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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 基础巩固(新课标专用)Book 6 Unit 1 Word版含解析


Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.abstract adj.抽象的;深奥的;n.摘要→concrete adj. 具体的 2.aim n.目标;vi.&vt.瞄准;(向某方向)努力→be aimed_at 旨在…… 3.conventional adj.传统的;因循守旧的→traditional adj.传统的 4.evident adj.明显的→o

bvious adj.明显的→apparent adj.明显的 5.adopt vt.采用;采纳;收养→adapt v.适应;改编→adjust v.适应;调节 6.by_coincidence 巧合地→by chance/accident 偶然地,意外地 7.a great deal 大量→a great deal/an amount_of(+不可数名词)大量的…… 8.on the other hand (可是)另一方面→on_the_one_hand 一方面 9.specific adj.确切的;特定的;具体的→general adj.笼统的 10.appeal vi.有感染力;呼吁→appeal_to 对……有吸引力;向……呼吁 11.reputation n.名声;名誉→live_up_to_one’s_reputation 名副其实 12.contemporary adj.当代的;同时代的→temporary adj.临时的 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.faith n.信任;信心;信念→faithful adj.忠实的→faithfully adv.忠实地 2.possess vt.拥有;具有;支配→possession n.占有;(复数)财产 3.predict vt.预测;预言→prediction n.预测;预言 4.exhibit vt.展示→exhibition n.展览(会) 5.prefer vt.更喜欢→preference n.偏爱 6.appeal vi.有感染力→appealing adj.有吸引力的 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1. This is the typical(典型的) style of music that appeals_to(吸引) the young; consequently(因此), it sells quite well. 2.Many people are not realistic(现实的) and attempt(企图) to be famous overnight, but actually only those who possess(拥有) talents and work hard are likely to achieve their dreams. 3 . By_coincidence( 巧 合 的 是 ), we both preferred the masterpiece( 杰 作 ) but what was ridiculous(可笑的) was that we had controversial(矛盾的) ideas about its meaning. 4.It’s evident(明显的) that the approach he adopted(采用) really helped a_great_deal(很多).

5.Something he predicted(预言) years ago really happened, but some people think it is a pure coincidence(巧合). Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) It is predicted that the government will appeal to people possessing private cars to adopt this new technique in this district.Evidently the aim is to convince people that the technique is conventional.So it will be typically permanent.We have faith in people’s preference for it. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.But it_was_evident_that ideas were changing in the 13th century... 但是很明显,在十三世纪,人们的思想正经历着变化…… 2 . Among_the_painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the Impressionists, who lived and worked in Paris. 在那些突破传统画法的画家中有生活和工作在巴黎的印象派画家。 3.If the rules of perspective had_not_been_discovered,no one would_have_been_able_to paint such realistic pictures. 如果没有发现透视法,就没有人能画出如此逼真的画。

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.Whether the buildings in this area should be pulled down has remained ________; people are still looking for other possible solutions. A.unchallenged C.controversial 答案 C 解析 句意为: 这个地区的这些建筑是否应该拆掉仍然有争议, 人们仍然在寻找其他可能 的解决方法。controversial 有争议的,符合句意。unchallenged 没有异议的;relevant 相关 的;contradictory 引起矛盾的,都与句意不符。 (教材原句:At the time they were created,the Impressionist paintings were controversial...) 2.Grace doesn’t want to move to New York because she thinks if she________there,she wouldn’t be able to see her parents very often. A.lives C.has lived 答案 D B.would live D.were to live (2012· 安徽,31) B.relevant D.contradictory (2012· 湖北,28)

