一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 过去将来时 现在完成时 过去完成时 将来完成时 现在进行时 过去进行时
主动语态 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 过去将来时 现在完成时 过去完成时 将来完成时 现在进行时
will/shall do; 其他 would do; 其他 have/has done had done
will be done would be done have/has been done had been done
will have done
am/is/are doing was/were doing will be doing have/has/had been doing
will have been done
am/is/are being done was/were being done
过去进行时 将来进行时 完成进行时
Ⅰ.一般现在时的基本用法 1.表示公认的事实或真理。没有时间性， 任何时候都是如此。
2.表示习惯性，经常性的动作和现在的事 实，状态，特征。 标志词： often, usually, occasionally, generally, sometimes, always, never, seldom, rarely, every day, once a year, on Sundays…
1.表示按时间表拟定或安排好的事情，或要 发生的动作.但限于少数动词(begin, come, leave, go, arrive, start, stop, return, open, close) (06四川) Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight A 4026 ____ off at 18:20. A.takes B. took C. will be taken D. has taken
2. 在时间状语从句里 (03北京春,26) ---When will you come to see me, Dad? ---I will go to see you when you _____ D the training course. A.will have finished B. will finish C. are finishing D. finish
引导此类从句的连接词还有 before, after, till\until, once, as soon as, while, by the time, the moment/minute, immediately等
3. 在条件状语从句中 (04上海) The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people _____to eat more fruit and D vegetables. A.persuade B. will persuade C. be persuaded D. are persuaded 引导此类从句的连接词还有in case, as/so long as, unless, if, providing\provided (that)等
用法： 1.表示过去具体时间发生的动作,经常与 表示过去时间的状语或状语从句连用。 2.叙述一动作或状态在过去持续了一段 时间后终止，或在过去某段时间发生了 若干次。
标志词： last night, yesterday, ago, the other day, at that time/moment, in 2007, just now…或由when, as引导的过去时间状 语从句
(06陕西) C -You look very tired. ____at all last night? -No, not really. I’m tired out now. A.Do you sleep B. Were you sleeping C. Did you sleep D. Had you slept (06江西) My cousin went to Canada two years A ago. He ____ there for a few months and then went to America. A.worked B. would work C. would be working D. has been working
三. 一般将来时 表示将来发生的动作或存在的状态。 构成:will /shall do be going to do be to do (00全国) --- You’ve left the light on. A --- Oh, so I have. _____ and turn it off.
A. I’ll go C. I go
B. I’ve gone D. I’m going
四. 过去将来时 表示从过去观点看将要发生的事 (06湖南卷)
In a room above the store, where a A party____, some workers were busily setting the table. A. was to be held B. has been held C. will be held D. is being held.
五. 现在完成时 1.表示动作已经完成，强调发生在过去，对 现在还有影响。 2.某一时刻开始的动作或状态到现在可能停 止，也可能继续下去。 3.现在完成时还可用在时间和条件状语从句 中,表示将来某时完成的动作。 4. 短暂时间动作的完成时不与for, since等表 示一段时间的短语连用.非延续性动词的否定 形式可以与表示延续时间的状语连用。即动 作不发生的状态是可以持续的。
1.(04 广西) ---The window is dirty. --- I know. It _____ for weeks. D A. hasn’t cleaned B. didn’t clean C. wasn’t cleaned D. hasn’t been cleaned. 2. (06 北京) ----____ leave at the end of this month. B --- I don’t think you should do that until _____ another job. A. I’m going to; you’d found B. I’m going to; you’ve found C. I’ll; you’ll find D. I’ll; you’d find
用于现在完成时的句型 1)It is the first / second time…. that… It is the first time that I have visited the city. It was the third time that the boy had been late. 2)This/ That is the best/only/ most … that…结构，that 从句要用现在完成时. This is the best film that I’ve (ever) seen.
六. 过去完成时 1. 表示过去某一时刻或某一动作之前完成的 动作或状态 2. 表示本打算，计划， 希望， 认为，试图 做 而没有做 had hoped /wished /planned / meant /intended/thought/wanted/expected to do =hoped to have done 3.固定句型。 一…就… hardly/scarcely(一) +had done… when(就) did no sooner(一)+had done… than(就) did
(04湖北) ---George and Lucy got married last week. Did you go to their wedding? ---No, I ____ . Did they have a big C wedding? A. was not invited B. have not been invited C. hadn’t been invited D. didn’t invite
(04北京） C I arrived late; I ______ the road to be so icy. A.wouldn’t expect B. haven’t expected C. hadn’t expected D. wasn’t expecting
(06天津) --- Did Linda see the traffic accident ? ---No, no sooner ___ than it happened. A A. had she gone B. she had gone C. has she gone D. she has gone
七. 将来完成时 表示到将来某一时刻为止，将会完成 标志词：by the end of +将来的时间 by the time +一般现在时从句 (05天津卷) By the time Jane gets home, her aunt C _______for London to attend a meeting. A. will leave B. leaves C. will have left D. left
2.现在进行时还可以表示现阶段正在进行， 而此刻不一定在进行的动作。 3. come/go/leave/arrive/start/get/stay 等 可用现在进行时表示即将发生的动作。 4. 常与always, continually, constantly等 动词连用。这种用法常表示说话人的某种 感情，如赞扬，遗憾，讨厌或不满等。
(05 湖南) Since I won the big prize, my telephone hasn’t stopped ringing. People _____ to D ask how I am going to spend the money. A.phone B. will phone C. were phoning D. are phoning (06福建,24) Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane________. B A. takes off B. is taking off C. has taken off D. took off
九. 过去进行时 1.过去某一时刻正在进行的动作。 标志词：then, at that moment, this time yesterday, 上下文语境 2.过去某一时间段一直发生的动作. all the time, for a whole day/ morning (翻译成 “一直做…来着 ”) 3.某一动作发生时另一个动作正在发生，即 两个动作同时进行着。常用于句型“主语 +was/were+v.+ing+when+主语+过去时”
