8 H 开课学期 2
学习目标： 总体目标：通过对英语基础知识的学习和训练，培养听、说、读、写、译五大语言基本技能，使语言学习、语言实践、语言应用以及文化体验有机 结合，同时也借由此教学情景让学生谈谈成功之路的艰辛，让他们懂得努力才能获得成功。 本情景具体学习目标如下：1
、听说能力目标：通过介绍运动方面的词汇，使学生能自如地用英语描述自己喜欢的体育运动，提高其听说能力。 2、阅读能力目标：通过教材阅读，在扩大学生词汇量的同时，使学生掌握如何通过主题句理解中心思想，如何通过构词 法和上下文猜生词，从而加强学生阅读能力。 3、写作能力目标：通过对证书与证件写作格式的讲解，使学生掌握证书与证件所包括的相关内容以及格式，从而使学生 具备正确书写毕业证书与学生证书的能力。 4、翻译能力目标：汉译英：了解和掌握“在…范围”“熟悉、看破”“引以为豪”等词组的翻译，提高其翻译能力。 、 、 内容： 该学习情景的内容，可分解为以下几个学习及训练环节： １． Text—The Road to Success ２． Grammar—Tense(三) ３． Reading—The God in Youth. ４． Practical English—Credentials & Certifications ５． Listening and Speaking—Sports 教学方法建议： 1.宏观：A: 头脑风暴法 B：任务设计法 C：角色扮演法 D: 四步教学法 2.微观：A：讲授式教学法 B：分组讨论法 C：音频、视频
媒体： 1．多媒体教室 ２．PPT 课件 ３．教材及教参 ４．教师教学指南 ５．学生学习指南 6． 校园网 7． 航院老师
学生的基础： 已达到大学一年级学生的英语水平，即具 备一定的听、说、读、写、译能力，基本 掌握了约 2900 个英语单词和约 400 个习 惯用语或固定搭配。
教师需要的能力： 1. Proficiency in English language 2. Proficiency in language teaching 3. Proficiency in management of classroom 4. Proficiency in students’ psychology 5. A good master of cultural background
2008～2009 学年第 2 学期
《实用英语》课程第二单元教学设计（Section One） 本次课标题：Unit 2— They road to success(1) 授课班级 教 学 目 标 能力目标 1.To be able to understand the outline of the text; 2. To be able to give a brief introduction about Bill Gates. 步骤 教学 目标 内容 1. 让 学 生 讨 论 ： 1. Do you know something about Bill 上课时间 上课地点 知识目标
1. To get acquainted with the key words and
expressions related to this topic; 2. To master the sentential structures in the text; 3. To understand the theme of each paragraph. 期望 学生期望： 了解更多 Bill Gates 课件 板书 教师期望： 学生关注 积极参与 头脑风暴 法、提问 式、讨论 法 媒介 方法 时间
任 务 前 阶 段
引 入 （
Gates? 1.了解相关 文化背景 2.对本主题 产生兴趣 2. Was Bill Gates a common boy with average intelligence when he was nine or ten years old? 3. How was Bill Gates hooked by computing?
能 力 训 练 设 计
能找出文 章主旨 The main idea of the passage: The Road to Success (skimming)
学生期望： 教师恰当 提示 教师期望： 积极参与 学生期望： 教师恰当 提示
精 读 训 练
语篇教学 法；讨论 法
任 务 环 阶 段
研 读 （
能把握文 章细节 Questions for discussion: Exercise III(p.31)
（ 语正 确 朗 读 言拼 写 单 词 点 短语； ）
Reading for details Langua ge focus
教师期望： 积极参与 学生期望： 讲解详细， 有实例 语境教学 法；讲解 法；实例
I. Words: desperate, exclusive, contemporary, exceptional, fascination, 课件 板书
掌握常用 词汇、短语 的使用
financially, hook, mathematical obsession, overtake ,rigorous, available, challenge, detail, enable, extent, ideal, leisure, neglect, response, budget, dumb, logical, potential, pursue, nerd, goof, score, competitive, dominate, occasion, rival, infinitely, physical II. Phrases: in detail, to?extent, dash over, use up, have an insight into, pride yourself on (doing) sth. be desperate to do sth., draw up , come into sth. I. Grammatical Structures to Learn: 1) Funds were raised, mainly by parents, which enabled the school to gain access to a computer … 2) Bill Gates was immediately hooked—so was his best friend at the time, Kent Evans, and another student, Paul Allen, who was two years older than Bill.
教师期望： 认真听讲， 理解记录
学生期望： 讲解详细， 有实例
操 练 （ ）
掌握重要 句型结构 的用法和 译法
教师期望： 认真听讲， 理解记录
语篇教学 法 任务法 实例法
任 务 后 阶 段
课 文 理 解
理解文章 结构和细 节
完成课后阅读理解练习： Exercise IV-VII (p.32-34)
