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高考书面表达的写作方法


高考英语写作
【考查要点】 高考英语书面表达具体主要考查学生以下几种能力: 1.观察分析,获取,加工和输出信息的能力。 2.体现语法规则,并且正确熟练运用语法的能力。 3.语言交际表达得体,突出正确语用的能力。 4.关注社会现实,锤炼思维表达能力。 【解题指南】 要在短时间内写出一篇高分作文, 一定要遵循一个写任何作文都 可以采用的方法步骤。下文介绍书面表达解题六步骤。

1.审题 审清题意,明确要求。认真阅读书面表达试题中文字信息、图表 信息, 这是写好书面表达的关键。 弄清楚文章应采用的体裁: 记叙文、 说明文、应用文等,用第几人称写作,主要的时态范畴是什么?如何 开头、如何拓展、如何收尾,动笔之前都应心中有数。 2.抓要点 抓住要点,列出关键词。用一两个单词或短语写出每句的细节要 点,关键的连接词、转折词等。 3.扩展成句 分析要点,扩展成句。弄清文章的主题之后,根据所列要点,运 用适当的句型、时态,用联词成句的方式将关键词扩展成句。

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4.连句成文 依据篇章结构,连句成文。在连句成文之前,一定要对文章的篇 章结构有个合理清晰的构想: 要点的先后排列顺序和语篇衔接是否得 当、层次是否清楚、结构是否一目了然、主谓是否一致、开头结尾逻 辑关系是否自然、意思是否表达清楚、中心是否突出。 5.查错改错 复读作文,检查修改。打完草稿后要认真检查,修改润色,避免 不必要的错误。主要注意以下几个方面: ①要点是否遗漏,文体格式是否正确。 ②时态语态是否错误,主谓是否一致。 ③句子结构、关联词是否恰当。 ④名词的数、代词的性数格、现在分词、过去分词、冠词等是否 符合英语的习惯。 ⑤单词的拼写是否有误等。 6.规范抄写 定稿成文, 规范抄写。 书写一定要美观。 如果无法达到这一标准。 至少也应想着向这一标准看齐。 阅卷老师每天要反复看同样内容的文 章很多遍。如果连最基本的清晰度都没有,又如何获得高分呢?因此 要留出足够时间抄写,确保卷面整洁清楚。忌:书写潦草、单词模糊 不清、左右明显不齐、随意涂改、缺乏分段。

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(高中)近年高考英语书面表达析结

从近三年高考写作题来看,都在课标或考试说明中列的 24 个话题之内。根据高考写作题的命题特点,我们将 这 24 个话题整合成 16 个话题,进行分类辅导。每一个话题都包括“课标解读”“命题预测”“必备语句”和“专题练析” 四个部分。 2012 书面表达精品课件: 话题作文 1 人物人品 课标解读 指本人、家人、邻居、同学、老师、朋友和其他人的情况介绍。包括姓名、年龄、生日、出生地、地址、电话号码、 QQ 号、电子邮箱、职业、品格、性格、习惯、毅力、责任、个性心理、意志品质、业绩或成就;所在学校、年级、 班级,等等。 球星影星、同时代的出现在各领域的名人(contemporary famous people)、科学家、领袖人物、历史人物(historical persons)及其趣闻轶事。 命题预测 基础写作: 自我介绍;名人简历;名人轶事;写竞选演讲稿;写求职书或应聘信;推荐信等。 读写任务:请就性格、习惯、毅力、责任、态度等发表看法; 你认为什么品质或态度等能带来成功及其理由;你认 为怎样才能受人欢迎? 从某人的失败或成功中,你学到了什么? 必背词句 1.年龄 (1)a five-year-old boy 一个五岁的男孩 (2)a boy aged five 一个五岁的男孩 (3)in my teens /twenties 在我十/二十多岁时 (4)at the age of five 在五岁时 3

(5)As a child, I liked to... 我小时候喜欢…… 2.出生 (1)was born in ... 出生在…… (2)be/come from a wealthy family 出生于富裕人家 (3)was born into a peasant family 出生于一个农民家庭 3.能力 (1)efficient 办事高效率的 (2)intelligent 有智力的;creative 富创造力的 (3)a boy with great ability 能干的男孩 (4)a qualified teacher 一名合格的教师 (5)speak fluent English 讲流利的英语 (6)have a gift for 有……的天赋 (7)be skilled in 在……方面熟练 (8)be experienced in 在……方面有经验 4.健康 (1)be in good health/shape/condition 身体健康 (2)energetic 精力充沛的;well-built 身材健美的 (3)suffer from... 患上…… 5.经历 (1)graduate from... 从……毕业 (2)major in 以……为专业 (3)gain scholarship 获得奖学金 (4)get good grades 获得好成绩 (5)get a master’s degree 获得硕士学位

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(6)be given the title of... 获得……称号 (7)win a gold/silver/copper medal 获得金/银/铜牌 (8)gain/win the first prize/place 获得一等奖/第一名 专题练析 基础写作:写竞选学生会部长演说辞 来自学校学生会板报上的消息,学生会干部(包括学生会主席、文娱部长、体育部长、学习部长、生活部长、纪律部 长等)即将改选。假设你叫李明,有兴趣去竞选某一部长,请用英语写一份演讲稿。 [写作内容] 1.曾任班长二年; 2.选择竞选某一职位,并说明理由; 3.如果当选,你将为本校同学做些什么。 Ladies and gentlemen, Good afternoon. Thank you for coming to this election campaign today. I am Li Ming, from Class 3, Grade 2. With the trust and complete support of my class , I am delighted to announce that I am running for the Entertainment Secretary of the Student Union. As a diligent boy with great organizing ability, I have always been considered to be a good team member and have served as monitor for 2 years. I not only perform well but also do well in singing and dancing. I once won the first place in Guangzhou Singing and Dancing Contest and was given the title of Excellent Student Leader in Guangdong. If I am elected, I believe I will cooperate well with my fellow members of the Union and organize colourful activities to enrich our school life. Thank you very much! 任务写作:虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后 以约 120 个词就“虚心使人进步, 骄傲使人落后 ( Modesty helps one go forward, whereas conceit makes on e fall behind )” 进行议论,内容包括:

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(1)你是否赞同上述观点, 为什么? (2) 你今后应当如何做。 任务写作:虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后 As is known, modesty is one of Chinese traditional virtues. We were taught early in our lives that modesty helps one go forward whereas conceit makes one fall behind. This advice is of great value and I can’t agree more with the saying. Being modest, one tends to be aware of his shortcomings and would like to learn more so as to become more capable and competent. And a modest man gets along well with others while others would respect him and help him when he meets difficulties. In contrast, a conceited person tends to swell with pride and over-estimate himself. Consequently, he would stop where he is, making no more progress. Meanwhile, people may dislike him and he may feel lonely. Personally,I’ll stay modest even though I may have achieved something in life.(135 words) 话题作文 2 课标解读 就中学生而言,周围环境主要包括以下话题: 学习场所:学校、城乡公共图书馆、书店和博物馆等; 城乡环境:城市街道、交通、文化景点、名胜古迹、乡村道路、农村文化、医疗卫生场所和绿色食物生产基地等; 居住环境:包括各类房子(楼房、平房、洋房、别墅、公寓、宿舍、酒店等)及其方位、大小、用途、室内设施、价格、 建筑年份、建筑风格及其配套设施等; 银行与购物场所:各类银行与银行卡、杂货店、专卖店、时装店、超市、药店和农贸市场等。 娱乐休闲场所:公园、影剧院和文化广场等。 命题预测 命题者可能会从以下角度来命题: (1)向外宾介绍你就读的学校或你所在的年级或班级情况。 (2)向外宾介绍学校的图书馆或阅览室、植物园、电脑室、实验室、体育场馆等。 周围环境

