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备战2016高考英语复习


Rational Cloze
备战高考之语法填空解题技巧

Step1 Lead-in

Can you fly like a bird? impossible No,It’s (possible)

纯空格类

? 语法填空(2015年高考)阅读下面材料,在空白处填 入适当的内容(1个

单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
? The adobe dwellings(土坯房)___61___(build) by the Pueblo Indiansof the American Southwest are admired by even ___62___ most modern of architects and engineers. In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __63___(able) to “air condition”a house without ___64__(use)exectic equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat__65___(slow)during cool nights,thus warning the house. When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __66 _ (cool) the house during the hot day: __67__ the same time, they warm up again for the night This cycle __68 __ (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures. As __69__(nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly__70__thick the adobe 提示词类 walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

Step 2 test points and features
1、语法填空主要考查哪方面的内容?
①语法和词汇(考试重点) ②上下文连贯性(语境)

2、语法填空命题特点是什么 ? 共10个小题 10 1.5 15 10 200 1? 每题1.5分 满分15分 须在10分钟内完成

短文长度200词左右
每格不一定1个词

(特别是谓语或非谓语动词形式 )

谓语: 时态,语态,主谓一致 动词 非谓语动:-ing,-ed,to do

名词:单复数 6-7空 (有提示词)形容词/副词:比较级、最高级
3.形容词与副词的互换

词性转换1.动词变名词、形容词2.名词变形

10空

连词(并列句):and, but, or… 引导词(从句):who, that, what… 3-4空 (无提示词) 代词:they, him, our, themselves… 介词:in, on, to, for… 冠词: a/an, the 连接性副词:however, therefore…

3.考点规律:

考点规律: 1.动词是必考点,一定会同时考察谓语和非谓语。 2.冠词 代词 介词 词性转换是必考点。 3.连接词中,定从连接词考频最高。 4.形容词比较级是高考频点。

Step3. 语法填空题—解题步骤

? 1、快速浏览全文,把握文章大意 写作意图和总体时态; ? 2、分析句子结构---主谓结构; 确定
词性,

? 3、根据上下文把握空格意思。

? Step4 Practice and discussion.
? 语法填空解题技巧 一、给出动词的解题技巧

当括号内提供的是动词时,主要判断其是谓语还是非谓语。 技巧1:如果句子缺谓语时,则填谓语动词,首先要判断 其时态、语态和主谓一致。 1. The exam, which was originally to be held in was changed(change) to the our classroom, _____________ library at the last minute. 2. (2015全国卷)This cycle goes ____ (go) every day

应试策略
技巧2:当句子主干有谓语则可能考查的是非谓语形 式,则要判断是V-ing形式、V-ed形式和动词不定式。 V-ing形式表主动,进行 或介词后 V-ed形式表被动,完成 To do形式表主动,将来,也作目的状语、结果状语 及形容词后的状语 3. With the problem solved ______(solve), I felt proud of my achievement. 4.(2015全国)what makes them admirable is
非谓语

their ability to “air condition”a house without _ __(use)morden equipment. using

?

二、词性转换试题的解题技巧

词类转换题要先确定给出的单词在句中充当什么成分。

再用正确的单词形式补充完整,

技巧一:作表语(在系动词之后) ,定语(修饰名词)或 宾补(表性质/状态),通常用形容词形式 be+形容词 ① he is helpful ______ (help) to others. 形容词+名 词 funny (fun) teacher. ②Mr.Wang is a _______

词类转换题

技巧二: 作主语,在及物动词或介词后作宾语,用名词形式; 在形容词性物主代词或名词所有格后,用名词形式。 1.Thank you for giving us so many good _____________(suggest). suggestions 2.John Snow was able to announce withcertainty ______ (certain). 3.(2015全国)what makes them admirable is their _ __(able) to “air condition”a ability house without using morden equipment.

词类转换题
技巧三:修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整 个句子,作状语,用副词形式 副词+句子 ①Sadly ______ (sad) the library had moved from its original place into another building. ② (2015年高考)Walls made of adobe (土坯房) take in the heat from the sun on hot days and slowly give out that heat_____ (slow)during cool nights.
副词+动词 give out

词类转换题
技巧四:有可能是词义转换题,词类不用变, 主要是考察具有与词根意义相反的派生词,根 据句子意思需要,在词根前加un-,im-dis-等, 在词根后加-less等使句子前后逻辑意义通顺。 1.His bad health is a great disadvantage ___________(advantage) to him.

unlucky 2.He is very __________ (lucky), he never wins anything.

