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b1unit3 travel journal


Unit 3

Travel journal

第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

Ⅰ .单词荟萃 prefer vt. 更喜欢;选择某事物 (而不选择其他的事 ? 1. ________ 物 )→__________ preference n.更喜欢,偏爱 altitude

形近词 )n. 高度 ? 2.attitude ________ n. 态度 →________( journalist ? 3. ________ n.记 journal n.日记;杂志;定期刊物→________ 者 transportation transport ? 4. ________ n. & vt.运送;运输 →___________ n.运输业 advantage ? 5. __________n.不利条件;不便之处 →________(反义词) disadvantage n. 优势;有利条件 ? 6.organize ________vt.组织;成立→___________ organization n.组织
?

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

determined 7.determine ________vt.决定;确定;下定决心→__________ adj.有 决心的 →______________ determination n.决心 graduate graduationn.毕业 ? 8. ________vi.毕业 →__________ rely ? 9.reliable ________adj.可信赖的;可靠的→________ vt.依赖;依 靠 beneath ? 10. ________prep.在 ……下面 forecast ? 11. ________vt. & n.预测;预报 ? 12.stubborn ________adj.顽固的
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第 3讲 Unit 3
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Travel journal

Ⅱ.短语检测 give in ? 1.屈服;让步 ________________ care about ? 2.关心;在乎 _______________ ? 3.照常 _______________ as usual change one's mind ? 4.改变主意 _______________________ make up one's mind ? 5.决定 _______________ ? 6.喜欢,喜爱 _______________ be fond of ? 7.毕业于 _______________ graduate from ? 8.从那以后 _______________ ever since

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第 3讲 Unit 3
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Travel journal

Ⅲ .佳句再现 It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle ? 1. ____________________ along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. ? 首先想到沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐 姐。 ? 2. Although she didn't know the best way of getting to she organize places, she insisted that ____________the trip properly. ? 尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持 要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽美。

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第 3讲 Unit 3
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Travel journal

to breathe 3. When I told her the air would be hard ____________ and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience. ? 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸困难,而且天气很冷 时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。 ? 4. A determined person always tries to finish the job , no matter how hard it is ____________________. ? 有决心的人总是努力完成工作,不管它有多么难。 she has made up her mind ? 5.Once __________________________ , nothing can change it. ? 她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 prefer vt.(to like better)宁愿;更喜欢 (1)prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事 prefer to do sth 宁愿做某事 prefer sb to do sth 宁愿某人做某事 prefer sth/doing to sth/doing 喜欢(做)……而不喜欢(做)…… prefer to do …rather than do(=would do …rather than do =would rather do…than do…)宁愿做……而不愿做……

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

(2)preference n. 喜爱,偏爱 have a preference for 偏爱,喜爱 give (a) preference to 给……以优惠;优待

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷 ?任务型读写 ] In Mexico, lunch is a time to relax, and many people prefer not to discuss business as they eat. 在墨西哥,午餐是放松的时间,许多人更喜欢在吃 饭时不去讨论工作问题。 (2)I became a teacher because I preferred books and to people ________ politics. 我当了老师,因为我更喜欢书本和人而不是权术。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

(3)I prefer ____________ rather than go to holiday to to work the seaside. 我宁愿工作也不愿去海滨度假。 for (4)Parents can express a preference ________ the school their child attends. 父母可以表达对自己孩子所上学校的偏好。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

2 persuade vt.劝说,劝服; 使信服; 使相信 persuade sb to do sth =persuade/talk sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 persuade sb not to do sth =persuade/talk sb out of doing sth 说服某人不做某事 try to persuade sb to do sth =advise sb to do sth 尽力劝说某人做某事

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

温馨提示 persuade “成功说服”,强调劝服的结果。 如果要表示“说而不服”,则要用advise/try to persuade sb to do sth。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【活学活用】 (1)It will be difficult to persuade them that there is no other choice. 很难让他们相信别无选择。 (2)We had managed____________ to persuade them that it was worth working with us. 我们已经让他们相信与我们合作是值得的。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

(3)They, first having ______________ themselves, did their persuaded power to influence their neighbors. 他们首先自己信服了之后,便设法诱使邻居。 (4)He is very stubborn. Seldom ____________________to can/will he be persuaded do whatever he dislikes. 他很固执,很少有人能说服他做他不喜欢做的任何 事情。

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根据上下文,用与persuade相关的词语完成下列小片段 persuaded me not to buy a The other day,my husband __ coat as he thought it was too long. However, the assistant tried hard to __ persuade me of __ the good quality and fashionable being persuaded into style of it. Therefore, I couldn't help _ buying it. So you can see how easy it is __ to persuade a woman _ _things that aren't suitable for her. to buy/into buying

第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

3 graduate vi.毕业 n. (可数 )大学毕业生 graduate from 毕业于(大学) graduation n. 毕业;获得学位 温馨提示 毕业于哪所大学通常用介词from;若说毕业于某专业, 通常用介词in。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷 ?阅读B] We know that there aren't enough qualified graduates to fill the jobs that are out there in American agriculture. 我们知道没有足够的合格毕业生能够填补美国农业 界的空缺。 in (2)He graduated________ English language and literature from London University. 他毕业于伦敦大学英语语言文学专业。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

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(3)He began to be engaged in construction work since graduating from college. ________________ 大学毕业后,他就一直从事建工行业。 (4)He was supposed to________________ college two have graduated from years ago. 他本该两年以前大学毕业。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

4 schedule n. (an ordered list of time at which things are planned to occur)时间表; (a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to) 进度表 v. (to make a schedule; to plan the time and place for events)为某事安排时间

