福州八中 2013-2014 学年高一上学期期末考试 英语试题
第一卷 （计分 100 分） I 听力测试 20 分(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 第一节（共 5 题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你有 10 秒钟的时
间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Why is the air fresher than before? A. There are fewer cars in the city. B. There are fewer factories in the city. C. There is a green belt around the city. 2. What is the boy doing? A. Doing nothing. B. Climbing a tree. C. Cutting his name on a tree. 3. What do we know about Mr. Harris? A. He lost his wallet. B. He wasn’t in his room. C. He stole Jim’s wallet. 4. What does the woman hate? A. Working in the hotel. B. The people in the hotel. C. The food in the hotel. 5. What are the speakers going to do tomorrow afternoon? A. Go shopping. B. Go to the park. C. See Joe and Linda. 第二节（共 15 题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读每个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答 6 至 8 题 6. Where does this conversation probably take place? A. At a travel agency. B. At an airport. C. At a hotel. 7. When does the woman plan to leave? A. On Wednesday morning. B. On Friday afternoon. C. On Saturday night. 8. What does the woman think of the cost? A. Cheap. B. Expensive. C. Reasonable. 听第 7 段材料，回答 9 至 11 题 9. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a swimming pool. B. In a factory. C. By a river. 10. Why did the man come to the river when he was a child? A. To fish. B. To swim. C. To grow plants. 11. What do we know about the river? A. It has less water in it.
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B. It has got terribly polluted. C. It has been made much cleaner. 听第 8 段材料，回答 12 至 14 题 12. What is the woman? A. A manager of marketing department. B. A girl of public relations. C. A clerk of after-sales service. 13. How long has the man had the car? A. For a few days. B. For a few weeks. 14. What is wrong with the man’s car now? A. The oil light is always on. B. The engine doesn’t work well. C. The wheels keep up a terrible noise. 听第 9 段材料，回答 15 至 17 题
C. For a few months.
听第 10 段材料，回答 18 至 20 题 18. When does the first show begin? A. At 3:00. B. At 4:00. C. At 4:30. 19. What animals can people see in the second show? A. Tigers. B. Birds. C. Monkeys. 20. What can we know about the last show? A. It’s free. B. It’s a guided tour. C. It will be put on in America. II 单项填空(共 18 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 18 分) 21. Since I won the big prize, my telephone _______ ringing. People are phoning to ask how I am going to spend the money. A. didn’t stop B. won’t stop C. hasn’t stopped D. doesn’t stop 22. Mary _________a professor for half a year. A. has married B. married with C. married D. has been married to 23. Gun control is a subject ________Americans have argued for a long time. A. of which B. about which C. with which D. into which 24. When we talk about the cities in United States, the first ________comes into our mind is New York. A. one B. city C. that D. which 25. There is just _______ much competition among countries to host the Olympics as ______ Olympic medals. A. as ; to win B. as; winning C. so; to win D. so; winning 26. We should take some measures to______ wild animals______.