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(3)就城乡公共图书馆、电子图书馆、书店、历史博物馆,包括建馆时间、开放时间、展出内容、教育意义和公众的 反应等进行介绍并发表看法;也可就书店图书销售的图书种类、价格及其合理性等发表看法。 (4)就城市公路、地铁,或高速公路、铁路等交通设施及交通工具的前后变化、现有情况、未来展望等进行介绍并发 表看法。 (5)就某一特色街,如饮食一条街、广州西关风情街等的方位、大小、长短、历史变迁、特色等进行介绍并发表看法。 (6)就某一社会主义新农村的“五新”(新房舍、新设施、新环境、新农民、新风尚)进行介绍并发表看法。 (7)简述过去和现在人们居住的房屋及设施的变化并发表看法。 (8)让考生以小主人的身份向前来做客的外籍朋友介绍自家房子的方位和室内情况等。 (9)就公园、园内景点、影剧院、戏剧、音乐会、文化广场、少年宫等进行介绍并发表看法。 (10)写一篇参观南京大屠杀纪念馆 (Memorial Hall of Victims in Nanjing Massacre)的日记,包括感想或发表自己的看 法。 (11)为庆祝我国建国 60 周年,市历史博物馆开设了以“东方醒狮”为主题的对中学生免费开放的展览活动。假如你去 参观了,请写一篇短文,简述参观内容及你的感想。 必背词句 1.对周围环境的描写,通常按空间顺序进行,表示方位的短语有: (1)on the left /right 在左边/右边 (2)at the back of 在……的后面 (3)in front of 在……的前面 (4)in the north of 在……的北部(内部) (5)on the south of 在……的南方(接壤) (6)to the east of 在……的东面(相离) 2.描写环境,倒装句是非常经典的句型,如: (1)Behind the street lies a small river.街道后面有一条小河。 (2)On the top of the mountain stands a 50-meter山顶上矗立着一座 50 米高的塔。

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(3)There is a bed, a sofa, a desk and a chair in the bedroom. 卧室里有一张床、一张沙发、一张桌子和一把椅子。 专题练析 基础写作:居住条件的变化 假如你住在幸福新村,有外国媒体就你村二十年来居住条件的变化采访你。 [写作内容] 请根据以下要点,写一篇短文,准备接受采访

平房住户 别墅住户 人均面积 希望

二十年前 80% 5% 8—20(平方米) 住上楼房,面积更大

现在 0 45% 30—50(平方米) 更舒适、更安全,个性化

基础写作:居住条件的变化 Great changes have taken place in the past twenty years in our village. Twenty years ago, at least 80 percent of people in our village lived in one-storeyed houses which were 8 to 20 square meters per person in size. Only 5% of the villagers had villas to live in. What they hoped most was to live in bigger-size buildings. But nowadays, no one-storeyed house exists, almost half of the people in our village own their own villas and the size for each person has also doubled. To live in more comfortable and safer houses with our own characteristics is our greatest goal in housing conditions. 任务写作:在广场上打羽毛球会留下许多隐患 以约 120 个词就“在广场上打羽毛球会留下许多隐患”的主题发表看法,内容包括: (1)简单描述这种现象; (2)分析其不良后果; (3)提出合理的建议。 读写任务:在广场上打羽毛球会留下许多隐患 At present, some people like playing badminton in the square regardless of so many senior citizens and children. Perhaps, they regard the square as a playground. Something unfortunate would happen if things go on like this.

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First of all, they would hurt others especially the old and the young because they focus on not passers-by but their own happiness while playing badminton. Besides, they would speak and laugh loudly in the course. At the same time, what they do has a bad influence on the image of a city. So, I’d like to suggest that those who play badminton in the square think more of others instead of themselves and that stricter measures should be taken to stop this behavior from now on.(123 word)

话题作文 3 学校生活与课外活动 课标解读 指在校学习的课程,学校、班级或学生会等举行的各项比赛或课外活动,包括聚会、野餐、烧烤、春游等课外活动; 也包括学生的穿着、发型,还包括预习、复习、讨论、归纳等学习活动或教师的教学方法。 命题预测 命题者可能会要求考生就某项比赛或课外活动等写一份通知,或就具体的聚会、野餐、烧烤、春游等课外活动写一 份通知或写活动后的日记。 可能要求考生就学生的穿着、发型、行为举止等发表看法;就预习、复习、讨论、归纳等课堂学习活动和教师教学 方法等发表看法;就学生对任课教师开展评教活动发表看法;学校在节假日该不该补课;学生该不该参加校外各种 形式的特长训练,如钢琴培训、外语培训、勤工俭学等。 必背词句 1.常用单词 (1)campus 校园 (2)canteen 餐厅 (3)laboratory/lab 实验室 (4)dining hall 食堂 (5)dormitory 宿舍 (6) club 俱乐部

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(7)competition 竞赛 (8)rewards 奖励 (9)achievement/result 成绩 (10) marks/grades/scores 分数 2.常用短语 (1)school dining hall 学生食堂 (2)teaching building 教学楼 (3)lecture theatre 阶梯教室 (4)the Students’ Union 学生会 (5)social practice 社会实践 (6)part-time jobs 业余工作 (7)vacation jobs 假期工作 (8)prepare lessons 备课 (9)have lessons 上课 (10)miss a lesson 误一节课 (11)prepare for lessons 预习功课 (12)stay away from school 旷课 (13)work hard at 努力做(学) (14)put one’s heart into 专心于 (15)concentrate on 全神贯注;专心于 (16)graduation ceremony 毕业典礼 (17)English evening 英语晚会 (18)after-school/extracurricular activities 课外活动 (19)social investigation 社会调查

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(20)voluntary labor 义务劳动 (21)physical activities 体育活动 (22)see the sights of 看景点 (23)have a picnic/barbecue 去野餐/烧烤 (24)have a party 举行晚会 (25)hold a sports meeting 举行运动会 (26)have an outing at the seashore 在海边郊游 (27)learn... by heart 记住 (28)keep... in mind 记住 (29)work out 计算出 (30)make progress in ... 在……方面取得进步 (31)have a good command of 精通于 (32)pass the examination 通过考试 (33)get full mark for 得满分 (34)cheat in the exam 考试作弊 (35) fail (in) the math test 数学测验不及格 (36)win the first (prize) in maths competition 数学竞赛第一名 (37)get /take the first place in the English speech contest 英语口语竞赛第一名 (36)lay a good foundation in 在……方面打下良 3.参考语句 (1)A child poor at math may be talented for painting. 一个数学差的小孩,可能是艺术天才。 (2)I prefer to fail rather than cheat in the exam.我宁愿考不及格,也不愿意考试作弊。 (3)The extracurricular activity is a necessary part of the school lives. 课外活动是学校生活不可缺少的一环。 基础写作:就“如何才能提高英语口语”的采访