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

(1)ahead of schedule=ahead of time (进度上 )提前 on schedule(=on time) 准时 behind schedule(=behind time) 落后 have a tight/busy schedule 工作日程紧,工作非常忙碌 according to schedule 按照预定计划 (2)be scheduled for sth 安排某事 be scheduled to do sth 安排做某事

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?辽宁卷 ?阅读B] Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day's work. 任务被安排得十分紧凑,以至于休息时间通常都被用来 完成这一天的工作了。 (2)Thanks to your help, we accomplished the task ahead of schedule ________________. 亏得你们帮忙,我们才提前完成了任务。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

(3)The ____________ flights had to be cancelled scheduled because of snow. 因为下雪的原因,预定的航班被迫取消。 (4)They informed her that the meeting will be held as scheduled ____________. 他们通知她会议将如期召开。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

5 determine vt.(to reach, make, or come to a decision about something)决定;下定决心 (1)determine sb to do sth 使某人决定做某事 determine to do/be determined to do sth 决心做某事 determine +疑问词+ to do 决心 ……做某事 (2)determined adj. 坚决的,有决心的 be determined to do sth 决心做某事 (3)determination n. 决心,果断

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

温馨提示 be determined (not)to do sth 表示状态,是 一种延续状态,可以与表示一段时间的状语连用,而 determine to do sth 表示动作,不能与表时间段的状语 连用。如: He determined to do it for a long time.( ×) He was determined to do it for a long time.(√)

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?全国卷Ⅱ?阅读C] Facial expressions carry meaning that is determined by situations and relationships. 面部表情所传达的意义取决于所面临的环境和关系。 (2)We ______________ defend our motherland at all are determined to costs. 我们决心不惜任何代价保卫祖国。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

determined look—the kind that (3)She gave me a ____________ said she would not change her mind. 她给了我一个坚定的眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。 (4)I am under the belief that it is my deligence rather that determines than wisdom ___________________my success. 我相信是我的勤奋而非智慧决定了我的成功。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 put up 支起;举起;张贴;建起;为 ……提供食宿; 提出 put aside 放在一边;储存;保留 put away 放好;收好 put down 写下;记下;镇压 put forward 提出;推荐;把……提前 put off 延期;推迟;关掉;阻止;妨碍 put on 穿上;戴上;上演;增加(体重) put out 熄灭,扑灭;生产;出版 put up with 忍受;容忍
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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【活学活用】 (1)Several tents have been put up to accommodate the party. (我们 )搭起了几个帐篷来给这一行人住。 (2)用 put相关短语的适当形式填空。 putting up ① They are ____________several new buildings in that block. ② I often misplace something that she should have put away ____________. ③ Just because of the rain, the sports meet was put off ____________. ④ Why is it that you've come out against the proposal put forward ? he ____________ 返回 目录

第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

2 give in 屈服;让步;交上(试卷等) give in to sb 对某人让步 give up (doing) sth 放弃;停止 give out 分发;发出(热、光等 );耗尽 give off 发出,放出(气味、热、光等) give back 归还;送回;恢复 give way to 让路 give away 赠送,捐赠;分发(奖品等 );泄露(秘密等)

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

温馨提示 (1)give in“屈服,呈交”。当“屈服”讲 时,如果接宾语,后面常接介词to, 表示向某人屈服或 交给某人。 (2)give up“放弃”,既可作不及物动词短语,也可作 及物动词短语。用作及物动词短语时,后面常跟 pron./n./doing sth,表示“放弃(做)某事”。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【活学活用】 (1)Although he was ill, he stuck at his work and refused to give in. 虽然有病, 但他仍然坚持工作, 不肯示弱。 (2)用 give相关短语的适当形式填空。 gave away ① The old teacher ____________all his books to the school. give up ② We will never ____________ working, whatever happens. ③ You are the beautiful rose ____________ great giving out fragrance in a big garden. gave back ④ In return, he ____________ to alma mater the biggest gift in its history. 返回 目录

第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 Although she didn't know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. 尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持 要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽美。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【句式点拨】 (1)insist后跟 that引导的宾语从句时,谓语动词要用 “ should+动词原形”,should可以省略。意思是 “坚决要求,坚决主张”。如: I insisted that we (should) tell this to her. 我坚持要求我们该把这事告诉她。 He insisted that we(should)leave for Shanghai at once. 他坚持让我们马上动身去上海。 (2)insist若表示“坚持认为,坚持说”的意思时,宾语 从句多用陈述语气。如: He insisted that he had never stolen anything. 他坚持说他从来没有偷过任何东西。
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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【活学活用】 handed in his Although Tom insisted that hehad ____________ homework yesterday, Mrs Wang still insisted he (should) do it again. ____________ 尽管汤姆坚持说昨天已经交了作业,但是王老师仍 旧坚决要求他再做一遍。

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第 3 讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

2 When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience. 当我告诉她那里空 气稀薄,呼吸困难,而且天气很冷时,她却说这将是 一次有趣的经历。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【句式点拨】 在句子“ I told her the air would be hard to breathe”中 的 to breathe是动词不定式的主动形式,但却表示被动 意义。用于这种句式中的形容词常为:easy, difficult, heavy, hard, nice, bitter, dangerous, interesting, important, comfortable, pleasant, impossible 等。

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第 3讲 Unit 3

Travel journal

【活学活用】 (1)They found the lecture of the professor hard to understand; they all felt sleepy. 他们觉得教授的讲座难以理解,于是都感到瞌睡。 to drink (2)The water in that river is not fit ____________. 那条河中的水不宜饮用。 to learn (3)I find English tongue twisters pleasant__________. 我觉得英语绕口令学起来很有意思。

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