学生期望： 给予提示 教师期望： 积极参与， 提出问题
巩 固 与 拓 展
1.能复述课 文内容； 2.掌握课文 中重要的 语法结构
1 To retell the text 2.Grammatical structures: .
学生期望： 给予提示 与帮助
教师期望： 理解，掌 握，应用 1. 28words and 8 phrases 2. important sentence patterns 3. grammatical structures 学生期望： 小结应清 楚、明确 教师期望： 理解，掌 握，应用 学生期望： 掌握用法 教师期望： 教材 认真独立 完成
掌握文章 中的知识 要点
1.词汇、句型练习 IV- VIII 2.翻译技巧练习 IX 3.重要短语的运用 X 4.复习课文，背诵第三自然段 5.预习语法
考核 参考资料学习资 源
课堂提问及活动参与和听写；现场教学小练习; 补充练习 教材、教参、课件、网络资源
2008～2009 学年第 2 学期 课 时 授 课 计 划
课题：课文学习—The Road to success (1) 课号：03455
No. 1 Tool: Tape-recorder/Blackboard
教学目标： 1. To master key words and phrases and grammar points in the text. 2. To get a clear idea of the text and to retell the passage. 3. To recite the first paragraph of the text. 重点与难点： 1. New words: 28 words and 8 phrases. 2. Grammar points: tenses. 3. To retell the passage. 教学设计： Introduction to the text Analysis of the text, mastering the key words and phrases Drills Summary 作业布置： 1. To do the exercises II- VII 2. To review the language points in the text. 3. To recite the first paragraph. 4. To preview the grammar points --- tenses 时间分配：
课堂教学环节 时间分配（分） 课堂组织 2’ 引入 8’ 讲解新课 58’ 巩固新课 20’ 布置作业 2’
Section One – Part I Text The Road to Success
Step One: Pre-task Phrase (任务前阶段) (10’)
I. Leading in by asking some questions related to Bill Gates 让学生讨论问题：1. Do you know something about Bill Gates? 2. Was Bill Gates a common boy with average intelligence when he was nine or ten years old? 3. How was Bill Gates hooked by computing? 激发学生对本话题的兴趣。 II. 教师提示及导入： Bill Gates is co-founder, chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft, the most successful software company in the world. Gates was born Oct. 28, 1955 and raised in Seattle along with his two sisters. He became interested in programming at an early age while attending one of Seattle's most exclusive schools. Gates soon befriended a student named Paul Allen and together, using the schools minicomputer, they practiced their skills. After they were admitted to Harvard University, Gates and Allen began to write a new version of Basic programming language for the first personal computer, the Altair 8800. The duo began licensing software in the name of their new company Microsoft. Gates dropped out of Harvard to spend more time on the new business. Their break came when they developed an operating system called MS-DOS for the first IBM personal computer, and later managed to persuade other manufactures to standardize their systems to run MS-DOS. This standardization started a new computer industry boom throughout the 1980s as MS-DOS took hold of the market and gained popularity, Microsoft also started developing applications such as word processors. Microsoft announced Windows 1.0 in 1983, which promised a graphical user interface (GUI) graphics and multitasking. However the final product was not released for another two years until 1985, and as it had very few compatible applications, Windows did not sell well. Over the next five years Microsoft released a number of upgraded windows 2.0 versions which added many programs, versatility and features. As Microsoft grew, its share price sky rocketed, and at the age of 31, Bill Gates became the youngest self-made billionaire in American history. In 1990 Microsoft headed by Gates created a new version of Windows called Windows 3.0 with a much improved GUI and features which sold more than 10 million copies, quickly followed by Windows 3.1, 3.11 and workgroups which added networking support. Building on their success Microsoft developed Windows 95 followed by windows 98, 2000, Millennium Edition and The current version Windows XP. Each new windows release saw Microsoft gain more market share and soon Gates become the richest man in the world worth an estimated US$46 billion. Gates also has interests in other businesses having many investments and positions in companies like Corbis Corporation, Berkshire Hathaway Inc., Teledesic Corporation. In 1998 Gates gave up his role as CEO of Microsoft to focus on development of new technology and products. Bill Gates married Melinda French in 1994 and they have three children, Jennifer, Rory and
Phoebe. Both Bill and Melinda are keen Philanthropists starting the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation which has committed more than US$3.2 billion to global health, US$2 billion to improve learning opportunities for low income families, US$477 million to community projects and more than US$488 million to special projects and annual giving campaigns.
Step Two: Task-circle Phrase (任务环阶段) (50’)
这一阶段的任务包括课文内容的理解，语言知识点的掌握，教师要帮助学生弄清楚课 文的结构和具体内容，帮助学生掌握课文中的新单词、短语以及重要的句型结构和语 法结构。 I. Skimming and getting a general understanding about the text（略读）. Question: What’s the theme of this passage? II. Reading for details (研读重点段落). ①Why did Bill`s mother draw up plans for him in detail? (Para. 1) ②How was Bill`s performance in mathematics and science? (Para.3) ③Where did Lakeside get funds to gain access to a computer ? (Para. 5) ④What was Bill able to do with computer when he was 14 years old? (Para.7)
⑤How did Bill and Paul achieve their financial goal with computers? (Para.8) 这个阅读过程包括：①略读找出文章主旨；②研读重点段落抓住重要细节。通过 这两个步骤地阅读，使学生能掌握文章的中心和要点，为完成后面的任务作好铺垫。 III. Intensive study (精读课文). i. Vocabulary to Read: To read aloud the new words and expressions in step with the recording and pay special attention to the pronunciation of each one. (contemporary, desperate, exceptional, exclusive, fascination, financially, hook, mathematical obsession, overtake ,rigorous, available, challenge, detail, enable, extent, ideal, leisure, neglect, response, budget, dumb, logical, potential, pursue, nerd, goof, score, competitive, dominate, occasion, rival, infinitely, physical) ii. The Analysis of the Text: Ask Ss to read the text carefully and sum up the main idea of each paragraph. iii. Language Focus: 1、It has been said that in order to stop this，Mary drew up plans for him in detail. draw up: to prepare a written document, such as a list or contract 草拟 e.g. Draw up a list of all the things you want to do. 把所有你想做的事草拟一个清单 draw up plans/proposals 草拟合同 The contract was drawn up last year. 这个合同去年就拟好了。 in detail: all the separate features and pieces of information about something详细列出细节 e.g. He described the process in detail (=using a lot of details). 他详细地描绘了这个过程。 This issue will be discussed in more detail in Chapter 5. 这个问题将在第五章详细介绍。
have an eye for detail: be skilled at noticing details 独具慧眼 e.g. Photographers need to have an eye for detail. 摄影师需要独具慧眼。 2、Bill's contemporaries, even at the age, recognized that he was exceptional. contemporary n. someone who lived or was in a particular place at the same time as someone else 当代人 Shelley and Keats were contemporaries. 雪莱和济慈是同一时代的人 He and I were contemporaries at school. 他和我是同期同学。 contemporary adj. belonging to the present time 当代的，现代的 e.g. Contemporary Indian cinema has its roots in folk culture. 现代印度电影来源于民族文化 I'm not very impressed by the works of many contemporary artists. 当代的艺术作品没给我留下太多映像。 The composer Salieri had the misfortune of being contemporary with Mozart. 作曲家萨利埃不幸与莫扎特处于同时代。 exceptional adj. 1）unusually good 杰出的 e.g. All her children are clever, but the youngest daughter is really exceptional. 她的孩子们都很聪明,但最小的女儿尤为突出。 2）unusual and likely not to happen often异常的,稀有的 e.g. He is a man of exceptional talent 他是一个具有特殊才能的人 What exceptional weather 多异常的气候啊！ 3、Bill was also well ahead of his classmates in mathematics and science. ahead of 1）before someone else 在某人的前面 e.g. There were four people ahead of me at the doctor's. 在我之前还有4个人要看医生。 2）before an event happen，in advance 提前 e.g. Can you tell me ahead of time if you're coming? 你来前能提前告知我吗？ ahead of schedule --- earlier than planned or arranged 早于（计划）e.g. I arrived at Jack's suite half an hour ahead of schedule. 我提前半小时达到杰克的家。 4、 was Seattle's most exclusive school and was noted for its rigorous academic demands, a place It where "even the dumb kids were smart." exclusive adj. available or belonging only to particular people, and not shared 单独的： 不与 他人分享的：e.g. Our figure skating club has exclusive use of the rink on Mondays. 周一的溜冰场是我们 花样滑冰队专用的。 This bathroom is for your exclusive use. 这浴室归你专用。 exclusive of 除，不计 e.g. The ship had a crew of 48, exclusive of officers. 船上有乘员48人，不包括军官。 The hotel charges $150 a day, exclusive of meals.
