Questions： 1．When the author says he believes in music, what does he believe?
答案 He believes that music can influence one's mood.
t does the last paragraph tell us?
答案 We should make full use of the positive influence of music.
When you need comfort, what or who do you go to? For some people, it's a good friend or a familiar place. For me the most comforting thing in the world is music. You may be thinking you can't believe in music. This is true but you can believe in the feelings and emotions music gives you.
Every weekday is the same for me. I wake up at 6 ：00; I work from when I get there to 3：15 on Mondays and Wednesdays and 4：15 on Tuesdays and Thursdays. The only thing that keeps me wise all day is music in any form. On days when either the radio got wet from the hose or got dropped or stolen, I have my iPod with me. In between my destinations in my truck I plug my iPod into the tape cassette adapter and play it. When I'm at school, none of my teachers care if we listen to music as long as we don't let it become a distraction ， so I have my iPod there, too. Slow songs usually tend to calm people down. When people listen to sad songs they are usually depressed. Sometimes when sports teams like hockey ， football teams are getting ready for a game they will play metal or rock music to get them pumped for the game. Some people say that loud or angry music has a horrible influence on teenagers today. Yes, it can be a bad influence but only if you let it influence you negatively . Generally I like to keep an open mind about all types of music. The reason for this is that music is the artists' way of communicating their thoughts or feelings to anyone who will listen and I think they are worth the respect I can give by listening to their music.
④ ③ ② ①
当你需要安慰的时候，你会找什么物品或什么人？对一些人来说，会是一个好朋友或一个熟悉的地 方。对于我来说这个世界上最安慰人的东西是音乐。 你可能在想你不能信任音乐，这是真实的，但你可以信任音乐给你的情感。 每一个工作日对我来说都是一样的。我六点醒来，在星期一和星期三工作到下午 3：15，在星期二和 星期四工作到下午4：15。全天使我敏锐的唯一的东西是音乐，任何形式的都行。当收音机在水龙头下弄 湿了或掉到地上或被偷了，我就随身带着 iPod。我去目的地的路上在车上把iPod插入磁带适配器上，放音 乐。当我在学校的时候，只要我们不分散别人的注意力，听音乐老师是不在意的，所以我的 iPod也在学校 用。 慢歌通常使人镇静。当人们听悲伤的歌的时候，他们会消极。有时候运动团队像曲棍球、足球队在准 备比赛的时候会播放金属和摇滚音乐，以使他们有激情。
一些人说今天大声的过激的音乐对青少年有不好的影响，是的，它可能是有坏的影响，但仅仅是你让 它消极地影响你。一般来说，我对各种音乐都会接受。原因是音乐是艺术家向听众传达他们的思想或情感 的方式，我认为他们值得我们尊重的听他们的音乐。 【注】 ①hose n．水龙带 adv.消极地 ②distraction n．分散注意力的事 ③hockey n．曲棍球 ④negatively
Warming Up & Reading
单词识记 1.roll (vt. & vi.)滚动；(使)摇摆 2．pretend (vt.)假装；假扮 3．attach (vt. & vi.)系上；缚上；附加；连接→attachment (n.)附件 4．form (vt.)(使)组成；形成；构成 (n.)形式；表格 5．earn (vt.) 赚；挣得；获得 6．instrument (n.) 工具；器械；乐器 7．broadcast (n. & vi. & vt.)广播；播放 8．familiar (adj.)熟悉的；常见的；亲近的 9．music (n.)音乐→musician (n.)音乐家 10．passer－by (n.)过路人；行人→passers－by(pl.)
11．perform (vt. & vi.)表演；履行；执行→performance (n.)表演 12．million (n.)百万→millionaire (n.)百万富翁；富豪 13．actor (n.)男演员，行动者→actress (n.)女演员→act (vt.)扮演 14．humorous (adj.)幽默的；诙谐的→humor (n.)幽默 15．attractive (adj.)吸引人的；有吸引力的→attract (vt.)吸引→attraction (n.)吸引，吸引力
短语完形 1.dream of 2．to be honest 3．attach...to 4．in cash 5．make records 6．play jokes on 7．rely on 9．or so 10．break up 8．be/get familiar with 大约 打碎；分裂；解体 梦见；梦想；设想 说实在地；说实话 认为有(重要性、意义)；附上；连接 用现金；有现钱 制作唱片 戏弄 依赖；依靠 熟悉；与??熟悉起来
句型搜索 1.How does music make you feel？(P33) [信息提取] [例句仿写] make后跟不带to的不定式作宾补。 当你想家时，唱歌可以使你不孤独。 make you feel less lonely when you are homesick. Singing songs can ________________________ 2．Sometimes they may play to passersby in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments.(P34) [信息提取] [例句仿写] so that引导目的状语从句。 我们将坐在大厅里的前面，以便听得更清楚。 so that We'll sit in the front of the hall ____________________ we can hear better.
