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精讲精练:情态动词和虚拟语气

情态动词和虚拟语气
2011~2013 课标区高考考点统计 年份 数量 考点 2013 2012 2011 合计 情态动词和虚拟语气 在高考中的热点依次是: (1)虚拟语气;(2)推测和可 能性; (3) 必要性及表示请 求、允许、允诺。试题的立 意不偏不怪, 但是有效信息 越来越隐蔽, 情景越来越生 动、 真实, 考

查角度越来越 细微化、综合化。 考情解读

情态 动词

虚拟 语气

基本用法 其他用法 情态动词+have done 虚拟条件句中的 虚拟语气 名词性从句中的 虚拟语气 其他句型中的虚 拟语气

3 1 5 2 0 3

5 1 3 6 0 2

4 2 3 5 1 1

12 4 11 13 1 6

情态动词的基本用法 一、表能力
1.(2013· 江西高考)When I was a child, I ________ watch TV whenever I wanted to. A.should B.could C.must D.need 2.(2013· 湖南高考)He ________ sleep, although he tried to, when he got on such a hunt for an idea until he had caught it. A.wouldn't B.shouldn't C.couldn't D.mustn't 3. (2012· 全国卷Ⅱ)I'm going to Europe on vacation together with John if I ________ find the money. A.can B.might C.would D.need —————————————————————————————————————— ①表示现在的能力:can,am/is/are able to ②表示将来的能力:will be able to ③表示过去的能力:could 表示过去的能力,不表示是否成功地做了;was/were able to 表示过 去有能力做而且成功地做了 —————————————————————————————————————— —No one can be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball. —Oh, you are really his big fan.(2011· 湖南高考) ——在打篮球方面,无人能与姚明相媲美。 ——你真是姚明的铁杆粉丝。

二、表推测
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精讲精练:情态动词和虚拟语气

1.(2013· 重庆高考)—What are you doing this Saturday? —I'm not sure, but I ________ go to the Rolling Stones concert. A.must B.would C.should D.might 2.(2013· 安徽高考)It ________ be the vocabulary that caused you the problem in the exercise because you know a lot of words. A.may B.couldn't C.should D.needn't 3.(2011· 江西高考)It ________be the postman at the door.It's only six o'clock. A.mustn't B.can't C.won't D.needn't 4.(2010· 北京高考)—Good morning. I've got an appointment with Miss Smith in the Personnel Department. —Ah, good morning. You ________ be Mrs. Peters. A.might B.must C.would D.can —————————————————————————————————————— ①肯定句: can 表示客观上的可能,有时会; may/might/could 表示可能; must 表示一定; should/ought to 表示应该/按说应该 ②否定句:can't/couldn't 表示不可能;may not/might not 表示可能不;shouldn't/oughtn't to 表示 应该不会 ③疑问句:can/could 表示惊讶、怀疑、不相信的态度 ————————————————————————————————————— [点津] mustn't 不表推测,而是表示禁止。 ①It is usually warm in my hometown in March, but it can be rather cold sometimes.(2008· 福建高考) 我的家乡在三月份通常很暖和,但有时候也会相当冷。 ②Mr.Bush is on time for everything.How can it be that he was late for the meeting? 布什先生做什么事情都很准时,他怎么可能开会迟到呢? ③—Let's visit Tom together, Stephen. —There's no need to do so. He can't be at home, because I saw him board the flight to Beijing this morning. ——斯蒂芬,咱们一起去拜访汤姆吧。 ——没必要这样做。他一定不在家,因为今天早晨我看见他登上了飞往北京的航班。 ④—It's the office!So you must know eating is not allowed here. —Oh, sorry.(2009· 湖南高考) ——这是办公室!所以你一定知道这里不许吃东西。 ——噢,对不起。 ⑤There shouldn't be any difficulty about passing the road test since you have practiced a lot in the driving school. 因为你在驾校训练了那么多,通过路考应该没什么困难。

三、表请求、建议、命令、允许、允诺、禁止、义务、责任
1.(2012· 上海高考)The new law states that people ________ drive after drinking alcohol. A.wouldn't B.needn't C.won't D.mustn't 2.(2012· 辽宁高考)One of our rules is that every student ________ wear school uniform while at school. A.might B.could C.shall D.will 3.(2010· 辽宁高考)Doctors say that exercise is important for health, but it _____ be regular exercise. A.can B.will C.must D.may 4.(2010· 四川高考)—________ I take the book out? —I'm afraid not. A.Will B.May C.Must D.Need 5.(2009· 全国卷Ⅰ)What do you mean, there are only ten tickets?There________be twelve. A.should B.would C.will D.shall —————————————————————————————————————— ①请求对方允许时用 May/Can/Could I/we ...?
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精讲精练:情态动词和虚拟语气

