If you are offered a chance to study abroad for a year, where would you like to go?
Do you want to go abroad for a furth
麻省理工学院 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
麻省理工学院 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
耶鲁大学 Yale University
What are the advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad?
fun to live in a new country.
b. It will help us to be independent. c. easier to learn a foreign language; d. easier to learn advanced knowledge and technology;
e. learn a lot about local customs and broaden our mind;
f. relax and get rid of anxiety; g. People who leaves their native countries have many new experiences.
Disadvantages: a: At first it is difficult to communicate with others;
b: cost a lot of money;
c: it may be tiring to live in a new country; d: if a child studies alone in a new country, he/she must look after himself/herself.
基础写作： 1. 写作内容：请根据表格内容写一篇短文阐述出国留 学的利与弊，并表达你对中学毕业生出国留学的看法。
利 弊 1.有英语语言环境，能学 习国外先进技术，了解 1.中学生年纪太小，很难 国外风土人情 适应独自在外国生活 2.能加强外国人对中国的 2.一般家庭很难承担出国 了解，使中国更快地走 学习的昂贵费用 向世界
2. 写作要求：必须用5个句子表达所有内容； 请在20分钟内完成！
写作要求: 1. 概括作者在材料中对这一社会现象的阐述. (作者有可能同时发表观点，也可能只是转述观点) 2. 考生分析这一现象的利和弊 3. 考生阐述自己的看法或者提出应该建议和措施
“利弊优劣”类议论文写作模版： 面对这类文章，可按“引出问题…分析利弊优劣…提出个 人 观点”的模式写作。 参考写作模版： 提出问题 With the society developing,…has become popular. 分析问题 Those who are in favor of _____（现象）claim that it has a lot of advantages. To begin with, _____（优点1）. Besides, ____（优点2）. Last but not least, _____（优点3）. Those who are opposed to _____（现象）think that there are many disadvantages. In the first place, _____（不足1）. In the second place, _____(不足2). Lastly, ____（不足3）. 提出个人观点 As far as I am concerned, the advantages of __________ outweigh its disadvantages. First, ________(理由1). Second, __________（理由2）. Thirdly, ________（理由3）.
提出问题 Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___问题______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __问题_____. 分析问题 Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in other words, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition,___缺点二 ______. 提出个人看法 To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of ____讨论议题______ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.
提出问题 Nowadays many people prefer _____事物_____ because it has a significant role in our daily life. 分析问题 Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ---------------(优点1). Besides -------------------（优点2）. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(缺点1)．To make matters worse,-----------------(缺点2)． 你的看法 Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法)． (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of _____, we should try to reduce its negative effects. Only in this way, --------<对前景的预测 >．)
Recently the issue of whether or not______(讨论话题) has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public. There are two major arguments that can be made for_________. For one thing, __________can bring ____ to_____________(优点一). For another, it is widely hold that people usually ____when ____________(优点二). But we must not lose sight of the fact that there are also drawbacks to__________, among which are ____________(列举缺点). For instance, it can be __________to _____________(举例说明). In addition, many people find it ________(形容词)to _______________(第二个缺点) When asked to __________, I tend to ____________. This is because I _______________(原因一). Furthermore, _______________________(原因二). Finally, ______________(原因三).
Fast reading 1. Which country does Xie Lie study in? How long has she been there? She studies in England. She’s been there
for six months. 2. Which two types of people have helped Xie Lei most since she came to England?
The host family and her tutor.
C Para.1____ A Para.2____
match the main idea to each paragraph. F B Para.3____ Para.4____
E G D Para.5_______ Para.6_______ Para.7_______
A. The general introduction to Xie Lei and her study B. The advantages of living with a host family. C. Xie Lei, a Chinese girl, is studying in a foreign country--London. D. Xie Lei is getting used to the Western University’s way of
learning. E.. The newspaper will follow Xie Lei’s progress in later editions. F. The difficulties Xie Lei met while living in London. G. Xie Lei feels much more at home in England now and is living an active life.
I. Choose the best answer..
1) Who does Xie Lei board with in England? A. Her classmates B. Herself C. A host family D. Her family 2) Why does Xie Lei have such a decision that she would like boarding while studying in England? A. She feels lonely while staying in a foreign country. B. She is afraid to get used to a new life in a new country. C. She can make good preparations for her courses. D. She can have opportunities to learn more about life and customs in a new country.
3) How does Xie Lei try to get used to the new life in England?
A. She tries to avoid rising a feeling of homesick. B. She tries to join in a few university clubs to share more social activities and meet some people she had much in common with C. She tries to put her heart into her preparation course. D. She tries to protect herself from the strange environment and does nothing to make herself familiar with the culture. 4) What can we learn from Xie Lei according to the passage? A. She is timid. C. She is determined. B. She is responsible. D. She is honest.
? 5.What dose the passage mainly tell us?
? A. Idioms are not so difficult to understand. ? B. Foreign students like Xie Lei need one year to prepare for their majors. ? C. Chinese student Xie Lei adjusts to a whole new way of life and makes progress in study. ? D. Chinese student Xie Lei fits in well with her host family.
the following sentences are true or false
1. Xie Lei came to the university to complete a science qualification.
2. At first, Xie Lei didn’t get used to the life in London, now she gets used to it.
3. Xie Lei lives in the student accommodation. a host family
4. Xie Lei found the preparation course was useless to learn.
While studying in London, Xie Lei has some difficulties as well as benefits. Read the passage again, and try to find them according to the diagram given.
Benefits of doing a preparation course 1.to learn how to _______ Western fulfill _________ ____________ . academic requirements 2. to get used to a new __________________________________. way of life and improve her English of living with a host family everyday life 1.to learn more about _____________ and customs ________. 2.to have people explain things _______________ not understood
of having a tutor
1.to explain about why you cannot
______ other people’s work without use
_______________it acknowledging 2.to ___________ you to express your encourage own ideas with reasons
at the university widely 1.learning to read ________ and ________the texts. analyze expressing 2. ___________one’s own opinion with __________. reasons of a new way of life 1. finding a __________ between study balance and a _________. social life friends 2. making new __________.
Two in a group to make a dialogue: Suppose one of you is a newspaper reporter. You want to interview Xie Lei about her life in England. The following words or phrases may help you: Keep it up, get along, make progress, board, adjust to, It is the first time….get used to, as far as one is concerned, feel at home, all the best, etc.