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Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note重点讲解


Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note
单元要点预览(旨在让同学整体了解本单元要点) 词语 辨析 1. scene / sight / view / scenery 1. believe vt.&vi.相信;认为 2. survive vi.幸存,继续存在 vt.幸免于;挺过来 词形 变化 3. permit v. 允许 n.许可证

,执照 4. patience n. 忍耐,耐心 5. rude adj.粗鲁的,不礼貌的 6. present adj. 出席的 词 汇 部 分 重点 单词 7. adventure n. 奇遇;冒险 2. permit / allow / let 3. scream / shout

belief n. 相信,信念, believable adj. 可 相 信 的 信仰 unbelievable adj.难以置信的 survival n.幸存,幸存 者,残存物 permission n. 允许, 许 可,准许 patient adj. 有耐心的 rudely adv. 粗鲁地; 粗略地 presence n.出席,到场 adventurous adj.冒险 的,惊险的 adventurer n.冒险者 impatient adj. 不耐烦的 rudeness n.粗鲁,不礼貌 survivor n.未死的人;残存者

1. bet n.&v. 赌;打赌;赌钱 2. fault n. 缺点;错误,过错;故障 vt.挑剔,指责 3. spot vt. 发现;认出 n. 污点;斑点;地点 4. passage n. 通道; (书、讲话、音乐等的)一段,一节;通过,消逝;旅费 5. account n. 说明;理由;计算,账目 vi.&vt.认为;说明;解释总;计有 6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找;探索;寻求 7. amount n.数(量);总额 vi.(to)合计;接近 8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬;弯腰 [b?u] n.[c] 弓,蝴蝶结;鞠躬 1. bring up 培养;抚养;养育或教育某人;提出;呕吐某物 2. go ahead 执行,进行,前进, (于祈使句)可以,往下说,用吧,开始吧 3. by accident 偶然;无意中 4. to be honest 老实说;说实话 5. on the contrary 与此相反;正相反[只作状语] 6. take a chance 冒险,碰运气 7. as for 至于,关于 1. Towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 2. The next morning I’ d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 3. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 情态动词的两类重要用法:1.表示推测 2.征询意见(见语法部分)

重点 词组

重点句子 重点语法

语言要点(模块) Ⅰ .词语辨析 (旨在提供完形填空所需材料)

1. scene / sight / view / scenery
【解释】 scene 指某一处的自然风光 scenery(总称)自然景物,天然风光,是由多个 scenes 构成的自然风景。 sight 景象,风景,名胜,侧重值得看的事物或很难看的东西和很可笑的事物;视力/眼界 view 景色,风景,侧重从人所处的角度(从远处或高处)以眼所看到的景色。 【练习】根据句子意思用 scene,sight,view,scenery 的适当形式填空。 1). Guilin is famous for its beautiful _______. 2). The _______ is a perfect dream when you see the sun rising slowly in the east. 3). You can get a wonderful _______at the top of the tower. 4). The flowers are a lovely _______ in spring. 5). He began to lose his _______six years ago. Keys: 1). scenery 2). scene 3). view 4). sight 5). sight

2. permit / allow / let
【解释】 let 允许,让,常用于口语中,一般不用于被动语态。后接不带 to 的不定式作宾补。 permit 和 allow 意思相近,都表示“允许,准许”。permit 稍正式一些,多指上级对下级或 长辈对晚辈的准许,语气较强;allow 多指听任或不管教某人做某事。 常用句型 allow/permit sb. to do sth. be allowed/permitted to do sth. allow/permit doing sth. 【练习】根据句子意思用 permit,allow 或所给词的适当形式填空。 1). Students are not _________ to enter the Net Bar. 2). My mother wouldn’ t let me _______ (go) to the film. 3). We don’ t allow _______ (smoke) in our office. 4). Weather _______ (permit), we’ ll go outing this weekend. Keys: 1). allowed/permitted 2). go 3). smoking 4). permitting

