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Book1-Unit1


课程名称:大学英语新视野第一册 课程类型:必修 第 1 次课 学时:2 1. 教学内容(按章、节) :Unit 1 Section A Learning a Foreign Language 2. 教学目的: After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to : (1) Understand the

importance of learning a foreign language (2) Understand the main idea and structure of the text. (3) Master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text. (4) Learn and practice the way of cause and effect. 3. 教学重点和难点: Lead-in, language points, practice the way of cause and effect 4. 主要参考资料: New Horizon College English (Second Edition) Reading and Wring 1, Student’s Book New Horizon College English (Second Edition) Reading and Wring 1, Teacher’s Book Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English 5. 教学进程:Teaching time allocation: Warm-up activity, pre-reading activity and new words Structure analysis and detailed study of the text Exercise of text A 2 periods 2 periods 1 periods

Warm-up Activity (20 m) Picture show and group discussion 1. What You Know. ? Name as many languages as you know ? In how many languages can you say “hello”? Possible Answer: Japanese, Korean, French, German, English… “Hello” “你好”.. 2. Is there any other language that you want to learn? Why? Possible Answer: I want to learn Korean in that I’m crazy about Korean soap drama. Every time I watch the show, I want to study the language to know the plot better. Pre-reading activities (15 m) Step 1 Background Knowledge—American Education System Education in the United States is provided by public schools and private schools. Education is compulsory over an age range starting between five and eight and ending somewhere between ages sixteen and eighteen, depending on the state. In most

schools, education is divided into three levels: elementary school, middle or junior high school, and high school. Children are usually divided by age groups into grades, ranging from kindergarten and first grade for the youngest children, up to twelfth grade as the final year of high school. Step 2 Watch a short video clip about the construction of Babel Tower and then have a discussion with the classmates. Step 3 ? Why God make people speak different languages? ? How many languages did people speak before the construction of Babel Towel? ? When did you start learning a second language? ? Why do you think people need to learn a second language? New words (55 m) 1. reward: v. repay rewarding :adj. be well worth eg: Success at the Olympic Games rewarded his efforts. 在奥运会上的成功使他的努力得到了报偿 eg: Taking care of children is trying, but it is rewarding-you will win love and respect from them. (be well worth) 照看孩子很费神,但也是有收获的——你也赢得他们的爱戴与尊敬。 2. frustrate: vt.to discourage frustrating vs. frustrated eg: After 2 hours’ frustrating delay, our train at last arrived. 经过 2 小时令人心焦的耽搁后,我们的火车终于到达了。 eg: It is frustrating to learn that all these years’ efforts have come to nothing. 得知这些年的努力都付之东流真令人泄气。 3. be worth well doing sth./ doing sth.: 值得做某事 eg: Most students consider cheating on an exam something not worth their risk. 大多数学生认为考试作弊是不值得冒险的事。 eg: This report on “Super Girl” is well worth reading. 这份有关超级女生的报告很值得一读。 4. positive: adj. helpful, constructive eg: Positive suggestions are always welcome. 欢迎提出建设性的建议。 eg: Attitude decides everything, so try to take positive attitudes on everything. 态度决定一切,所以对每件事都要采取积极的态度。 5. communication: n. the act of communicating eg: Being deaf and dumb makes communication very difficult. 又聋又哑很难与人交流 eg: It is well known that many of our problems are caused at least in part by lacking communication with each other. 众所周知,我们之间的许多问题至少部分是由于缺乏相互交流引起。 6. access: the right of entering/ using/ reaching eg: With broad-band technology, netizens may get a quicker access to the Internet. 有了宽带网技术,网民能更快地连上互联网

eg: All the students can have access to the school library. 所有学生都可以借阅图书馆的书籍。 gain / get / have / keep access to 有权权力使用/进入 …… 7. virtual: adj 虚拟的 eg: With the use of the Internet, many virtual communities spring up. 由于因特网的使用,许多虚拟社区雨后春笋般涌现出来。 eg: He learned to speak English in the virtual classroom rather than in the regular classroom. 他是在网上的虚拟课堂里而不是普通课堂里学会说英语的。 8. embarrass: v. to feel uncomfortable and anxious eg: A good teacher should always avoid embarrassing students. 一位好老师应当尽量避免使学生感到难堪 eg: Have you been in that sort of embarrassing situation? 你是否遇到过那种令人尴尬的处境? 9. commitment: n. the state of being devoted eg: Acquiring knowledge requires much commitment. 学习知识需要专心致志。 eg: They are looking for someone with a real sense of commitment to the job. 他们在寻找对此工作真正能尽职尽责的人。 10. benefit: n. anything that brings help or profit eg: The aid program has brought lasting benefits to the country. 此项援助方案给该国家带来了长久的利益 eg: He felt that he got much benefit from conversations with foreigners. 他觉得自己通过与外国人交谈受益匪浅 11. be far from adj.: 远不尽如人意 eg: Although our environment is still far from perfect, we haven’t lost the desire to change it for the better. 尽管我们的环境还远不尽人意, 我们并没有失去使其改善的意愿。 eg: Far from cheap, everything is expensive in this shop. 这家商店的商品一点都不便宜,而是很贵。 12. to feel like doing sth.: 想要做 eg: Could we stop playing the cards?I feel like having a rest. 可以不打牌了吗?我想休息一会儿。 eg: At the sight of the miserable scene, the lady feels like crying. 看到这可怕的光景,这位女士想哭。 13. trade for: exchange for eg: In order to pay off debts, he had to trade his piano for money. 为了还债,他只好把钢琴拿去换钱 eg: He decided to trade his car for a truck. 他决定用他的小汽车换一辆卡车。 14. reach out to: 接触 eg:Being homesick, I often reach out to my parents by telephone. 因为想家,我常常通过电话与父母亲联系。 eg: With the introduction of Internet, we can reach out to our friends by e-mail.