词类转换题

技巧五: 当所给词是形容词或副词,且空格处
需要的仍是形容词或副词时,往往要求写出形容 词或副词的比较级或最高级形式。

例1:---These oranges are only a dollar. ? ---Well, they are __________(cheap) cheaper than others, but they don’t look as good. largest (large) 例2. Shanghai is one of the _______
? cities in the word.

三、 无提示词:主要填写如下四种词。 冠词:the, a, an, 一般位于名词前 介词:to, of, in, on, at, with, as, for 等, 要熟记各种搭配,如: play an important part in make full use of be covered with,等 连词:and, but, 以及各种从句的连接词,一 些句型中:如强调句 代词:it , I/me, You/you, He/him/his, She/her, nothing, everybody, oneself等, 要看句中缺什么成份。

? 例1. (2015全国高考) ____ At the same time, they warm up again for the night . ? 例2. (2010广东高考) He asked his teacher," Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like _____” it
that my sister loved 例3. It is the doll ____ most and wanted so much this Christmas.

词类转化题巩固练习
? 1. “Thirty-five cents,” she said _________(rude). ? 2. (2012全国Ⅱ, 26)The result is not very important to us, but if we do win, then so much , the better ______(good). Unfortunately ? 3.____________ (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just only 10 minutes left ...! ? 4.As far as I am concerned, my ____________ suggestion (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook.

Step5 summary
语法填空解题技巧: 一.动词解题技巧:1.时态,语态,主谓一致)
2.非谓语(V-ing,V-ed,to do)

二.词类转换解题技巧。
1.在句中作定语或表语的,用形容词 2.在句中作主语或宾语的,用名词; 在形容词性物主代词或名词所有格后用名词。 3修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子,作状语,用副词形式 4.根据句意需要,加前缀或者后缀 5.根据句意,使用形容词、副词的比较级或最高级.

Step5 summary 动词解题技巧
谓语:时态, 语态,主谓一 致

非谓语动词:V-ing, V-ed,to do

summary
根据句意需要, 加前缀或者后缀
在形容词性物主代 词或名词所有格后 用名词。

根据句意,考虑使 用形容词、副词的 比较级或最高级

词类转换 解题技巧

在句中作定语 或表语的,用 形容词 在句中作状语 的,用副词

在句中作主语或 宾语的,用名词

Steps: 1. Look through the whole passage to get a general idea. 2. Deal with the simple ones first, such as those fixed patterns or the ones giving certain words. 3. When coming across difficult ones, just leave till the end. 4. Check what you have filled in the blanks and deal with the blanks you missed just now.

检查搭配, 前后连贯

语法 + 语境 分析句子,确定词性
通读全文,理解大意

根据语义, 确定词形

学生易犯错误:
? ? ? ? ? 1, 题号错位。 2,书写不清楚,单词中间作涂改。 3,首字母大小写不分。 4,单词拼写残缺或多余。 5,构词法不熟(名词、动词、形容词相互转换,以e/ le结 尾的形容词转化为副词) ? 6,动词时态,语态,主谓一致,及非谓语动词。

Thank you !
Success ahead!

?

Step6 Homework (Finish the folowing exersice.) (2015年全国高考题)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入
适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

过去分词作定语 ? The adobe dwellings(土坯房)built ___61___(build) by the Pueblo Indiansof the American Southwest are admired by even 最高级前用定冠词 ___62___ most modern of architects and engineers. In the addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings their+ 名词 admirable is their __63___(able) to “air condition”a house ability without ___64__using (use)exectic equipment.Walls made of 介词 +动名词 adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat__65___ (slow)during cool nights , thus warning the Slowly 副词 + 动词 give out house. When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their +enough+ 不定式 to cool heat and are now cold enough __66 _ (cool)形 the house during at the hot day: __67__ the短语 same they warm at time, the same time up again for the night This cycle goes __68 __ (go) day after day: The walls warm up 一般现在时 during the day and cool off during the night and thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures. As 形容词作定语 +名词 natural __69__(nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly__70__thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the how cycle work on most days. 连词,连接宾语从句


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