3. scream / shout
【解释】 scream 指因痛苦、恐惧、激动或生气而喊叫、尖叫,声音大而尖利,常与 to 连用 shout 指因愤怒或为引起注意而发出的声音,大喊,大叫,大声说话,常常与 at 连用 【练习】根据句子意思用 scream,shout 的适当形式填空。 1). There was a huge bang and people started _______. 2). Two women were _______ at each other outside the supermarket. 3). I had to _______ to make myself heard. 4). The fans _______ with excitement when they saw him. Keys: 1). screaming 2). shouting 3). shout 4). screamed

Ⅱ . 词性变化(旨在提供语法填空所需材料) 1. believe vt.&vi.相信;认为 2. survive vi.幸存,继续存在 vt.幸免于;挺过来 3. permit v. 允许 n.许可证,执照 4. patience n. 忍耐,耐心 5. rude adj.粗鲁的,不礼貌的 6. present adj. 出席的 7. adventure n. 奇遇;冒险 belief n. 相信,信念,信仰 survival n.幸存,幸存者, permission n. 允许,许可,准许 patient adj. 有耐心的 rudely adv. 粗鲁地;粗略地 presence n.出席,到场 adventurous adj.冒险的,惊险的 adventurer n.冒险者 impatient adj. 不耐烦的 rudeness n.粗鲁,不礼貌 believable adj.可相信的 unbelievable adj.难以置信的 survivor n.未死的人;残存者

【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). The principal’ s ________ (present) at the party didn’ t seem to be very welcome. 2). Finally he lost his ________ (patient) and started to yell at his mother. 3). It would be _______ (believe) that such an honest fellow should have betrayed his friends. 4). My husband loves ________ (adventure) life while I enjoy a more peaceful life. 5). He was punished for his _______ (rude) to his teacher. 6). They entered the area without. ________ (permit). 7) You cannot enter a military base without a _______ (permit). 8). The prisoners _________ (permit) two hours’ exercise a day. 9). This grand park is a rare _________ (survive) from the eighteenth century. Keys: 1). presence 2). patience 3). unbelievable 4). adventurous 5). rudeness 6). permission 7). permit 8). are/were permitted 9). survivor Ⅲ .重点词汇(旨在提供词汇综合运用材料) 1. bet n. 赌;打赌 v. 打赌;赌钱 [重点用法] bet on 为某事打赌 make a bet on 为某事打赌

win/lose a bet 打赌赢/输了

[练习] 按要求翻译。 1).We ______ ______ ______ ______ (打赌)the outcome of the next horse race. Keys: 1). make a bet on 2. fault n. 缺点;错误,过错;故障 vt.挑剔,指责 faulty adj.有缺点的;不完善的 faultless adj.不可挑剔的 [重点用法] find fault (with sb/sth) 找(某人/事物的)错/茬儿;埋怨(某人/事物) It’ s one’ s fault 是某人的过错 [练习] 按要求翻译或填空。 1). It was _______ _______ (他的过错) that we were late. 2). I have no fault to find _______ (介词) your work. 3). 她总是找我的茬儿。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). his fault 2). with 3). She’ s always finding fault with me.

