高一英语同步练习： 必修 4 Unit 4
第 4 课时 Using language 基础练习 本单元重点知识归纳总结： 一、重点词汇：(写出汉意及词性) 1. represent______________ 2 .curious
_______________ 3 .defend______________ 4 . approach ______________ 5. be likely to______________ 6 .in general______________ 7. at ease ______________ 8.lose face ______________ 9 .turn one’s back to______________ 二、重点句式： 1. prohibition and warning(禁令和警告)：Do not...; Stop! ; Keep away from...; Always stay...; Watch out! Look out! Go away. Don’t enter here Be careful when..., Come here. You may not...You will be fined...,Don’t smoke here. Don’t slip; 2.obligation(义务和责任)
You must...,You should never..., You will be...,You will have to..., You will need to...,We ought to..., He’s supposed to...(书中 supposed 第一个 s 是大写) 三、课文重点句型： 1 .Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or distance between people. 1. 各种文化背景下的人互致问候的方式不尽相同，身体接触和相互间距的程度 也不尽相同。 2. In general, though, studying international customs can certainly help avoid difficulties in today’s world of culture crossroads. 但是总的来说，在当今文化交融的世界，学习不同国家的习俗肯定能帮助我 们避免交往中的困难。 3. She stepped back appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defence. 她后退了几步，看上去有些吃惊，并举起了手，好像是在自卫。 4. It’s possible to “read”others around you, even if they do not intend for us to catch their unspoken communication. 读懂我们周围人的意思是有可能的，即便是人们并不想让我们捕捉到他们没 有说出来的信息。 5. There are unhappy smiles, such as when someone “lose face” and smiles to hide it.还有不愉快的微笑，比如当某人丢了面子就会用微笑来掩饰。 实战演练 一、单项选择：
1．She never laughed,____ lose her temper. A. Or she ever did did she ever 2．In order to change attitudes____ employing women, the government is bringing new laws. A. about B. of C. towards D. on B. or did she ever C. nor she ever did D. nor
3．The teacher____ in the next room is from Hubei. A. cook B. cooks C. cooking D. being cooked
4．Look, the building____ over there is worth 20 million dollars. A. being built B. building C. to be built D. was built
5．____ chairs are easy____. A.folding, folded D. folded, folded 6．When he awoke, he found himself____ by an old woman. A. look after looking after 7．The ____boy was last seen____ near the east lake. A. missing, playing B. missing, play play 8．Finding her car stolen,____. A. a policeman was asked for help thoroughly B. the area was searched C. missed, played D. missed, to B. be looked after C. being looked after D. be B. folding, to fold C. folded, to be folded
D. she hurried to a policeman for
C. It was looked for everywhere help
9．____ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. A. Having suffered Suffered 10．The picture____ on the wall is painted by my nephew. A. Having hung hung 二、完型填空 If you travel in some areas in India, you will be lucky enough to be waited by special guide-monkeys. are always your own 3 1 in waistcoat(马甲), these monkeys B. hanging C. hangs D. being B. Suffering C. To suffer D.
2 to be of service to you. Hungry, you only have to point to and they will lead you to the restaurant. 4 , you put both 5 .If you
your hands behind your head and monkeys will take you to the want to drink, monkeys will send you to a bar. But do not put out their hairy hands 7
6 when they 8
the service is done. They are just 9
for a little money as a tip. After that, they were saying good-bye to you. 10
their hands as if they
it or not, the monkeys are from the school for monkeys in India, 12 their diplomas(毕业证). They’
11 they were trained for one year to
re not the only monkey students in the world. Some are now being trained
13 nurses in an American medical college. These monkeys are about to look after patients and help them with housework after 14 . 15 on and 16
A three- year- old monkey named Helen has learned to
off the light, use a recorder and open doors and windows when he is to. In the tropical(热带的)Malaysia where coconut trees the sky, monkeys would jump to the top and people. 19 18 17
high up to
off the coconuts for
the job is done, they would rush to their master, hoping to 20 as rewards(奖赏)。 B. Dressed B. against B. food B. Sorry B. restaurant B. doubt B. before B. caring B. show B. Guess B. where B. buy B. for B. graduation C. Offered C. busy C. head C. Thirsty C. school C. feel puzzled C. since C. looking C. spread C. Suppose C. which C. get C. like C. school D. Put D. ready D. stomach D. Tired D. shop D. surprise D. till D. waiting D. wave D. Think D. who D. win D. with D. teaching
get some wild 1. A. Acted 2. A. afraid 3. A. body 4. A. Angry 5. A. hotel 6. A. be angry 7. A. after 8. A. asking 9. A. close 10. A. Believe
11. A. when 12. A. accept 13. A. as 14. A. class
15. A. close 16. A. allowed 17. A. arrive 18. A. give 19. A. Although 20. A .animals 三、阅读理解 B. make B. forced
C. open C. praised C. reach C. take C. Once C. fruits D. turn D. told D. stand D. turn D. Since D. plants
B. measure B. pick B. Because B. birds
Sometimes body language adds to what people say even when they don’t talk. Gestures are the “silent language” for every culture. We point a finger or move another part of the body to show what we want to say. It is important to know the body language of every country or we may be misunderstood. In the United States, people greet each other with a handshake in a formal introduction. The handshake must be firm. If the handshake is weak, it is a sign of weakness or unfriendliness. Friends may place a hand on the other’s arm or shoulder. Some people, usually women, greet a friend with a hug. Space is important to Americans. When two people talk to each
other, they usually stand about two and a half feet away and at an angle(一 定 角 度 ), so they are not facing each other directly. Americans get uncomfortable when a person stands too close. They will move back to have their space. If Americans touch another person by accident, they say
“pardon me” or “Excuse me”.
