定语从句 关系词关系代词 that, which, who, whom, whose, as, 关系副词 when, where, why 解题思路：找先行词，看先行词在定语从句中充当何种成分，然后确定用何种关 系词。 注意： 1.先行词指人，在定语从句中作主语时，一般用 who 或 that 都可以。但在下列情 况下，通常用 who，而不用 that。 1) 当先行词是 peo
ple, those, one/ones, anyone/anybody 等时 2) He who……用于谚语、格言中 3) 在非限制性定语从句中 2.在下列情况下,通常用 that,而不用 who 1) 先行词前面有 the first, the last, the only 或 the same 等所修饰时 She is the last man (that) I want to see. 2) 主句是以 who 或 which 开头的特殊疑问句时 3.先行词是物，在定语从句中作主语或宾语时，一般用 which 或 that 都可以。 但在下列情况下, 通常用 that，而不用 which.。 1).先行词被形容词最高级或者序数词所修饰时，通常用 that 2).当先行词是 all, any, anything, nothing, everything, much, little 等时， 通常用 that 3).当先行词被 all, any, the very, the only, the last 等修饰时，通常用 that. 4).主句是 which 开头的特殊疑问句时，通常用 that. 4.在下列情况下，通常用 which，而不用 that. 1) 介词的宾语 He paid the boy 10 dollars for washing ten windows, most of which had not been cleaned for years. 2) 在非限制性定语从句中，代表前面的名词或整个句子 One of the Charlie Chaplin’s most famous films was “The Gold Rush”, which was I.填入适当的引导词 Section A 1. Please pass me the notebook ________ cover is yellow. 2. Li Hua was one of the students _________ have the chance to go abroad. 3.He must be form Africa , __________ can be seen from his skin. 4. Air ,__________ we breathe every day , is around us all the time. 5. 1949 was the year __________ the New China was born. 6. This is the factory __________ my father worked three years ago. 7. I still remember the day _________ the old scientist took us to the lab for the first time. 8. The letter ___________ I received yesterday is from my sister. 9. The woman ___________ you saw in the park is our English teacher. 10. They finally arrived at an island ________ name was very strange to them. 11. Is there anything interesting in this book _______ is worth reading ?
12. On my way to work I met the girl about _______ you told us yesterday. 13. Jack is the most diligent boy _______ I have ever taught in my life. 14. The first runner _______ reached the finishing line was my classmate. 15. A good teacher is one ______ students not only respect but also love. 16.In the park she met an old friend, _______ invited her to his house for a visit. 17.There was a search for Sophia, _______ no one had seen for so many days. 18.Our teacher, ________ wife fell ill yesterday, cannot come to work today. 19.His medicine, _______ was kept in a broken bottle, was all spoiled (坏了). 20.The new car, for ________ I paid several thousand pounds, is not running well. 21.My dog, _______ temper（脾气）is very bad, often barks (吠) at my family. 22.Last Monday I went to New York, ________ I attended an important meeting. 23. He’s the famous scientist ______ will give us a lecture next Thursday. 24.Jack drove too fast and, what’s more, very carelessly, ________ worried her very much. Section B 1. That is the factory _____ I worked last year. 2. That is the factory _____ I visited last year. 3. I`ll never forget the days _____ we stayed happily together. 4. I`ll never forget the days _____ we spent happily together. 5. The reason _____ Mary was late for class is unknown. 6. The reason _____ he explained at the meeting is not true. 7. Look out! Don’t get too close to the house _____ roof is under repair. 8. The Nanjing-changjiang Bridge is the longest bridge ____ has ever been built since liberation. 9. ____ is known to all, the earth is round. 10. He must be an American, _____ we can see from his books. 11. He still lives in the house ______window faces to the south. 12. He still lives in the house ____there is a piece of furniture. 单选 1.I've read all the books ______you gave me. A. which B. them C. what D. that 2.There isn't much ______I can do. A. what B. which C. that D. how 3.He keeps a record of everything ______he had seen there. A. when B. that C. which D. what 4.Tell us about the people and the places ______are different from ours. A. that B. who C. which D. whom 5.Mr John said that Suzhou was the first city ______he had visited in China. A. that B. where C. which D. what 6.The TV play I watched last night is the best one ______I have watched this year. A. which B. what C. whose D. that 7.Last Sunday they reached Qingdao, ______a conference was to be held.
A. whi B. tha C. when D. where 8.Is this the museum_____ you visited the other day? A. that B. where C. in which D. the one 9.I began to work in Beijing in the year ______New China was founded. A. when B. that C. which D. where 10.This is the very film ______I've long wished to see. A. which B. that C. who D. whom 11.There is no difficulty ______can't be overcome in the world. A. that B. which C. who D. what 12.Who is the person ______is standing at the gate of Beijing Tourism Towe A. who B. that C. which D. whom 13.This was the supermarket ______ I bought this kind of tin. A. where B. that C. who D. which 14.The house ______ the capitalist used to live in is now a nursery. A. that B. where C. what D. when 15.This is the last time ______ I shall come here to help you. A. that B. which C. when D. what 16.The house ______we live is not big. A. in that B. which C. in which D. that 17.My neighburs used to give me a hand in time of trouble,______was very kind of them. A. who B. that C. which D. whom 18.All ______glitters is not gold. A. that B. which C. ／ D. what 19.I now know why Mao impresses everyone who meets him the way he does. A. which B. what C. ／ D. how 20.Beijing,______is the capital of China,is a beautiful city. A. that B. it C. which D. ／ 21.She was no longer the woman ______she was. A. that B. which C. what D. who 22.That's the hotel ______last year. A. which we stayed B. at that we stayed C. Where we stayed at D. where we stayed 23.The doctor did all ______to save the wounded boy. A. what he could B. he could B. C. everything which he could D. for which he could do 24.Anyone ______this opinion may speak out. A. that againsts B. that against B. C. who is against D. who are against 25.The place ______you are standing used to be an old church. A. which B. where C. that D. when 26.You've made the same mistake_______you made last time.