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你是校报小记者,最近进行了一次采访。以下是这次采访的情况: 时间:上星期五 对象:语言学家(linguist)张教授 主题:怎样才能提高英语口语 基本信息:(1)朗读能提高口语能力,有助于英语听说读写语言技能的培养;(2)朗读是记忆的基础,会使词语的音、 形、义得到加强和巩固;(3)朗读是用清晰,响亮的声音,把书面文字转化为有声语言。 专家建议:(1)早上晨读 30 分钟~1 小时;(2)朗读单词、短文、诗歌、课文;诵读名言、格言、警句(epigram);唱英 语歌曲;(3) 举办英语晚会,英文歌曲比赛,英文剧表演。 [写作内容] 根据以上情况写一篇采访报道,并包括如下内容: 1.采访的时间、对象和主题; 2.朗读的重要性; 3.朗读的时间、内容和实践活动。 基础写作:就“如何才能提高英语口语”的采访 Last Friday, I had an interview with Linguist Professor Zhang about How to Improve Our Oral English. According to Professor Zhang, reading English aloud can not only help us improve our oral ability but also develop our language skills , such as listening, speaking, reading and writing. This is because reading aloud , which is the basis of memory, can make the sound, form and meaning of an English word strengthened and consolidated. Therefore, the linguist suggested that for thirty minutes or an hour in the morning we should read English words, passages, poems and texts, recite famous English sayings and mottos and even sing English songs. He also recommended that we should hold English evenings, English song competitions, and English drama performances. 读写任务:高中毕业后要不要上大学 [写作内容] 2009 年7月 12 日《法制晚报》报道“2009 年 834 万应届毕业高中生,报名参加高考的只有 750 万,有 84 万人退出

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高考”,除了外国抢生源和别的原因外,但有些地方掀起了“上大学无用论”。针对这一话题,你班英语老师给你推荐了 这篇故事,读后你很受启发,想写一篇演讲稿在班上演讲。 1.以约 30 个词概括 Rose 老人上大学的经历; 2.然后以约 120 个词就“上大学”这个话题进行讨论,内容包括: (1)你觉得究竟是什么鼓励着 Rose 读完了大学; (2)你对上大学深造的看法; (3)你对中学毕业后的打算。 读写任务:高中毕业后要不要上大学 Rose realized her dream of getting a college education at 87. She became a campus icon , finished the college degree and graduated. She stayed young by finding the opportunity in change. She left no regrets. (35 words) I wonder why Rose couldn’t go to college at a younger age , but actually she reached her original dream at 87. Laughing and finding humor, she became a campus icon. Finding every opportunity in change , she finished the college degree. All this lies in her taking such an active attitude towards her life. For students who finish high school,one of the choices they will have to make is whether to continue higher education. Different people will have different choices of their own, but for me, I think I should attend university. Going to college is to get a higher level of education. To acquire a professional knowledge, I take Rose as a model and I’ll go to college whether I will have difficult challenges or not. (127 words) 话题作文 4 兴趣爱好 课标解读 指音乐、舞蹈、表演、体育运动、游戏(包括网络游戏)、集邮、阅读、烹饪、看电影、看电视、听收音广播、欣赏戏 剧、音乐会、观光旅行、招待客人、访问博物馆、饲养宠物等。 命题预测 关于“兴趣爱好”这一话题,就基础写作而言,命题人可能要求考生介绍某一项兴趣爱好,写一份校园比赛的海报, 给英国笔友写一封信描述自己如何度过课余时间等。就读写任务而言,命题人可能就家长如何培养孩子的兴趣爱好、

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电影与电视的优劣比较、现场看表演和看电视转播的比较、极限运动兴起的原因分析等话题发表看法。如: (1)你班进行了一次以“我的爱好”为主题的演讲比赛, 请你谈谈你的爱好及缘由, 并号召同学和你一起发展这项爱好。 (2)假设你有一位英国笔友叫 Jack,请你给他写一封信简介你在课余时间的兴趣爱好,并询问他在课余时间的兴趣爱 好。 (3)你想约志同道合的同学一起去参观自然博物馆,请你在布告板上写一份邀请函,包括自然博物馆的特点和参观博 物馆的好处等。 (4)现在很多学生都是“追星一族”,他们密切注视着明星们的一举一动。试分析当下流行文化对青少年兴趣爱好的影 响。 必背词句 (1)surf the internet 上网 (2)chat online 在线聊天 (3)enjoy popular music 喜欢流行音乐 (4)be fond of/be keen on 喜欢… (5)have some hobbies 有一些爱好 (6)be interested in 对……感兴趣 (7)take an interest in 对……感兴趣 (8)be crazy about... 对……着迷 (9)come to like... 越来越喜欢 (10)develop a great liking for... 渐渐爱上 (11)I prefer watching a TV show to going to a concert.我宁愿看电视表演,而不愿去听音乐会。 (12)He goes for playing on-line games. 他喜欢玩在线游戏。 (13)Shopping is my favorite hobby in my spare time. 购物是我闲暇时最喜欢的爱好。 (14)I hate visiting museums, for I think they are boring.我讨厌参观博物馆,因为我觉得它们让人感到无趣。 专题练析

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基础写作:就家长反对自己集邮写求助信 假如你热衷集邮,但家长并不支持,于是你向一个学生心声的专栏写信咨询解决的办法。内容包括: 1.你的意见:(1)增长知识;(2)减压;(3)挣钱。 2.家长意见:(1)浪费钱;(2)占了学习时间。 基础写作:就家长反对自己集邮写求助信 Dear Sir, I’m a Grade-Two student in a senior high school. I’ve always been fond of collecting stamps since I was a child. As far as I’m concerned,collecting stamps is a meaningful hobby, helping me to know a lot. Besides , dealing with my collection of stamps not only gives me great satisfaction but also helps me relax under the great pressure of studies. What’s more ,I even earn money by selling some stamps and my collection will be more valuable as times goes by. However, my parents are strongly against it for they consider it as a waste of money and they also think that sorting out my stamps may take up too much of my time, which should be spent on my studies. I don’t want to argue with them any more. Could you help me out? Looking forward to your early reply! A Worried Reader 任务写作:该不该迫使孩子学习他们不感兴趣的才艺 培养孩子的兴趣爱好是非常必要的,但现在有很多家长一味地追求子女的多才多艺,迫使孩子学习他们不感兴趣的 东西,请你以大约 120 个词谈谈对这种现象的看法,内容包括: (1)你是否赞同上述家长的做法; (2)以你或你朋友的经历说明你的观点; (3)呼吁家长们要尊重孩子的意愿。 任务写作:该不该迫使孩子学习他们不感兴趣的才艺 Today’s children are lucky to have many opportunities to develop their talents. But on the other hand , a lot of parents push their children too hard.(26 words) In that case, I don’t envy them. It is true that good hobbies make life more colorful and enjoyable. However , things are