Americans like to look at the other person in the eyes when they are talking. If you don’t do so, it means you are bored, hiding something, or are not interested. But when you stare at someone, it’s not polite. For Americans, thumbs-up means yes, very good or well done. Thumbs-down means opposite. To call a waiter, raise one hand to head level or above. To show you want the check, make a movement with your hand as if you are signing a piece of paper. It is all right to point at things but not at people with the index( 食指). Americans shake their index finger at children when they scold(责备) them and pat them on the head when they admire them. Learning a culture’ s body language is sometimes confusing(令人困惑的). If you don’t know what to do, the safest thing to do is to smile. 1. From the first paragraph we can learn that____. A. gestures don’t mean anything while talking. B. gestures can help us express ourselves C. we can learn a language well without body language D. Only American people can use gestures 2. If you are introduced to a stranger from the USA, you should____. A. greet him with a hug C. shake his hand firmly B. place a hand on his shoulder D. shake his hand weakly
3. In the United States, people often____.
A. show their friendship by glancing at each other B. show their friendship by touching each other C. say “Pardon me” to each other when they are talking D. get uncomfortable when you sit close to them 4. When your friend gives you thumbs-up, he, A. shows his rudeness to you C. expresses his satisfaction with you you 5. If you talk with an American friend, it’s polite to____. A. look up and down at your friend eyes C. hide your opinion 反馈检测 一、对话填空 — Can I help you? — 1 D. look at your watch now and then B. look at the other person in the in fact, ____
B. shows his anger to you D. expresses his worries about
— Let me see. One lady’s skirt and one man’s overcoat. — 2 — Is next Thursday soon enough? — 3
—Until 6 : 30 pm, sir. — 4 —Here’s your receipt（收据）, sir.
A．Fine. That leaves me plenty of time to pick them up after work. B．I want to have these clothes cleaned and pressed. C．Good. Thank you. D．How much is it? E．A piece of cake? F．When will they be ready? G．Well. Yes. When does the shop close? 二、汉翻英 1．使用了 5 年的车需要大修。 （major）
2．佛教（Buddhism）大约是在公元 67 年传入中国的。 （introduce）
4．违反交通规则你将被罚款 200 元。 （fine）
5．他那又长又无聊的讲话使我打哈欠。 （yawn） 三、单句改错 1．We study quite a few subject，such as maths, Chinese, English and physics． 2．The result of test was disappointed. 3．They do not want me do any work at home.
4．Your pronunciation is more better than mine. 5．The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home． 6．I saw the accident while waited for the bus 7．He lives in the room, the windows of that faces the south. 8．I had a face-to-face talk with a adult who was very learned. 9. If you don’t attend Daisy’s wedding, nor do I. 10. I visited an old man yesterday lived in a mountain village. 四、写作 请以 body language 为标题，写一篇 100 词左右的短文。 写作点释 本文主要论述肢体语言的概念、作用及不同文化背景下的差异。 写作导引 1 体裁：论述文 2 时态：一般现在时 3 人称：第二人称 4 要点提示： 1）肢体语言是指通过运用身体姿势、手势以及面部表情来表达看法、感情和意 见或者进行交流的一种语言。 2) 当你走进别人时，你的面部表情会显示出你是否友好；使用不恰当的手势会 导致误解。 3) 来自不同地区的人对肢体语言的使用也有差异。 4）在不同文化背景下，尽量避免使用不恰当的肢体语言，这有助于你更好地进 行交流。 精点妙写 1 参考词汇：gesture, facial expression, general, approach, misunderstand,
touch, introduce,等。 2 参考句型：
1）somebody be likely to do something. 2) avoid doing something
第 4 课时: Using language 基础练习 重点词汇： 1. represent vt 代表； 象征 2 .curious adj 好奇的 3 .defend vt 保 护；保卫 4 . approach vi ﹠vt 接近、靠近、走近 n 接近、方法、途径 5. be likely to 很可能；很有希望 6 .in general 总的来说；通常 7. at ease 舒适； 快活； 自由自在 8.lose face 丢脸 9 .turn one’ s back to 背对；背弃 实战演练 一、单项选择：1--5 DCCBA 二、完型:1---5 BDDDA 三、阅读: 1---5: BCDCB 反馈检测 一、补全对话 ：1--5 BFGAC 二、翻译 1. The car used 此处少 for five years needs major repair. 2. Buddhism was introduced to China about in 67 AD(书中是 AD 67). 6--10 CADAB 11---15 BCABD 16---20 DCBCC
3. They all avoided 该单词打印错 mentioning that name. 4. Your breaking traffic rule will be fined 200 yuan. 5. His long and boring speech made me yawn. 三、改错 1. subject→subjects 2. disappointed →disappointing 3. want me to do4. more→much 5. his→their 6. waited→waiting 7. that→which 8. a→an 9. do →will 10.lived →living 四、写作 Body language is defined as the use of posture, gestures and facial expressions that communicate attitudes, emotions and reactions. When you approach someone, your facial expression shows whether you’re friendly or not. You’re likely to misunderstand each other by using improper gestures. In Britain people feel uncomfortable touching strangers. People from the USA might move very close to you as you introduce yourself to them. Body language is very general but not all members of all cultures will help you to better communicate with others.