人教版高中英语必修 4 unit 3-5 综合复习题
一． 单项选择 1. A new amusement park in our city has opened with ____ computer techniques A. up-to-date A. which is A. defending A. take in A. astonished A. seating
, received A. got close to life A. admission efficiently. A. general A. lose courage A. taken A. Concentrating B. man-made B. whose top B. fighting B. take off B. depressed B. seated, received B. brought back to life B. permission A. the others B. frequent B. lose heart B. having taken B. the rest C. normal C. lose face C. taking C. near-sighted C. with its top C. preventing C. take on C. overcame C. seated, receiving C. came to life C. introduction C. others D. ordinary D. lose voice D. to take C. To concentrate D. Concentrate D. peace-loving D. the top of that is D. struggling D. take down D. hit D. seating, received D. were close to life D. instruction D. another 2. It would be a good idea to use plastic bottle, _____cut off, as a container to grow young plants in 3. We hold a meeting every year in honor of those people who lost their lives in _____our motherland 4. Things like eye contact and hand gestures______ great importance in situations such as job interviews 5. While working outdoors, Linda was ____by the heat and fell to the ground, unconscious. 6. The professor, along with his two students, ____in the studio, ____ the interview. 7. I stood in the middle of the room, staring at the toys, and in my imagination, the toys_____ 8. In October, the price of the ____ to Mount Tai has risen to 50 yuan 9. Of the equipment we have produced, this sells best, for it has the advantage over _____ of working 10. Drunk driving, which was once a ____occurrence, is now under control. 11. In order not to ____, he spent the whole night preparing for the speech of next day. 12. The car burns more fuel, but ____all things into consideration, it is still a good car. 13. ____on your study, and you will make greater progress. B. If you concentrate 14. American fathers ____more than twice the amount of time with their children than they used to in years past, due to a sweeping new trend called “unemployment” A. were spending B. are spending C. spent D. have spent 15. As we all know, China is a country, ____attracting more and more foreigners. A. the one B. one C. it D. that 完形填空 I took the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway within a few weeks of its launch. I couldn't wait to go on 16 despite the advice of well-meaning friends who said I should wait for my time 17 .
My father worked for the Indian Railways for nearly 40 years and many of my most cherished childhood memories are 18 to our long family journeys Being the baby of the family, I always won the 19 with my older sisters for the window seat. I would 20 my face to the window bars to feel the wind and wave to the kids, cows, buffaloes - anything that 21 to be gazing at the passing train. How thrilling it was to catch a 22 of the engine, billowing(滚滚向前) thick clouds of smoke, and the carriages in front as the train turned at a curve. Or when it entered a tunnel. 23 crossed a river. Or to see the tracks combine and diverge（分岔）. As the train 24 into the station, our senses would be attacked by varieties of smells, sounds, and sights - from the people selling everything. Walking to the toilet in a moving train was an exercise in fine 25 and self-control, as was climbing to the top berth( 卧铺) of the cabin, not to speak of handling food and drink without 26 , Going from one carriage to another meant a 27 walk, knowing that one wrong step could mean falling on to the tracks. We would arrive at our 28 with blackened faces, sticky hair, ready for a good shower with water. 29 , the state-of-the-art high-speed rail stands for comfort travel. Double-glass windows ensure an almost boring indoor environment. Despite the many stops, there is nothing, except the recorded message, to 30 where you are. The speed 31 you no chance to see the fascinating changes in landscapes. Everything goes by 32 . Walking from one cabin to the other, even at 300 km/h, your balance on the train is so good that it's disappointing. You can eat in style in the dining car, the food 33 in environmentally-friendly boxes, without a risk of a spill. You can stick in your earphones, listen to your favorite music and read a book or magazine, and 34 into your own world, to arrive at your destination, the color of your skin and the state of your hair intact (毫发无损的)enough to walk into Shanghai's upmarket Xintiandi district. It's clean, comfortable and safe. But it just doesn't seem like 35 travel to me. 16. A. abroad B. aboard C. board D. broad 17. A. obviously B. optimistically C. originally D. patiently 18. A. linked B. associated C. joined D. combined 19. A. campaign B. fight C. struggle D. fright 20. A. press B. lay C. approach D. squeeze 21. A. seemed B. proved C. happened D. pretended 22. A. glare B. stare C. glimpse D. sight 23. A. or B. and C. but D. so 24. A. drove B. entered C. pulled D. slid 25. A. strength B. muscle C. shaking D. balance 26. A. spills B. leaks C. pours D. drops 27. A. trembling B. unsteady C. stable D. smooth 28. A. departure B. final C. destination D. destiny 29. A. As a result B. Even so C. In a nutshell D. In contrast 30. A. signal B. sign C. mark D. symbol
31. A. remains 32. A. in a hurry 33. A. cooked 34. A. disappear 35. A. bus 阅读理解
B. reminds B. in a flash B. steamed B. appear B. ship
C. leaves C. in a minute C. served C. enter C. train
