? ? ? ? ? ? ?
根据意义上的不同，英语状语从句分为 时间状语从句 地点状语从句 原因状语从句 目的状语从句 结果状语从句 条件状语从句 方式状语从句 让步状语从句 比较状语从句
时间状语从句的引导词 when , while, as , before, after, since, until, till, as soon as, once, hardly…when, no sooner…than, whenever等
一、含义 1． We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.
2． We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired.
3．Before I could get in a word, he had measured me. 不等…就…
It was 8 pm. ______ they got to the village. when
before It was 8 hours _____ they got to the village.
It’s a long time _____ I met you last. since
that It was at 8 pm. ______ they got to the village.
1．一些词，如the moment, the minute, the instant, 等也 可引导一个时 间状语从句，相当于as soon as的意思。 He jumped off the couch the moment the telephone rang. ? 2. immediately, directly, instantly, 也可引导时间状语 They phoned me immediately they reached home. ? 3. hardly…when, scarcely…when, no sooner…than 引导 时间状语，相当于as soon as 的意思。如果hardly或no sooner或scarcely置于句首，句子必 须用部分倒装结构。 主句使用过去完成时，从句使用一般过去时。 Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. 4.一些含有time的名词短语，如every time, each time, next time, the first time等，以及the day, the year, the morning 等，也可引导一个时间状语从句。 The day he returned home, his father was already dead. Next time you come, please bring your composition.
1. Go over the key points. 2. Finish the exercises for the adverbial clause.
I like tea while she likes coffee. 然而 (对比) While they are my neighbors, I don’t know 尽管 (句首) them well. While there is life, there is hope. 只要 As you weren't there I left a message. 因为(句首) Young as I am, I already know what career I want to follow. 尽管(倒装) Do as I say and sit down. 以...方式 As a child, he was hopeless at maths.