(04 吉林) --- Has Sam finished his homework today? --- I have no idea. He ______ it this C morning. A.did B. has done C. was doing D. had done (06安徽) I ____ along the street looking C for a place to park when the accident ____. A. went; was occurring B. went; occurred C. was going; occurred D. had occurred
十. 将来进行时 表示将来某时将正在进行的动作 (2003北京) At this time tomorrow _______ over B the Atlantic. A. we're going to fly B. we'll be flying C. we'll fly D. we're to fly
十一. 现在完成进行时 表示一个持续到现在的动作(这动作可能 刚停止，也可能还在进行） (07湖南) Cathy is taking notes of the grammatical rules in class at Sunshine School, where she ____ D English for a year. A. studies B. studied C. is studying D. has been studying
(2005 江苏) They ________ on the program for A almost one week before I joined them, and now we ________ it as no good results have come out so far. A.had been working; are still working B. had worked; were still working C. have been working; have worked D. have worked; are still working
(06重庆) A I _____ in London for many years, but I’ve never regretted my final decision to move back to China. A.lived B. was living C. have lived D. had lived
点拨: 仔细阅读题干,把握语境,寻找有用信 息(即过去完成时一定表示 “过去的过 去”,若无明确依据,不可随意使用过去完 成时)
D (05北京)He ______ more than 5,000 English words when he entered the university at the age of 15. A.has learned B. would have learned C. learned D. had learned (05福建)Father ____ for London on D business upon my arrival, so I didn’t see him. A.has left B. left C. was leaving D. had left (07 山东) They ____ two free tickets to B Canada, otherwise they’d never have been able to afford to go. A. had got B. got C. have got D. get
(2)一般过去时vs过去进行时 (04年春招)“Sorry to have interrupted you. Please go on.” “Where was I？” “You _____ you didn’t like your father’s C job.” A. had said B. said C. were saying D. had been saying (04广东)“You were out when I dropped in at your home.” “Oh, I ____ for a friend A from England at the airport.” A. was waiting B. had waited C. am waiting D. have waited
(3)一般过去时vs现在完成时 (07全国I ) I know a little bit about Italy as my wife C and I _____ there several years ago. A.are going B. had been C. went D. have been (04重庆) She ____ her hairstyle in her hometown C before she came to Chongqing for a better job. A.would change B. has changed C. changed D. was changing
(03NMET) All morning as she waited for the medical report from the doctor, her nervousness__________. C A. has grown B. is growing C. grew D. had grown
(4)过去完成时vs现在完成时 (04北京春招) C I arrived late; I ____ the road to be so icy. A.wouldn’t expect B. haven’t expected C. hadn’t expected D. wasn’t expecting (04上海春招) Although he has lived with us for years, he ____ us much impression. D A. hadn’t left B. didn’t leave C. doesn’t leave D. hasn’t left
主动语态表示被动含义的情况 1. 系动词无被动 (06全国) C The water _________ cool when I jumped into the pool for morning exercise. A. was felt B. is felt C. felt D. feels The roses smell sweet. Good medicine tastes bitter.
2.不可使用被动语态的短语： take place, lose heart, belong to，
break out …
3. The book sells well. sell, read, write, wear, wash, open, begin, shut,
4. His telephone number is easy to remember.
5. Nobody was to blame. 6. The novel is well worth reading.
7. The classroom wants (needs/requires) cleaning.
1.慧眼识别标志词 2.主从时态须呼应 3.瞻前顾后巧搭配
1、单项选择 2、单词拼写 3、改错 4、书面表达
2007 高考 broadcast/ 2. This football game was ____________ broadcasted (播出) live on TV across Europe. 3. They’re going to ____________ (庆 celebrate 祝)their victory with music and dancing. 5. Very few people __________ (成功) in succeed losing weight these days. 7. The doctor _________ (表扬) our praised daughter for her courage this morning.
单词拼写部分动词注重正确选择词汇，正 确的拼写，一般现在时/一般过去时两个时 态，以及正确选择现在分词/过去分词。
04 全国：You can watch your stars while enjoying your favorite music. But then, a concert cost so much. I may just listen to music._________ costs 05 全国：There are advantages for students to work while studying at school. One of them was that they can earn money._________ is 06全国：We had guests last night who have not stayed in a B&B hotel had before.______
06四川: When our six children were young, suppertime is always being interrupted by neighborhood children ringing the bell.______ was 06四川：We hung a sign on the front door that was read: “ We’re having was dinner. Come back later.”_________ 07重庆：After having a short rest there and sharing the food we had brought, we started going down. It had rained even harder.______ had
动词时态的错误是高考英语书面表达中最常见的 错误之一，也是学生运用语言的能力差显著标志 之一。如2002年高考关于公园收不收门票的讨论 的介绍，陈述讨论的语句通常用Sixty of the students of our school think it is unnecessary to change an entrance fee. They think that …… 不少学生表达为Some people thought that……所以对某个调查的描述及讨论应使用一般 46 现在时，这是时态错误的焦点。