解析 句意为:格雷斯不想搬到纽约去,因为她认为,如果她住在那里,她就不能经常看 见她的父母了。 这是与将来情况相反的虚拟条件句。 由主句知此处是对“未来”情况的虚 拟。 if 引导的虚拟条件句中表示与将来的事实相反时可使用过去式、 “should +v.”或 “were to+v.”的形式,故选 D 项。 (考查单元语法) 3. An unhappy childhood may have some negative effects on a person’s character; however, they are not always ________. A.practical C.permanent 答案 C 解析 句意为: 不幸的童年或许对一个人的性格产生一些负面的影响, 但不会是永久性的。 practical 实际的;avoidable 能避免的;permanent 永久的;beneficial 有益的。根据句意可 知应选 C 项。 (教材原句:There are no permanent displays in this museum and exhibitions change all the time.) 4.He smiled politely ________ Mary apologized for her drunken friends. A.as C.unless 答案 A 解析 句意为:当玛丽因她醉酒的朋友向他道歉时,他礼貌地微笑着。if 如果,引导条件 状语从句;unless 除非,引导条件状语从句;though 虽然,尽管,引导让步状语从句。as 可引导时间状语从句,表示主从句动作同时发生或前后紧接着发生,常常译为 “( 正 当)……的时候,随着……,一边……一边……”,故只有 as 符合题意。 5.—Where are the children?The dinner’s going to be completely ruined. —I wish they________always late. A.weren’t C.wouldn’t be 答案 A 解析 句意为:——孩子们在哪儿?这顿饭要彻底毁了。——我但愿他们不会总来晚。从 “Where are the children?”可知,说话人指现在。根据动词 wish 后的宾语从句要用虚拟 语气的用法可知,表示与现在事实相反的情况时,从句用一般过去时态,因此选项 A 正 确。 (考查单元语法) Ⅱ.完形、阅读——英译汉 B.hadn’t been D.wouldn’t have been (2011· 北京,28) B.if D.though (2012· 山东, 27) B.avoidable D.beneficial (2011· 湖北,24)

1. As I climbed out of the car at the hospital and turned to thank her, she smiled and told me not to lose faith, for all things are possible. 形) 当我在医院里爬出车向她致谢时,她笑了笑,告诉我不要丧失信心,因为一切皆有可能。 2.People from Latin American countries,on the other hand, touch each other quite a lot. (2012· 新课标全国· 完 形) 另一方面,拉丁美洲人很多地接触对方。 3.Consequently, I threw myself heartily into my work for the rest of the school year. (2012· 北京· 阅读 B) 结果,在一学年中剩下的日子里,我就全身心地投入到学习中。 4.It became evident that there were two people bearing the same name who looked completely different! B) 很明显,有两个人名字一样,但长相完全不同! Ⅲ.书面表达——汉译英 1. 另一方面,他们能丰富我的生活并且给我提供极大的乐趣。(on the other hand) (2012· 江西· 书面表达) On the other hand,they can enrich my life and provide me with great fun. 2. 我想知道是否学校可以在周围放置更多的垃圾箱且对这样的行为制定具体的规则来防范。 (specific) (2011· 浙江· 书面表达) (2012· 北京· 阅读 (2012· 安徽· 完

I wonder if the school could place more dustbins around and make specific rules against such behaviour. 历年高考热点:controversial,permanent,faith,on the other hand,consequently,evident,specific 等的用法。 2014 考点预测:adopt,possess,attempt,appeal,typical,on the other hand 等的用法。

1 adopt vt.收养,领养;采用,采纳 学情诊断 (1)翻译下列短语 ①采取不同的方法 adopt_different_approaches ②收养一个孩子 adopt_a_child

③一个收养的孩子 an_adopted_child (2)Our school has ________a new teaching method to meet the requirements of the students. A.adapted C.adjusted 答案 B 解析 句意为:为了满足学生们的要求,我们学校已采用了一种新的教学方法。 adopt 采用,采纳,符合句意。adapt 适应,改编;adjust 调整,调节;advance 推进。 归纳拓展 adopted adj.领养的;收养的 adoption n.收养,领养;采用,采纳 adopter n.收养者;采用者 思考 你知道 adopt 和 adapt 的区别吗? adopt 意为“采用,采纳;领养,收养”;adapt 意为“改编,改写;(使)适应”。 2 possess 双语释义 vt.拥有(own);具有(have);支配(control) 学情诊断 (1)用 possess 的适当形式填空 ①Fear possessed him and prevented him from moving. ②She was_possessed by the desire to be rich. ③Technical progress would put our firm in possession of the home market. (2)What on earth possessed you ________ here? A.coming C.came 答案 B 归纳拓展 possess sb. to do sth.支配某人做某事 be possessed of 具有?某种品质?;拥有 be possessed with/by 被……控制 possession n.拥有,具有;?复数?所有,财产 in possession of 拥有……?主语为人? in the possession of sb./in one’s possession 为……所有 take possession of 拥有,占有 3 attempt 双语释义 n. 企图, 试图; 尝试; 努力(try; effort); v.努力; 尝试; 试图(try; make an effort B.to come D.come B.adopted D.advanced