这旅馆一天收费一百五十美元,不包括膳食。 exclusive n. an important or exciting story that is printed in only one newspaper, because that newspaper was the first to find out about it独家新闻 It was Seattle's most exclusive school and was noted for its rigorous academic demands, a place where "even the dumb kids were smart." rigorous adj.: careful, thorough, and exact严格的, 严厉的, 严谨的 e.g. Every new drug has to pass a series of rigorous safety checks before it is put on sale. 每一种新的药品进行销售之前都必须经过一系列严格的安全检查。 e.g. Professor Williams is a rigorous scholarship 威廉教授的治学态度很严谨 5、Lakeside allowed students to pursue their own interests, to whatever extent they wished. pursue v. 1) continue doing an activity or trying to achieve something over a long period of time 继续, 从事 2) chase or follow someone or something, in order to catch them, attack them etc 追；追捕； The police are pursuing an escaped prisoner. 警方正在追捕一个在逃的犯人。 3) keep trying to persuade someone to have a relationship with you 献殷勤，追求： a lady who was pursued by many suitors. 被许多求婚者追求的女士 4) continue to torment or afflict; haunt 继续折磨或影响；纠缠： 6、The school prided itself on making conditions and facilities available that would enable all its students to reach their full potential. pride oneself on --- be especially proud of something that you do well, or of a good quality that you have 使?自豪, 自尊 He prides himself on his tailoring. 他对自己的裁缝手艺而感到得意。 She prides herself on being a good teacher. 她为自己是一名教师而骄傲。 The school prided itself on making conditions and facilities available that would enable all its students to reach their full potential. available adj. something that is available is able to be used or can easily be bought or found 可 用到的, 可利用的 Chinese commodities available for export are varied. 中国可供出口的商品种类繁多。 I'm sorry; those overcoats are not available in your colour and size. 对不起,这种外套没有你要的颜色和尺码。 Attention, please. These tickets are available on (the) day of issue only. 请注意,这种车票仅在发售当天有效。 This book is not available here. 这里没有这本书。 Is the manager available? 经理在不在？ The lawyer is not available now. 律师现在没空。 The school prided itself on making conditions and facilities available that would enable all its students to reach their full potential. enable v. make it possible for someone to do something, or for something to happen 使能够, 授予权利或方法
A bird's wings enable it to fly. 鸟的翅膀使鸟能飞。 This dictionary enables you to understand English words. 这本词典使你能理解英语词汇。 The school prided itself on making conditions and facilities available that would enable all its students to reach their full potential. potential n. the possibility that something will develop in a particular way, or have a particular effect 潜能, 潜力。 He's young but he shows a lot of potential. 虽然他还年轻，却又无限的可能。 She may not be a great violinist yet but she has potential. 她也许还不是伟大的小提琴家，但她有这个潜力。 potential adj. likely to develop into a particular type of person or thing in the future潜在的, 可能 的 Every seed is a potential plant. 每粒种子都可能长成植物。 For the first time she realized the potential danger of her situation. 她第一次意识到她的形势处于潜在的危险中。 7、Funds were raised, mainly by parents, which enabled the school to gain access to a computer? which在本句引导的是非限制型定语从句，先行词为funds 同样在本文中?and another student, Paul Allen, who was two years older than Bill.也是由 who引导的非限制型定语从句，先行词为Paul Allen Bill Gates was immediately hooked--- so was his best friend at the time, Kent Evans? so was his best fried at the time在本句是so引导的倒装，表示与前面的情况相同。 8、Bill Gates was immediately hooked--- so was his best friend at the time, Kent Evans? so was his best fried at the time在本句是so引导的倒装，表示与前面的情况相同。 hook v. 1) catch a fish with a hook 用钩钓（鱼） I hooked a 20-pound salmon last week. 上个礼拜我钓了一条20磅重的鲑鱼。 2) fasten or hang something onto something else 用钩钓住，挂到钩上 My dress hooks at the back. 我的衣服是从后面挂在钩上的。 Hook the rope over that nail. 把绳子套在那钉子上。 3）bend your finger, arm, or leg, especially so that you can pull or hold something else 弯成 钩形 He hooked his arm around her neck. 他弯手钩住了她的脖子。 4） （informal）succeed in making someone interested in something or attracted to something Some cigarette ads were designed to hook young people. 一些香烟广告设计得非常吸引年轻人。 hook n. 1).a curved piece of metal or plastic that you use for hanging things on钩, 吊钩 He hung his coat on the hook behind the door. 他把外套挂在门后的挂钩上。 2) a curved piece of thin metal with a sharp point for catching fish a fishhook. 鱼钩 9、?and got into a lot of trouble because of their obsession. obsession n. an extreme unhealthy interest in something or worry about something, which
stops you from thinking about anything else 迷住, 困扰 He suffered from an obsession of the death of his brother. 他对哥哥得死耿耿于怀 Gambling became an obsession, and he eventually lost everything. 他沉迷赌博，最终失去了一切。 10、Within months, the whole budget that had been set aside for the year had been used up. set aside --- separate and reserve for a special purpose 留出，拨出;分开或留出以备专用 set aside $500 for the daily life. 我拨出了500美元作为日常生活费用。 use up --- use all of something 用完, 耗尽 She's used up all the hot water.她用完了所有得热水。 All the paper has been used up. 纸都用完了。 11、During his time at Lakeside, Bill scored a perfect eight hundred on a mathematics test. score v. 1) win a point in a sport, game, competition, or test（在游戏、 比赛中）得分 Now it’s rather hard to score a point. 现在得一分都是异常艰难的。 Anyone who scores under 70 percent will have to retake the exam. 得分在70分以下的人要重考。 2) give a particular number of points in a game, competition, test, or experiment （在游戏、 比赛中）给人评分，判分，记分 Will you score for us when we play? 我们打球时你给我们记分好吗？ score n. the number of points that each team or player has won in a game or competition 得分 The score stood tied in the bottom of the ninth inning. 在第九回合下半局比分持平 The score in the football game was 4 : 1. 足球比赛的比分是四比一。 12、Bill's and Paul's fascination with computers and the business world meant that they read a great deal. fascination n. 1) the state of being very interested in something, so that you want to look at it, learn about it etc魔力, 入迷 The city has a fascination for him. 这座城市对他很有吸引力。 Old churches have a certain strange fascination for me. 旧教堂对我具有某种奇特的魅力。 2) something that interests you very much, or the quality of being very interesting 迷恋, 强 烈爱好 India will always hold a great fascination for me. 我为印度神魂颠倒。 Mark has a fascination for all things electrical. 马克对于电子产品总有着强烈的兴趣 Bill's and Paul's fascination with computers and the business world meant that they read a great deal. fascinate v. hold an intense interest or attraction for 使着迷, 使神魂颠倒 The city fascinates him. 这座城市强烈地吸引住了他。 The changing vivid colours of the sunset fascinated the eye. 日落时变化多端的色彩使人看得入迷。 I was fascinated by her voice.
