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Unit 1 Topic 1 归纳(修改)


Unit 1, Topic 1

重点知识梳理
Section A
一、 词汇: 1.bell 2.Africa 非洲; African 非洲人; 4.take place 5.have a time(evening; day; week…) 6.be/come back from 7.What/How about (doing) sth.

? 8.more and more beautiful 9.so…that… 10. an English summer school 11. by the way 二、 句子及语法: 1.How was your trip? / How about your trip?(How + be + sth./sb.?) 2.Great changes have taken place there.(现在完成时) 3.My hometown has become more and more beautiful. (现在完成时)(比较级) 4.There were so many people there that I couldn’t find a good place to take photos.(so…that 是结果状语从句连词,可以记 so many/much…that) 5.She has gone to Cuba to be a volunteer. (现在完成时) 6.There goes the bell. Asia 亚洲; Asian 亚洲人; n. 钟、铃(声) America 美洲; American 美洲人 高兴做。 。 。 发生,进行 过得。 。 。 从。 。 。回来 什么怎么样? 越来越漂亮 如此…以至于… 一个英语夏令营 顺便说(问)一下

3.be happy to do something(sth.)

Section B
一、 词汇: v. 关闭;关上 adv.在任何时候;从来 n. 绳子;绳索 参加(活动) 在暑假期间 从。 。 。学到很多 任何一个别的(后跟单数名词) 1. shut 2. ever 3. rope 4. take part in 5. during the summer holidays 6. learn a lot from 7. any other (没)有(很多,大量。 。 。 )时间做 9. make friends with somebody(sb.)
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8. have no(little; some; much; a lot of) time to do sth. 同。 。 。交朋友

10. put on a show 11.a group of 二、 句子及语法:

上演一出表演 一批,一群

1. I haven’t seen you for a long time. (现在完成时) 2. You took part in some volunteer activities during the summer holidays, didn’t you?(反义问句) 3. What a wonderful experience!感叹句) How interesting! (感叹句) 感叹句公式: ① What a(an) + 形容词 + 名词单数 + 主语 + 其他部分! ② What 形容词 + 名词复数 + 主语 + 其他部分! ③ How + 形容词/副词 + 主语 + 其他部分! 4. I think it makes me happy to help others.(动词不定式用法之一) 5. To help others makes me happy. (动词不定式用法之一)

Section C
一、 词汇: n. 通讯;交流;交往 adj. 狭窄的 n.& v. 报告;汇报 跟。 。 。保持联系 n. 亲戚;亲属 v. 是满意;使满足 adj. 医学的;医疗的 n. 机器;机械 adj. 迅速的;快速的 n. 进步 v. 进展;逐步发展 adv. 已经;早已 adj. 高兴的 在过去 在当今,如今 跟…保持联系 成功地做成某事 多于;比。 。 。多 在 20 世纪 60 年代 离。 。 。远 通过书信或电报
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1. communication 2. narrow 3. report 4. keep in touch with 5. relative 6. satisfy 7. medical 8. machine 9. rapid 10.progress 11.already 12.pleased 13.in the past 14.at present 15.keep in touch with 16.succeed in doing sth. 17. more than/over 18.in the 1960s(nineteen sixties) 20.far away from 21.by letter or telegram

19.have a/the (good) chance to do sth. 有机会做。 。 。

22. taller and brighter 23. satisfy people’s needs 24. not only … but also… 25. enjoy good medical care 26. dream about the future 二、句子及语法:

更高更漂亮 满足人们的需求 不但 。 。 。 而且 享受好的医疗照顾 对未来充满了梦想

1. For this report I have interviewed my grandmother. (现在完成时) 2. She has lived in Beijing for more than forty years. (现在完成时) 3. Few(几乎没有) children had the chance to receive good education. 4. People had little(几乎没有) money to see a doctor. 5. Children can study not only in modern schools but also on the Internet. 6. Beijing has made rapid progress and it has already succeeded in hosting the 2008 Olympic Games.

Section D
一、词汇: 1. hide 2. chess 3. radio 4. spare 5. abroad 6. kinds of 7. play a role in 8. in one’s spare time 9. in the past in the present(at present) in the future 10. play cards/chess/hide and seek 11. both … and … 12. places of interest 13. make a tour abroad 14. enjoy oneself 二、句子及语法: 1. Few people had chances to travel. 2. Since the reform and opening-up, Chinese people have had more time to spend on various kinds of leisure activities. (现在完成时) 3. A lot of people love both to play and to watch team sports like basketball or football.
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v. 躲藏;遮挡;隐瞒 n. 国际象棋 n. 收音机 adj. 空闲的;空余的 adv. 在国外;到国外 不同种类的;各种各样的 在。 。 。中处于。 。 。位置 在。 。 。的业余时间 在过去 在现在 在将来 玩 。 。 。 两个都 名胜 出国旅游 过得愉快

4. Many people stay at home having a rest.


一、 动词 have 的搭配用法:


过得…

1. have a (nice; good; bad; worse; hard)time 有..的时间做…

2. have (no; a little; little; some; much; a lot of; more … ) time to do sth. 3. have a chance(the chance; chances) to do sth. 二、 动词 play 的搭配用法: 玩(文体类活动,活动前不加冠词 the, 在。 。 。中处于。 。 。位置 在。 。 。中处于重要位置 在。 。 。中起不好的作用 1. play cards(chess; hide and seek ) 乐器前要加冠词) 2. play a role in play an important role in play a bad role in 三、动词 make 的用法: ① I think it makes me happy to help others. ② To help others makes me happy. ③ Beijing has made rapid progress and it has already succeed in hosting the 2008 Olympic Games. make sth./sb. + adj. make progress make sb. do sth. 四、little 与 few 的区别: ① have little time to do sth. 几乎没有时间做 ② Few(几乎没有) children had the chance to receive good education. ③ People had little(几乎没有) money to see a doctor. a little little a few few 一些(肯定的,后跟不可数名词) ; 几乎没有(否定的,后跟不可数名词) 一些;几个(肯定的,后跟可数名词复数) 几乎没有(否定的,后跟可数名词复数) 使什么怎样 取得进步 使某人做某事 有机会做…

五、现在完成时的几种典型句子: ① My hometown has become more and more beautiful. ② She has gone to Cuba to be a volunteer. ③ Great changes have taken place there. ④ Beijing has made rapid progress and it has already succeed in hosting the 2008 Olympic Games. ⑤ I haven’t seen you for a long time. ⑥ Since the reform and opening-up, Chinese people have had more time to spend
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on various kinds of leisure activities. 现在完成时形式: have / has + done 典型的时间状语: already, yet, ever, since…, for…, in the past/last few years, these years, recently,before,just,never 六、两种感叹句: 6. What a wonderful experience! 7. How interesting! 感叹句公式: ① What a(an) + 形容词 + 名词单数 + 主语 + 其他部分! ② What 形容词 + 名词复数 + 主语 + 其他部分! ③ How + 形容词/副词 + 主语 + 其他部分! 七、两个含并列连词组的句子: ① Children can study not only in modern schools but also on the Internet. ② A lot of people love both to play and to watch team sports like basketball or football. 八、两个状语从句: ① There were so many people there that I couldn’t find a good place to take photos.(so…that 是结果状语从句连词,可以记 so many/much…that) ② Though I had no time to travel, I felt very happy.(让步状从) 九、比较级的一种: 基本格式是:① more and more; ② less and less; ③ more and less(less and more) ① My hometown has become more and more beautiful. ② Communications are becoming easier and quicker. ③ Buildings in Beijing are becoming taller and brighter.

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