英语动词有两种语态： 主动语态 (the Active Voice) 被动语态 (the Passive Voice)
We planted the tree.
>The tree was planted by us.
a computer, use, class
A computer is used in our class every day.
bank, rob yesterday
The bank was robbed yesterday. man-made satellite, send up, space, last year A man-made satellite was sent up into space last year.
They can sing some beautiful songs.
Some beautiful songs can be sung by them.
English is spoken
We cleaned the classroom yesterday. 昨天我们打扫了教室。 The classroom was cleaned by us yesterday. 昨天教室被我们打扫了。
一 构成: A 一 般现在时被动 B一 般过去时被动 C 现在进行时被动 D 现在完成时被动 E 一般将来时被动 F含情态动词被动 am/is/are + done was/ were + done
am/is/are + being done
have/has + been done 四种 情态动词+be done
1 2 3 4
will / shall be + v. (原形)
be going to + v. (原形) be to + v. (原形)
be about to + v. (原形)
Grammar The usage of the future passive voice 将来时的被动语态 1. We will discuss the problem at the meeting. The problem will be discussed at the meeting.
2. I will finish my homework in ten minutes. My. Homework will be finished in ten minutes. 3. They will invite us to the party. We will/shall be invited to the party.
将来时的被动语态的基本形式： 主语+will/shall be done…… Shall 用于第一人称，will用于各种人称
be going to do sth. be going to be done
常用来表示按计划或安排将来要发生的被动 动作。 E.g.:那座旧的图书馆很快要被拆除了。 The old library is going to be pulled down soon. E.g.:他的新书下个月就要出版了。 His new book is going to be published next month.
be to do sth. be to be done
E.g.:这个任务要在10分钟之内完成。 The task is to be finished in ten minutes. E.g.:你们的家庭作业明天必须要交上来。 Your homework is to be handed in tomorrow.
be about to do sth. be about to be done
The wall is about to be painted by the worker.
1 2 3 4
will / shall be done
be going to be done be to + be done
be about to be done
Let us practice
1.They will give her a gold medal.（被动语态） She will be given a gold medal. 2.The construction workers are going to put down the old temple.（被动语态） The old temple is going to be pulled down.
3. We are to repair the machine tomorrow.（被动语 态）
The machine is to be repaired by us tomorrow. 4. These trees are going to be cut down ．(否定式） These trees are not going to be cut down．
5.many new sport venues will be built for the Beijing Olympic Games.(一般疑问句） Will many new sport venues be built for the Beijing Olympic Games? 6. The sports meeting is to be held on Dec. 5. When is the sports meeting to be held? 7.The football match is going to be held in our school next week . Where is the football match going to be held next week?
一般将来时的被动语态在各种句式中的用法 The 30th Olympic Games will be hosted by London in the year 2012.
否定式：主语+will/shall not be done… The 30th Olympic Games will not be hosted by London in the year 2012. 一般疑问式：Will +主语+be done…? Will the 30th Olympic Games be hosted by London in the year 2012?
特殊疑问式： 特殊疑问词+will+主语+be done…? When will the 30th Olympic Games be hosted in the year 2012?
1.The rabbits will eat the carrots.
The carrots will be eaten by the rabbits.
Will the carrots be eaten by the rabbits?
What will be eaten by the rabbits?
The carrots will not be eaten by the rabbits.
从A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项。 1. The young man says that he will leave the company if he __ for this. A.will be punished B. would be punished C. is punished D. is going to be punished 2. When the repair work ______, more visitors will come to this famous temple. A. is going to finish B. is finished C. will be finished D. finished
在由when，if引导的时间、条件状语从句中 ，要用一般现在时的被动语态表示一般将 来时的被动语态。如： If more time is given to me, the problem will be worked out. When the dam（堤坝） is completed, the Changjiang River will be effectively(有效地 ） controlled.
? 1. 某些感观动词表被动含义如 feel / look / taste / smell / sound
? This shirt feels much softer than that one. ? This orange tastes nice .
? 2. 在 need / want / require / deserve + doing 句型中,动名词表示被动. ? The garden needs watering = ? The garden needs to be watered . ? 3. 有些动词的不定式( blame / let / rent 用 主动表被动
? Nobody was to blame for the accident . ? The house is to let .
? 4、以 –able / --ible 结尾的adj 表被动
? The tickets are available for one month .
? The fish was hardly eatable .
5. 一些介词短语用作定语或表语时表被动 ? The thief was under arrest . ? Apples are on sale .
? 6. 一些表示主语性质特征的表语形容词如 easy / difficult / hard /easy ,所跟的不定 式用主动表被动, 不定式与句子的主语构成 逻辑上的动宾关系.
? The question is easy to answer .= ? It’s easy to answer the question .
1 The silence of the library ___only by the sound of pages being turned over .
A has been broken B breaks C broke D was broken
2 Sarah ,hurry up ,I ‘m afraid you won’t have time to ___before the party . A get changed B get change C get changing D get to change
3 Rain forests __ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future .
A cut C are being cut B are cut D had been cut
4 I need one more stamp before my collection ___. A has completed B completes C has been completed D is completed
5 All the preparations for the task ___, and we are ready to start .
A completed B had been completed C have been completed D complete
6 Hundreds of jobs ____if the factory closes. A lost B will be lost C are lost D will lose
7 He told us to keep a secret of the things __.
A discussing B to discuss
C being discussed D having discussed
8 The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for the Beijing Olympics __by 2006 . A has been completed B has completed C will have been completed D will have completed
9 When first __ to the market ,these products enjoyed great success .
A introducing B introduced C introduce D being introduced
10 More patients __in hospital this year than last year . A treated B have treated
C had been treated D have been treated
11 The new books are of great use . They __well and __already .
A sell / have been sold out B sold / had sold out C sell / sell out D sold / have sold out
12 There are pairs ___ ,but I’m at a loss which to buy . A to be chosen B to choose from C chosen D for choosing
13 Many foreigners think that Chinese is too difficult ___. A to learn B learning
C to be learned D learned
14 The child need ___to school and __.
A to go / to educate B going / to educate
C to go / educating D going / educating 15 ---Do you like the material ? ---- Yes .it ___ very soft . A is feeling B is felt C felt D feels