我被她的声音迷住了。 13、 ?because both boys were desperate to get more time and because Bill already had an insight into what they could achieve financially? be desperate to do sth. --- show extreme urgency or intensity especially because of great need or desire有强烈愿望做某事 He was desperate to get a job. 他很想得到一份工作。 The team is so desperate to win. 队伍太想赢了。 have an insight into ---have a sudden clear understanding of something or part of something, especially a complicated situation or idea看透, 识破 We help troubled teenagers have some insight into their own problems. 我们帮助那些问题少年认识到自己的问题。
Step Three: Post-task Phrase (任务后阶段) (28’)
1. Comprehension of the text Read the text again and finish Exercise II (p.31): Choose the best answer to each of the following questions according to the text. 2. Consolidation & extension 巩固与拓展 1）To retell the text (复述课文内容)； 2）Grammatical structures: 1) Funds were raised, mainly by parents, which enabled the school to gain access to a computer … 2) Bill Gates was immediately hooked—so was his best friend at the time, Kent Evans, and another student, Paul Allen, who was two years older than Bill. 掌握课文中重要的语法结构: tenses 3. Summary In this passage the students should master the following points: 1) new words: 28 words and 8phrases 2) grammar points: tenses
Step Four: Assignment (2’)
1. To do the exercises IV- X; 2. To review the language points in the text; 3. To recite the third paragraph; 4. To preview the grammar points --- tenses
2008～2009 学年第 2 学期
《实用英语》课程第二单元教学设计（Section two） 本次课标题：Unit 2—The road to success（2） 授课班级 教 学 目 标 能力目标 上课时间 上课地点 知识目标
1. To be able to use the key words and phrases of the text; 2. To be able to use tenses.
步骤 教学 目标 1. 能正确拼 读重点词汇 和短语 2.能流利朗读 课文 能熟练运用 重点词汇和 短语 能运用重点 句型和结构 进行改写或 造句 内容
1. To remember the new words, phrases of the text; 2. To master the grammatical structure of tenses.
期望 学生期望： 巩固已学知识 教师期望： 掌握已学知识 学生期望： 讲评详实 教师期望：会 使用所学新词 学生期望： 讲评详实 教师期望： 会使用所学句 型 学生期望： 恰当指导 教材 教师期望： 积极参与 学生期望：举 例说明 教师期望：正 确区分 课件 板书 提问式 讲授法 媒介 方法 时间
1、本课出现的新词汇、短 语 2、课文内容和篇章结构
设 置 任 务
掌握完成时 的基本句型 结构
Task 1: Choose the best answer (p.39) Task 2: Fill in the blanks with the proper tense (p.40) 1. 现在完成时
设 语 法 计 知 识 拓 展 能正确识别 四种完成时 态 2. 过去完成时 3. 将来完成时 4. 过去将来完成时
掌握四种完 成时态的句 型结构
学生期望：小 4 种完成时态的句型特点： 结清楚 （分组讨论，代表汇报， 教师期望：理 教师归纳） 解掌握
巩固所学知 识、预习新知 识
1.复习课文、词汇、语法； 教师期望：理 2.预习阅读与写作 解，掌握，应 用
学生期望： 掌握所学知识 教材
考核 参考资料 学习资源
2008～2009 学年第 2 学期 课 时 授 课 计 划
课题： The road to success--- 词汇及语法练习 课号：03455 教学目标：
No. 2 Tool: Blackboard/PPT
1. To review key words, phrases and grammatical structures. 2. To master tenses. 重点与难点： 1. The usage of key words 2. The differences among four tenses. 教学设计： Warming-up Drills Summary 作业布置： 1. To review the useful words, phrases and expressions in Part I; 2. To prepare the exercises of Reading Practice in Part III. (p. 41-p.43) 3. To preview reading practice and practical English 时间分配：