3. spot vt. 发现;认出 n. 污点;斑点;地点 spotless adj. 没有斑点的,干净的 [重点用法] spot sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事 on the spot = on the scene 到(在)现场;当场 [练习] 用 spot 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1). The police ______ him driving a stolen car. 2). The police were ______ ______ ______ within a few minutes of my telephone call. 3). He keeps his house _______. Keys: 1). spotted 2). on the spot 3). spotless 4. passage n. 通道; (书、讲话、音乐等的)一段,一节;经过,通过,消逝;旅费 5. account n. 说明;理由;计算,账目 vi.&vt. 认为;说明;解释总;计有 [重点用法] account for 导致;做出解释;总计有 on account of = because of 因为 open an account 在银行开个户头 take sth. into account/consideration 考虑到某事 [练习] 用 account 的短语填空。 1). The League members in our school ______ ______ half of the students. 2). He doesn’ t drink alcohol _______ _______ his health. 3). She couldn’ t _______ _______ her foolish mistake. Keys: 1). account for 2). on account of 3). account for 6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找;探索;寻求 [重点用法] seek (for/after) sth./sb. 寻找某人/某物 seek to do sth. 试图做某事 seek happiness/comfort/wealth/success 追求幸福﹑安逸﹑财富、成功 [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1). I think it’ s time we ________ (seek) legal advice. 2). They are seeking ________ (change) the rules. Keys: 1). sought 2). to change 7. amount n.数(量);总额 vi.(to)合计;接近 [重点用法] a (large/small) amount of + n.[u] + v. (单数) (large/small) amounts of + n.[u] + v. (复数) 8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬;弯腰 [b?u] n.[c] 弓,蝴蝶结;鞠躬 [重点用法] bow to/before sb. 向某人鞠躬 bow to sth. 向……低头;接受某事 [练习] 用 bow 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1). The boss ______ ______ the demands of the workers. 2). The cast ______ as the audience applauded. Keys: 1). bowed to 2). bowed

Ⅳ .重点词组(旨在提供词汇综合运用材料) 1. bring up 培养;抚养;养育或教育某人;提出;呕吐某物 2. go ahead 执行,进行,前进, (于祈使句)可以,往下说,用吧,开始吧 [短语归纳] (be) ahead of 在之前;领先于;胜过 ahead of time / in advance 提前 [练习] 用 ahead 短语填空。 1). After a pause, he ______ _______ with his speech. 2). The new bridge was completed _______ _______ _______. 4). —— Could I use your bike? —— _______ _______. Keys: 1). went ahead/on 2). ahead of time 4). Go ahead 3. by accident = by chance 偶然;无意中 [短语归纳] by + n. 短语: by contrast 对比之下 by mistake 错误地

by hand 用手,用体力

[练习] 用 by + n. 构成的词组填空。 1). I was in such a hurry that I took someone else’ s umbrella ________. 3). She had found the file ______. Keys: 1). by accident/chance 2). by hand; by machine 3). by accident 4. to be honest = to tell (you) the truth = honestly speaking 老实说;说实话 [短语归纳] 英语中表示“……说”的短语: generally speaking 一般来说 exactly speaking 确切地说 that is 也就是说 to be frank = frankly speaking 坦率地说 in general 一般地来说 in other words 换句话说 to sum up 概括地说 [练习] 用表示“……说”的短语填空。 1). ________, women live longer than men. 3). ________, I don’ t enjoy the performance. Keys: 1). Generally speaking 2). or rather

3). To be frank/honest

5. on the contrary 与此相反;正相反[只作状语] [练习] 用 contrary 短语填空。 1). The car isn’ t expensive. ______ ______ ______, it’s quite cheap. Keys: 1). On the contrary 6. take a chance = take chances 冒险,碰运气 by chance: by accident: accidentally: unintentionally 偶然地;意外地;非有意地

7. as for 至于,关于 [短语归纳] contrary 短语: as to 至于,关于;提到;就……而论(至于,说到)

