People who are either under age or over age may not join the army. 年龄不到或者超龄的人都 不得参军。 三、从属连词的用法
连词用于连接并列的单词、短语、从句或句子，如 and, but, or, for 等；从属连词主要引出名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句等)和状语从句(时间状语从句、条 件状语从句、目的状语从句等)，引出名词性从句的连词如 that, whether 等，引出状语从句的连词如 when, because, since, if 等。 Don’t talk while you’re eating. 吃饭时不要说话。 二、并列连词的用法 Vegetables are best when they are fresh. 蔬菜新鲜时最好吃。 ◆ 1. 表示转折关系的并列连词。这类连词主要有 but, yet 等。如： He came just as I was leaving. 我正要走时他来了。 Someone borrowed my pen, but I don’t remember who. 有人借了我的钢笔，但我不记得是谁了。 (2) 表示“在?之前(或之后)”的时间连词。主要的有 before, after。如： He said he was our friend, yet he wouldn’t help us. 他说他是我们的朋友，但却不肯帮助我们。 Try to finish your work before you leave. 离开前设法把工作做完。 ◆ 2. 表示因果关系的并列连词。这类连词主要有 for, so 等。如： After we have finished tea, we will sit on the grass. 喝完茶之后我们将坐在草地上。 The child had a bad cough, so his mother took him to the doctor. 这孩子咳得很利害，所以他 妈妈带他去看医生。 You are supposed to get rid of carelessness, for it often leads to serious errors. 你们一 定要克服粗枝大叶，因为粗枝大叶常常引起严重的错误。 注意：for 表示结果通常不能放句首，也不能单独使用。 ◆ 3. 表示并列关系的并列连词。这类连词主要有 and , or , either?or , neither?nor , not only? but (also) , both?and , as well as 等。如： He didn’t go and she didn’t go either. 他没去，她也没去。 The weather is mild today; it is neither hot nor cold. 今天天气很温暖，不冷也不热。 Both New York and London have traffic problems. 纽约和伦敦都存在交通问题。 It is important for you as well as for me. 这对你和对我都很重要。 (3) 表示“自从”或“直到”的时间连词。主要的有 since, until, till。如： She’s been playing tennis since she was eight. 她从八岁起就打网球了。 Hold on until I fetch help. 坚持一下，等我找人来帮忙。 Never trouble trouble till trouble troubles you. (谚)不要无事惹事。 (4) 表示 “一?就” 的时间连词。 主要的有 as soon as, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant, immediately, directly, instantly, once, no sooner?than, hardly?when 等。如： I’ll let you know as soon as I hear from her. 我一接她的信就通知你。 The moment I have finished I’ll give you a call. 我一干完就给你打电话。 I came immediately I heard the news. 我一听到这个消息，马上就来了。 Once you begin you must continue. 你一旦开始, 便不可停下来。 (1) 表示“当?时候”或“每当”的时间连词。主要的 when, while, as, whenever。如： ◆ 1. 引导时间状语从句的从属连词
(5) 表示“上次”、“下次”、“每次”等的时间连词。主要的有 every time(每次)，each time(每次)， (the) next time(下次)，any time(随时)，(the) last time(上次)，the first time(第一次)。如： I’ll tell him about it (the) next time I see him. 我下一次见到他时，我就把这个情况告诉他。 We lose a few skin cells every time we wash our hands. 每当我们洗手的时候，我们都要损失一 些皮肤细胞。
She repeated the instructions slowly in order that he should understand. 她把那些指示慢慢 重复了一遍好让他听明白。 ◆ 4. 引导结果状语从句的从属连词。主要的有 so that, so?that, such?that 等。如： I went to the lecture early so that I got a good seat. 我去听演讲去得很早, 所以找个好座位。 I had so many falls that I was black and blue all over. 我摔了许多跤，以致于全身都是青一块
You can call me any time you want to. 你随时都可以给我打电话。 注意：every time, each time, any time 前不用冠词，(the) next time, (the) last time 中的冠词 可以省略，而 the first time 中的冠词通常不能省略。
紫一块的。 He shut the window with such force that the glass broke. 他关窗子用力很大, 结果玻璃震破了。 ◆ 5. 引导原因状语从句的从属连词。主要的有 because, as, since, seeing (that), now (that),
◆ 2. 引导条件状语从句的从属连词。这类连词主要有 if, unless, as [so] long as, in case 等。 如：
considering (that) 等。如： He distrusted me because I was new. 他不信任我，因为我是新来的。
Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不介意吧? As you are sorry，I’ll forgive you. 既然你悔悟了，我就原谅你。 Don’t come unless I telephone. 除非我打电话，否则你别来。 Since we’ve no money, we can’t buy it. 由于我们没钱，我们无法购买它。 As long as you’re happy，it doesn’t matter what you do. 只要你高兴，你做什么都没关系。 Seeing that he’s ill he’s unlikely to come. 因为他病了，他大概不会来了。 In case it rains they will stay at home. 万一下雨，他们就呆在家里。 Now that she has apologized, I am content. 既然她已经道了歉, 我也就满意了。 注意：在条件状语从句中，通常要用一般现在时表示将来意义，而不能直接使用将来时态。不过，有时 表示条件的 if 之后可能用 will，但那不是将来时态, 而是表示意愿或委婉的请求(will 为情态动词)。 如： If you will sit down for a few moments, I’ll tell the manager you’re here. 请稍坐, 我这 就通知经理说您来了。 I like her even though she can be annoying. 尽管她有时很恼人, 但我还是喜欢她。 ◆ 3. 引导目的状语从句的从属连词。