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高中英语动词分类记忆


高中英语动词分类记忆 I. 主 要 常 用 不 及 物 的 动 词 。 不 及 物 动 词 后 面 不 能 跟 宾 语 。 只 能 用 以 : "主 + 谓 "结 构 。 ( S+V ) agree sigh graduate hurry depend snow dive disagree talk succeed ache long rain flow qu

arrel bargain die fever happen go swim shout matter listen cough occur come travel cry work look appear explode fall walk laugh struggle stare belong pause arrive skate object fight glance care result sail jump II. 延 续 动 词 与 瞬 间 动 词 表示的动作在瞬间就可以完成, 瞬间动词的完成时态不能跟表示 一段时间的时间状语连用。 1) 用 于 完 成 时 的 区 别 延续动词表示经验、经历; 瞬间动词表示行为的结 果,不能与 表示段的时间状语连用。 He has completed the work. 他 已 完 成 了 那 项 工 作 。 (表 结 果 ) I've known him since then. 我 从 那 时 起 就 认 识 他 了 。表 经 历 ) 2)用 于 till / until 从 句 的 差 异 延 续 动 词 用 于 肯 定 句 ,表 示 "做 ……直 到 …" 瞬 间 动 词 用 于 否 定 句 , 表 示 "到 …, 才 ……" He didn't come back until ten o'clock. 他 到 10 点 才 回 来 。 He slept until ten o'clock.他 一 直 睡 到 10 点 。 典型例题 1. You don't need to describe her. I ___ her several times. A. had met B. have met C. met D. meet 答 案 B. 首 先 本 题 后 句 强 调 对 现 在 的 影 响 , 我 知 道 她 的 模 样 , 你 不 用 描 述 。 再 次 , several times 告 知 为 反 复 发 生 的 动 作,因此用现在完成时。 2.---I'm sorry to keep you waiting. ---Oh, not at all. I ___ here only a few minutes. A. have been B. had been C. was D. will be 答 案 A. 等 待 的 动 作 由 过 去 开 始 ,持 续 到 现 在 ,应 用 现 在 完 成时。 主要常用瞬间动词 arrive, buy, fall, go, kill, leave, die, open, borrow, close, finish, join, hit, lend, marry, reach,

rise sit stay step wait remain sleep

rest head exist live dance

return, start,

stop, recognize

see throw III.主 要 及 物 动 词 。 及 物 动 词 后 面 必 须 跟 宾 语 ,可 以 用 于 : "主 + 谓 + 宾 "SV0; "主 + 谓 + 双 宾 SVOO"主 + 谓 + 宾 + 宾 补 SVOC"结 构 . accept remind liberate park hold pity heat borrow bear state receive attempt base pull increase trust warm bring catch think earn attract change line reduce support rule buy have advice gain invite build list discover hate obey charge keep allow lose book pump fight steal dislike praise cost make ask miss bite dust struggle attack greet scold hand mean check pack bake clean defeat wound welcome blame envy give direct fold fry sweep defend kill thank save fetch pick employ load milk close protect murder disturb waste name take expect achieve water tear educate starve fool score present send forbid admit pour complete train kiss serve mark post consider force afford fill finish test treat sentence sort offer know forgive declare lock contain decide cure punish store owe hope guide announce fasten include plan desert monitor spend question imagine hire review brush damage design throw own unite show find excuse broadcast comb destroy invent kick plate connect supply prove need describe tidy ruin examine devote price limit provide realize notice discuss mine wipe test trust publish watch astonish recognize let doubt bury repair experienc love print touch disappoin request like suppose dig mend e admire type press t require persuade correct remove fix train honour prepare visit frighten say permit master plough deliver introduce respect put wave interest tell promise mention plant carry follow value place wear satisfy sense want infer grow ship form desire lay time seat suggest wish repeat cover cross perform enjoy raise use shock understan spell cut block found comfort lift total surprise d practise celebrate tie hit calm reach answer tire warn IV. . 既 可 以 用 作 及 物 又 可 以 用 作 不 及 物 的 动 词 , 其 意 义 不 变 continue awake write root end smoke shine fit divide bend begin blow roll shop clap wash set float forget breathe start bathe paint face trade top sew drop speak burn advance insist ride feed study try pay delight eat burst attend nterrupt report hurt turn suffer mind develop drown climb aim read seek gather win sell join believe boil collect