由于因特网的使用,我们可以通过电子邮件与朋友联系。 Answer the following questions, using one of the new words. Write your answer in the space provided. 1. Which word goes with “having a higher position”? senior 2. Which word goes with “create a feeling of fear”? intimidate 3. Which word goes with “get something as a result of what one has done”? reap 4. Which word goes with “a big difference between two”? gap 5. Which word goes with “the state of order or a branch of learning”? discipline Homework 1. Review of new words in text A 2. Preview of Text A 6. 教后感

课程名称:大学英语新视野第一册 课程类型:必修 第 2 次课 学时:2 1. 教学内容(按章、节) :Unit 1 Section A Learning a Foreign Language 2. 教学目的: After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to: (1) Understand the importance of learning a foreign language (2) Understand the main idea and structure of the text. (3) Master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text. (4) Learn and practice the way of cause and effect. 3. 教学重点和难点: Lead-in, language points, practice the way of cause and effect 4. 主要参考资料: New Horizon College English (Second Edition) Reading and Wring 1, Student’s Book New Horizon College English (Second Edition) Reading and Wring 1, Teacher’s Book Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English 5. 教学进程:Teaching time allocation: Warm-up activity, pre-reading activity and new words Structure analysis and detailed study of the text Exercise of text A Extensive Reading (10 m) Text Structure Analysis:

2 periods 2 periods 1 periods

Students are given 5 minutes to read through the passage and analyze the structure Part I (Para. 1) Introduction: Learning a foreign language was one of the most difficult yet most rewarding experience of my life. Part II (Para. 2-7) The author’s 4 stages of language learning: .junior middle, senior middle, college, online learning Part III (Para. 8) Conclusion: learning a foreign language has been the most trying experience for me, but one that I wouldn’t trade for anything. Intensive Reading (80min)

Part I (Para 1) Questions:
What does Paragraph 1 function as in light of the structure of the passage? It works as the thesis statement of the text. The topic sentence is that: “it was well worth the effort.”

Language Points:
1. “Although at times, learning a language was frustrating, it was well worth the effort.” (Para. 1) eg: 他决定去看一看那栋房子,因为它值得买下来 He has decided to have a look at the house for it is well worth buying.

Part Ⅱ: (Para. 2-7) Questions:
1. Why did the writer enjoy learning English in junior middle school (Para. 2) The writer had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all of the students. 2. How did his experience in learning English in college differ from his experience in junior middle school? (Para. 4) The classes were very large so the author can only answer a couple of questions. And he also got intimidated since other students spoke much better than he did. 3. Why didn’t the author feel intimidated while he was taking an online course? (Para. 7) The author took all the time I needed to think out his ideas and wrote a reply before posting it on the screen.

Language Points:
1. The Cause-Effect Structure Topic: my learning experience in junior middle school Cause: I had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all students