Section Two -- Part I Exercises & Part II Grammar
Step One: Review
1. Asking students to read the new words and the text. 2. Reviewing the language points in Part I.
Step Two: Drill (1)
Comprehension of the text I.Choose the best answer to each of the following questions according to the passage. . 1. What is the main idea of the text? A. How Bill Gates became rich. B. How Bill Gates set up his Microsoft Company. C. How Bill Gates learned computer. D. How Bill Gates and his friends led his way to success. 2. How did Bill's contemporaries think of him ? A. They thought Bill was a nerd. B. They thought Bill was a goof. C. They thought Bill was outstanding. D. They thought Bill was a dumb boy. 3. What kind of school was Lakeside like in Seattle? A. Lakeside was the school which allowed students to pursue their interests. B. Lakeside was an all-boy school. C. Lakeside was the school which prides itself on making conditions and facilities available that would enable all its students to reach their full potential. D. All above. 4. What does "computer time was expensive, both boys were desperate to get more time" mean in the last paragraph? A. Bill and Paul felt hopeless because they didn't have time to play computer game. B. Bill and Paul felt hopeless because they didn't have money to buy a computer. C. Bill and Paul were willing to do anything to get more time. D. Bill and Paul were willing to do anything to get a computer. 5. what can we learn from the text? A. We young people should learn computer well. B. We young people should follow our interests. C. We young people should try every means to achieve our goal. D. We young people should learn something by heart. Keys: 1—5DCDCB II. Answer the following questions with the information you’ve got from the text. 1. Why did Bill's mother draw up plans for him in detail? (Para. 1) 2. How was Bill's performance in mathematics and science? (Para.3) 3. Where did Lakeside get funds to gain access to a computer? (Para. 5) 4. What was Bill able to do with computer when he was 14 years old? (Para.7) 5. How did Bill and Paul achieve their financial goal with computers? (Para.8) Keys: 1.Because Bill was untidy. 2.He was well ahead of his classmates.
3.They gained the funds mainly from the students’ parents. 4.At fourteen, Bill was already writing short programs for the computer to perform. Early games programs such as Tic-tac-toe, or Noughts and Crosses, and Lunar Landing were written in what was to become Bill’s second language, BASIC 5.They set themselves up as a company. Vocabulary IV. Spell out the words with the help of the given definitions and the first letters. 1. a place where people stay in tents, shelters, etc., for a short time, usually in the mountains, a forest, etc. ( c___________) 2. be especially proud of something that you do well, or of a good quality that you have ( p________) 3. a curved piece of metal or plastic that you use for hanging things on ( h___________) 4. relating to the moon or to travel to the moon ( l___________) 5. careful, thorough, and exact ( r_________) 6. obtain or achieve sth you want or need ( t__________) 7. information in a form that can be stored and used, especially on a computer ( d________) 8. power of learning, understanding and reasoning ( i_____________) 9. relating to money or the management of money ( f____________) 10. clothes considered as a group ( c_________) keys 1.camp 2.pride 3.hook 4.lunar 5.rigorous 6.gain 7,data 8.intelligence 9financial 10.clothing V. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary . able fasc ina tion pursuit perfo rm rigour excep tion hook edu cation potential exclusion
1. Different children have different _________ needs. 2. Promotion in the first year is only given in __________ circumstances. 3. Every new drug has to pass a series of __________ safety checks before it is put on sale. 4. He was ______________ to discover that they had both been born in the same town on the same day. 5. People have to move to other areas in __________ circumstances. 6. Our figure skating club has __________ use of the rink on Mondays. 7. Have you ever heard a live _________ of Beethoven's Seventh Symphony? 8. He completed the job to the best of his ___________. 9. I ________ a 20-pound salmon last week. 10. For the first time she realized the ___________ danger of her situation. Keys: 1.educational 2.execeptional 3.riforous 4.fascinated 5.pursuit 6.exclusive 7.performance 8.ability 9 hook 10.potential
VI. Fill in the blanks with proper prepositions or adverbs. 1. As a nation we pride ourselves _____ our strong sense of sportsmanship and fair play. 2. She was desperate ______ fear. 3. Drew ____ a list of all the things you want to do. 4. This issue will be discussed ______ detail in Chapter 5. 5. We all _____ some extent remember the good times and forget the bad. 6. Try to set _____ some time each day for exercise. 7. She's used _______ all the hot water. 8. The article gives us a real insight ______ the causes of the present economic crisis. 9. They want to set ______ their own import-export business. 10. Olive dashed _______ the room, grabbed her bag, and ran out again. Keys: 1.on 2.with 3.up 4.in 5.to 6.aside 7.to 8.into 9.up 10.over VII. Rewrite the following sentences after the models
Model 1: Bill Gates was immediately hooked----so was his best friend at the time, Kent Evans, and another student, Paul Allen, who was two years older than Bill. 1. I went to Japan last year. Kate went to Japan, too. 2. He likes football. His father likes football, too. 3. Jack was interested in math. His sister was interested in math, too. 4. Tom climbed the hill yesterday. Jim climbed the hill yesterday, too. 5. He is very diligent. They are diligent, too. keys 1.I went to Japan last year, so did Kate. 2.He like football, so does his father. 3.Jack was interested in match, so was his sister. 4.Tom climbed the hill yesterday, so did Jim. 5.He is very diligent ,so are they.
Model 2: Funds were raised, mainly by parents, which enabled the school to gain access to a computer. 1. Yesterday he bought two books. These were written by a young Chinese writer. (which) 2. She took care of the little boy. His parents had gone abroad. (whose) 3. Three days later he arrived at the village. He was to stay for a month there. (where) 4. The house belonged to Mr. Wilson. It was burnt down. (which) 5. The girls are from that college. They are dancing in the hall. (who) keys 1.Yesterday he brought two books, which were written by a young Chinese writer. 2.She took care of the little boy, whose parents had gone abroad. 3.Three days later he arrived at the village, where he was to stay for a month. 4.The house, which was burn down, belonged to Mr. Wilson. 5.The girls, who are dancing in the hall, are from that college.
VIII. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1. One of his friends recalled, "He was never a nerd or a goof or the kind of kid you didn't want in your team." 2. It was Seattle's most exclusive school and was noted for its rigorous academic demands, a place where "even the dumb kids were smart.". 3. The school prided itself on making conditions and facilities available that would enable all its students to reach their full potentials. It was the ideal environment for someone like Bill Gates. 4. The students became so single-minded that they soon overtook their teachers in knowledge about comupting and got into a lot of trouble because of their obsession. 5. If Bill Gates was going to be good at something, it was essential to be the best. Keys 1.他的一位朋友回忆道， 他绝不会是个不足挂齿或无足轻重之人或是那种你不希望他加入 自己队伍之人。 2.这是西雅图一所限制最严的学校，它以严格的课程要求而著称，是个―连最笨的学生都 聪明的地方。 3.湖畔中学允许学生们按自己的兴趣发挥，去通达他们希望的极致。令校方骄傲的是，他 们所创造的环境及设施使学生们能充分发挥各自的潜能。 这是比尔盖茨这样的学生的理想 环境。 4.这些学生非常专注，以至于在电脑方面的知识都超过了老师，同时因为他们的执着也带 来了不少麻烦。 5.倘若比尔盖茨决定要做好某件事，他必定会做的最为出色。 IX. Translate the following sentences into English using the words or phrases in the brackets. 1. 我在一定程度上同意他的计划。( to some extent ) 2. 你能详细为我们描述你在美国的生活吗？( in detail ) 3. 每次去超市前我都要列一个购物清单。( draw up ) 4. 他对可能发生的事情了如指掌。( have an insight into ) 5. 她为自己能讲多种外国语而感到自豪。( pride oneself on ) Keys: 1. I agree with his plan to some extent. 2. Could you describe your American life in detail? 3. I will draw up a shopping list when I go to the supermarket. 4. He has an insight into everything that is possible. 5. She prides herself on speaking several foreign languages.
