 10 The building ______now will be a restaurant . 11. The building ______next year will be a restaurant . 12. The building ______last year is a restaurant. A. having been built B. to be built C. being built D. built 13. He stood there ______for his mother . 14. ______for two hours , he went away . A. waiting B. to wait C. waited D. Having waited 三、单句改错 1、I dream of standing on the platform in the classroom and give lessons to lovely boys. 2、Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper. 3、I want to thank you again for have me in your home for the summer holidays. 4、My parents love me dearly of course and will do all they can make sure that I get a good education. 5、Ride bicycles can help build our bodies and bicycles are so cheap that each family can afford to buy one. 6、On the meeting, twenty-five advancing teachers were praised and those who had completed thirty years of teaching were given medals. 7、She kept the lamb tying to a tree during the day and went to fetch it every evening. 8、I was often a little tired after a day’s work and watch TV demands very little effort. 四、翻译练习 1. 中国是一个发展中国家，属于第三世界（the Third World） China is a ______________ country, _______________ the Third World. 2. 正在修建的这座房子将作我们的餐厅。 The building ______________ will be served as our dining- hall. 3. 由于不知道地址,我们没法和他取得联系。 ____________ his address, we have no way_________________ with him. 4. 既不懂当地的语言，在这国家又没有朋友，她觉得要想找到工作是不可能的。 ________________ the local language and having no friend in the country, he found it impossible ___________ a job. 5. 生长在农村，他对农民的生活有着深刻的了解。 ________ and _______________ in the countryside, he knows better about the hard life of pleasant.
6. 近年来在党的领导下，人们的生活的条件有了大大的改善。 In recent years, _________ by the Party, people find their living conditions greatly ______________. 7. 这本书用简易英语写成,很容易读懂 ______________ in simple English, the book is easy _______________ 8. 你乐意就如何学好语向我们提些建议吗？（so kind as to） Would you be so kind as ________us some advice on how _____________ English.
答案与提示： 一、单项练习 1.A 通过"next week"得知会议是在下周举行， 用不定式作定语表示将来的动作， place take 没有被动形式。 2.A 题意为：由于受到雷锋同志精神的鼓舞我们竭尽全力做好事。不定式作状语时常表 示目的和结果，故 C 项不对。过去分词作状语时表被动和完成。B 项表示正在进行的动作。 3.C It is no good doing sth. 这个结构中，doing 是个动名词，用作主语。句意为：在这里 等着也没用，咱们还是回家吧。
9.C 不定式作定语，to read 的逻辑主语是间接宾语 him。 10.D 过去分词作后置定语，意为"被提到的…"。 11.A living near the sea 分词短语作原因状语，其动作必须由主语来做。 12.D 现在分词完成式的否定式做原因状语，否定须在短语之前。 13.D listen to 意为"听某人做某事"与 hear 用法相同，其后可以用不带 to 的不定式，也 可以用动名词。written on the blackboard 为过去分词作定语，修饰 the article。 14.D 祈使句+ and+ 陈述句是一个固定句型，在这个句型当中，前面的祈使句表示一个 肯定的条件。 15.C Given 过去分词作状语，表示原因，相当于 since you are given。 16.C that 引导定语从句修饰 plan。carried out 过去分词短语在定语从句中作宾语补足 语。 17.A 考查动名词的否定形式，not 应紧挨着 doing。
22.C "Do you mind …?" 后常有 if 引导的从句或动名词短语。 根据"Go ahead."可知"开门 "动作是"我"发出的。A、B 的逻辑主语有问题。D 动名词复合式，代词不应为主格。 23.C to see to = to take care of 为不定式做定语。A、B 均却少介词，不定式和被修饰词 things 建立不起来动宾关系，填 D 项句子语法结构错误。
29.A have + 名词（或代词）+过去分词可表示某种遭遇。Let 后面的宾语不接过去分词。 D 项表示"听凭某种状况而走开不管"，与题意不符。
30.D Being watched …表示原因或时间，"正在被观看"，是进行时的被动语态。Not knowing 表示伴随动作。C 项的后部分的分词短语表示被动，也不对。 二、对比练习 CAACC ABBDC BDAD 三、单句改错 1。 give-giving 2 talk-talking 3 have-having 4 can∧to 5 Ride-Riding 6 advancing-advanced 7 tying-tied 8 watch-watching 四、翻译填空