A. as B. like C. which D. that 27.It is not such an interesting magazine ______I thought. A. as B. that C. which D. ／ 28._______you know, he is a famous musician. A. As B. which C. That D. ／ 29.Mr Zhou,______native language was Chinese, could read and write several foreign languages. A. whose B. his C. which D. that 30.Do you know the actor ______you saw playing Hamlet is now doing King Lear? A. who B. whom C. whose D. which 31.I took my friend to the Summer Palace, we had some photos taken. A. where B. which C. that D. ／ 32.Do you remember the day ______your sister was graduated as a Master of Arts? A. which B. on which C. about which D. ／ 33.The bus,was already full,______was surrounded by an angry crowd. A. which of most B. most of which C. which of the most D. most of that 34.We all remember the days ______we studied together at school. A. which B. that C. when D. ／ 35.Do you know the reason ______he didn't come? A. that B. which C. for D. why 36.I showed the doctor the place ______I felt the pain. A. that B. which C. where D. when 37.He is the only one of the three ______got the new idea. A. who have B. whom have C. who has D. whose had 38.I'm one of the students ______well in English in my class. A. who does B. who do C. which does D. who did 39.This is the baby ______tomorrow. A. after whom I shall look B. whom I shall look after C. whose I shall look after D. after whom I shall look after 40.This is the fastest train ______is going to Nanjing. A. that B. what C. where D. ／ 改错 1. This is the school where I visited yesterday . 2. I’ll never forget the days when we spent together . 3. Is there anything which I can do for you ? 4. I study in the same school which you do . 5. The book , which cover is broken , is not mine . 6. There was nobody to who I could turn for help . 7. The pen with that I wrote to you is on the desk .\ 8. Who is the man who is talking to you ? 9. Is this museum that we visited 3 years ago ? 10. That’s all what I want to say . 11. Mr. Smith is one of the foreign experts who works in China .
12. The man I met him in the street is my boss . 13. The workers , most of them are women , are out of work now . 14. The man I met him in the street is my boss . 15. Egypt is a country where is famous for its pyramids. 16. The house stands at the place that the two roads meet. 17. Do you know the young man whom has been chosen chairman 18. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. 19. The man whom I spoke is from Canada. 20. He didn’t pass the exam, it is a pity . 训练题汇总 ◆EX1. 用定语从句完成下列句子。 1．This is the most beautiful forest _ __(我所见过的). 2．Dou Po Tang(陡坡塘) Waterfall, ___(位于贵州省的), is 105 meters wide and 21 meters high. ◆EX2 用适当的关系词填空. Have a try! ! ! 1. I will never forget the day __________ I first went to school. I will never forget the day __________ we spent in Beijing. 2. The house __________ we visited is being repaired now. The house ______ Luxun once lived is being repaired now. ◆Ex3 选择适当的代词填空，注意非限制性定语从句和单句的比较。 1.I am reading Harry Porter, _____is an interesting book. 2.He failed in the exam._______ made his parents angry. 3.He failed in the exam, _______made his parents angry. 4.He has two sons. Both of ________ are teachers. 5.He has two sons, both of ________ are teachers. ◆EX4 思考:用五种方式（定语从句）翻译句子 这是他工作的工厂。 1. This is the factory he works. 2. This is the factory he works. 3. This is the factory he works in. 4. This is the factory he works in. 5. This is the factory he works in. ◆EX5 思考: 介词+关系代词的情况 介词+关系代词的情况 （1） The man whom you spoke was a scientist. The city she lives in is far away. 介词+关系代词的情况（2） Are these two sentences right? The man who/whom you spoke to was a scientist. The city that/which she lives in is far away. 介词+关系代词的情况（3） Are these two sentences right? The man to who/whom you spoke was a scientist. The city in that/which she lives is far away. ◆Ex6: 介词+关系代词的使用 1. Do you like the book she spent $10? 2. Do you like the book she paid $10?
3. Do you like the book she learned a lot? 4. Do you like the book she often talks? 5. He dug a hole he could got water from the lake. 6. There is a tall tree outside, stands our teacher. 7. China has a lot of rivers, the second longest ___________is the Yellow River. 8. The man ____________ I spoke on the phone last night is very good at swimming. 9. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows, most __________ hadn’t been cleaned for at least a year. ◆EX 7 Practice A letter to Tom 我收到了你上周的来信 .谢谢你寄的照片 .我常常想起我们一起度过的时光 . 你还 记得那个湖吗?我们在那还照过一张相呢.和我们一起玩的那些朋友还好吗?我昨 晚做了梦，在梦里我们在上次去的那家电影院呢．另外,我买到了你要的那本英 语书.周末有时间我将把书寄给你．