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动 名 词讲


动 名 词
一、主 语
◆ _______(Write) an English composition is not easy. ◆在“It is useless/ nice/ good/ interesting/ worthwhile 等形容词 + doing”结构中作主语 It’s useless taking this kind of medicine. It’s no good complaining. It is a waste of time talking about such a thing. There is no denying that she is very efficient. It’s nice talking with you. 跟你交谈感觉真好。 对比 It’s nice to meet you. 很高兴见到你 Exercise: 1. --- We really enjoyed ourselves at the party. Thanks again, Mr. and Mrs. Smith. ---____. Just drop in whenever you feel like it. A. Nice having you here B. Nice to meet you here C. Our great honor D. With pleasure 2. Eugene's never willing to alter any of his opinions. It’s no use ____ with him. A. to argue B. arguing C. argued D. having argued 3. It is worth considering what makes “convenience” foods so popular, and ____ better ones of your own. A. introduces B. to introduce C. introducing D. introduced 4. _____ felt funny watching myself on TV. A. One B. This C. It D. That

二、表 语
不表正在进行) (1)动名词 不表正在进行 )动名词(不表正在进行 My job is teaching. = Teaching is my job. Her full-time job is laying eggs. =Laying eggs is her full-time job. His hobby is collecting stamps. =Collecting stamps is his hobby. 正在进行 (2)现在分词 正在进行 )现在分词(正在进行) He is playing. ≠ Playing is he.

三、宾语
? I have just finished doing my home work. ? I suggested asking his brother for some money. ? He keeps buying expensive maps. He must have more than 200 by now. ? There is no point (in) making the simple experiments once again. ◆后只跟动名词做宾语的动词 后只跟动名词做宾语的动词(44): 后只跟动名词做宾语的动词 avoid, escape, finish, complete, suggest, advise, recommend, propose, allow, permit, forbid, admit, acknowledge, enjoy, feel like, adore, dislike, excuse, pardon, forgive, include, involve, postpone, delay, imagine, fancy, understand, consider, appreciate, can’t stand, miss, practice,

deny, envy, risk, keep, mind, stop, favor, resist, celebrate, mention, report, quit ◆其中在动词 advise, recommend, allow, permit, forbid, admit, consider, report 等动词后动 名词做宾语,跟动词不定式做补语 I advise having a rest. 对比 I advise you to have a rest. You are advised to have a rest. We don’t allow smoking here. 对比 We don’t allow students to smoke. Students aren’t allowed to smoke. Energy drinks are not allowed __ in Australia but are brought in from New Zealand.(06 沪 33) A. to make B. to be made C. to have been made D. to be making ◆ He forgot to buy such a book. (忘了去买) He forgot buying such a book.(忘了买过) remember doing; remember to do regret doing; regret to do mean doing; mean to do try doing; try to do go on doing; go on to do chance doing; chance to do stop doing; stop to do can’t help doing; can’t help to do Glad meeting you. Glad to meet you.(刚见面) ◆注意动词 need, require, want, deserve 作“需要”解时,可用动名词主动形式表被动或用动词不定式的被动形式 need / require / want doing / to be done The desk needs cleaning / to be cleaned. The problem deserves thinking about. (=The problem deserves to be thought about.) ◆在(be)worth 后面只能用动名词的主动态来表示被动意义。例如: His suggestion is worth considering. ◆ have difficulty (trouble, problems, a hard time, fun, a good time) (+in) doing: Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time________ the exam. A.pass B.to pass C.passed D.passing Exercise: 5. I hear they’ve promoted Tom, but he didn’t mention _____ when we talked on the phone. A. to promote B. having been promoted C. having promoted D. to be promoted 6. As a new driver, I have to practice ______ the car in my small garage again and again A. parking B. to park C. parked D. park 7. I still remember ____to the Famen Temple and what I saw there. A. to take B to be taken C taking D being taken 8. The crowd cheered wildly at the sight of Liu Xiang, who was reported ____ the world record in the 110-metre hurdle race. A. breaking B. having broken C. to have broken D. to break 9. Charles Babbage is generally considered ____the first computer.