to) 学情诊断 (1)用适当的介、副词填空 ①Two factories were closed in an attempt to cut costs. ②I passed my driving test at the first attempt. ③Someone has made an attempt on the President’s life. (2)He________to escape from the prison,but he couldn’t find anybody to help him. A.succeeded C.advised 答案 B 解析 句意为:他企图越狱,但找不到人帮他。attempt to do sth.试图做某事。 归纳拓展 attempt to do...=make an attempt to do/at doing... 尝试、试图做…… at the first attempt 第一次尝试 in an attempt to do sth.试图做某事 make an attempt on sb./sb.’s life 企图刺杀某人 attempted adj.未遂的 4 appeal 双语释义 n.呼吁;恳求(request);吸引力(attraction);上诉;v.呼吁;恳求(request);上 诉;有吸引力(attract) 学情诊断 (1)用适当的介、副词填空 ①Does the idea of working abroad appeal to you? ②Leaders of all parties appealed for calm. ③We had to appeal to him for help. ④She appealed to us to go with her. (2)—How did you like Nick’s performance last night? —To be honest,his singing didn’t________to me much. A.appeal 答案 A 解析 句意为: ——你认为昨晚尼克的表演怎么样?——说实话, 他的歌唱并不怎么引 我。appeal to 吸引;belong to 属于;refer to 指的是;occur to(想法等)被想到。根据句意 应选 A。 B.belong C.refer D.occur (2010· 安徽,23) B.attempted D.thought

归纳拓展 appeal to sb.吸引某人 appeal for sth.呼吁;恳求 appeal to sb. to do sth.呼吁/恳求某人做某事 appeal to sb. for sth.呼吁/恳求某人提供某物 appeal against 对……提出上诉/申诉 5 typical 双语释义 adj.典型的;有代表性的(representative);一贯的;平常的(normal) 学情诊断 (1)写出句中 type 的词性与意思 ①What type of house would you prefer to live in?n.类型 ②Please type this letter for me.v.打字 (2)Jack is late again.It is ________of him to keep others waiting. A.normal 答案 D 解析 It is typical of sb.to do sth.是固定句型,意为“某人一向如此”。 B.ordinary C.common D.typical

归纳拓展 be typical of 是……的特点 It is typical of sb. to do sth.某人做某事是经 常的,某人一贯好做某事 typically adv.通常,一般;具有代表性地 type n.类型;种类;v.打字 6 on the other hand另一方面 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①On_(the)_one_hand(一方面) I want to sell the house,but on_the_other_(hand)(另一方面) I can’t bear the thought of moving. ②—Why don’t you get a car? —Well, for_one_thing (一方面), I have no money; for_another (另一方面), I’m not very interested in cars. (2)I would like a job which pays more,but ________ I enjoy the work I’m doing at the moment.

A.in other words C.for one thing 答案 B 归纳拓展

B.on the other hand D.as a matter of fact

on ?the? one hand...,on the other ?hand?一方面……;另一方面……?常表达相矛盾的两方 面?,for one thing...,for another?thing?一方面……,另一方面/一则……,二则?陈述的两 方面情况常一致?,...is one thing,...is another/It’s one thing to do...,it’s another thing to do...……是一回事,……是另一回事,first?ly?...;second?ly?...第一……;第二…… 写作句组 满分作文之佳句背诵 a.First(ly),it covers both national and international news so that,by simply turning the pages,I can learn all important things that have happened during the week. (2011· 大纲全国Ⅱ) b.For one thing,bicycles don’t need any petrol and they are energysaving. (2011· 江西)

c. On one hand, I have to return the book I borrowed last week.On the other hand, I need to do some shopping. (2009· 大纲全国Ⅱ)