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different if children take no interest in the “hobby” that their parents choose for them. Without interest as motivation, they find it a burden rather than a hobby. My 6-year-old neighbour often cries while practicing the piano. She is busier on weekends than on weekdays because she has to attend many extracurricular activities. Her mother complains that she even sleeps in class. Therefore, parents should see the bad effects from their over-effort to cultivate children’s talents. Parents are supposed to help children learn what they are interested in. Only in this way can they learn well and be happy!(121 words) 话题作文 5 个人感情与人际关系 课标解读 个人情感指个人的喜怒哀乐、骄傲、孤寂、担忧、紧张、害怕等,以及微笑、大笑、大哭、大喊、面部表情、手势 等情感表达的方法,也意指学生对学校生活的切身体验及由此产生的心情。 人际关系指人与人之间的交往与友谊,与家人、朋友、邻居、亲戚或他人之间的情感交流或沟通,如师生关系、父 子关系、同学之间的友情等;对他人的感谢、感恩、宽容、道歉、赞扬、微笑等,请求他人同意和帮助、解决问题、 处理矛盾冲突、和解,等等。 命题预测 根据高考写作题的特点,针对个人感情话题,高考命题人可能会要求考生叙述发生在身边的一件事,并表达自己的 情感;描述考生在学校所参加的一次活动,并谈谈自己的体会。 人际关系方面,高考命题人可能会选择上述“课标解读”中的某一个话题,如宽容、赞扬等,要求考生通过自己或 他人的一次经历来发表看法。以下几个具体话题值得关注: (1) 有的同学抱怨父母的期望高、作业多、压力太大,或对生活中的其他方面感到不满,请写一篇短文,准备在“我

们应该抱怨生活吗”的主题班会上发表你的看法。 (2)假如你是李华,一年前你随父母迁移到某地并进入一所当地高中就读,由于不懂当地的话,学习、生活很不顺心, 请你向某中学英文报写一封求助信。 (3)写一篇短文,参加“增进父母与孩子之间的理解,构建和谐家庭”的演讲比赛。 (4)就“如何构建和谐班集体”谈谈你的看法。

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(5)描写你和你的同学是怎样建立起友好关系的。 必背词句 个人情感 (1)be happy / sad / upset / nervous / lonely 高兴/难过/不安/紧张/孤独 (2)be pleased with 对……感到高兴 (3)be worried about / worry about 担心,担忧 (4)be / get angry with sb. about sth. 因某事生某人的气 (5)be disappointed at sb. 对某人感到失望 (6)be confident of sth. / in sb. 对某事/某人有信心 (7)We are deeply grateful to you for your support. 我们深深感谢你的支持。 (8)It is a pity that we shall have to leave tomorrow. 我们明天必须离开,真是遗憾。 人际关系 (1)learn from each other 互相学习 (2)promote the friendship 增进友谊 (3)improve the relationship 改善关系 (4)show love and concern for sb. 爱护和关心某人 (5)Good listening can really enable us to get closer to each other. 善于倾听使我们彼此走得更近。 (6)A good relationship between teachers and students is of great importance for our studies.良好的师生关系对我们的学习 很重要。 (7)To build a good relationship, we should trust in each other. 要建立良好的关系,我们应该彼此信任。 (8)Only in this way can we enjoy an equal relationship. 只有这样我们才能享有平等的关系。 (9)They find it easy to communicate with their teachers. 他们发觉很容易和老师沟通。 (10)With their help, I tried my best to study hard and succeeded in entering a key university. 在他们的帮助下,我努力学 习,成功地被一所重点大学录取。

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(11)We should value this harmonious relationship between teachers and students. 我们应该珍惜师生之间这种和谐的关 系。 (12)With the encouragement and support of my father, I have overcome many difficulties in our life. 在父亲的鼓励和支持 下,我克服了生活中的许多困难。 专题练析 基础写作 1:给刚从外地转来的新同学的一封信 假设你是新华中学的学生李华,班里从外地转来一名同学李明,他一时无法融入到新的班集体中,感到很苦恼。 [写作内容]请根据下列要点用英语给他写封信: (1)帮他分析原因:害羞,怕同学取笑。 (2)给他提出建议:学习普通话,跟同学交流意见。 (3)陈述你帮助他的具体打算。 基础写作 1:给刚从外地转来的新同学的一封信 Dear Li Ming, I’m sorry to know that you feel distressed at your new class. One of the reasons, I believe, is that you might be too shy to talk confidently with your classmates and maybe you are afraid that your classmates will make fun of your accent. I am sure, with your effort, you can manage to overcome these difficulties. In my opinion , learning to speak Putonghua and comparing notes with your classmates frequently are good ways for you to make new friends. In our spare time, I’ll invite you to play basketball or go to some parties. Also , I’d like to introduce my good friends to you. I hope you can adapt to the new school life as soon as possible. Best regards, Li Hua 基础写作 2:给送生日礼物的朋友写封感谢信 假设你是李华,昨天你出乎意料地收到你的好朋友 Jack 寄给你的生日礼物——一本电子词典。请根据以下要点,写

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一封感谢信。 [写作内容] (1) 收到他的礼物, 你感到十分高兴, 因为你正急需一本这样的电子词典, 而且你几乎找遍了全市的商店都买不到; (2)这本电子词典对你的英语学习很有帮助; (3)感谢他送给你的礼物,并表示会努力学好英语作为回报; (4)希望他暑假有空来你家一起学习英语。 基础写作 2:给送生日礼物的朋友写封感谢信 Dear Jack, Yesterday, I received your present, a useful electronic dictionary, very unexpectedly and excitedly. Believe it or not, what you sent me is the very electronic dictionary I am anxious for. I have been looking for it in almost every store in my city. I’m sure t his electronic dictionary must be of great help to my English learning. Thank you for your timely help and fine present, and I will work harder at English in return. If you have time this summer holiday, I’d like you to come to my home and let’s study English together. Best wishes to your parents. Yours, Li Hua 任务写作 1:父母与子女之间如何建立良好关系 以约 120 个词就“父母与子女的良好关系”发表你的看法,包括如下要点: (1)父母与子女关系良好的重要性; (2)你希望与你的父母之间的关系是怎样的; (3)如何才能建立这种关系? 任务写作 1:父母与子女之间如何建立良好关系 An ideal relationship between parents and children is very important for our growth. Parents always show love and concern for us. They are our good listeners, advisers and supporters. With their help, we can overcome many difficulties

