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高中英语作文技巧


进入正题之前,先教你们几个当时我最喜欢我最喜欢用的装酷小技巧,首先就是 very 这个 单词,以后不要再用了,弄哪个那,extraordinary!这个单词高中生会用的不多,不用掌 握什么用法,就记住用 very 的地方都可以替换成这个,绝对比用 very 拉风! 然后那, however 这个单词不知道你们掌握得好不好,教大家一个玩赖的技巧,一个句子+逗号 +however+另

一个句子,这里面 however 是没有实际意义的,就是表转折,但你可以用这招 把两个简单句捏在一块啊!短句子成长句了! 第三个,第三个,就是把很简单的句子, 用一点小技巧,改成比较无耻的倒装句!举个例子,我不光唱歌,而且跳舞怎么说?i not onlesing,but also dance,改动一下,not only do ising,but also dance.倒装句!(虽 然简单且无耻, 但谁敢说这不是倒装句?) 此方法最适合倒装句掌握的不好的同学写出来骗 批卷老师:大哥(姐)我会倒装句! important?这是土人用的! 牛人用什么?牛人用 significant! 由于怎么说?as a result? 土人!牛人用什么?牛人用 as a consequence. 所以怎么说?so?土人!牛人怎么说?牛 人用 therefore!(别看 therefore 这个单词简单,知道用它代替 so 的同学不多啊!)举 个例子,I got up early,therefore iwaslate. 类似的替换的单词很多,比如以后 set 这个单词不要用了,替换成 establish。 越来越好怎么说? 土人也许会用 better and better,牛人只用一个单词:enhance 造个句子 we need to enhanceour English,就等于 better and better。 好怎么说?土人用 good,比他们强一点的人也许会用 great 好怎么说?土人用 good, 比他们强一点的人也许会用 great , wonderful, 但牛人用什么? 牛人用 gorgeous,更牛的人用 fabulous,简单的替换一下,水平立刻显现出不一样了。不 想要怎么说?土人会用 unwanted,牛人用 unsatisfactory。改变怎么说?土人用 change, 牛人用 transform。类似的替换技巧有很多,但由于时间太长了多数都忘了,你们自己也可 以总结积累一下,不要做土人,做牛人! 以上的问题解决了,我们来说一下语法,从句。相信很多同学掌握的不是很好,我教大家一 些简单的技巧?首先弄清句子的最主要成分是什么?主语加谓语。不管大家写多复杂的句 子,一定记住不管写多复杂的句子,没有谓语动词不叫句子!接下来具体地说语法的技巧:
?

有一个很简单的从句,叫宾语从句,I think that...... 没有人不会用吧,不过我 奉劝大家尽量别这么用, 老师批 10 张卷子看到了 8 张里面有 I think that 不烦吗? 如果一定要用宾语从句的话换一种说法: have a thought that......别看只改动 I 了一点,同位语从句!同样 I hear that 谁都会用吧,不过同样谁都会用所以我们 不要用!厉害一些的人会用:It is reported that...... 不过真正的牛人用 Ther e is a piece of news that 同样的意思,但明显比 I hear that 要帅! 还有 一种从句叫定语从句很多人也愿意用,不过我建议大家不要用,因为其实在英语里, 定语从句是种挺白痴的句子,没人说的!(你们看美国大片时发现过有人说定语从 句吗?)不过如果大家非要用我教大家一个必杀!很少有人知道的!其实定语从句 是可以并列排比的!这招凑字数最好使,写出来也挺酷的。这招凑字数最好使,写 出来也挺酷的。举个例子,我喜欢玩篮球,然后篮球有很多种特点,就可以把这些 特点用定语从句的形式并列出来:I love basketball,which is......,which i s......,which is.......其实在上千年前,我们的老祖宗就会这么用了,大家学 过韩愈的师说吧,里面有句话:师者,所以传道授业解惑也。这就是个经典的定语 从句,翻译过来就是 teacher is a job who 传道,who 授业 and who 解惑。这种定

语从句你要是用出来绝
8

对能吓批卷老师一跳!

还有种用法叫后置定语有人感觉挺难吧,其实记住个例子就行了,穿着比基尼的女孩 a gir l who wears a bikini,变成 a girls wearing a bikini 就行了,这就是后置定语,很简 单吧 语法的问题不也解决了吗, 接下来就教大家一些细节地方上的技巧, 首先因为什么怎么 说?because 绝大多数人都用这个单词,教大家一个很绝的用法,逗号+for 就可以代替 bec ause!举个例子,我总听李孝利的歌,因为我喜欢李孝利:I often hear the songs of 李孝利,for i love her 中间的逗号+for 就相当于 because,同样,掌握这个用法的同学 不多! 尽管怎么说?土人们 although,而牛人用 In spite of 举个例子,尽管你是女生你也不能 欺负我!In spite of thefact that you are 女生,you can't 欺负 me! 时间状语大家掌握的都不错吧,一看到她妈妈,小女生一下就哭了,用 when 就是土人! 直接写 seeing her mother,zhe girl cried 还有首先是 first 吧,以后大家可以写 first and foremost,和 first 一个意思,但 看上去牛 X 的多,另外,用到这个用法时还可以用到一个简单的插入结构 主语,first and foremost,谓语这就是一个插入结构,我在前面还讲了一个 however 吧,这个单词放到句子 中是没什么意义的,就是为了装酷!同样可以用到这:主语,however,谓语插入结构! 有一个句式说:“?for the simple reason that?”表示某种现象的原因是什么。然而, 很多同学一谈到原因仍然是“?because?”如果要表示“总是能够”的概念,很多同学提 笔就会写 can always,但理想的句子应该是用双重否定表示强烈的肯定,用 never fail to。 注意英语中一些表达上的习惯。比如在正式文体的写作中,很少用 “it isn’t”这样的略 缩形式,而是 “it is not”。同理,在正式文体中的日期一般不缩写,阿拉伯数字一般会 用英文表达(特别长的数字除外)。 许多同学在写作文时,习惯于把 “since” “because” “for”这样的词放在句首引 导原因状语从句。事实上,在我们见到的英语报刊杂志文章中,这样的从句一般都是放在主 句之后的。另外, “and”也常常被误放在一句话的开头,表示两个句子之间的并列或递进 关系。其实,经常留心地道的英语文章能发现,如果是并列关系,完全可以不用连词;如果 是递进关系,用 “furthermore”“what is more”更为普遍 Accordingto(根据)??题目大意??Ibelieve that(我认为) ??你的观点 2.As far as we know(我们都知道)??题目大意??from my point of view (我认 为)??你的观点 First (首先)??second(其次)??at last (最后)?? First(首先)??andthen (然后)??inconclusion(最后,总之) Asfar as we know(我们都知道)??moreover(而且,此外)?? specially(特 别是)??inconclusion(最后,总之)表并列: similarly 同样 的 / in the same way 以同样的方式 表转折:however/but 但是 表对比:notthat ?but that?不是?而是?/ one hand?.on the other hand 一方