D. assures D. in the flesh D. ordered D. fade D. subway
A Experts have confirmed that youngsters who use Face book(美国一社交网站) do worse in exams. For the study, the researchers quizzed 219 college students about their study habits and the time they spent on Face book. They found that 65 percent of Face book users use the net daily, often checking it several times to see if they have received new messages. The study said that 68 percent of students who use Face book under-perform compared with those who do not use the site. Surfing on Face book can swallow up(消耗) hours of study time. University student Daisy Jones, 21, said: "I was in the library trying to write a 2,000-word essay when I noticed my Face book habit had gotten out of hand. I couldn’t resist going online. You do that, then someone’s photo catches your eye. Before you know it, a couple of minutes have turned into a couple of hours and you haven’t written a word." While they focused on Face book, the findings are also thought to hold true for other social networking sites. A study by the National Literacy Trust recently showed that one in five youngsters aged seven to 15 never read books outside school because websites and blogs are becoming their reading matter of choice. Pupils ranked social networking sites, blogs, general websites and magazines above books in a survey of their reading habits. Research has also shown that youngsters spend up to six hours a day in front of a screen. However students appear to ignore the effect of their usage on their study performance. The majority do not feel it has an impact on their work. A spokesman for Face book said: "There is also research that shows the benefits of services like Face book. It’s in the hands of students, with the help of their parents, to decide how they spend their time." 36. What’s the main idea of this passage? A. Studies show pupils who spend time on Face book do worse in exams. B. People who spend more time on Face book spend less time reading. C. Websites and blogs are becoming students’reading matter of choice. D. The usage of Face book among younger children is growing. 37. The underlined word "under-perform" in the second paragraph probably means "______". A. act out of rule B. perform less well C. play above the average D. gain less 38. The third paragraph is developed by using ________ in structure. A. an example B. an argument C. description D. analysis
39. What’s most students’ attitude towards the result of the studies? A. Contrary. B. Supportive. C. Understandable. D. Uninterested. 40. According to Face book’s spokesman, which of the following is TRUE? A. Face book doesn’t accept the result of the studies. B. Other researchers have shown how Face book’s services are good for students. C. Students are to blame for their poor performance in study. D. It’s parents who decide whether students should be allowed to use Face book. B The practice of students endlessly copying letters and sentences from a blackboard is a thing of the past. With the coming of new technologies like computers and smartphone, writing by hand has become something of nostalgic (怀旧的)skill. However, while today’s educators are using more and more technology in their teaching, many believe basic handwriting skills are still necessary for students to be successful---both in school and in life. Virginia Berninger, professor of educational psychology at the University of Washington, says it’s important to continue teaching handwriting and help children acquire the skill of writing by hand. Berninger and her colleagues conducted a study that looked at the ability of students to complete various writing tasks---both on a computer and by hand. The study, published in 2009, found that when writing with a pen and paper, participants wrote longer essays and more complete sentences and had a faster word production rate. In a more recent study, Berninger looked at what role spelling plays in a student’s writing skills and found that how well children spell is tied to know well they can write. “Spelling makes some of the thinking parts of the brain active which helps us access our vocabulary, word meaning and concepts. It is allowing our written language to connect with ideas.” Berninger said. Spelling helps students translate ideas into words in their mind first and then to transcribe(转换) “those words in the mind written symbols on paper or keyboard and screen,” the study said. Seeing the words in the “mind’s eye” helps children not only to turn their ideas into words, says Berninger, but also to spot(发现) spelling mistakes when they write the words down and to correct then over time. “In our computer age, some people believe that we don’t have to teach spelling because we have spell checks,” she said. “But until a child has a functional spelling ability of about a fifth grade level, they won’t have the knowledge to choose the correct spelling among the options given by the computer.” 41. What makes writing by hand a thing of the past? A. The absence of blackboard in classroom. B. The use of new technologies in teaching. C. The lack of practice in handwriting. D. The popular use of smartphones. 42. Berninger’s study published in 2009 ___________. A. focused on the difference between writing by hand and on a computer. B. indicated that students prefer to write with a pen and paper. C. found that good essays are made up of long sentences. D. discussed the importance of writing speed.