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in our life. In my opinion, the relationship between parents and children should be one filled with love, care and understanding, in which parents and children show respect for each other and exchange ideas freely. To build a relationship of this kind , parents should become friends of their children while children ought to place more trust in their parents and give voice to their feelings frankly. Only in this way can we enjoy a harmonious relationship between parents and children.(117 words) 任务写作 2:描写老师或朋友帮你克服困难的一次经历 以约 120 词写一篇记叙文,回忆老师或朋友在你困难时候帮助你的一次经历,并包括如下要点: (1) 叙述你遇到困难的一次真实或虚构的经历; (2) 你的老师或朋友如何帮助你解决困难的? (3) 你的老师或朋友对你产生了什么影响?你对老师或朋友的态度是什么? 任务写作 2:描写老师或朋友帮你克服困难的一次经历 I had such an experience when I was in junior school. I was doing badly in maths at that time. However hard I tried, I just couldn’t catch up with others. I almost lost heart when we had a new maths teacher, Mr Hu. Now and then he talked with me, telling me the ways to learn maths and encouraging me to keep on trying. Only then did I realize that I was not studying maths in a scientific way. With his help, I was doing a little better gradually. One year later, I made amazing progress. Now I am in a key senior high school and always one of the top students in my class. I am always grateful to Mr Hu.(123 words) 话题作文 6 计划与愿望 课标解读 计划与愿望包括的内容非常广泛,如:对学习、工作、班级活动、校级活动、团队活动、假期、节日、生日晚会、 旅游、做义工等社会活动的具体计划,还包括人生计划、奋斗目标或理想等长远打算。以及表达某种愿望或期待, 如理想的大学、理想的专业、理想的大学生活、理想的工作,等等。 命题预测

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命题者可能围绕以下主题来命题:策划一次班会;打算为爸爸买生日礼物;为假期旅游观光作计划;为庆祝妈妈或 老师的生日作准备;我准备将来当老师/医生/商人;今年夏天去看海/山/草地/沙漠;申请组织足球队/篮球赛/舞蹈队/ 乐队及其理由;向老师/校长/家长寻求建议;和老师或家长谈谈你计划的事情等。以下命题值得关注: (1)口头通知“Going for an Outing”。 (2)某教授来你校作专题报告,请你以学生会主席的身份写一份书面通知,告知报告的时间、地点、内容和具体要求。 (3)请你写一份广播通知,安排暑假的学习任务。 (4)就“理想”这一话题写一篇英语短文。 (5)就“你理想的大学/大学生活/专业/职业”发表看法。 必背词句 (1)feel like doing 想要做 (2)be prepared to do 准备做 (3)decide/ be determined to 决定 (4)mean /plan/intend to do 计划做 (5)look forward to doing 盼望做 (6)have a desire to do 希望做 (7)long/hope/wish/want to do 渴望/希望/想做 (8)He planned to go abroad for further studies.他计划出国学习深造。

(9)So I am determined to meet the challenge. 因此,我准备迎接挑战。 (10)There’ll be a football game in our school this week. 本周我们学校有一场足球比赛。 (11)Think twice before you do. 三思而后行。 (12)Great hopes make great man.伟大的抱负造就伟大的人。 (13)Hope for the best, but prepare for the worst. 抱最好的愿望,做最坏的打算。 专题练析

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基础写作:申请参加夏令营课程学习(2009 年上海卷改编) 某海外学校举办英语夏令营,开设了如下课程:园艺(gardening)烹饪(cooking) 防身术(self-defence)护理(nursing)。 [写作内容] 假如你是王跃华,写一封申请信,报名参加其中一门课程的学习。主要内容包括: (1)你感兴趣的课程; (2)你期望从这门课程中学到什么; (3)为什么想学这些内容。 Dear leader, I am very glad that your school will hold the English Summer Camp that contains many courses, such as gardening, cooking, self-defence, nursing and so on. I want to register to attend a course about gardening because I have liked flowers and grasses since I was a little child. I especially like playing in the garden where I can enjoy the beauty of nature. For one thing, I hope to gain a bit more knowledge of gardening so that it can help me to major in the gardening after attending college. Besides, I can realize the bitterness of the gardeners to treasure the plants much more, and at the same time, I wish to get much more information about gardening so as to study it more easily when I enter university. For another, after graduation from college I will devote my life to cultivating the flowers and grasses to turn our country into a more beautiful state and attract many more foreigners to visit our country. Yours, Wang Yuehua

写作任务:做教师 以约 120 个词就“做教师”这个话题进行议论,内容包括: (1)可以不与社会上各种各样的人交往; (2)在教学中可以不断充实、提高自己;

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(3)在学生眼中,老师是值得尊敬和信赖的人; (3)不同学生的不同思想可以丰富生活内容; (4)教师的地位会越来越高。 读写任务:做教师 I Want to Be a Teacher I dream of being a teacher. I love the job and believe it is the best one in the world. Firstly, I don’t like associating with all kinds of people, which is n ot safe. Being a teacher, I don’t have to get in touch with the people I dislike. Secondly, I have more chances and time to enrich myself in dealing with my students’ questions. People sometimes need to be pushed to learn new ideas. Thirdly, in students’ eyes, most of their teachers are trusty and respectable and this is what I am after and value a great deal. Lastly, different students have different characters and ideas, from which I can gain benefit for my life. Above all, education would be more and more important, together with the teachers’ position. That’s why I love to be a teacher. (138 words) 话题作文 7 节假日活动 课标解读 节假日活动是指春节、元旦、国庆节、植树节、教师节、重阳节、圣诞节、复活节、情人节、母亲节等各种中西方 节假日的起源、发展、庆祝方式和假日活动安排,还有生日、周年纪念日、毕业典礼等各种庆祝活动,以及参加这 些活动的经历和感受等。暑期、寒假等的活动、社会实践活动或者青年志愿者的活动安排及感受等等。 命题预测 命题人可能从下列方面出题: (1)直接给出某一个中西方节日的活动安排; (2)假设考生参加了某个盛大节日或者某个活动,要求他对节日场面或活动情况进行描述; (3)某个节日或寒暑假要来了,准备举行一个活动,以通知的形式告诉大家,希望踊跃参加; (4)以图片的形式体现节日的盛况,要求考生进行描述;

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(5)节日去某地度假了,回来后写信表示感谢,其中以回忆的形式体现假日活动 (6)节日物品,例如饺子的制作、红包等; (7)中西方节日的对比; (8)对节日的盛大状况的态度,觉得如此豪华,盛况空前,有没有必要性; (9)现在中国逐步开始流行过“洋”节,那么你认为西方节日会不会代替中国传统节日; (10)你的节假日如何安排,如何有意义地度过节假日。 必背词句 1.中国节日名称 (1)The Spring Festival 春节 (2)The Dragon Boat Festival 端午节 (3)The Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节 (4)New Year’s Day 元旦 (5)National Day 国庆节 (6)International Labor Day 五一劳动节 (7)Teachers’ Day 教师节 (8)Children’s Day 儿童节 (9)Women’s Day 妇女节 (10)Tomb-sweeping Day 清明节 (11)Double Ninth Festival 重阳节 (12)Lantern Festival 元宵节 2.西方节日名称 (1)Christmas day 圣诞节 (2)Thanksgiving Day 感恩节 (3)Valentine’s Day 情人节