delay lead meet organize spread row sink cook remembe double land measure marry smooth improve fear break dress learn sing race slow call teach compare fly inch mix record recover clear share crowd hide lack open drink ride shut help V. 既 可 以 用 作 及 物 又 可 以 用 作 不 及 物 的 动 词 , 其 意 义 完 全 不 同 。 escape run settle stamp smell draw match stand knock part rush shoot play get beat leave fail weigh operate return strike ring manage light move succeed stick reach search speed hang regret drive last shake V.主 动 形 式 表 被 动 意 义 的 常 见 动 词 。基 本 结 构 subj+ V+ adv。如 ,Books of this kind sells well。Your pen writes smoothly。 Your composition reads sell write keep cut act rent break clean work out read wear draw tear lock wash cook open well。 VI. 常 没 有 被 动 语 态 而 容 易 误 用 被 动 式 的 动 词 。 have fit hold cost last stand depend happen place turn out lack suit suffer become belong to on take break out ---Why haven?t you bought any butter? 如 , Heavy losses were suffered by them。 错 ) ( 。 ----I meant to but I forgot about it. They suffered heavy losses。 对 ) ( hope expect mean intend suppose want think VII. 英 语 中 一 些 常 用 进 行 时 或 现 在 时 表 将 来 的 动 词 。 如 , The meeting begins at 1: 30 in the afternoon。 I?ve won a IX.形 式 上 主 句 否 定 饿 而 实 际 上 否 定 转 移 的 动 词 , 类 动 词 之 后 可 这 holiday for two to Florida。 I am taking my mum。 接 so 或 not 代 替 从 句 。 如 , I don?t think they have made their come go leave start drive move begin take fall arrive return set off minds, have?nt they? land fly Is your brother going with you? I think not . 或 I don?t think so. think believe expect imagine suppose fancy VIII.英 语 中 一 些 常 用 过 去 完 成 时 或 过 去 时 表 示 未 曾 实 现 的 愿 望 , 打算或意图。如, 注意: hope guess fear fancy 不 能 否 定 转 移 , 能 说 I guess not 而 只 They had wanted to help but couldn?t afford any time 。 不 能 说 I don?t guess so 。 X. 常 见 的 只 跟 带 to 的 动 词 不 定 式 作 宾 语 的 及 物 动 词 或 短 语 。 want like/love long agree beg e make trouble pretend choice wish care plan promise demand up one?s manage aim but hope choose prepare offer intend mind try try one?s expect learn mean refuse decide tend attempt best would desire design ask determin bother afford have no 注 意 : 动 词 +疑 问 词 + to decide, forget, show, wonder, explain, discuss us how to know, learn, understand, hear, tell ask do that. consider remember, see, find out, discover Please show

There are so many kinds of tape -recorders on sale that I can't make up my mind which to buy. XI. 常 见 的 跟 带 to 的 动 词 不 定 式 作 宾 补 的 及 物 动 词 或 短 语 。 即 , 动 词 +宾 语 + (to do) command drive forbid imagine invite order report send think urge compel enable force induce judge permit request state train warn consider encourag guess inform know persuade require suppose trust declare find hire instruct like remind select tell understan 例句: a. Father will not allow us to play on the street. b. We believe him to be guilty. 注 意 : promise know hope demand 常 见 的 不 跟 带 to 的 动 词 不 定 式 作 宾 补 的 及 物 动 词 let, have, make see, watch, look at, notice , observe, hear, listen to, smell, feel, find XII. 动 词 及 短 语 后 加 doing 作 宾 语 V. + doing sth admit complete deny escape finish miss practise risk include forgive appreciat consider endure prevent imagine postpone recall suggest stand excuse avoid delay enjoy fancy mind keep resist face understan defend avoid admit to be usedto devote to stick to involve pardon prefer to lead to oneself object to be busy be tired of insist on prevent … from… look forward to to 为 介 词 ) no good, feel like count on / upon 举例 (1) Would you mind no use, be fond of set about turning down your radio a little, be worth… be proud of be successful in please? give up think of / about good at can't help, put off take up It's no use /good keep on burst out (2) The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught. 注 意 : 动 词 ing 形 式 与 不 定 式 语 义 不 同 的 有 12 组 : 1 stop to do 2 forget to do 3remember to do 4 regret to do 5be used to do 6 try to do 7go on to do stop doing forget doing remember doing regret doing be used to doing try doing go on doing 8 afraid to do 9 interested to do 10 mean to do 11 begin/ start to do 12 can?t help to do afraid doing interested doing mean doing begin/ start doing can?t help doing X. 表 示 "据 说 "或 "相 信 " 的 词 组 believe, consider, declare, expect, feel , report, say, see, suppose, think, understand It is said that… 据说 It is well known that… 众 所 周 知 It has been decided that… 大 家 决 定 It is reported that… 据 报 道 It is thought that… 大 家 认 为 It must be remember that…务 必 记 住 的 是 It is believed that… 大 家 相 信 It is suggested that… 据 建 议 It is hoped that… 大 家 希 望 It is taken granted that… 被视为当然 例 句 : It is said that she will leave for Wuhan on Tuesday. It?s generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science 。

Robert is said to have studied abroad, but I don?t know what country he studied in 。 VX.本 身 含 有 “使 …”的 意 义 的 动 词 . surprise shock worry please seat discourage interest frighten tire astonish delight satisfy disappoint encourage marry excite move VIX. 其 后 常 跟 宾 语 从 句 且 从 句 里 用 虚 拟 语 气 的 动 词 。 order suggest require request demand propose desire insist advise wish


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