3．They may start as a group of highschool students, for whom practising their music in someone's house is the first step to fame.(P34) [信息提取] 动名词(v.－ing)短语作主语，谓语动词用单数。 [例句仿写] 大声朗读对学习一门外语来说非常必要。 Reading aloud __________________ is very necessary in learning a foreign language.
语篇理解 A.Choose the best answer according to the passage. 1．In the author's opinion, many people want to be part of a band because ________. A．they want to sing or play music B．they like famous musicians C．they want to become rich and famous D．they know a band plays an important part in society
2．Many musicians like to write and play their own music so they ________. A．join a club C．live together
B．form a band D．sing in the streets
3．At first the musicians sing in the streets in order to ________. A．make themselves sing better B．thank the passersby C．become millionaires D．make some extra money
解析 些钱。 从文章第二段第三句话可知，他们(音乐家)在街上或在地铁里为过路人演奏，这样可以多挣一
4．What did the Monkees do on the TV show? A．They played jokes on each other and played music. B．They told the people stories. C．They sang and danced. D．They taught the people music.
解析 A。 从文章第三段第三句话可知，“门基乐队”里的音乐人演奏音乐，还彼此打趣逗笑。所以选
5．How many years didn't the Monkees work together after the band broke up? A．About 10 years. C．About 20 years.
B．About 15 years. D．About 25 years.
B．课文浓缩 Most young people want to be a famous singer or musician. They have dreamed __1__ playing in front of audience. Honestly speaking, many people attach great __2__ (important) to becoming rich and famous. Many musicians meet and form __3__ band. They may start as a group of high school students. At first, they may play to __4__ (passerby) in the street. Later, they may give __5__ (perform) in pubs or clubs. Of course they want to make a lot of money. However, there was one band __6__ (call) the Monkees that started in a different way. They began as a TV show. The TV organizers had planned to find four rock musicians, but they could only find one. They had to use actors, __7__ had to rely __8__ other musicians to help them. They just __9__ (pretend) to sing. Their performances were __10__ (humor) and soon they became popular. After a year or so, the Monkees began to play and sing their own songs like a real band. In the US, they became even more popular than the Beatles. of a passersby importance 3.________ 1．________ 2.________ 4.________
who performances called 5． ________ 6.________ 7.________ pretended 10.________ humorous 9．________ on 8.________
[重点词汇] 词汇1 教材原句 pretend vt. & vi.假装；假扮 Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Liu Huan？(P34)你是否唱过卡拉OK并假装自己就是宋祖英或刘欢一样著名的歌星 呢？ ①She's not really hurt－she's only pretending. 她不是真的伤心，她只是在假装。 ②Were you just pretending to be interested? 你是假装感兴趣的吗？ ③He pretended(that) he didn't mind, but I knew that he did. 他假装不介意，但我知道他是介意的。
?to do sth.假装做某事 ?to be doing sth.假装正在做某事 pretend ? to have done sth.假装已做完某事 ? ??to sb.? that...?对某人?假称/假装??
pretended to (1)She didn't love him, though she____________(pretend) ．
句意：虽然她假装爱他，但她不爱他。 pretend to do sth.“假装做某事”，不定式的省略，
pretend to have recovered (2)Since you are still weak, why do you____________________________( 假装已康复)?
pretend to us (3)Don't__________________( 对我们假称)that you're an expert.
form v．形成；构成；养成；培养 n．表格；形 式，形状 But just how do people form a band？(P34)但人 们又是怎样组成乐队的呢？
①All kinds of flowers form this beautiful garden. 各种花组成了这个美丽的花园。 ②Forming a good habit is important for everyone. 养成良好的习惯对每个人都很重要。 ③If you fill in this form, you can take books out of the library. 如果你填了这张表，就可以把书带出图书馆。
拓展 in the form of以??的形式 take the form of采取??的形式 fill in the form填表格 form the habit of...养成??的习惯
【即景活用】 在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词) (1)You'd sound a lot more polite if you make
the a request in ________form of a question.