43. Which of the following best shows the role of spelling? A. Spelling improves one’s memory of words. B. Spelling ability is closely related to writing ability. C. Spelling benefits the translation from words into ideas. D. Spelling slows down finding exact words to express ideas. 44. What does “mind’s eye” in paragraph 5 mean? A. Window. B. Soul C. Picture. D. Imagination. 45. What conclusion could be drawn from the passage? A. Computers can help people with their choice of words. B. Spell checks can take the place of spelling teaching. C. Handwriting still has a place in today’s classrooms. D. Functional spelling ability develops fast in the fifth grade. C You are given many opportunities in life to choose to be a victim or creator. When you choose to be a victim, the world is a cold and difficult place. “They” did things to you which caused all of your pain and suffering. “They” are wrong and bad, and life is terrible as long as “they” are around. Or you may blame yourself for all your problems, thus internalizing(内化)your victimization. The truth is, your life is likely to stay that way as long as you feel a need to blame yourself or others. Those who choose to be creators look at life quite differently. They know there are individuals who might like to control their lives, but they don’t let this get in the way. They know they have their weaknesses, yet they don’t blame themselves when they fail. Whatever happens, they have choice in the matter. They believe their dance with each sacred(神圣的)moment of life is a gift and that storms are a natural part of life which can bring the rain needed for emotional and spiritual growth. Victims and creators live in the same physical world and deal with many of the same physical realities, yet their experience of life is worlds apart. Victims relish (沉溺)in anger, guilt, and other emotions that cause others---and even themselves---to feel like victims, too. Creators consciously choose love, inspiration, and other qualities which inspire not only themselves, but all around them. Both victims and creators always have choice to determine the direction of their lives. In reality, all of us play the victim or the creator at various points in our lives. One person, on losing a job or a special relationship, may feel as if it is the end of the world and sink into terrible suffering for months, years, or even a lifetime. Another with the same experience may choose to first experience the grief, then accept the loss and soon move on to be a powerful creative force in his life. In every moment and every circumstance, you can choose to have fuller, richer life by setting a clear intention to transform the victim within, and by inviting into your life the powerful creator that you are. 46. What does the word “they” in Paragraph 1 probably refer to? A. People and things around you. B. Opportunities and problems. C. Creators and their choices. D. Victims and their sufferings. 47. According to Paragraph 2, creators __________.
A. seem willing to experience failures in life B. possess the ability to predict future life C. handle ups and downs of life wisely D. have potential to create something new 48. What can we learn from Paragraph 3? A. Creators and victims face quite different things in life. B. Creators and victims are masters of their lives. C. Victims can influence more people than creators. D. Compared with victims, creators are more emotional. 49. The examples mentioned in Paragraph 4 show that _______________. A. strong attachment to sufferings in life pulls people into victims. B. people need family support to deal with challengers in life. C. it takes creators quite a long time to get rid of their pains. D. one’s experiences determine his attitude toward life. 50. What is the author’s purpose in writing this passage? A. To define victims and creators. B. To evaluate victims against creators. C. To explain the relationship between victims and creators. D. To suggest the transformation from victims to creators. 单项选择 1-5 ACACC 6-10 BCABB 11-15CCDDB 完形填空 16---20 CDABA 21---25 CCACD 26---30 ABCDA 31---35 CBCAC 阅读理解 36-40 ABAAA 41---45 BABDC 46---50 ACBAD