②主动提出帮忙或提出建议时用 Shall I/we ...? ③提出请求、问题、看法时用 Will/Would you ...?或 Shall he/she/they ...? ④should/ought to 表示应该,shouldn't/oughtn't to 表示不应该 ⑤may/can(可以)表示允许、许可 ⑥must(必须),mustn't 表示禁止 ⑦shall 与第二、三人称连用,用于陈述句,表示命令、警告、允诺、威胁;当宣布法律、规定 时也常用 shall —————————————————————————————————————— ①You mustn't park here! It's an emergency exit.(2010· 重庆高考) 你不可以在这儿停车!这是紧急出口。 ②—Will you read me a story, Mummy? —OK. You shall have one if you go to bed as soon as possible.(2011· 陕西高考) ——妈妈,给我讲个故事好吗? ——好的,如果你尽快上床睡觉我就给你讲一个。

四、表必要性
1.(2012· 全国卷Ⅰ)I ________ use a clock to wake me up because at six o'clock each morning the train comes by my house. A.couldn't B.mustn't C.shouldn't D.needn't 2.(2011· 福建高考)—Shall I inform him of the change of the schedule right now? —I am afraid you ________, in case he comes late for the meeting. A.will B.must C.may D.can —————————————————————————————————————— ①must do sth.表示“必须做某事” ②needn't/don't have to表示“不必” —————————————————————————————————————— You don't have to buy a gift, but you can if you want to.(2010· 湖南高考) 你没必要买一个礼物,但是如果你想的话可以买一个。

五、表意愿、决心
1.(2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ)The door ________ open, no matter how hard she pushed. A.shouldn't B.couldn't C.wouldn't D.mightn't 2. (2012· 江苏高考)Days later, my brother called to say he was all right, but _____ say where he was. A.mustn't B.shouldn't C.wouldn't D.mightn't —————————————————————————————————————— will/would 可与各种人称连用,表示主语的意志或决心。will 表示意愿时其否定形式 won't 通常 用于有生命体,但有时也用于无生命体,这时把无生命体拟人化了。 —————————————————————————————————————— ①—Why didn't you come to Simon's party last night? —I wanted to, but my mom simply would not let me out so late at night.(2011· 重庆高考) ——你昨晚为什么没有参加西蒙的聚会? ——我想去,但是妈妈不愿意让我自己在这么晚的时间出去。 ②I have told him again and again to stop smoking, but he will not listen. 我已再三告诉他戒烟,但是他就是不听。

情态动词+have done
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精讲精练:情态动词和虚拟语气

1.(2013· 辽宁高考)Harry is feeling uncomfortable.He ________ too much at the party last night. A.could drink B.should drink C.would have drunk D.must have drunk 2.(2013· 四川高考)—Why are your eyes so red? You ________ have slept well last night. —Yeah, I stayed up late writing a report. A.can't B.mustn't C.needn't D.won't 3. (2012· 江西高考)We ______ have bought so much food now that Suzie won't be with us for dinner. A.may not B.needn't C.can't D.mustn't 4.(2012· 江苏高考)—Happy birthday! —Thank you! It's the best present I________ for. A.should have wished B.must have wished C.may have wished D.could have wished 5.(2011· 全国卷Ⅰ)They ________have arrived at lunchtime but their flight was delayed. A.will B.can C.must D.should 6. (2011· 江苏高考)—I left my handbag on the train, but luckily someone gave it to a railway official. —How unbelievable to get it back! I mean, someone ________it. A.will have stolen B.might have stolen C.should have stolen D.must have stolen 7.(2009· 江苏高考)He did not regret saying what he did but felt that he________it differently. A.could express B.would express C.could have expressed D.must have expressed 用法 一定做过某事,其否定形式为 can't/couldn't have done 1.本来能够做但却未做 can/could have done 2.可能做过某事 can't/couldn't have done 不可能做过某事 may/might have done 或许/可能做过某事 should/ought to have done 本该做但却未做,其否定形式表示本不该做但却做了 needn't have done 做了本没有必要做的事情 ①—Wang Yaping was the second woman to be sent into space in China. —She must have gone through tough training. ——王亚平成为第二名被送入太空的中国女性。 ——她肯定受过艰苦的训练。 ②Mark needn't have hurried. After driving at top speed, he arrived half an hour early.(2010· 天津高 考) 马克本没必要那么匆忙。他以最快速度开车,结果早到了半个小时。 情态动词+have done must have done