Step three — Grammar (43’)
1. Tasks（设置任务） Task 1: Choose the best answer (p.39) Task 2: Fill in the blanks with the proper tense (p.40)
1. 现在完成时(Present Perfect) 1）构成：have/has+ 过去分词。现在完成时的肯定式，否定式和疑问时列表如下(以work 为例)：
2) 注意： a) 现在完成时表示动作发生在跨在两个时间段间，即在过去某一时段的开头。 b) 现在完成时的 have been to 与 have gone to some place . c) 现在完成时可以表持续， 动词一般是持续性很强的无限动词， live, study, teach, be, wait 如： 等，常和for, since连用。 d) 表重复： 现在完成时可以表示从过去到现在的一个时段中经常发生的动作或存在状态。 常与always, every day, often, many times连用。 e) 与宾语从句连用：现在完成时后接的宾语从句可以用任何时态。 2. 过去完成时（Past Perfect） 1）构成：had+过去分词（had用于所有人称） 。过去完成时的肯定式，否定式和疑问时列表 如下(以work为例)：
2）注意： a) 过去完成时的动作须在过去某一时间完成，即过去的过去。使用过去完成时必须有一个 过去的某一时间。 b) no sooner had…than; hardly/ scarcely had…when这是一个常用的句型。在这个句型中，主
句须用过去完成时，从句用一般过去时，注意when= and then。全句的重点不在主句而在从 句, 且常倒装。 3. 将来完成时 (Future Perfect) 1）构成：shall/will+ have+过去分词（shall用于第一人称，will用于所有人称） 2）注意： a) 将来完成时的基本用法是表示在将来某一时间或在此之前完成的动作， 并对将来某一时 间产生影响或结果。常与时间状语连用，如by the end of this week, at this time tomorrow等。 也常与before引导的时间状语连用。e.g. b) 在一定的上下文中，修饰将来完成时的时间状语可以省去。 4. 过去将来完成时 (Past Future Perfect) 1）构成：. should/would+ have +动词过去分词‖ 2）注意： a) 过去将来完成时表示在过去将来某一时间之前发生的动作。与将来完成时一样，它也会 对这一过去将来某一时间产生影响或结果。常和时间状语连用。使用时，要注意区分陈述语 气和虚拟语气。 b) 在一定的上下文中，修饰过去将来完成时的时间状语可以省去。 c)过去将来完成时用于间接引语中。
2008～2009 学年第 2 学期
《实用英语》课程第七单元教学设计（Section Three） 本次课标题：Unit 2—The Road to Success (3) 授课班级 能力目标 教 学 目 标 上课时间 2 课时 上课地点 知识目标
1. To get acquainted with the reading skill— how
1. To learn to recognize the important grammatical and punctuation clues of long to understand long and difficult sentences sentences. 2. To master the writing of Credentials and 2. To master the writing of Credentials and certificates (证书与证件)。 Certificates.
步骤 教学目标 复习该单元 出现过的语 法、巩固所学 知识 内容 1. The useful words & expressions of Text A 2 Different tenses in English. 1． The main idea of the passage–- The God in Youth. 2． Life stories about Jordan. Language points: Score, competitive, dominate, occasion, rival, infinity, physical, come into sth. etc. 期望 学生期望： 巩固 所学知识 教师期望： 学生 关注积极参与 学生期望： 教师 提示，讲解 教师期望： 积极 参与， 掌握方法 学生期望： 讲解 详细，有实例 板书 教师期望：理 解、掌握、应用 学生期望： 讲解 详细， 设置问题 教师期望： 积极 参与， 提出问题 媒介 方法 时间
能 力 训 练 设 计
篇 了解文章大 章 意；了解少年 掌 天才——迈 握 克尔 乔丹
阅 读 训 练
语 词 掌握阅读文 篇 汇 章中常用词 训 训 汇、短语的使 练 练 用
语境教学 法；讲解法 实例法
重 难 理解文章重 句 难点句 理 解
Translate into Chinese some sentences taken from the passage.
1. 设计任务，引出话题 设 计 任 务 、 学 生 试 做 2. 给出 证书与证件 写作的常 用 表 达 方 法 :The useful expressions related to the writing of Credentials and Certificates. 3．学生试做： Task: Write a Credential and a Certificate with the information given on Page 45-47.
学生期望： 讲解详细， 明确
了解证书 与证件写 作的基本 结构及常 用语表达 方法
教师期望： 积极参与， 掌握方法
能 力 训 练 设 计
写 作 能 力 训 练
给 出 样 本 、 学 生 比 较 学 生 归 纳 、 解 决 任 务
掌握证书 与证件的 写作要点
1. 给出样本 2. 学生比较异同，找出错误之 处
学生期望： 教师示范， 理解运用 课件 板书
教师期望： 理解，掌 握，应用
任 务 型 教 学 法
1. 学生自己归纳总结：证书与 证件的书写格及注意事项
学生期望： 掌握，应用 课件
2. To write a Credential and a 教师期望：
Certificate with the information given on Page 45-47. 积极参与， 提出问题 学生期望： 小结清楚、 明确 教师期望： 理解、掌 握、应用 归纳法
长难句的 理解及启 事的正确 书写
1. Word guessing skills (II); 2. Key words & expressions related to The God in Youth. 3. Key points to write Credentials and Certificates.