1. The Impressionists were the first painters to work outdoors. 印象派画家是第一个在户外作画的。 句型公式:the first...to do... 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①He is always the_first_to_come (第一个来)and the_last_to_leave(最后一个离开). ②I thought her kind and honest the_first_time_I_met_her(我第一次见到她时). ③I won a prize for_the_first_time(第一次) in my life that night. (2)China is one of the first countries ________ products of this kind in the world. A.developing C.to develop 答案 C 归纳拓展 被修饰词为序数词,最高级,the last,the only 等或被该类词修饰时多用不定式作定语。 for the first time?作状语?第一次,初次,首次 the first time?引导时间状语从句?第一次 first of all 首先,第一 B.developed D.develop

at first 起先,开始的时候

2. It’s Miss Liang’s birthday today.I wish I could take her out to a superb restaurant for dinner. 今天是梁小姐的生日。我希望我可以带她去最棒的餐厅吃晚饭。 句型公式:wish +从句 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①He wishes he could_understand_Chinese some day. 他希望将来的某一天能懂中文。 ②How I wish I had_seen_her_off at the station,but I was too busy. 我要是去车站送过她就好了,但我太忙了。 (2)I wish you________him my telephone number,but you did. A.didn’t give C.wouldn’t give 答案 B 解析 wish 后的宾语从句中用过去完成时表示与过去事实相反的愿望。 B.hadn’t given D.shouldn’t give

归纳拓展 wish 后接宾语从句时和 if only 后面加句子一样,翻 译成:但愿,要是……就好了。谓语有三种可能: ?1?表示与现在事实相反的愿望,用一般过去时。 ?2?表示与过去事实相反的愿望,用过去完成时。 ?3?表示与将来事实相反的愿望,用 could/would+动词原形。 3If the rules of perspective hadn’t been discovered, no one would have been able to paint such realistic pictures. 如果透视法没有被发现,那么没人能够画出如此逼真的画。 句型公式:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气 学情诊断 (1)If you had_followed_my_advice yesterday, you wouldn’t_have_failed. 如果你昨天听从了我的建议,那么你就不会失败了。 (2)单项填空 ①If you were older,I________you to go there yesterday. A.will allow B.should allow

C.would have allowed D.had allowed 答案 C 解析 考查错综时间条件句。主句表示与过去事实相反。 ②He was very busy yesterday, otherwise he________to the meeting. A.would come C.would have come 答案 C 解析 考查含蓄条件句。从 otherwise 及 yesterday 可知此处表示与过去事实相反,主 句的谓语动词用 would have done 形式。 归纳拓展 非真实条件句中的虚拟语气 虚拟条件句 与现在事实相反的 假设 动词的过去式(be 动词一般用 were) 主句 would/could/should/might+动 词原形 B.came D.had come

4 单元语法:虚拟语气?1? 学情诊断 用所给词的适当形式填空 (1)But for your help,I couldn’t_have_made (not,make) such great progress in English. (2)If he had followed the doctor’s advice,he would_be (be) well now. (3)I wish I had_been(be) able to tell him all about it last night. (4)The teacher suggested that our sports meeting (should)_be_put (put) off till next week. (5)George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I’d rather he focused(focus) more on its culture.

Ⅰ.语境填词 reputation,permanent,fragile,specific,controversial,adopt,attempt,possess,aim,faith 1.All three teams adopted different approaches to the problem. 2.I attempted to get in touch with her but without success. 3.Good health is a person’s most valuable possession. 4.The little boy studies very hard,aiming at becoming an excellent student.

