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obtain attain gain等区别


obtain 指经过努力,技能,工作等得到所需要的东西,不含有难以达到之意

1. Howard had failed to obtain a scholarship. 霍华德没能得到奖学金。

2.I haven't been able to obtain that book anywhere.

我到处都没买

到那本书。

3.obtain information/knowledge/one`s degree 获取信息/知识/学位等

【语法用法】 obtain sb sth=obtain sth for sb 使某人得到......

Her play obtained her great fame.

attain vt .实现, 获得( 为正式用词,多用于庄重场合,主要指怀有较大抱负或强烈的愿

望,通过不懈的努力达到一般人不易达到之目的或得到珍贵的东西) ;

达到(地步,境界,层次,水平,年龄,状况等)

1. The scientist attained great fame by a new discovery.

那科学家由于一次新发现而出了名。(比较上个例句)

(比较:gain reputation/respect,说明此时也可用 gain 代替 attain)

2. attain my purpose 达到目的 =to attain the end. 达到目的

3.The country attained its independence in 1972.

这个国家在1972年获得了独立。(怀有极大抱负,最终争取到了独立这个地位) 4.He attained the position of minister. 他得到了部长的职位。

5.She attained her ambition of becoming a pilot. 她实现了成为一名飞行员的志向。

achieve 强调由于极大的努力,克服困难后:达到目标,取得成功,实现梦想/雄心壮志, 完成任务等 1.They achieved some victories despite these setbacks. 尽管受到这些挫折, 他们还是取得了一些胜利。 2.You will achieve your ambition if you work hard. 如果你努力, 你的抱负是可以实现的。 acquire 指经过不懈努力才获得的技术,知识等抽象的东西,也指养成习惯等 gain 多指付出极大努力后挣得或赢得给自己带来优势的东西,如某种利益、好处、经验等; 还表示增加已有的东西,如 gain weight=put on weight(反:lose weight) 1.The man gained a lot in the business, but he lost the respect of his friends. 那个人做这买卖赚了很多钱, 但他却失去了朋友们对他的尊敬。 2.He fought bravely in many battles and gained their respect. 在多次战役中他英勇作战, 从而赢得了大家的尊敬。 3.Our school has gained a good reputation. get 用得最广, 可指以各种方式获得各种东西。 1.Where can I get enough information? 我从哪儿能得到足够的资料? 2.They got notice from the police.他们从警察那里得到通知。

练习

1.After so many years of hard work,he finally ___ success.

A.obtained B.acquired C.achieved D.gained

2.She has ___ some very unpleasant habits recently.

A.obtained B.gained C.attained D.acquired

3.In typhoon,winds ___ a speed greater than 120 km per hour.

A.assume B.accomplish C.attain D.assemble

4.In the second experiment they ___ a very clear result.

A.obtained B.acquired C.won D.attained

5.No ___ without pains.

A.obtains B.gains C.attains D.acquires

6.She ___ a good knowledge of English from Mr. Chen's lectures.

A.achieved B.attained C.acquired D.gained


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