面?另一 方面?/ unlike?与?不同/not so much?.as?与其?不如? 表目的:forthe???.为了? 表因果:therefore 因此,所有/ so 所以 表例证:forexample 例如 表假设:if 如果 表让步: although?虽然?? (注意: 后不可接 but! 虽然但是不可这样连用) course /of 当然?/clearly?显然? allin all(总的来说)?? byand large (总的来说)?? +inmy opinion(我认为)?? nomatter how(不管怎样)?? onthe whole(总的来说)
◆相关过渡语

1).表示时间顺序:first, then, afterwards, meanwhile, later,first of all, finally, atlast? 2).表示空间顺序:near, next to, far from, in front of, on the left, on one side? 3).表示比较、对照:like, unlike, such as, but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary,nevertheless, otherwise? 4).表示因果关系:because, for, as a result, therefore, thus? 5).表示递进关系:besides, what’s more, what was worse, moreover, furthermore, in addition, ontop of? 6).表示并列关系:and, as well as, also? 7).表示总结性:in general, in a word, in short, on the whole, to sum up, in brief, to conclude 1.occur 替换 think of SuddenlyI had an idea that someone had broken into my house. → Anidea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. Itoccurred to me that someone had broken into my house. 2.devote 替换 spend Hespends all his spare time in reading. → Hedevotes all his spare time to reading. 3.seek 替换 want / look for Theysought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees. 4.average 替换 ordinary I’man average ( ordinary ) student. 5.but 替换 very Thefilm we saw last night was very interesting. → Thefilm we saw last night was nothing but interesting. Thefilm we saw last night was anything but boring. 6.seat 替换 sit

Onhis way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, lookingworried. 7.suppose 替换 should Heis supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly. 8.appreciate 替换 thank Thankyou very much for you help. → Weappreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated. 9.the case 替换 true Idon’t think it is the case ( true ). 10.on 替换 as soon as Assoon as he arrived, he began his research. → On his arrival, he began hisresearch.. Dueto 替换 becauseof Hearrived late due to ( because of ) the storm. 12.cover 替换 walk/read Aftercovering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired. 13.contribute to 替换 be helpful/useful Plentyof memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. → Plentyof memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study. 14.round the corner 替换 coming soon/nearby
① The summervacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans? ② Li Ming studiesin a school round the corner (nearby).

15.come to light 替换 discover Thefamily were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. → Thefamily were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light. Havea ball 替换 havea good time/ enjoy oneself Aftervisiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( hada good time ). 17.come up with 替换 think of Jackis very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas. 18.set aside 替换 save Somestudents think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books.(2004 天津卷) 19.be of + n. 替换 adj. Theproducts are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China. 20.refer to 替换 talk about/ofmention Theprofessor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous cannot but / can not help but 替换 have to do Icould not but (had to) go home. 22.more often than not 替换 usually Moreoften than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.

23.lest 替换 so that /in orderthat Iwrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. → Iwrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it. belong for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换 want to do sth./wish for I want to see youvery much. → I am long to see you. 25.be caught up in/becrazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to 替换 be interested in He is caughtup in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps 26.more than 替换 very ① I’m very glad to learn that you arecoming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming inSeptember. ②Ifthere is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help perfect(ly) 替换 good/very well He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaksEnglish perfectly ( very well ). 28.do sb a/the favor 替换 help Would you please dome the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio? 29.the other day 替换 a few days ago The other day mybrother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. 30.in the course of 替换 during In the course of(During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay specialattention to your safety. 31.the majority of 替换 most consistof 替换 bemade up of Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students. 33.be worn out 替换 be tired / broken ① After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out(tired). ②Myshoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair. 34.become of 替换 happen What do think hasbecome of ( happened to ) him ? 35.attend to 替换 look after 36.on condition that 替换 as long as 37.nevertheless 替 换 however 38.express one’ssatisfaction with 替换 be satisfied with 39.spare no effo .be rushed off one’s feet 替换 be busy in doing 42.a handful of 替换 a little / some 43.meanwhile 替换 at the same time 44.get to one’s feet 替换 stand up 45.beneath 替换 under 46.occasionally 替换 sometimes /once inwhile 47.for instance 替换 for example 48.seldom 替换 not often 49.wealthy 替 换 rich 50.amazing 替换 surprising 51.as a matter of fact 替换 infact


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