考核 参考资料学习 资源
2008～2009 学年第 2 学期 课 时 授 课 计 划
No. 3 Tool:
课题： Reading and Writing Practice (阅读和写作练习) 课号： Tape-recorder/Blackboard
教学目标： 1. To remember the useful words and phrases in Part III; 2. To be able to grasp the main idea of the passage and try to retail the story after reading. 3. To master the skills of writing Credentials and Certificates. 重点与难点： 1. New words & phrases: 7 words and 1 phrase; 2. Reading skills: Finding the main idea & Restatement and inference; 3. Writing practice: Credentials and Certificates. 教学设计： 1. Review; 2. Reading practice; 3. Writing practice; 4. Summary; 作业布置： 1. To read the passage freely and keep the new words and phrases in mind. 2. To review Part I and Part II 3. To preview Unite 3 in New Century Communicative English Course 4. To write a notice in English: To write a Credential and a Certificate with the information given on Page 45-47. 时间分配：
课堂教学环节 时间分配（分） 课堂组织 2’ 课前复习 8’ 讲解新课 55’ 巩固新课 22’ 布置作业 3’
Section Three – Reading and Writing Practice
Step One -- Reviewing the content about Part I and Part II (10’) I. The useful words & expressions related to Text A II. Different tenses in English. Step Two -- Reading practice: The God in Youth. (45’) I. General understanding of the passage (15’)
i. To read the words and expressions related to the topic ( p.41 ) ii. To answer the Pre-Reading Questions. ( p.41) iii. To read the text as quickly as possible and try to find out the main idea and finish the Reading Comprehension (Exercise I, p.44) .
II. Vocabulary Practice (20’) Language points
1、In Smith’s mind there was no doubt which of the two of them was the better player — it was Michael by far. by far --- to the most extreme or evident degree最，显然：到达极为明显的程度 She is by far the best executive in the company. 她目前是公司中最为优秀的决策人 His first film was the best by far. 到目前为止，他的第一部电影最好。 2、He simply dominated the play, and he did it not by size but with quickness. dominate v. 1） control someone or something or to have more importance than other people or things 支配, 占优势. 2) overlook from a height高于；俯瞰 dominant adj. more powerful, important, or noticeable than other people or things有统治权 的, 占优势的, 支配的 3、Smith noticed that while Jordan had been wildly competitive before he had been cut? competitive adj. determined or trying very hard to be more successful than other people or businesses 竞争的 Some US industries are not as competitive as they have been in the past. 一些美国的工业不再像过去那样具有竞争力了。 Competitive sports encourage children to work together as a team. 竞技性运动能加强孩子们的团队凝聚力。 competitiveness n. the ability of a company, country, or a product to compete with others 竞争力； 竞争意识 New machinery has enhanced the company's productivity and competitiveness. 新机器增强了公司的生产力和竞争力。 4、We went over to Goldsboro, which was our big rival... rival n. a person, group, or organization that you compete with in sport, business, a fight etc. 竞争者, 对手
She and I are rivals for the swimming prize. 我和她是游泳比赛奖的竞争对手。 She was 2 minutes faster than her nearest rival. 她比她最近的竞争对手还要快2分钟。 rival v. be as good or important as someone or something else竞争, 对抗, 相匹敌 Ships can't rival planes for speed. 船的速度比不上飞机。 No one could rival him in this respect. 在这方面没有人能胜过他。 5、There were nine players on the court just coasting? coast v. not try very hard to do something well （人）一帆风顺， 不需努力而上升或前 进； 随波逐流 You can coast downhill on a bicycle. 你可以骑自行车滑下坡。 The actor coast ed to stardom on his father's name. 那位男演员靠父亲的名誉一帆风顺地成了明星。 coast n. the area where the land meets the sea 海边，海岸 We drove along the Pacific coast to Seattle. 我们沿着太平洋海岸线开车到了西雅图。 6、Between the time he was cut and the start of basketball in his junior year, Jordan grew about four inches. junior adj. 1) having a low rank in an organization or profession-opposite senior 下级 2) relating to the year before the final year of high school or college 大学三年级学生 the junior class 三年级生的班级 3) a person who is younger than another 年少者：年龄比他人小的 缩写 jr.， Jr.，Jun.， jun.， jnr.小：当父子俩的名相同时，该词用于表示儿子的名 字，以区别于父亲 John Smith Junior is the son of John Smith. 小约翰·史密斯是约翰·史密斯的儿子。 7、If he thought that his teammates were not working hard enough, he would get on them himself, and on occasion he pushed the coaches to get on them. on occasion --- sometimes but not often有时，偶然 On occasion prisoners were allowed visits from their families. 有时家人可以探视犯人。 Exercises: I. Read the following statements carefully, and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F) according to the passage. 1. Michael Jordan was one of the greatest basketball players, for he was very tall since early on. ( ) 2. Pop Herring's basketball camp accepted Michael Jordan immediately. ( ) 3. When he knew he was out of the list, Michael Jordan was hurt. ( ) 4. Michael Jordan was soon a member of jayvee because he had a big size. ( ) 5. Because of his competitiveness, Michael Jordan caught the eyes of his coach. ( ) 6. Michael Jordan caught the eyes of his coach because he was the one who played by heart. ( ) 7. Laney High became one of the best basketball team because Michael Jordan was the leader. ( )
8. Michael Jordan was the rising star owing to his quickness and devotion to basketball. ( ) Keys: 1.F 2.F 3.T 4.F 5.T 6.T 7.F 8.T II．Fill in the blanks with the words or phrases listed in Words and Expressions to Learn. Change the form where necessary. 1. Anyone who _________ under 70 percent will have to retake the exam. 2. New machinery has enhanced the company's productivity and ________________. 3. It was obvious that her husband completely __________ her. 4. I didn't know Terry very well, but we went out for a (n) ___________ drink together. 5. The two teams have always been __________. 6. It's difficult to really imagine a(n) __________ universe. 7. Josie doesn't _____________ the movie until quite near the end. 8. A lot of British people avoid _____________contact with strangers. Keys 1.scores 5. rivals
3.dominated 7.come into
Step Three: Writing Practice (Credentials and Certificates) (30’)
1. Pre-task phrase: 1). 设置任务，引出话题 (教师先给出任务，让学生独立完成) 。 Task: Write a poster with the information below.
2). 参考课文原件写出上面毕业证书相应的英文版本，由教师指正、评讲。 2. Task cycle: (1) 任务(Task)--学生执行任务；学生按要求写证件。 Task: Write a certificate with the information below.