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A. protect ; from being killed B. prevent; from killing C. keep; being killed D. stop; from killing 27. _______, I don’t like him at all, but it’s strange that he should be so popular among the kids. A. Fortunately B. Personally C. Lonely D. Totally 28. He forgot to lock the door, _______of course, made things even worse. A. who B. whom C. which D. what 29. As time went by, I eventually found Mary and I had ________. A. in common a lot B. a lot in common C. in a lot common D. a lot common in 30. --Why does the lake smell terrible? -- Because a large amount of water_______. A. have polluted B. is being polluted C. has been polluted D. have been polluted 31. -- Hey! Do you know Bulls’ Derrick Rose becomes the youngest NBA MVP? -- Er… but what does MVP________? A. call for B. ask for C. prepare for D. stand for 32. When I was at school, I _____ up very late, reading storybooks. A. used to stay B. was used to stay C. used to staying D. is used to staying 33. I have no doubt in my mind_____ they will be happy to accept the job. A. if B. whether C. that D. what 34. What made her angry was not what he said but_____ he said it. A. the way B. by the way C. in the way D. the way which 35. We give dogs time, pace and love we can spare, and______, dogs give us their all. A. in turn B. in fact C. in short D. in return 36. Teachers’ words and deeds ______ a great effect _____ their students. A. have ; on B. give; to C. make ;in D. take; to 37. The loss has not yet been _______ accurately, but it is believed to be well beyond a hundred million dollars. A. calculated B. considered C. completed D. controlled 38. --Let’s have a game of tennis; the loser has to treat the other to an ice-cream. -- _______. A. I’m afraid so B. It’s a deal C. You’ve got a point D. I suppose not III. 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分) It was raining. I went into a caféand asked for a coffee. __39__ I was waiting for my drink, I realized there were other people in the place, but I sensed __40__. I saw their bodies, but I couldn’t feel their souls __41__ their souls belonged to the __42__. I stood up and walked ___43____the tables. When I came to the biggest computer, I saw a thin, small man __44___ in front of it. ―I’m Steve,‖ he ___45___ answered after I asked him a couple of times what his name was. ―I can’t talk with you. I’m __46__,‖ he said. He was chatting online and, __47__, he was playing a computer game – a war game. I was ___48___. Why didn’t Steve want to talk with me? I tried __49__ to speak to that computer geek （怪 人） ，__50__ not a word came out of his mouth. I touched his shoulder, but no reaction. I was __51___. I put my hand in front of the monitor, and he started to shout, ―__52__!‖ I took a few steps back, wondering if all those people in the caféwere looking at me. I raised my head, and saw nobody showed any interest.
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I was worried and sank in my thoughts. I didn’t even __57__ that the coffee was bad, __58__ Steve didn’t notice there was a person next to him. 39. A. Before B. Since C. Although D. While 40. A. pain B. loneliness C. sadness D. fear 41. A. because B. when C. until D. unless 42. A. home B. world C. net D. café 43. A. beside B. among C. between D. on 44. A. sleeping B. laughing C. sitting D. learning 45. A. finally B. quickly C. patiently D. loudly 46. A. busy B. thirsty C. tired D. sick 47. A. first of all B. just then C. at the same time D. by that time 48. A. surprised B. delighted C. moved D. frightened 49. A. once B. again C. first D. even 50. A. but B. so C. if D. or 51. A. excited B. respected C. afraid D. unhappy 52. A. Shut up B. Enjoy yourself C. Leave me alone D. Help me out 53. A. From then on B. At that moment C. In all D. Above all 54. A. computer B. soul C. shop D. geek 55. A. tell B. plan C. imagine D. design 56. A. other than B. instead of C. except for D. as well as 57. A. pretend B. understand C. insist D. realize 58. A. as if B. just as C. so that D. even though IV 阅读理解：32 分(共 16 小题；每小题 2 分，共 32 分) A During my elementary school years, I used to compare my mom with my best friend Tiffany’s mom. Tiffany’s mom always gave her lots of money to buy the most fashionable clothes and favorite food. Her mom allowed her to do anything she liked. I really admired Tiffany. My mom didn’t give me much pocket money and she always told me that I should behave myself. I was annoyed with her. Whenever I didn’t get what I wanted, I would complain to my mom, Tiffany’s mom would give her that! I wish she were my mom. Every time, my mom would calmly say ―Poor Tiffany‖. I couldn’t understand her. ―She shouldn’t be feeling sorry for Tiffany!‖ I thought. ―She should be feeling sorry for me.‖ One day, I couldn’t help saying to Mom, ―Poor Tiffany? Lucky Tiffany! She gets everything she wants! Why do you feel sorry for her?‖ I burst out crying. My mom sat down next to me and said softly. ―Yes, I do feel sorry for her. I have been teaching you a lesson that she will never be taught.‖ I looked up at her. ―What are you talking about?‖ Mom said with care, ―One day she will really want something. Maybe she’ll find out that she can’t have it. Her mother won’t always be around to give her money, and what’s more, money can’t buy everything.‖