情态动词的其他常见用法
1.(2013· 天津高考)No one ________ be more generous; he has a heart of gold. A.could B.must C.dare D.need 2.(2012· 陕西高考)I ________ thank you too much for all your help to my son while we were away from home. A.won't B.can't C.can D.will 3.(2012· 重庆高考)—________ you interrupt now? Can't you see I'm on the phone? —Sorry Sir, but it's urgent. A.Can B.Should C.Must D.Would ——————————————————————————————————————
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精讲精练:情态动词和虚拟语气

①can 的否定式与比较级连用表示最高级 ②can 的否定式与 enough 或 too (much)连用表示“再??也不为过” ③must 可表示“偏要,硬要”,常用于疑问句或条件状语从句 ④may/ might as well 表示“最好;不妨” ⑤would 可表示过去的习惯,与 used to 相比,前者常表示过去反复的动作,后者常表示过去的 状态或习惯现在已不复存在 ⑥should 有时表示说话人对某事感到意外、惊奇,意为“竟然会” —————————————————————————————————————— ①You can't be too careful while driving. 开车时越小心越好。 ②If you think the price of beef is too high, you may as well buy some pork. It depends on you. 如果你认为牛肉太贵的话,你不妨买些猪肉。你自己决定。 ③If you must go, at least wait until the storm is over.(2011· 辽宁高考) 如果你非要走的话,至少等到暴风雨结束。

1.(2013· 南昌三中模拟)—Do you think Jack will lend us a hand? —He is the last one to help others. He ________ lend his hand, though. A.can B.must C.should D.might 2. (2013· 潍坊市高三二模)Sometimes smiles ________ be false, hiding other feelings like anger, fear or worry. A.must B.should C.can D.would 3.(2013· 西安市高三二模)—John looks a bit upset. Did you tell him the bad news? —Yes, but I ________ him after his birthday party. A.should have told B.must have told C.shouldn't have told D.needn't have told 4.(2013· 重庆一中模拟)—Who ________ be phoning us at this time of night? —It might be your sister. A.might B.can C.dare D.must 5.(2013· 河北衡水中学模拟)Some young people these days just ________ go out of their homes to contact the real world. A.mustn't B.won't C.mightn't D.shouldn't 6.(2013· 济南一中模拟)—Where ________ Mary have put the empty bottles? —She ________ them away. They must be somewhere. A.can; can't have thrown B.must; needn't C.must; must have thrown D.can; mustn't have thrown

虚拟语气在虚拟条件句中的应用
1.(2013· 北京高考)If we ________ a table earlier, we wouldn't be standing here in a queue. A.have booked B.booked C.book D.had booked 2.(2013· 天津高考)If he had spent more time practising speaking English before, he ________ able to speak it much better now. A.will be B.would be C.has been D.would have been 3.(2012· 安徽高考)Grace doesn't want to move to New York because she thinks if she ________ there, she wouldn't be able to see her parents very often. A.lives B.would live C.has lived D.were to live 4.(2012· 浙江高考)Had they known what was coming next, they ________ second thoughts. A.may have B.could have
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精讲精练:情态动词和虚拟语气

C.must have had 类别 与现在事实相反 与过去 事实相反 与将来事实相反 if 省略句 混合 条件句

D.might have had 从句谓语动词 过去式(be 用 were) had+过去分词 主句谓语动词 should/would/could/might+动词原形 should/would/could/might + have +过去 分词

过去式(be 用 were) should+动词原形 should/would/could/might+动词原形 were to+动词原形 如 果 虚 拟 条 件 句 中 含 有 were/had/should , 有 时 可 把 if 省 略 , 把 were/had/should 提到主语之前形成倒装,若为否定形式,not 不可提前。 有时条件句的动作与主句动作发生的时间不一致,这时动词的形式应根 据它们各自表示的时间加以调整。 ①有时假设的情况不用条件从句表达,而是用 but for,without 等介词(短 语)或上下文来表示条件。②用连词 otherwise,or 等暗示后文与前面的情 况相反,从而引出后文的虚拟语气。③虚拟条件通过 but 暗示出来,模 式为“虚拟情况+but+真实情况”。