A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented ◆在 begin, start, intend, attempt, continue, like, love, hate,cease, commence 等词后跟 doing 或 to do 意义差别不大.如: Prices will continue rising / to rise. begin 和 start 在下列三种情况下跟不定式,不能用动名词: Snow begin to melt.(主语是无生命的物体) He is beginning to study English.(本身用于正在进行时) I begin to believe his story.(后跟不能用于进行时的词如:know, understand, believe) ◆注意 like, love, hate, prefer, dread 等词后跟不定式和动名词含义差别意义不大,但略有不 同,动词不定式表示特定的,有待于做的动作;而动名词则表示一般的行为,或正在进行 的行为: I like swimming, but I don’t like to swim today. I hate being ordered about. Would like to do, would love to do, would prefer to do 后通常跟不定式 Rather than go to the cinema, she would prefer to stay at home watching TV. Exercise: 10. If you think that treating a woman well means always _______her permission for things, think again. A. gets B. got C. to get D. getting 11. After he became conscious, he remembered _____ and ____ on the head with a rod. A. to attack; hit B. to be attacked;to be hit C. attacking;be hit D. having been attacked;hit 12. Isn't it time you got down to___ the papers? A. mark B. be marked C. being marked D. marking 13. --- There is a story here in the paper about a 110-year-old man. --- My goodness! I can’t imagine _________ that old. A. to be B. to have been C. being D. having been 14. —Do you have any idea what Paul does all day? —As I know, he spends at least as much time playing as he _______. A. writes B. does writing C. is writing D. does write 15. You can’t imagine what difficulty we had ____ home in the snowstorm. A. walked B. walk C. to walk D. walking 16. As a result of the serious flood, two-thirds of the buildings in the area ____. A. need repairing B. needs to repair C. needs repairing D. need to repair 17. -- Robert is indeed a wise man. -- Oh, yes. How often I have regretted ______ his advice! A. to take B. taking C. not to take D. not taking 18. --- Can I smoke here? --- Sorry. We don’t allow ______ here. A.people smoking B.people smoke C.to smoke D.Smoking 19. --- Do you think that housing price will keep ______ in the years to come? --- Sorry, I have no idea.

A.lifting up B.going up C.bringing up D.growing up 20. The parents suggested ___ in the hotel room but their kids were anxious to camp out during the trip. A. sleep B. to sleep C. sleeping D. having slept 21. Even today I still remember the great fun we had _____ games on the beach on those days. A. played B. to play C. play D. playing

四、作定语
动名词作定语表示性质或用途。 ⑴ 动名词作定语表示性质或用途。 a washing machine = a machine for washing a swimming pool = a pool for swimming ⑵现在分词作定语表示动作。如果是单词,放在被修饰的名词前;如果是短语,放就放 在被修饰的名词之后。 ? a developing country = a country which is developing ? a sleeping boy= a boy who is sleeping ? The man talking with my father is Mr. Wang. ? China is a developing country.

五、动名词的复合结构
◆ _____the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement. A. The president will attend B. The president to attend C. The president attended D. The president’s attending ◆ Would you mind my opening the window? We would appreciate you letting us know of any questions. ◆ How about the four of us going out for a walk? Were you disappointed at there not having been more gifts? ◆ What is the chance of there being an election this year? (对比 I expect there to be many chances for him to get the job.) Exercise: 21. I really can't understand ______ her like that. A. you treat B. you to treat C. why treat D. you treating 22. At the beginning of class, the noise of desks _______could be heard outside the classroom. A. opened and closed B. to be opened and closed C. being opened and closed D. to open and close 23. It is difficult to imagine his ________ the decision without any consideration. A. accept B. accepting C. to accept D. accepted 24. He apologized for ______ to inform me of the change in the plan. A. his being not able B. him not to be able C. his not being able D. him to be not able 对比:depend on sb. to do / doing sth. call on sb. to do sth.

appeal to sb. to do sth. arrange for sb. to do sth. demand for sb. to do sth.


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