[练习] 翻译。 1). He was uncertain ______ ______ (至于) which road to take. 2). Would you be so kind _______ _______ (至于) help me to move the stone? 3). 关于我的过去,我什么都不会告诉你。 _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________ Keys: 1). as to 2). as to 3). As for my past, I’ m not telling you anything. Ⅴ .重点句子(旨在提供句子结构等所需材料) 1. Towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 快到黄昏的时候, 我 发现自己被一阵大风刮到了大海上。 [解释] find +sb./sth. + 宾语补足语 = find + (that) + sb./sth. + 谓语动词 搭配 find +sb./sth. doing 发现……在做……(主动) find sb./sth. done 发现……被做……(被动) [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空或翻译。 1). I found the boy _______ (hide) behind the door. 3). The film star________ ________ ________ ________ (发觉自己被围住) a group of fans immediately he got off the car. 4). He found a wallet ________ (lie) on the ground. Keys: 1). hiding 2). found ourselves in 3). found himself surrounded by 4). lying 2. The next morning I’ d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 第 二天早上,正当我感到绝望时一船发现了我。 [解释] 句中 when 为并列连词,译为“就在这时”,表示一种未预料到或突然发生的情况, 常用于讲述过去发生的事情或故事。when 常用于以下句型: 1). be about to do …when… 正要做某事就…… 2). be on the point of doing…when… 正要做某事就…… 3). be doing…when… 正在做某事就在这时…… 5). had hardly done…when… 几乎还没有做完某事就…… 3. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 您只要想来随时欢迎,您 想吃什么尽管吃。 [解释] (1)疑问词+ ever 可引导名词性从句,相当于 anyone who, anything that, any time when 等,用来加强语气 (2)疑问词+ ever 还可引导让步状语从句, 相当于 no matter + 疑问词。如: [练习] 翻译。 1). _______ _______ _______ (无论何时) you have problems, you may turn to me for help. 2). 我将相信你所说的一切。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 3). 无论你说什么,我都相信你。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). Whenever / No matter when 2). I’ ll believe whatever you say. 3). Whatever you say, I’ ll believe you. / No matter what you say, I’ ll believe you.

课文要点(模块) Ⅰ .课文词汇填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等) 根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: The tale was set in London in 1903. Henry, 1 American, was rescued in the sea by accident. 2 (lose) in London and having no money on him, he 3 (游荡)in London streets, 4 (hunger). He was spot by two rich brothers and invited to step into a house. Henry was given an 5 (信封)with money in it and asked not to open it until two p. m. With the envelope in hand, Henry entered a 6 (餐馆). He ordered some food. After 7 (eat) Henry opened the letter and found 8 was a million pound banknote. The owner and the waiter 9 (感到震惊). They couldn't believe Henry 10 was in rags could be so rich. The owner thanked Henry for his coming to his little eating place and even asked Henry to forget the meal bill. 答案:1. an 2. Lost 3. was wandering 4. hungry 5. envelope 6. restaurant 7. eating 8. it 9. were shocked 10. who Ⅲ .课文佳句背诵与仿写(旨在培养对难句的理解和写作能力) 1【原句】 It is Henry Adams, an American businessman, who is lost in London and does not know what he should do. [模仿要点] 强调句型:it is +被强调的名词+,同位语 ,+that / who + 并列谓语 【模仿 1】就是林小姐,我的英语老师,她是一个善良的人,当我遇到困难的时候,她总是 帮助我。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _ 答案: It is Miss Li, my English teacher, who is a warm-hearted woman and always helps me when I am in trouble. 【模仿 2】我的一个叫做 Tom 的朋友在上学的路上发现一只受伤的小鸟,他立刻把它送达 附近的动物园。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案: It was Tom, a good friend of mine, who found a wounded bird on his way to school and sent it to the zoo nearby without hesitation. 2【原句】It's amazing how much pleasure you get out of the simple things in life, especially if you can't have them for a while. [模仿要点] 句子结构:it is +adj +that 从句… especially +从句 【模仿 1】 千真万确我们从老师的表扬中获得很大的欢乐, 尤其当我们身处麻烦和困境久了。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:It’s true that how much joy we can get from the teachers’ praise, especially when we meet some difficulties and are in trouble for a while. 【模仿 2】令人惊异的是李华这学期在学习方面取得那么大的进步,尤其自他有了自己的学 习方法以后。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:It is amazing how much progress Li Hua has made in his studies this term, especially since he had his way of learning.