It took some time, but I eventually understood my mom’s words. Now I am a happy and successful woman. 59. During the author’s elementary school years, she __________. A. wished that her mom were as good as Tiffany’s
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B. went to school with Tiffany every day C. usually compared her lesson with Tiffany’s D. sometimes gave lots of money to Tiffany 60. Why did the author’s mom always say ―Poor Tiffany‖? A. She felt sorry for Tiffany because Tiffany was poor. B. She wanted to tell a lie to comfort the author. C. She thought that Tiffany was spoiled by her mother. D. She told the author this and wanted her to help Tiffany. 61. What do we learn about the author ’s mother? A. She was strict and taught the author to be independent. B. She cared for other people’s children more than her own. C. She thought that life lessons were as important as money. D. She was so poor that she couldn’t give the author much money. 62. What can we infer from the passage? A. The author was quite annoyed with her mother in the past. B. The author’s mother felt sorry for Tiffany. C. Tiffany’s mother took the author’s mother’s advice. D. The author is thankful to her mother now. B Want to find a job? Now read the following advertisements. FAIRMONT HOTEL Five Waiters and Ten Waitresses — Aged under 22 — At least high school graduate — Good-looking; men at least 1.72 meters tall and women at least 1.65 — Those knowing foreign languages favoured — Paid 1,600—2,200 dollars per month One Secretary — Aged under 30 — Female favoured — Good at writing and skilled at computer If interested, call 465-4768 or write to: Mr. Jack Hundris Room 0825, Fairmont Hotel 567 Wood Street, San Markers, 78003 Fax: 6954828 WILSON BOOKSTORE Accountant (会计) — Aged between 25 and 40 — With an experience of at least two years — With a degree and an accountant certificate (证书) — Paid 3,000—4,000 dollars monthly — With a practical knowledge of computer Salesclerk — Basic education of 12 years or more — Good at computer — Paid 1,800—2,200 dollars monthly Tel: 447-4398
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Fax: 3485269 63. If you don’t know how to use a computer, you can just get the position as _____. A. a secretary B. a waiter or waitress C. an accountant D. a salesclerk 64. If you want to get the position of accountant in Wilson Bookstore, you have to satisfy the following conditions EXCEPT _______. A. being a woman B. knowing well how to use a computer C. having been an accountant D. having an accountant certificate 65. If you want to try for a job in Fairmont Hotel, you _______. A. should be younger than 30 years old B. should be a university graduate C. have to be taller than 1.72 meters D. have to be a woman and know foreign languages 66. From the ads we can conclude that _______. A. you’ll be better paid in Wilson Bookstore than in Fairmont Hotel B. all the jobs offered require experience C. the better education you’ve received, the more money you’ll make D. if you want to be an accountant, you may call 465-4768 C Scientists at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have reported evidence that Mars was warmer and wetter long ago than it is today. The Caltech scientists say they have directly established the temperature of Mars four billion years ago. At least, they established the surface temperature on part of the planet at that time. The researchers say it is the first such evidence to be discovered and presented. The Caltech scientists say carbonate（碳酸盐）minerals formed on Mars at about eighteen degrees Celsius. They reached the finding after studying a meteorite （陨石） that had its beginnings near the Martian surface. Today, the average temperature on Mars is sixty-three degrees below zero Celsius. The finding was reported on the website of the National Academy of Sciences. Caltech Assistant Professor Woody Fischer helped to prepare the report. He says eighteen degrees Celsius is not especially cold or hot. He says this makes the finding extremely interesting. Knowing the temperature can give scientists an idea of the climate on Mars long ago. It can also help them decide whether the planet had liquid water. Spacecraft orbiting Mars have shown what appear to be rivers, lakebeds and mineral deposits. These pictures suggest that, at one time, water did flow there. Mars Rover vehicles and other spacecraft have proved the information.
The meteorite the scientists examined is one of the oldest known rocks in the world. It is called the Allan Hills meteorite. Its name came from the place in Antarctica where it was found in 1984. The meteorite is believed to have blown loose from the Mars' surface when another space rock struck its "home." 67. The underlined word ―establish‖ in Paragraph 1 probably means ―___________‖.