句意：如果你以问题的形式提出请求，会显得更礼貌。 in the form of“以??形式”。
in the form of (2)Help _________________ money will be very welcome.
earn vt.挣得；赚得；赢得；博得 Sometimes they may play to passers－by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments.(P34)有时他们可能在街上或地铁里为过路 者演奏，这样他们可以为自己或自己要买的乐器多挣一些钱。
①He earns about $20,000 a year. 他一年挣2万美元左右。 ②She earned a living as a parttime secretary. 她靠做兼职秘书为生。 ③He earned a reputation as an expert on tax law. 他赢得了税法专家的美名。
拓展 earn one's/a living谋生 earn sb. praise/a reputation etc.为某人赢得赞扬/名声等 earn/make money赚钱，挣钱
earned/made a living (1)That poor boy ________________________( 谋生) by selling newspapers.
earn/make money (2)Many young people went to big cities to ________________________( 赚钱)．
familiar adj.熟悉的；常见的；亲近的 They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar with them.(P34) 他们非常走 红，使得歌迷们为了更加熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。
①Are you familiar with this type of machine? 你熟悉这种机器吗？ ②I am of course familiar with your work. 我当然熟悉你的工作。 ③The street was familiar to me. 这条街对我来说很熟悉。
搭配： (1)be/get familiar with sb./sth.对??熟悉；对??通晓 (2)be familiar to sb.＝be wellknown to sb.为(某人)所熟知
with be familiar with (1)I can be your guide because I am familiar ____________________________________ this area.
be familiar to many readers. (2)The name, Harry Potter, will ______________
[重点短语] 短语1 dream of梦见；梦想 Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which everyone is clapping and 教材原句 appreciating your music？(P34)你是否曾经梦想过在音乐 会上面对成千上万的观众演奏，观众为你鼓掌并欣赏你的 音乐呢？ ①I often dream about/of flying. 我经常梦想飞翔。 ②I never dream of meeting you here. 我做梦也想不到会在这里碰见你。
拓展 dream n．&v. 梦；做梦 have/dream a dream 做梦
being dream of Yesterday I dreamt of there____________________(be) an angel who came to my house.
后接动名词，故there be 结构用there being。
attach...to认为有(重要性、责任等)；附上；连接； 附属于 To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous.(P34)说实在的，很多 人把名和利看得很重要。
①Do you attach any importance to what he said? 你认为他说的话重要吗？ ②I attached a photo to my application form. 我在申请表上附上了一张照片。 ③This middle school is attached to a teachers' college. 这所中学附属于一所师范院校。
拓展 attach importance/value/significance to...认为??有重要性/价值/意义 attach oneself to依附，参加；缠着 attach one's name to...在??上签名
to Parents attach much importance________ education. They will do their best to give their children that
解析 句意：父母都十分重视教育。他们会竭尽所能给他们的孩子们那种极其贵重的礼物。 attach
importance(significance, value, weight)to...“认为??有重要性(意义、价值、分量)”。
play jokes on开玩笑；戏弄 The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based
loosely on the Beatles.(P34)组成乐队的音乐人演 奏音乐，还彼此打趣逗笑，这些玩笑和音乐大 多都在模仿“甲壳虫”乐队。
①She loves playing jokes on her friends. 她喜欢开朋友的玩笑。 ②Don't play jokes on the poor boy. 不要捉弄这个可怜的男孩。
名师点睛 play jokes/a joke on sb. make fun of sb. laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人 戏弄某人 拿某人开玩笑 拿某人开玩笑，捉弄某人 取笑某人
play tricks/a trick on sb. have jokes/a joke with sb. make a joke of sth.
on The boy can't stand that his classmates often play jokes ________ him.