单元自测 (模块) 1 完形填空 字数:230 完成时间: 15 分钟 难度:*** James sat outside the office waiting for the interview. He felt so 1 that he didn't know what to do with (the) 2 . The person who had gone in before him had been in there for nearly an hour. And she looked so confident( 自信的) when she went in, not like James. He felt 3 that she had already got the job. The problem was that he wanted this job 4. It meant 5 to him. He had thought it such a lot before the day of the interview. He had imagined himself 6 brilliantly(出色地) at the interview and 7 the job immediately. But now here he was feeling terrible. He couldn't remember all those things he had planned to say. At that moment, he almost decided to get up and 8 . But no he had to do this. He had spent so much time considering it that he couldn't give like that. His hands were hot and sticky and his mouth felt dry. At last the door of the office opened. The woman ,who had gone in an hour earlier, came out looking very 9 with herself. She smiled sympathetically at James. At the moment, James hated her. The managing director then appeared at the office door. "Would you like to come in now, Mr Davis? I'm sorry to have kept you waiting.” James suddenly wished that he had gone home after all. He got up, legs 10 and forehead sweating and wondered whether he looked as terrified as he felt. 1. A. healthy B. nervous C. careless D. confident 2. A. interviewer B. woman C. himself D. situation 3. A. doubtful B. sure C. angry D. astonished 4. A. hopelessly B. naturally C. easily D. so much 5. A. everything B. happiness C. difficulty D. nothing 6. A. explaining B. performing C. answering D. writing 7. A. offered B. asked for C. being offered D. being asked for 8. A. leave B. go in C. prepare D. practise 9. A. ugly B. pleased C. sad D. pretty 10. A. shaking B. bending C. walking D. Stopped 2.语法填空 字数:143 完成时间:8 分钟 难度:** In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 1 spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 2 , we must be able to read the language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success 3 language learning. 4 good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only 5 (memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long lists of words and 6 meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. 7 we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of 8 (advise) for those 9 are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and 10 (write) the language whenever we can.

3.基础写作 [写作内容] 时间 地点 事件 评价 感受 上星期六下午 在中山公园里的湖边 我和朋友在散步,湖中一个女孩在呼救。我们跳进湖中救人,对她做了人工呼吸。孩子恢复知觉后, 被送进医院。我们打电话通知孩子的家长,孩子得救了。 家长很感激,医生对我们的急救给予高度评价。 懂得急救知识很重要。

[写作要求] 1.必须使用 5 个句子介绍全部所给的内容。 2.将 5 个句子组织成连贯的一篇短文,使用必要的连接词。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

答案: 本文通过对比的手法,描述了 James 面试前紧张不安、不知所措的心理状态。 l.B 由后面的不知所措,可见其“紧张”。 2.C 是他“自己”不知所措。 3.B 从他后面担心得不到工作来分析,他是“确信”那位女士面试出色的。 4.D 从他后面对这份工作的憧憬来看,他“十分”希望得到这份工作。 5.A 前面说了他非常想得到这份工作,而且为面试做了精心准备,可见这一工作对他来 说意味着“一切”。 6.B 其他三个选项不能涵盖面试的方方面面。 7.C 想象中面试出色,所以当场得到了那份工作。 8.A 根据行文逻辑选定。 9.B 由后面的行为来看,她对自己的面试表现是满意的。 10.A 根据常识提供的信息:紧张时两腿“发抖”,这是正常现象。 答案: 本文主要讲述了学习英语的一些好的方法。 1. it 指代前面的 foreign language。 2. Thirdly 根据上下文得知这是第三点。 3. in 在语言学习方面没有容易取得成功的办法。 4. a 好的记忆力有助于学习,memory 为可数名词。 5. to memorize 不定式作真正主语。 6. their 指代前面的 words。 7. If 前后是条件关系。 8. advice 一条建议,此处应用名词。 9. who 引导定语从句,先行词是 those。 10. writing 练习做某事应用 practise doing sth。 答案: On the afternoon of last Saturday, my friend and I were practicing drawing by the lake in Zhongshan Park when suddenly we heard a girl calling for help in the lake. We hurried to jump into the lake without taking off our clothes, swam towards her and pulled her out. We made her breathe using mouth-to-mouth way before she came to herself. Then she was sent to hospital and we telephoned the girl's parents. Afterwards, we were told that the girl was saved because of the timely rescue. Her parents were very thankful to us and the doctors thought highly of our first aid, which made us realize that knowing first aid is very important for everyone.


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