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2016届江苏省苏州市公开课大赛高中英语读写作文指导How to write a summary教学课件共30张PPT


How to Write a Summary
曹本祺
2015年11月27日

A father came home from work late, tired and exhausted. He worked day and night, hoping to earn more money for his only child. His

5-year-old daughter was waiting for him at the door. “Dad, how much do you earn an hour?” asked the daughter. “Why do you ask that?” “I just want to know. Please tell me how much you earn an hour.” “If you really want to know ... I earn $20 an hour.” “Oh,” the little girl replied with her head down. Looking up, she said, “Dad, may I borrow $10?” The father became angry. “Go to bed right now! Think about how selfish you are. I work hard every day, but you just want to buy your silly toy!” The little girl quietly went to her bedroom, feeling sad. After an hour or so, the father calmed down and started to feel sorry because she really didn’t ask for money very often. So he went to his daughter’s room and gave her $10. The little girl jumped from the bed. “Oh, thank you, Dad!” She was really happy indeed. Then she took out her own savings and said, “Dad, I have $20 now. Can I buy an hour of your time? Please come home earlier tomorrow. I would like to have dinner with you.”

1、以约30个词概括上文的主要内容。 2、以约120个词就“家长的陪伴”的话题谈谈你的想法,内容包括: (1)阅读上文之后的感想; (2)叙述你在家长陪伴下的一次难忘的经历; (3)家长的陪伴对孩子成长的影响。

读写类作文
任务 考查能力

概括短文的内容要点
(约30个词)

阅读及概括能力,语言
组织能力

发表看法/叙述相关的 分析问题、解决问题的

经历(约120个词)

能力,内容组织能力。

How to Write a Summary

What is a summary?

A summary is a brief account of the main points of an article in your own words .

Styles of Writing
1

narration argumentation exposition

2

3

Narration The six elements of a narrative passage
who when where what how why

Hi, I am Mike. I just went through my first year of college. The toughest part on me at first was the general adjustment. I went to a very small high school where my mom was a teacher and she did practically everything for me. But at the college I need to know some basic life skills, such as balancing a check-book, laundry, and the things you have to be able to handle that I never thought of in the high school! It was really tough for me at first and I got badly homesick. Once that first semester was over and I got used to the college life, I love it—good facilities, helpful instructors, and a good library. The student’s Union organizes various parties every week. I also go to cinemas and concerts, and often spend Saturday nights in pubs and clubs. One thing I think is important is to get yourself active in things. I was on dance team in college and met a ton of people that way—it was so much easier to make friends when you had a common ground.

the six elements of a narrative passage
who
when/where /what how (process)

Mike
his first year of college at first: then: at last: toughest…adjustment got used to it loved the college life

why

got himself active in things

A suggested sample
Mike shared with us his first year of college life. didn’t adjust himself well but after At first he ______________________, getting active in things for one semester, enjoyed himself adapted to it and______________. he ____________

Consolidation 南京市2014届高三第二次模拟考试
A boy found an eagle’s egg and he put it in the nest of a hen. The eagle hatched and thought he was a chicken. He grew up doing what chickens do—scratching for food and flying short distances. It was a dull life. Gradually the eagle grew older and bitter. One day he and his chicken friends saw a beautiful bird soaring on the currents of air, high above the mountains. “Oh, I wish I could fly like that!” said the eagle. The chicken replied, “Don’t give it another thought. That’s the mighty(强大的) eagle, the king of all birds—you could never be like him!” And the eagle didn’t give it another thought. He went on cackling and complaining about life. He died thinking he was a chicken. My friends, you too were born an eagle. The Creator intended you to be an eagle, so don't listen to the chickens! 【写作内容】 1、以约30个词概括上文的主要内容。 2、以约120个词谈谈你对“自信”的看法,内容包括: (1) 鹰成为鸡的原因; (2) 这则故事的启示。

Consolidation 南京市2014届高三第二次模拟考试

Main Points:
1. Why did the eagle live like a chicken? 2. What was his wish when he saw an eagle soaring high? 3. How did other chickens react to his wish? 4. What was his fate like in the end?