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(4)April Fool’s Day 愚人节 (5)Halloween Day 万圣节 (6)Easter Day 复活节 (7)Mothers’ Day 母亲节 (8)Fathers’ day 父亲节 3.相关句子 (1)National Day is coming. 国庆节快到了。 (2)National Day falls on Monday this year.今年国庆节是星期一。 (3)We celebrated the New Year with a dance party. 我们举行舞会来庆祝新年。 专题解析 基础写作:邀请美国朋友在春节期间来中国(据 2009 年山东卷改编) 假设你是李华,曾在美国学习半年,现已回国。你想联系你的美国老师 Mr. Smith,但没有其联系方式。 [写作内容] 请根据以下要点给你的美国同学 Tom 写一封信: 1.感谢 Tom 对你英语学习的帮助; 2.询问 Mr. smith 的近况并索要其联系方式; 3.邀请 Tom 在春节期间来中国感受中国文化。 基础写作:给美国同学的一封信 Dear Tom, I am now back to China and sound. In this letter I would like to convey my heartfelt appreciation to you for your kind assistance in my English learning when I was in New York. Additionally, I have been missing our English professor, Mr. Smith. I desire to contact him for some suggestions on improving my listening ability. However, his e-mail address is not available, so would you mind delivering it to me via the online mailbox . I am more than delighted to invite you to join us to celebrate the Spring Festival-Chinese Lunar New Year so that I can repay

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your friendship. I assure you that the grand lantern festival parade will be bound to impress you and you would enjoy visiting here as I did at your home. With my best regards! Yours cordially, Li Hua

读写任务:母亲节我为母亲做了什么和打算做什么 [写作内容] 1.用大约 30 个词概括短文内容要点; 2.然后以大约 120 个词发表你的观点,包括如下要点: (1)你是否认为只有女孩才能向父母表达爱; (2)回忆今年的母亲节,你做了什么; (3)你今后应当如何做。 读写任务:母亲节我为母亲做了什么和打算做什么 Love our Mothers On Mother’s Day, the author found it hard to say “I love you” to his mother. However, thinking of the kindness of his mother, he was determined to give her an unexpected card with love.(34 words) What the writer did this time is very dutiful. In my opinion, boys can show their respect to their parents as well as girls. They both can express their appreciation to them, because, after all , each parent has paid out so much for their children’s growth. To celebrate Mother’s Day this year, I bought a bunch of pretty flowers with a card on it, reading, “You are the best mom that a daughter has ever had. I love you, Mum!” From now on, to express my love to my mother, I am going to do more housework , cooking, washing, cleaning and

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shopping, which seems to be endless. By doing these, I will come to realize that, as a matter of fact, mum is very toilsome (辛苦的)all the time. (128 words) 话题作文 8 购物 课标解读 包括购物计划和产品的规格、样式、颜色、重量、性能、价格、质量等,以及对产品或服务的赞扬与投诉,付款方 式等。 命题预测 网上购物的优缺点;随着时代发展,购物方式的变迁;就服务态度或货品质量提出表扬或投诉;推销商品;对购买 物件的建议;对货不对板或货物质量的投诉;近期购物 必背词汇 (1)shopping mall/centre 购物中心 (2)department stores 百货商店 (3)second-hand stores 旧货店 (4)discount 折扣 (5)change 零钱 (6)cyber ordering 网络订购 (7)fake products 假冒商品 (8)on-line shopping 网上购物 (9)poor/ high quality 糟糕/优异的质量 (10)poor service 糟糕的服务 (11)buy in group 团购 (12)wrap up 包装 (13)pay in cash 以现金支付 (14)pay by credit card 通过信用卡支付

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(15)free of charge 不收费 (16)be all sold out /out of stock 售空 (17)avoid being cheated 避免受骗 (18)bargain with attendant 和服务员砍价 (19)effective and convenient 高效率、方便 (20)complain to sb about sth 就某事向某人投诉 基础写作:介绍网上购物的优缺点 随着电视和网络的普及,人们的购物方式也发生着变化,下表是你班的同学对网上购物的认识。请根据以下表格内 容写一份报道,介绍网上购物的优缺点。

优点 足不出户,高效率、方便 可以不费力气地进行比较 可供选择的货物多
基础写作:介绍网上购物的优缺点

缺点 要花额外的费用 不完善的支付系统 不适合消费者购买急需的产品和容易买到假 货

It is effective and convenient for you to do some shopping on the net because you needn’t go out of your home. Besides, the large varieties of goods on the net are effortlessly comparable and easy to choose. However , you have to spend extra money on the goods. And sometimes the incomplete payment system will result in revealing your personal information, which is not safe. What is more, it is unsuitable for consumers to purchase the goods in eager demand on the net. 读写任务:购买衣服的经历与建议 [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 个词概括短文的要点; 2. 然后以约 120 个词谈谈你购买衣服的经历,内容包括: (1)你对作者关于购买衣服建议的看法; (2) 你的一次购买衣服的经历; (3)你对购买衣服的建议。 读写任务:购买衣服的经历与建议

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By giving us an example of how to buy clothes at a discounted price or cheapest price , the writer advises the best time to buy the satisfactory goods to save money.(31 words) I totally agree with the writer about the tips on buying clothes. As a teenager, I haven’t got any income to pay for the high cost of the fashionable clothes in season. Personally what I should do is to spend money I get from my parents effectively. During the winter vocation I went shopping with a good friend of mine. I’d like to buy a pair of jeans. After I went through some trousers shops, fortunately, I found a desirable and fashionable kind of jeans. I tried them on and they fitted me very well. However, to my disappointment, the price was much too high, and they cost 300 yuan. At that time, I knew I couldn’t afford it, but I believed I would come again during the Spring Festival when some clothes are sold at the discounted price. Finally I got it for 150 yuan. In my opinion, when we buy clothes, we should wait until a holiday comes when many goods were sold at a discounted price.(168 words)

话题作文 9 文娱与体育 课标解读 文娱与体育是指电影和戏剧、 音乐和舞蹈、 影视节目、 体育锻炼、 球类运动、 田径运动、 文体竞赛(包括奥运会 Olympic Games, 世界杯 Wor1d Cup、足球联赛 Football League、全国运动会 National Games 、世界大学生运动会 World University Games; Universidad 等)、观众与粉丝等。 命题预测 就基础写作而言,命题人可能会要求考生介绍各类文娱与体育运动项目、某个影视节目、体育场馆(如鸟巢或水立方 等)、亚运会、奥运会吉祥物和会徽、中国的民乐种类、中国的民族乐器、人们对某一部电影或电视剧等的评论、 某个体育比赛项目的起源、来历等情况,或是对国际赛事(如奥运会、残奥会、田径锦标赛、游泳锦标赛等)进行报 道,或是对参加志愿者的调查等,或是写信申请要成为广州亚运会的志愿者,等等。