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A. to set up B. to make people accept a belief C. to discover or prove D. to start having a relationship with others 68. How did the scientists reach the finding? A. By studying Allan Hills meteorite. B. By using spacecraft orbiting Mars. C. By studying minerals gathered on Mars. D. By studying a meteorite on the Martian surface. 69. According to the fourth paragraph, what have spacecraft orbiting Mars done? A. Measuring the temperature of Mars. B. Taking photos of the surface of Mars. C. Finding that there is water flowing on Mars. D. Proving where human beings will probably land on Mars. 70. Where can we most probably read this passage? A. In a biography of scientists. B. In a geography magazine. C. In an environment report. D. In a science report. D When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, "Well, it's so-and-so's fault，"or "I know I'm late, but it's not my fault; the car broke down. " It is probably not your fault, but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation. This is the winner's key to success. Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for lack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don't rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague(同事) fails to do his job well. This is what being a winner is all about-creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don't have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situations to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on "whose fault it is." Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stones for success. 71. According to the passage, winners_______________. A. deal with problems rather than blame others B. meet with fewer difficulties in their eyes C. have responsible and able colleagues D. blame themselves rather than others
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72. The underlined word ―remedy‖ in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to A. avoid B. accept C. improve D. consider 73. When your colleague brings about a problem, you should __ A. find a better way to deal with the problem B. blame him for his lack of responsibility C. tell him to find the cause of the problem D. ask a more able colleague for help 74. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. A Winner's Achievement. B. A Winner's Problem. C. A Winner's Opportunity. D. A Winner's Secret. 第二卷 （计分:50 分） 注意：本卷答案一律写在答题纸上 ，请看清题号作答。 ．．．．．．
V.根据所提供语境，用方框中所给短语的适当形式填空。 （每题 1 分，共 10 分） be admitted as think highly of deal with belong to in the charge of watch over 1. 2. 3. 4. make up die out rather than do harm to
Mother puts the baby_______ the babysitter while she is out. With so many problems to ______, I think I have to work hard this month. The driver hurt in the accident _______ in hospital now. As a teacher, we should care about whether a student is working hard_______ whether he can get high scores. 5. We should _______ those who were brave and helpful to others in Wenchuan Earthquake. 6. Her film was a complete failure, which______________ her fame. 7. Many old customs are gradually __________. 8. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will_______ competitors. 9. She didn’t want to go to the party, so she ________ an excuse. 10. Do you think the cultural relic_________ you if you discover it in the mountain? VI. 根据首字母，中文或上下文提示，写出正确的单词补全课文片段。 （每空 1 分，共 15 分） A Since the 1970s many new 1 （应用） have been found for me. I have become very important in communication, 2 (金融) and trade. I have also been put into robots and used to make m 3 phones as 4 as help with medical operations. I have even been put into space rockets and sent to e 5 the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my g 6 is to provide humans with a life of high 7 (质量). I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a 8 (忠诚的) friend and helper of the 9 10 （人类）. B
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VII. 书面表达 （满分 25 分） 假设你是一位生活在某城市的中学生， 暑假打算去乡村度假。 请根据下面两幅图提供的 信息，写一篇短文。简要说明城市生活的不足，重点说明你去乡村度假的原因。
主 要内容包 括： 1. 城市生活的现状和你的感受。 2. 去乡村度假的原因和计划做的事情。 注意： 1．短文应包括图中所提供的主要信息，并做适当发挥，使短文内容连贯、完整 2．词数：120 词左右。
福州八中 2013—2014 学年第一学期期末考试 高一英语 必修 2 试卷参考答案及评分标准 第一卷
第二卷 V. 1.in the charge of 2.deal with 3. is being watched over 4. rather than 5. think highly of 6. did harm to 7. dying out 8. be admitted as 9. made up 10. will belong to