Suggested Sample:
Hatched by a hen, an eagle lived like a chicken. He wanted to fly like an eagle but was discouraged by his fellow. Eventually he died bitterly without knowing he himself was an eagle. (34 words)

Argumentation
The elements of an argumentation
a strong statement of opinion support for the opinion conclusion/suggestions topic sentences supporting sentences

the purpose of the passage

Getting up early has been regarded as a good habit since ancient times. Many years ago, people thought that if we went to bed early and get up early, we would be energetic the whole day. So, getting up early is of great importance to us all. In fact, morning is the best time of a day. In the morning, the air is the freshest and people are usually in the best conditions. Many of us may have the experiences that we memorize some things more quickly and accurately in the morning than any other time of the day. If we do some morning exercise or only take a short walk in the morning, we can build our bodies and become much healthier. Also we will have enough time to make a plan and get ready for our work or study of the day if we get up early. However, if we get up late, we will probably have to do everything in a great hurry. Let us remember getting up early is a good habit and try our best to keep it. If we stick to getting up early every day, we will certainly benefit a lot from it.

The article highlights the importance of getting up early in the morning in that it enables us to have a better memory, healthier body and better preparation for the day. The essay argues we should get up early in the morning so that we could… The passage says we should get up early if we want to…

The topic— what

Koalas are unhappy and complaining.

The reasons— why The effects— how
The solutions The conclusion

Tourists take photos.

Koalas are repeatedly awaken. Government ban the practice. Be more kind to animals.

The passage narrates that koalas that are repeatedly awaken from their deep sleep are unhappy and complaining for tourists taking photos. The author appeals to us to be more kind to animals.

Exposition
The topic—what

The reasons— why
The effects—how

The solutions
The conclusion

Have a try!

Consolidation
A father came home from work late, tired and exhausted. He worked day and night, hoping to earn more money for his only child. His 5-year-old daughter was waiting for him at the door. “Dad, how much do you earn an hour?” asked the daughter. “Why do you ask that?” “I just want to know. Please tell me how much you earn an hour.” “If you really want to know ... I earn $20 an hour.” “Oh,” the little girl replied with her head down. Looking up, she said, “Dad, may I borrow $10?” The father became angry. “Go to bed right now! Think about how selfish you are. I work hard every day, but you just want to buy your silly toy!” The little girl quietly went to her bedroom, feeling sad. After an hour or so, the father calmed down and started to feel sorry because she really didn’t ask for money very often. So he went to his daughter’s room and gave her $10. The little girl jumped from the bed. “Oh, thank you, Dad!” She was really happy indeed. Then she took out her own savings and said, “Dad, I have $20 now. Can I buy an hour of your time? Please come home earlier tomorrow. I would like to have dinner with you.”

1、以约30个词概括上文的主要内容。 2、以约120个词就“家长的陪伴”的话题谈谈你的想法,内容包括: (1)阅读上文之后的感想; (2)叙述你在家长陪伴下的一次难忘的经历; (3)家长的陪伴对孩子成长的影响。

Summary 1
tense main points What the passage tells us is that a little girl borrow ed $ ten from her father so as to ∧ make her father accompany her for just an hour. (who always came home from
hard work late ) 记叙文 定时态: 议论文 一般过去时 一般现在时

说明文

一般现在时

Summary 2
A little girl wanted to borrow $10 from her father who was tired. At the beginning the father was angry and refused the request. But he decided to gave her $10 finally. Then he know the reason why the girl want to borrow the money is to buy his time to have dinner together. (50 words)
Include too many specific details.

An Improved Version of Summary 2
A little girl wanted to borrow $10 from her father who came home from hard work late, because she hoped to buy an hour of his company.

About 30 words No examples or details
Main ideas only

Summary 3
The father who was always so busy with work that he even did not have time to accompany his little daughter in the article was a typical example of parents in modern society today, whose behavior set us thinking. Express opinions too early

Summary 4
The passage tells us that a father who worked day and night came home from work tired and exhausted and his daughter’s question “how much do you earn an hour?” made him very angry at first. But later he knew the only reason she asked this question was that she wanted to have a dinner together with him. Rely on quotations from the original passage.

Sample of Summary
A little girl was eager to spend more time with her father who was occupied with his work. So she asked her father to sell one hour of his time to accompany her.

Conclusion How to write a summary?
1. Start with a clear identification of the style of the passage. 2. Use your own words. 3. Employ the proper tense. 4. Focus on main points and leave out examples or details.

The end

Thank you!


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