解析 句意：这个男孩不能忍受他的同学们经常戏弄他。 play jokes on“戏弄”。
rely on/upon依赖；依靠 As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to rely on other musicians to help them.(P34)因为这些演员中有些人唱得不是很好， 他们不得不依靠队里的其他人帮助。
①We should rely on our own efforts. 我们应该依靠自己的努力。 ②You shouldn't rely on your parents to keep giving you money. 你不能总是依赖父母给钱。 ③You can rely on it that he'll come to your help. 你尽管相信他会来帮你的。
拓展 rely on sth. /doing sth.依靠某物/(做)某事 rely on sb. doing sth. 依赖某人做某事 rely on sb. to do sth.依赖/指望某人做某事 rely on it that...相信/指望?? 名师点睛 depend on/rely on后接that引导的宾语从句时需用it作形式宾语，即用：depend/rely on it that...句型。
【即景活用】 在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词) on/upon rely on/upon You can't rely__________________________him to do the job properly. He doesn't have any experience.
sb. to do sth.“依赖/指望某人做某事”，是固定搭配。
break up打碎；分裂；解体；解散；(使)结束；停止 The band broke up about 1970, but happily they reunited in the mid－1980s.(P34)“门基乐队”大约 在1970年左右解散，但是令人高兴的是，到80年代 中期他们再次聚首。
①The ship broke up on the rocks. 船触礁撞碎了。 ②The crowd started to break up when the night fell. 天快黑时人群开始散开了。 ③The meeting didn't break up until midnight. 会议持续到半夜才结束。
拓展 break away逃走，(从团体或政党中)脱离出去 break down破坏，损坏，停止运转，出故障，精神崩溃 break into破门而入 break in插话，打断 break out突然发生，爆发(疾病、火灾、战争等) break one's word/promise食言 break off突然停止或中断谈话；断裂
down (1)The telephone system has broken ________.
解析 句意：电话系统已经出故障了。break down“出故障”。
into (2)His house was broken ________ last week.
解析 句意：上周他的房子被破门而入。break into“破门而入”。
[难句解析] 1.Each week on TV, the Monkees would play and sing songs written by other musicians. (P34) 每周在电视上，门基乐队会演唱其他音乐人写的歌曲。 written by other musicians是过去分词短语作后置定语，表示被动，和所修饰的词之间是逻辑动宾关 系，相当于定语从句which were written by other musicians。 ①This will be the best novel of this kind ever written. ＝This will be the best novel of this kind that has ever been written. 这将是这类小说中写得最好的。 ②Who were the guests invited to your party last night? ＝Who were the guests that had been invited to your party last night? 昨晚被邀请参加你的晚会的那些客人是谁呀？
dressed (1)[2015· 福建高考]Teams of four，________(dress) in a variety of strange and funny clothes, roll a
complete cheese along a 50metre course.
解析 dressed。 句意：四人一组的几个队，穿着各种各样奇怪、滑稽的衣服，沿着一条 50米的路线滚一个完
整的奶酪。根据分析可知，此处考查be dressed in, teams of four与dress为被动关系，且作定语，故用
considered (2)Japan_____________(consider) to be the best prepared to deal with an earthquake emergency set us an example.
解析 句意：被认为为地震突发做了最好准备的日本给我们树立了榜样。句中 considered to be...为
2.The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles. (P34) 组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐，还彼此打趣逗笑。这些玩笑和 音乐大多都在模仿“甲壳虫”乐队。 (1)本句中的were to play jokes on each other as well as play music 为be to do结构，在此表示“他们在 音乐会上将会演奏音乐和开玩笑”这一将来动作，也就是表示按计划或安排要做的事。 ①She is to be married next month. 她将于下个月结婚。 ②I felt nervous because I was soon to leave home for the first time. 我感到很紧张，因为我很快就要首次离开家了。
注意：该结构还可以表示“应该，必须”的意思。 ①You are to report to the police. 你应该报警。 ②You are to do your homework before you watch TV. 看电视之前你得先做完作业。 (2)most of which引导非限制性定语从句，意为“其中大多数”。先行词表人时用 most of whom。 ①There are 24 programs, most of which are songs. 有24个节目，多数是歌曲。 ②As many as 340 accidents happened in the city this year, most of which were caused by carelessness. 城里今年发生了340起事故，多数是由粗心引起的。
【即景活用】 用括号内单词的正确形式填空 to look (1)My job is____________(look) after my sister when mom is cooking.
解析 句意：当妈妈做饭的时候我的工作是照顾我妹妹。 be to do“安排要做??”。
of which (2)Three serious earthquakes happened in China, one ____________(which) was in Yushu.
解析 从句。 句意：在中国有三场严重的地震发生，其中一场是在玉树。 one of which引导非限制性定语