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VI. 1. applications 2. finance 3. mobile 4. well 5. explore 6. goal 7. quality 8. devoted 9. human 10. race(beings) 11. relief 12. laughter 13.endangered 14. mercy 15. destroyed VII. Writing sample: I will spend this summer holiday in the countryside. Although the city is modern and convenient, there are still some problems, such as air pollution, crowdedness and noise. The life in the city is busy and sometimes upsetting because of the dirty air, crowdedness and noise. I am so tired of it. In the countryside I can enjoy a comfortable and quiet life. There, the air is fresh and the water is clean, trees are green and birds are singing. I can also go boating, fishing and swimming in the lake. What's more, I can climb the hills. All this will be interesting and good for my health. Above all, I can learn more about nature. So I want to go to the countryside for a change. I'm looking forward to the coming of my summer holiday. 听力材料 (Text 1) W: The air in the city zone now is fresher than before. Don’t you think so? M: Yes. There’s less dust. The green belt around the city works quite well. And the cars and factories make less pollution. (Text 2) W: Hello boy, what are you doing there? M: Nothing. W: You shouldn’t cut your name on the tree. You’ll do harm to it. (Text 3) M: What happened, Mrs. Green? W: Well, Mr. Harris said his wallet was in his room. But when Jim looked, it wasn’t there. (Text 4) M: Don’t you like the hotel? W: Oh, yes, it’s a job with high income. I enjoy working there, and I love the people…But I hate working at night because I like going out in the evening. And I can’t stand the food. (Text 5) W: This is a beautiful park. Shall we come again tomorrow? M: But we planned to go shopping. W: We can do that in the afternoon, and come here in the morning. M: OK. And let’s bring Joe and Linda with us. Don’t forget your dark glasses. They’ll protect your eyes from the sun. (Text 6) M: Can I help you? W: Yes. I want to fly to Chicago on Wednesday the seventh and return on Friday the ninth. How much is the ticket? M: Tickets are cheaper if you stay over Saturday night. W: Thanks, but unfortunately I’ve already arranged some business here that Friday. I also want to visit a distant relative. So I’ll just have to pay the extra cost. M: What time of day would you prefer? Morning or afternoon? W: Morning, because I have to be there by early evening. Is there a meal?
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M: Yes, they’ll be serving breakfast, and you’ll also see a film. W: Sounds good. But what’s the total cost? M: Eight hundred and fifty dollars round trip. W: That’s more than I expected! (Text 7) M: It’s so nice out here. The weather is so good, but just look at the river. The water is so dirty. It’s too bad. W: I couldn’t agree more. Over the years, there have been a lot of changes in agriculture and industry. Unluckily, few people respond to what such development costs. M: I use to come to this river to swim as a child. At that time, the water was very clean and there were a lot of fish in it. W: Factories pour a lot of waste into the river, and farmers grow water plants in it. No powerful measures are taken to prevent all of these. As time goes on, the water is getting more and more polluted. (Text 8) M: You’ll have to pardon me if I sound angry. W: Well, what seems to be the trouble? M: This car! You sold it to me a few months ago, and now it seems to have lost all its power. W: That’s a little unusual. I’ve never heard of that kind of problem before according to my experience. M: I had the car in here just a couple of weeks ago because the oil light stayed on all the time. W: Oh, we fixed that, didn’t we? M: Sure. The light stayed off after that. But that’s when the other trouble started. W: What other trouble? M: I heard this terrible noise in the motor a few days ago, and then the car just seemed to lose its power. I had to have the car pulled here. I’ve never heard of anything like it, especially in an expensive car like this one. W: Well, let’s go into the manager ’s office and talk this matter over. (Text 9) W: I’ve lived in Hexham all my life. As a matter of fact, I was born in this house. That’s the way it used to be in the old days. People never used to move away from their hometown. They were born in a place, and they lived there until they died. My husband died ten years ago. We had seventy wonderful years together. We were very much alike. Both of us loved a good conversation. People used to talk to each other more in the past. Now they watch TV. Yes, I have lived for a hundred years. As for my secret of long life, well, I laugh a lot. Laughing is of importance and I also keep myself busy. I get a lot of exercise, too. I’ve always enjoyed sports. I went skiing and I horseback riding regularly until I was eighty-five. And I have always liked swimming. In fact, I still swim every day at the high school pool, and I have started running a little with my second husband.
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