主要的有 in order that, so that, in case, for fear 等。如： You won’t move that stone, however strong you are. 不管你力气多大, 也休想搬动那块石头。 He raised his voice so that everyone could hear. 他提高了嗓音，以便每个人都能听见。 Whatever we have achieved, we owe to your support. 我们取得的一切成就都归功于你们的支持。 Take your umbrella (just) in case it rains. 带上雨伞，以防下雨。 Whoever you are, you can’t pass this way. 不管你是谁，你都不能从这里通过。 Whenever I see him I speak to him. 每当我见到他，我都和他讲话。 ◆ 6. 引导让步状语从句的从属连词。主要的有 although, though, even though, even if, while, however, whatever, whoever, whenever, wherever 等。如： Although they are twins, they look entirely different. 他们虽是孪生, 但是相貌却完全不同。
◆ 7. 引导方式状语从句的从属连词。主要的有 as, as if, as though, the way 等。如： Why didn’t you catch the last bus as I told you to? 你怎么不听我的话赶乘末班公共汽车呢? He bent the iron bar as if it had been made of rubber. 他将铁棍折弯，仿佛那是用橡皮做成的。 Nobody else loves you the way(=as) I do. 没有人像我这样爱你。 ◆ 8. 引导地点状语从句的从属连词。主要的有 where, wherever, everywhere, anywhere 等。如： The church was built where there had once been a Roman temple. 这座教堂盖在一座罗马寺庙的 旧址。 I’ll take you anywhere you like. 你想到哪儿我就带你到哪儿。 Everywhere I go，I find the same thing. 不管我走到哪里，我都发现同样情况。 ◆ 9. 引导比较状语从句的从属连词。主要的有 than 和 as?as。如： She was now happier than she had ever been. 现在她比过去任何时候都快活。 I glanced at my watch. It was earlier than I thought. 我看了看表，时间比我想像的早。 He doesn’t work as hard as she does. 他工作不像她那样努力。 ◆ 10. 引起名词从句的从属连词。主要有 that, whether, if 等，它们用于引导主语从句、表语从句、 宾语从句和同位语从句。其中 that 不仅没不充当句子成分，而且没有词义，在句子中只起连接作用； 而 if, whether 虽不充当句子成分，但有词义，即表示“是否”。如：He replied that he was going by train. 他回答说他将坐火车去。 I wonder if it’s large enough. 我不知道它是否够大。 I worry about whether I hurt her feelings. 我为是否伤了她的感情而担心
英语连词用法练习题 1. —Oh, I failed again —Don’t lose heart. One more effort, ________ you will succeed. A. so that B. therefore C. however D. and 2. ________ a difficult situation, so you should send him a message and give him some advice. A. As he is in B. He is in C. Being in D. He being in 3. She said she would work it out herself, ________ ask me for help. A. and not to B. but not C. and prefer not D. rather than 4. ________ enough time, but I couldn’t do it better. A. I was given B. Given C. To be given D. Though I was given 5. —How can I wake up so early? —Set the alarm at 5 o’clock, ________ you’ll make it. A. but B. or C. and D. so 6. For a person with reading habits, a printed page contains not only words ________ ideas, thoughts and feelings. A. yet B. and C. or D. but 7. Information technology is taught in most schools, ________ we have entered the information society. A. so B. while C. still D. for 8. English is understood all over the world ________ Turkey is spoken by only a few people outside Turkey itself. A. while B. when C. if D. as 9. I was on the point of going to bed ________ Mr. Zhang rang. A. as B. when C. while D. and 10. I asked him whether he had done all the work himself ________ whether he had had any assistance. A. and B. but C. nor D. or 11. In some countries, ________ are called “public schools” are not owned by the public. A. which B. as C. what D. that 12. ________ happens in the world makes us happy and sad by turns. A. That B. What C. Which D. Whether 13. I read about this story in some book or other, does it matter ________ it was? A. where B. what C. how D. which 14. One of the men present held the view ________ the book said was right. A. what that B. what C. that D. that what 15. ________ I had walked for six hours, I was tired out. A. After B. Before C. When D. As 16. Tom make up his mind to get a seat for the football match ________ it means standing in a queue all night. A. as if B. as though C. even if D. whatever 17. The roof fell ________ he had time to dash into the house to save his baby. A. as B. after C. until D. before 18. Doing your homework is a sure way to improve your test scores, and this is especially true ________ it comes to classroom tests.