Effect: I eagerly answered all the questions. I was at the top of class. 2. “Because of this positive method, I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worry much about making mistakes.” (Para 2) Because of…, sb adv. does sth / is + adj. to do sth, never worrying/caring much about… 由于……,某人很做某……事,从不怎么担心…… eg: Because of selfness, he is always self-centered, never caring about others’ feelings. 由于他的自私,他总是以自我为中心,从不关心别人的感受。 eg: Because of the deep love for her aunt, she will try her best to cure her illness, never worrying about the expenses 由于对她姑姑深深的爱, 她会尽力治好她的病,根本不顾及所花的费用。 3. “Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed a long stick at us and, shaking it up and down, shouted, “No! No! No!” It didn’t take me long to lose my eagerness to answer questions.” (Para. 3) How to paraphrase the underlined sentence? I was no longer eager to answer questions after a short time. 4. “Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but also I totally lost my desire to say anything at all in English.” (Para. 3) eg: Not only did he finish his homework, but he also cleaned the room. 他不仅做了作业,而且还打扫了房间 eg: With the help of online learning, not only did she speak English more correctly, but also more fluently. 在网络学习的帮助下,她不仅英语说的更正确了,也更流利了。 eg: Not only does she easily accept her classmates’ opinion, but she is also polite. 她不仅很容易接受舍友的意见,而且还很礼貌。 6. The Cause-Effect Structure Topic: My learning experience in senior middle school was different from before Cause: My new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answer. Effect: It didn’t take me long to lose my eagerness to answer questions. 6. “However, that state didn’t last long. When I went to college, I learned that all students were required to take an English course.” (Para. 4) Use your own dictionary; look up the word “state”. How many meanings does it have? And which one does it mean here? 7. “Unlike my senior middle school teacher, my college English teachers were patient and kind, and none of them carried long, pointed sticks!” (Para. 4) Unlike vs. dislike Unlike: prep. Different from

Dislike: v. do not like Unlike my senior middle school teacher, my college English teachers were patient and kind, and none of them carried long, pointed sticks. Everyone here seems to dislike him. 8. “However, the situation was far from perfect, though.” (Para 4) eg: Far from angry, he is very happy 他一点都不生气,反而很高兴。 9. “The communication medium was a computer, phone line, and modem.” (Para 5) Use your own dictionary; look up the word “medium”. How many meanings does it have? And which one does it mean here? Tell the meaning of “medium” in the following sentences: ? TV has become the most important medium. ? Poetry is the best medium for communicating emotion, he says. ? She was of medium height and medium build. 10. “Online learning is not easier than regular classroom study; it requires much time, commitment and discipline to keep up with the flow of the course.” (Para 6) eg: I’m having trouble keeping up with the rest of the class. 跟上全班的学习我有点困难 11. “I worked hard to meet the minimum standards set by the course and to complete assignments on time.” (Para 6) Use your own dictionary, look up the word “meet”. How many meanings does it have? And which one does it mean here? 12. “But I didn’t feel intimidated by students who spoke faster than I did because I took all the time I needed to think out my ideas and wrote a reply before posting it on the screen.” (Para 6) Please divide the sentence into different sections based on their meaning and translate the sentence. But I didn’t feel intimidated by students/ who spoke faster than I did/ because I took all the time I needed to think out my ideas/ and wrote a reply/ before posting it on the screen. 13. “Then, one day I realized I could understand just about everything I came across, and most importantly, I could “say” anything I wanted to in English.” (Para 7) eg: The young man would get nervous every time he came across a girl. 那个年轻人每次遇到女孩子就紧张

14 “Although I still made many mistakes and was continually learning, I had finally reaped the benefits of all that hard work.” (Para 7) How many ways to say “benefit”? advantage, merit, good points

Part Ⅲ:Para (8) Questions:
1. Why does the writer enjoy speaking with other people? He can meet new people, participate in conversation, and form new, unforgettable friendship.

Language Points:
1. “Learning a foreign language has been a most trying experience for me, but one that I wouldn’t trade for anything.” (Para 8) 学习外语对我来说是非常艰辛的经历,但却是一种拿什么我都不换的经历。 Doing sth. is a most + adj. experience for sb., but one that he / she would not trade / give / exchange for anything. 由于/ 既然某人做某事,而不再……, 他/她就能做另一事。 eg: Pursuing my goal has been a most trying experience, but one that I would not trade for anything. 追求自己的目标对我来说是非常艰辛的经历,但却是一种用什么我都不换的 经历。 eg: Looking after my baby was a most challenging experience, but one that I would not exchange for anything. 照顾孩子对我来说是非常具有挑战的经历, 但却是一种我拿什么都不换的经 历。 2. “Now that I speak a foreign language, instead of staring into space when English is being spoken, I can participate and make friends.” (Para. 86) 既然我现在已能够说外语, 别人讲英语时我不再茫然不解了, 我能够参与并结交 朋友。 Now that sb. does / has done sth., instead of …, he / she can /should do sth. else. 由于/ 既然某人做某事,而不再……, 他/她就能做另一事。 eg: Now that you have set your goal in life, you should work hard toward it instead of sitting there with nothing to do. 既然你确定了自己的人生目标,你应当努力为之奋斗,而不是坐在那无所事事. eg: Now that you are willing to accept his advice, instead of turning a blind eye to it, you can cooperate with each other. 既然你愿意接受他的意见,而不再对其视而不见,那你们就可以进行合作了。 3.本课的许多句子中出现了现在分词作状语的例子,你能试着去找一下吗:

?

Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed a long stick at us and, shaking it up and down, shouted… (Line.11, 伴随状语). ? …I needed to think out my ideas and wrote a reply before posting it on the screen. (Line.39, 时间状语) 1. 伴随状语 They stood there for an hour watching the game. = They stood there for an hour and watched the game. 2. 原因状语 Not knowing her address, we couldn’t get in touch with her. =Because we didn’t know her address, we couldn’t get in touch with her. 3. 时间状语 Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy. =When they heard the news, they all jumped with joy. 4. When I caught him ________, I stopped buying things there and started dealing with another shop. (1997,1-44) A. cheating B. cheat C. to cheat D. to be cheating After the Arab states won independence, great emphasis was laid on expanding education, with girls as well as boys ________. (1997, 1-26) A. to be encouraged B. been encouraged C. being encouraged D. be encouraged Answer: A. C

Useful Expressions:
很值得去努力/付出时间/付出金钱/值得我们去冒险 to be well worth the effort/the time/ the money/ our risk (L 3) 在班里名列前茅 to be at the top of the class(L8) 失去说英语的欲望 to lose the desire to say anything in English(L16) 远不尽人意/远远不够 to be far from perfect /satisfactory/ enough (L21) 接触到必要的设备 to get access to the necessary equipment (L 29-30) 跟上课程进度 to keep up with the flow of the course /to keep pace with(L33) 满足课程最低限度的要求 to meet the minimum standards set by the course (L.34) 因挫折而哭泣 to cry out of frustration(L.38) 想放弃

to feel like giving up(L.39) 尝到刻苦学习的甜头 to reap the benefits of hard work(L.45) 使我懂得了刻苦努力的价值 to teach me the value of hard work(L.49) 使我认识了另一种文化 to give me insights into another culture(L.49) 使我从心里乐于接受新的看待事物的方式 to keep my mind open to new ways of seeing thing(L.50) 弥合不同文化之间的鸿沟 to bridge the gap between different cultures(L.57)

Summary of the Text
Learning a foreign language is one of the most frustrating yet most (1) ____rewarding_______ experiences for me. My experience (2)_with____ English began in (3) _junior______ middle school. Because of a patient teacher and his (4) ____positive___ method, I was eager to study English and stayed at the (5) _top___ of my class. While in (6) _senior_____ middle school, however, the (8) ___impatience_______ of my teacher totally drained me of the (7) ____eagerness______ to say anything in English. That state lasted (8) __until___ I went to college, where unlike the problem I came (9) __across____ in the senior middle school, my class was very large and some students spoke better than I did. So, once again, although for different (10) ___reasons____, I was (11) __afraid_____ to speak and felt that my English would (12) __stay___ at the same level forever. Only when I took the (13) __online_____ course and participated in the (14) __virtual_____ classroom study did I come to reap the (15)_benefits_____ from English learning. To begin with, such an experience taught me the (16)_value____ of hard work. Besides, it gave me (17)__insights_____ into another culture, (18)_thus_____ keeping my mind (19) _open____ to new ways of seeing things. And most important of all, it enabled me to make an (20)___exchange______ of ideas across cultures.

Writing skill: A Paragraph of Cause and Effect
In the text, the writer describes his experience in learning English at different stages of his life. In junior middle school he made great progress. In senior middle school, however, he didn’t learn well at all. He said that he stopped talking in class because his teacher was not that patient. This is an example of cause and effect writing. It gives us the reason for something happening.

Writing Exercise
Write an essay in which you discuss the causes or effects of our society’s fascination with reality TV. An essay on the causes would discuss why Chinese are so intrigued

with reality television shows. An essay of effects would show how this fascination with reality TV has affected Chinese society.

Homework
1. Do the exercise of section A 2. Write cause and effect 3. Recite paragraph 8 of section A 6. 教后感

课程名称:大学英语新视野第一册 课程类型:必修 第 1 次课 学时:1 1. 教学内容(按章、节) :Unit 1 Section A Learning a Foreign Language 2. 教学目的: After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to : (1) Understand the importance of learning a foreign language (2) Understand the main idea and structure of the text. (3) Master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text. (4) Learn and practice the way of cause and effect. 3. 教学重点和难点: Lead-in, language points, practice the way of cause and effect 4. 主要参考资料: New Horizon College English (Second Edition) Reading and Wring 1, Student’s Book New Horizon College English (Second Edition) Reading and Wring 1, Teacher’s Book Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English 5. 教学进程:Teaching time allocation: Warm-up activity, pre-reading activity and new words Structure analysis and detailed study of the text Exercise of text A Quiz of the Text Vocabulary (10 min) Homework Presentation (20 min) 1. Student’s Presentations on their homework 2. Teacher’s Summary about the homework 2 periods 2 periods 1 periods

Exercises in Text A (15 min) 1. Vocabulary: 2. Collation 3. Word building 4. Sentence structure 5. Translation 6. Cloze Homework: Preview the text of section B of Unit 2 6. 教后感


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