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就读写任务而言,命题人可能就体育锻炼对人的健康的好处、音乐对人的成长的作用、公平竞争的体育精神、公众 过度关注明星的私生活、明星的高收入问题、明星的偶像作用、明星的不良行为对粉丝产生的不良影响、怎样去做 一个文明的体育比赛的观众等话题发表看法。 以下命题值得关注: (1)简介某个亚运场馆的总建筑面积、造价、建筑材料等,可以承担的比赛项目,可容纳多少观众。 (2)假如你是校报的记者,你写一篇关于某场运动会或比赛的新闻报道。 (3)介绍体操(gymnastics)的起源、竞赛方式和项目、比赛规则等。 (4)假如你是 2010 亚运会的志愿者,请你给外国人介绍广州亚运会吉祥物的寓意。 (5)介绍中国的民族乐器二胡的起源、发展历史、材质以及著名的二胡演奏家等。 (6)“每天运动一小时,健康生活一辈子”,就体育运动对人的工作、学习和生活方面带来的好处发表看法。 (7)就“体育明星是否应该成为青少年的学习榜样”发表看法。 (8)就“明星的志愿者行为”发表看法。 (9)就“中国田径运动员在田径方面取得突破”发表看法。 必背词句 1.文娱类 (1)a cross talk 相声 (2)lines 台词;director 导演 (3)character 人物,角色 (4)TV programs 电视节目 (5)TV series 电视系列片 (6)comedy 喜剧;tragedy 悲剧 (7)Oscar Awards 奥斯卡奖 (8)cartoon / animation 卡通片/动画片 (9)instrument 乐器

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(10)folk music 民乐 (11) science fiction film 科幻片 (12)romance 爱情片 2.体育类 (1)event 体育项目 (2)game/competition 比赛 (3)champion 冠军 (4)championship 锦标赛 (5)stadium 运动场、体育场 (6)ground/field 场地;track 跑道 (7)tennis 网球;court 网球场 (8)gold medal 金牌 (9)performance 表现 (10)break the record 打破记录 (11)record holder 记录保持者 (12)audience/spectator 观众 (13)coach 教练员;judge 裁判 (14)competitor/player/athlete 运动员,参赛者 (15)applause (n.)/ applaud (v.) 鼓掌欢迎,热情称赞 专题练析 基础写作:学音乐对小孩成长的好处 假如你是 Do Re Me 音乐培训班的老师,请你为前来咨询的家长做一个演讲,说说学音乐对培养小孩的好处。内容包 括:

类型 某种类型的音乐 学音乐

好处 (研究证明)通过降低心率和血压来放松人的心情 提高小孩的创造力,培养使小孩终生受益的技能
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学习弹奏乐器 练习弹奏乐器 其它
参考词汇:coordination n. 协调

培养小孩的注意力、 毅力和耐心, 有助于他们在以后的生活 中战胜困难 发展小孩的眼手的协调能力 老师的鼓励和家长的热情会增强小孩的自信心

基础写作:学音乐对培养小孩方面的好处 Good afternoon. Welcome to Do Re Me Music Training Class! Today I’m going to share with you the benefits of music. Researchers acknowledge that certain types of music can aid relaxation by lowering heart rates and blood pressure. In addition to improving creativity, learning music cultivates many skills that will continue to be useful to your children throughout their lives. Besides, learning a musical instrument will help your children develop concentration, patience and perseverance, which will help them later in life to tackle difficult challenges. What’s more, practicing musical instruments improves your children’s hand-eye coordination. Finally, the encouragement of a teacher and the enthusiasm of parents will certainly build in a child a sense of pride and confidence. 读写任务:要做一个文明的观众 [写作内容] 1.以约 30 个词概括短文的要点; 2.以约 120 个词就“要做一个文明的观众”这个主题发表你的看法,内容要点包括: (1)以射击,艺术体操(artistic gymnastics)或网球比赛等为例,说明保持安静的重要性; (2)假如你是运动员,观众干扰了你的比赛,你会有怎样的表现? (3)对这些违反条例的观众是否应该受到惩罚? 读写任务:要做一个文明的观众 The passage implies that it is important to be a good sports spectator. It also advises audiences to control themselves during games, to be careful with their words and applaud warmly and properly.(33 words) To be a good spectator, you should take time to learn the game-specific rules and related culture of each event. Enjoying artistic gymnastics requires silence and mobile phones are not allowed in shooting centers, because the noises you make will certainly distract the athletes’ n, which will cause them to fail in the game.

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If I were the athlete who was annoyed by the audiences, I would be unhappy and upset. I might even play badly and finally lost the game. Besides, I would complain to the referee about the noises. In my opinion, the audience who annoy the players in games should be punished. That’s because not only do they break the rules for spectators, but also their bad behaviour would lead to the players’ failure in the game.(129 words) 话题作文 10 饮食健康 课标解读 指各种食物食品、汤水饮料的介绍、健康饮食、绿色食品、饮食文化、快餐、饮食习惯与喜好、订餐与供给;健身 与锻炼、保健、个人卫生、各种疾病与防治、意外事故、医疗保险,财富与健康等等。 命题预测 基础写作:介绍某种食物;甲流的预防措施;近视/肥胖的现状、成因与预防;怎样实施急救;订餐(叫外卖)的各种 方式;早餐的重要性;健康饮食的基本做法;介绍中国饮食文化;养成健康饮食习惯之前与之后的对比;学生对体 重的看法;睡眠与健康;吸烟与健康;酗酒与健康;饮食与情绪;心理健康的重要性;绿色食品的基本概念;介绍 一种医疗保险等。 读写任务:西式快餐的利与弊;中西饮食对比;锻炼与健康;你对健康食品的认识;你为什么喜欢某种饮食;怎样 保持心理健康;怎样保持身体健康;什么是真正的健康;以“The Organic Foods”为题写一篇短文,阐述你对“绿色食 品”的认识,分析人们越来越热衷于“绿色食品”的原因,以及怎样才能保证“绿色食品”的质量。 必背词句 (1)suffer from 遭受, 患上 (2)near-sighted 近视的 (3)feel stressed/depressed 感到紧张/沮丧 (4)have a pain in ... 某处疼痛 (5)mentally unhealthy 心理不健康的 (6)relax oneself 自我轻松 (7)relieve pressure 缓解压力 (8)go on diet 节食;proper diet 恰当的饮食 33

(9)take three meals on time 按时吃三餐 (10)eat much junk food 吃很多的垃圾食品 (11)(un)healthy eating habits (不)健康的饮食习惯 (12)be high /low/rich in ... ……含量高/低/丰富 (13)be optimistic/ pessimistic about 对……乐观/悲观 (14)physical and mental condition 生理和心理状况 (15)feel weak (well, terrible, sick) 感觉虚弱(健康/很糟/恶心) (16)face difficulties/setbacks with courage 勇敢面对困难/挫折 (17)An apple a day keeps the doctor away. 每天一只苹果不用看医生。(谚语) (18)Early to bed and early to rise make a man healthy, wealthy and wise. 早睡早起使人健康、富有和聪明。(英国谚语) 专题练析 基础写作:提醒朋友注意卫生,预防甲流 你从电视上看到美国正流行甲型 H1N1 流感(A/H1N1 flu),部分学校停课。你为你正在美国上学的笔友 Mike 的健 康与安全担心。 [写作内容] 请给 Mike 写一封 email,内容包括: 1.建议 (1)尽量呆在家里,少去人多的地方;(2)勤洗手,讲卫生;(3)多开窗,保持空气新鲜;(4)多吃水果蔬菜。 2.安慰他不要担心.