A. as B. since C. when D. after 19. I have been keeping that photo ________ I can see it every day, as it always reminds me of my college days. A. which B. where C. whether D. when 20. You may borrow this book ________ you promise to give it back. A. in case B. so long as C. as if D. even if 21. ________ the man grew older, he lost interest in everything except gardening. A. With B. Since C. While D. As 22. ________ you understand this rule, you’ll have no further difficulty. A. Once B. Unless C. As D. Until 23. I had no sooner got back to the kitchen ________ the door-bell rang loud enough to wake the dead. A. when B. than C. as D. while 24. I criticized him, you know, not ________ I hate him but ________ I love him. A. because; because B. because; for C. for; because D. for; for 25. ________ he studies hard, he will never pass the examination. A. If B. Unless C. Even if D. Even though 26. She worked hard ________ everything would be ready by the time he came back. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless 27. He waited ________ the volcano became quiet and he was able to return two days later. A. when B. before C. as D. until 28. — May I go and play football with Dick this afternoon, Dad? — No, you can’t go out ________ your work is being done. A. before B. until C. as D. after 29. A warning news report from Qatar announces that a group of Islam will continue to kill Americans wherever they are ________ they leave the Arab world forever. A. even though B. in case C. whenever D. until 30. I was so familiar with her that I recognized her voice ________ I picked up the phone. A. the moment B. after C. before D. while
一、选择填空 1. Which does Jimmy like _____ , Chinese or Art? A. well B. best C. better D. much 2. The Changjiang River is one of _____ in the world. A. the longest river B. longest rivers C. the longest rivers D. longer rivers 3. _____ of the two women is Mrs Brown. A. The beautiful B. The more beautiful C. More beautiful D. The most beautiful 4. My mooncake is nicer _____ his. A. like B. with C. for D. than 5. You are fatter than _____ . A. he B. his C. him D. he is tall
6. He jumps _____ of the three. A. far B. further C. farthest D. furthest 7. My hair is longer than _____ . A. my sister B. Kate C. my brother’s D. Lucys’ 8. There are _____ paper here .Please bring some. A. little B. less C. fewer D. a little 9. The pen is _____ than that one. A. more cheap B. cheap C. much cheaper D. quite cheaper 10.Tom speaks Chinese _____ better than Jimmy. A. more B. very C. a lot of D. much 11.There are _____ girls in Class Two than in Class Four. A. more B. nicest C. most D. best 12.It’s too _____ for you to do that. A. easy B. more dangerous C. harder D. the easiest 13.Who has _____ apples now, Jim, Lily or Lucy? A. much B. biggest C. better D. the most 14.You have more rulers than me. But _____ are nicer than _____ . A. mine, yours B. mine, your C. my, yours D. my, your 15.Tingting is _____ than Meimei, but Meimei is _____ than Tingting. A. all, stronger B. taller, strongest C. tallest, strong D. taller, stronger 16.Mother is _____ in my family. A. busy B. busier C. the busiest D. more busy 17.There are _____ in the park on Sunday. A. more children B. a lot of people C. much men and women D. many peoples 18.This blue sweater is too big for me .-Will you please show me a _____ one? A. small B. smaller C. the smallest D. smallest 19.No one is _____ Mary in the class. A. so tallest as B. as taller as C. so high as D. so tall as 20. This bike is _____ than that one. A. twenty yuan dear B. twenty yuan dearer C. dear twenty yuan D. dearer twenty yuan 11.You’re the ____ (kind) person I’ve ever met. 12.He is _____ (young) than his two sisters. 13.The _____ (old) I get, the _____ (strong) I seem to feel. 14.The weather is getting _____ (warm) and 15.Summer is _____ (hot) season of the year. _____ (warm) .