5.I have great faith in her;she won’t let me down. 6.Having the reputation of being honest,responsible and reliable will make other people trust you. 7.With the advancement of the society,there are no permanent jobs any more. 8.The glass is fragile.Be careful with it. 9.I know how to listen for details and specific information. 10.Qinshihuang,the first Chinese emperor,is a controversial figure. Ⅱ.词义猜测或句意理解题——用本单元词汇或句式替换划线部分 1.It is clear that ideas change with time. evident 2.The approach he used proved to be useful.adopted 3.The museum attracts those who love the painting of old times.appeals_to 4.He refused this plan;as_a_result,_the project failed. consequently 5.They sent us clothes, food and books.as_well_as Ⅲ.微写作(26) 写作素材 1.尽管我不是传统艺术的专家,我甚至不知道他们都使用了什么技巧。 2.但是这个展览很吸引我。 3.我去了画廊,欣赏了很多雕塑和绘画。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) Though I’m not a specialist in conventional art and I even don’t know the techniques they used, the exhibition appealed to me. I went to the gallery and appreciated many sculptures and paintings. Ⅳ.微语法(26)——虚拟语气的几个热点 (课外拓展——一个单元突破一个语法点) 1.—Did you scold him for his carelessness? —Yes,but________it. A.I would rather not do B.I’d rather not have done C.I shouldn’t do D.I’d better not do 答案 B 解析 根据上下文语境可知, 答语表示与过去事实相反的假设, 表示“宁愿该事情没有发 生”之意。故答案为 B。

2.Though the girl had been suffering from the blood disease,she acted as if nothing ________to her while facing her friends and relations. A.happened B.would happen

C.was happened D.had happened 答案 D 解析 考查虚拟语气。 根据题意及题干中的动词所使用的时态可以看出,as if 引导的方式 状语从句用虚拟语气, 且此处表示与过去事实相反的假设, 要用“had+过去分词”结构。 3.It’s high time that we students________even harder at our lessons as the College Entrance Examination is coming nearer. A.work C.worked 答案 C 解析 考查虚拟语气。在 It is (high) time that...句型中,从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气,可 以用一般过去时,也可以用“should+动词原形”,但 should 不可省略。 4.________him not to do so,he wouldn’t have made such a serious mistake. A.Did I persuade C.If I should persuade 答案 D 解析 考查虚拟语气。题干主句中的谓语动词为“wouldn’t have made”,说明该动作表 示的是与过去事实相反的假设,故条件句应使用与过去事实相反的虚拟语气 “if+sb.+ had+过去分词”,省略 if 之后的结构为“had sb.done”。 5.His suggestion that you________once more sounds reasonable. A.try C.must try 答案 A 解析 考查虚拟语气。分析句子结构可知,名词 suggestion 之后的从句为同位语从句,从 句中应使用“should+动词原形”,其中 should 可以省略。 B.tried D.can try B.If I persuade D.Had I persuaded B.will work D.have to work

Step Two 微写作——语段集训 第 16 讲 表示数量 1.As can be seen from the chart,by the end of last year,the number of cars had reached up to ten billion. 从表上可以看出,到去年年底为止,小汽车的数量已增加到 100 亿辆。

2.It can be clearly seen from the chart that the average number of students has reached ten thousand,with a rise of 20% for the past five years. 从表上可以清楚地看到学生的平均数量已增加到 10 000 人,在过去的 5 年里增长了 20%。 3.The population in this city has now increased/decreased by 15%. 这个城市的人口现在已经增加/减少了 15%。 4.The output of August in this company decreased by 20% compared with that of July. 这家公司八月份的产量比七月份的产量下降了 20%。 5.The number has dropped/risen from...to... 数量从……减/增到…… e.g. First,there are more cars and buses on the road, which give off waste gases.They contribute to 50% of the air pollution , which has been doubled/increased twice. 即时训练 写作素材 1.随着人们的生活条件越来越好,越来越多的人选择出国度假。 2.和 2009 年相比,2012 年出境旅游的人数急剧增加。 3.2009 年的数量已是 2004 年的 2 倍。 4.中国的旅游业迅速发展使我们感到很自豪。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) With_people’s_living_conditions_getting_better_and_better,more_and_more_people _choose_to_spend_their_holidays_abroad.The_year_2012_saw_a_sharp_increase_in_the_number _of_overseas_travellers_compared_with_the_year_2009,when_the_number_was_already_more than_double_of_the_year_2004.We_feel_proud_that_Chinese_tourism_is_developing_very_fast.


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