基础写作:提醒朋友注意卫生,预防甲流

Dear Mike, From the TV I know many A/H1N1 flu cases are reported recently in the United States and many schools are closed as a result. I’m so worried about you. Are you all right? Are there any HINI flu cases in your school? 34

To stay away from the disease, you’d better stay at home as much as possible and not go to places where there are many people. Besides, you should wash your hands more often so as to keep them clean. Also , keeping the windows open to have more fresh air in the room is helpful. And above all, it does a lot of good to you if you eat more fruit and vegetable, for doing this can help keep you fit and strong. The disease is not so deadly as it seems to be, so do be at ease! Take care and you’ll be OK. Yours truly, Li Hua 读写任务:面对挫折(setback)时如何保持心理健康 [写作内容] 1.以约 30 词概括所阅读短文的主要内容; 2.以约 120 词就“面对挫折(setback)时如何保持心理健康?”发表看法,内容包括: (1)请举例描述你遭遇过的挫折; (2)你是怎样看待挫折的? (3)请就面对挫折如何保持心理健康提出一些建议。 读写任务:面对挫折时如何保持心理健康 Despite the efforts made by the government, many college graduates failed to get a good job this year and felt depressed and ashamed. What’s worse, some of them committed suicide, just like Miss Liu in this report.(37 words) I came across many setbacks in my study and life. For example, I failed in my math final exam when I was in Senior One. Knowing the result, I cried hard. I analyzed the situation and studied harder. With all my efforts and the help of others, I finally became good at math and passed many exams. In my opinion, setbacks are harsh teachers, but the lessons we learn from them can be invaluable. When setbacks happen , we should be brave and stay optimistic. It is a good way to relieve the pain to turn to our trusted ones for comfort, see a funny movie, listen to music, or visit a beautiful place. After we cool down, maybe we can gain something out of this painful experience.(127words)

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any, any other, the other, another, the others, others, other 的区别
another 与 other 的区别 ①Some students like English and other students (others) like physics. 有些学生喜欢英语,有些学生喜欢物理。 【解析】other 表示“别的”,“另外的”,只能与复数名词连用。但 other 前有冠词 the 即可与单数名词连用。如: I have two pens. One is blue. The other (pen) is black. 我有两枝钢笔。一支是蓝色的,另一支是黑色的。 ②John did better than all the other players in the sport. 在那项运动中 John 比所有别的运动员都出色。 【解析】 the other 加复数名词指的是一定范围内“所有其余的人或事物”, 是特指; 而 other 加复数名词却是没有明确范围的“另外的人或事物”。如: We must think more of other comrades. 我们必须多想想别的同志。 ③ This shirt is too large for me. Please show me another. 这件衬衫我穿太大。请另外拿一件我看看。(一般商店不会只有两件衬衫) 【解析】another, the other 作代词的用法。The other 表示“两个数量中的另一个”, 表示特指,总数为俩;another 表示“总数为三个以上中任意的另一个”,表示泛 指。如: His parents both work in a hospital. One is a doctor and the other is a nurse. 他父母都在一家医院工作。一个是医生,一个是护士。(父母为两个人) 其他习惯用法 one another, from one…to another, the other day = a few days ago, every other day/ week/year, some…, others…,如: I met Mr. Smith in the park the other day. 前几天我在公园里碰见了 Smith 先生。 While at the university, he went to the library every other day. 在大学时他每隔一天去图书馆一次。 Some people like football, others like volleyball. 有些人喜欢足球,有些人喜欢排球。 They are very different from one another. 他们互相之间差别很大。
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When Americans moved from one place to another, they took their dialects with them. 当美国人从一个地方迁移到另一个地方时, other 指另外的人或物;other 泛指别人,可与 some 连用;the other 指两个中的 另一个,常和 one 连用;the others 表示其余所有的人或物;another 则泛指另一 个。 other 可以做形容词,表示其他的,比如 other people 其他的人。 也可以做代词,但是做代词时一般不以原形出现,一般用以"the other"或者以复 数形式“others”出现。 others 和 some 对比使用时, 是“有些”的意思而不是做“其他”讲, 如:Some cleaned the windows, others mopped the floor. 有的擦窗户, 有的擦地板。 the others 是“其余的”意思, 表示在一个范围内的其他全部, 如: This dictionary is better than the others. 这本字典比别[其余]的好。 the other 是其中的“另一个”, 如:Give me the other one; not this one. 给我那一个, 不是这一 个。 两个中的“另一个”是“the other”; 不定数目中的“另一个”是“another” , 如:This glass is broken. Get me another. 这个杯子坏了, 给我另拿一个来。(在许多杯子中 的一个) any other 刚指其他一切的什么、、、 another 指另一个, 没有固定的范围。 比如: this dress is dirty, please change another one for me.这件裙子脏了,再给我换一件吧。 either 指的两者中哪个都可以。如:which dress do you want, the yellow one or the blue one? 你想要哪件裙子,黄色的还是蓝色的? 回答可以是 either is ok.哪件都可以。

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高考书面表达的写作方法
高考的书面表达写作时,应抓住以下四个要点: (一) 认真审题(Carefully read the directions.)明确要求。 审题是做好书面表达的前提,题前应先认真阅读提示 /题示,理 解和明确题目要求,审题时主要从这么几个方面入手。 ① 审文体: 弄清要写何种体裁的文章,如记叙文、说明文、应用文(书信、 日记、通知、条)等。以及该用什么时态。 ② 审格式: 书面表达中一定的体裁有特定的格式,比如书信有信头、称呼、 正文、结尾、署名等部分须写完整。 ③ 审人称: 即弄清书面表达要求用何种人称来写,是第一人称、第二人称、 还是第三人称如 98 年的书面表达要求用第一人称来写日记,可是有 的考生用第三人称写,结果扣了分。 (二)抓住要点(Mainly catch the points.)紧扣主题。 要点是书面表达的评分依据之一,因此,弄清题意的基础上,应 逐条地、完整地将内容要点写全,必要时在紧扣主题时可适当发挥。 (三)合理组织(Closely organize the passage.)行文连贯。 写作中要点要写全, 合理安排, 分清文章的层次, 弄清先说什么,
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后说什么,并使之连贯,过渡要自然,注意使用恰当的连接成分。 (四)准确表达(Accurately express the ideas) ,遣词造句。 一篇好的书面表达应做到开门见山,切中题意,文章结尾应起到 画龙点睛的作用,文章内容的表达要甄酌用词,做到表达准确。写作 中应避免用一种句型显得单调,注意前几句和后几句, 文章要有亮 点,可以套用阅读理解短文中的好句子。 误点警示: 英语书面表达中容易出现的问题: 将 提 示 逐 条 翻 译 , 出 现 中 国 式 的 英 语 ( Chinese English /Chinglish)句子结构、逻辑错误,时态错误。该详的不详,该略的 不略(即详略不当) 。 总之,英语书面表能力的提高需要一个较长的学习过程,在长期 坚持练习的同时,还必须多读多看,多模仿才行。正如英语的这句谚 语“Rome was not built in a day.”

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