（学生先试着解决这个任务，结果放在一边，稍后处理。 ） (2) 计划(Planning)--各组学生准备如何向全班报告任务完成的情况； (3) 报告(Reporting)--学生报告任务完成的情况。 3. Post-task phrase （1）分析(Analysis) ―― 教师给出参考样本，学生比较异同，找出错误之处。 （2）总结(Conclusion) – 教师引导，学生自己归纳: 证书与证件的书写格式，解决任 务 （3）操练（Practice） ：学生在教师指导下练习语言难点.
Step Four – Summary& Assignment (5’)
1. Summary 1). Words and phrases 2). Reading skills: ⅰFinding the main idea; ⅱRestatement and inference 3). The writing of Credentials and Certificates.
1). To read the passage freely and keeping the new words and phrases in mind; 2). To Review Part I and Part II; 3). To Preview Unit 3 in New Century Communicative English Course.
2008～2009 学年第 2 学期
《实用英语》课程第二单元教学设计（Section Four） 本次课标题：Unit 2—Sports (4) 授课班级 上课时间 2 课时 上课地点 知识目标 To master the expressions and words related to sports and exercises. 期望 学生期望：适当讲解 教师期望：积极参与 录音 听说法 10’ 媒介 方法 时间
能力目标 教 学 1. To be able to communicate with phrases about sports 目 and exercises.; 标 2. To improve listening ability. 语 音 训 练 步骤 教学目标 掌握有关 运动的对 话和表达 法。 1.激发兴趣 2.掌握运动 的常用表 达方式 能听懂对 话的细节 部分 能听懂语 篇大意、要 点 能把握段 落的主旨 及细节 通过模仿 掌握常用 表达法 提高口语 技能 操练 2 内容 Words and expressions commonly used in talking about sports and exercises. 1. Questions: What is the good of exercises and sports? What do you know about Olympics? 2. Useful expressions Gap filling：(p.18)
学生期望：举例,引导 教师期望： 关注， 认真, 积极讨论 学生期望： 能听懂细节 教师期望：积极操练 学生期望：鼓励， 指导 录音 精听法 5’ 板书 提问式 讨论法 5’
引入 听 力 能 力 训 练 设 计
Multiple choice: (p.19) Passage: ((p.24-25) Drills::1. Gap filling; 2. Answering questions; 3. True or false questions. Task：Imitation Text A & B (p.20-23)
教师期望：积极参与 学生期望：鼓励， 指导 教师期望： 掌握不同题 型答题技巧 学生期望：鼓励， 指导
速记法 引导法 速记法 泛听/ 精听法
口 语 能 力 训 练 设 计
录音 教师期望：积极操练 角色扮 演法 板书
Task: role play ① 准备阶段 ② 组内选择 角色扮演者 ③ 布置场地 ④ 表演 ⑤ 评价与讨论 1. listening skills 2. Key words & expressions related to sports and exercises.
学生期望：鼓励， 指导 教师期望：积极参与、 勇于表现 学生期望：小结清楚、 明确 教师期望： 理解， 掌握， 应用
2008～2009 学年第 2 学期 课
课题：听说练习 –Sports 课号：
No. 4 Tool: tape-recorder
教学目标： 1. To be able to communicate with phrases about sports; 2. To improve listening ability; 3. To master the expressions and words related to sports and exercises. 重点与难点： 1. Listening skills, such as how to find the main idea and details; 2. New words and expressions related to sports and exercises; 3. Oral practice on the topics of doing sports and the Olympics. . 教学设计： Introduction and warm-up activities on the topic Drills on dialogue listening and speaking Summary 作业布置： 1. To review the language points related to the topic. 2. To read and recite Text A and B. 3. To preview Unit 3 in New Century Practical English Course(II). 4. To prepare the dictation of Unit 2 时间分配：
Section Four – Listening and Speaking A Job Interview
Step One -- Dialogue Practice (10’)
1. To listen to the dialogue of Part I; 3. To practice the dialogue in groups. 4. To ask students to read aloud the dialogue.
Step Two -- Listening Practice (40’ )
1. Warm-up activities (5’) 1) Sentences commonly about keep-fit: One has got to keep fit to enjoy life. A growing keep-fit is sweeping over China. More and more people come to realize the importance of keep-fit. 2) Sentences commonly used in talking about a match. This is a close game. This is a good angle to watch the basketball game from. He was offside. Go it! Come on! Got to it! The visiting team is no match for the home team.
2. Drill One -- Gap filling (5’) The whole class doing the listening practice – Exercise 2 on Page 18, giving explanation if necessary. 3. Drill Two -- Multiple choice (10’) The whole class doing the listening practice – Exercise 3 on Page 19, giving explanation if necessary. Keys: (1) B (2)A (3)D (4)C (5)A 4. Drill Three – Passage listening practice (20’) 1. Gap - filling; 2. Answering questions; 3. True or false questions.
Step Three -- Oral Practice ( 35’ )
1. To read Text A & Text B and then imitate. 2. Role-play
1）任务： （1） Imagine you are in a fitness center,. Imagine you are a customer and how you are at the Inquiry Desk. Make up a dialogue between you and a clerk. （2） Imagine you are basketball players of your school team. You are going to have a competition with the team of Peking University. Please make up a dialogue. 2）方式： ①老师将学生分组，每四人一组，学生可自愿组合； ②角色不限定，学生可随意选择角色； ③教师引导，学生自由创设多种情境。 3）过程: ① 准备阶段：组内成员相互设问，教师辅助；教师可提供与本话题相关的常用 表达方法； ② 组内选择角色扮演者； ③ 布置场地； ④ 表演； ⑤ 评价与讨论。 4）注意： 在角色扮演过程中,教师不去纠正错误(主要指语言运用错误), 只是悄悄地记下, 待到活动全部结束再指出纠正。
Step Four – Summary & Assignment (5’)
1. Summary 1) New words and phrases; 2) Sports. 2. Assignment 1) To review the language points related to the topic. 2) To read and recite Text A and B. 3) To preview Unit 3 in New Century Practical English Course(II). 4) To prepare the dictation of Unit 2.