含蓄 条件句

①I should not have laughed if I had thought you were serious.(2013· 江苏高考) 如果我当时认为你是认真的,我就不会笑了。 ②I would have come sooner but I didn't know that they were waiting for me.(2011· 天津高考) 我本该早一些到,但我不知道他们在等我。 ③Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy would have been saved.(2010· 浙江高考) 如果我了解这种电脑程序的话,就可以节省大量的时间和精力。 ④This printer is of good quality. If it should break down within the first year, we would repair it at our expense.(2009· 天津高考) 这台打印机质量很好,如果第一年出现问题,我们免费为您维修。

虚拟语气在名词性从句中的应用
1.(2013· 浙江高考)Eye doctors recommend that a child's first eye exam ________ at the age of six months old. A.was B.be C.were D.is 2.(2011· 北京高考)—Where are the children? The dinner's going to be completely ruined. —I wish they______always late. A.weren't B.hadn't been C.wouldn't be D.wouldn't have been 1.wish 后面宾语从句的虚拟语气 与现在事实相反 从句用一般过去时 与过去事实相反 从句用过去完成时 与将来事实相反 从句用 would+动词原形 I wish (that) I were a bird and could fly freely in the sky. 我希望我是一只小鸟,能在天空自由飞翔。 2. 表示主张、 命令、 建议、 要求等词后的宾语从句和同位语从句中常用“(should+)动词原形”
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精讲精练:情态动词和虚拟语气

结构。

[点津] 当 insist 表示“坚持认为;坚持说”;suggest 表示“暗示,表明”时后面的宾语从句 不用虚拟语气。 ①The young man insisted that he did nothing wrong and should be set free at once. 这个年轻人坚持认为他没有做错,应该马上被释放。 ②The girl's pale face suggested that she was ill and I suggested that she go to see the doctor at once. 这个女孩苍白的脸色表明她病了,我建议她马上去看医生。 ③Teachers recommend parents not allow their children under 12 to ride bicycles to school for safety.(2010· 福建高考) 老师们建议父母,为了安全不要让他们 12 岁以下的孩子骑车上学。

虚拟语气在其他从句中的应用

1.(2012· 辽宁高考)Jack is a great talker. It's high time that he ___ something instead of just talking. A.will do B.has done C.do D.did 2.(2012· 北京高考)Don't handle the vase as if it ________ made of steel. A.is B.were C.has been D.had been 3.(2010· 江苏高考)George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I'd rather he ________ more on its culture. A.focus B.focused C.would focus D.had focused 1.would rather 所接从句时,表示与现在或将来事实相反时从句用一般过去时;表示与过去事 实相反时从句用过去完成时。 My brother spends most of time on computer games. I'd rather he devoted himself to his study. 我弟弟的大部分时间都用在玩电脑游戏了,我宁愿他全身心投入到学习中。 2.It's (high/about) time (that) ...句型中,从句的谓语动词用一般过去时或 should+动词原形(其 中 should 不可省略),句意为“确实到了??的时候了”。 It's high time that measures should be taken to prevent air pollution. 是时候采取措施防止空气污染了。 3.虚拟语气在 as if 引导的状语从句中的应用 表示与现在事实相反用一般过去时;表示与过去事实相反用过去完成时。 He stood up and offered her his seat, as if he had read her mind.
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精讲精练:情态动词和虚拟语气

他站起来给她让座,他好像读懂了她的心思。 4.虚拟语气在 if only 感叹句中的应用 if only 后面的谓语动词常用一般过去时(对现在虚拟)或过去完成时(对过去虚拟)与过去将来时 (对将来虚拟),表示强烈的愿望。 ①It's really a good chance. If only I could go there! 真是个好机会。我能去那儿该多好啊! ②Look at the trouble we are in. If only we had taken our teacher's advice! 看看我们所处的困境,要是我们当初听从老师的建议该有多好!

1 . (2013· 陕西师大附中模拟 )If we had taken such effective measures much earlier, the river ________ so seriously now. A.is not polluted B.would not be polluted C.had not been polluted D.would not have been polluted 2.(2013· 天津南开中学高三二模) ________ it rain tomorrow, we should have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge. A.Were B.Should C.Would D.Will 3.(2013· 成都七中考前模拟)We were stuck on the way to the scenic spot, otherwise we ________ lots of fun there. A.had had B.have had C.could have had D.could have 4.(2013· 辽宁师范大学附中模拟)Fortunately it happened at night. If the hurricane ________ during the daytime, there ________ more deaths. A.had happened; would have been B.happened; would be C.had happened; would be D.happened; would have been 5.(2013· 哈师大附中高三二模)If only I ________ more confidence in the English speech contest held last week! A.would have B.had C.had had D.have 6.(2013· 广西桂林中学高三二模)—Can you come to attend our party tonight? —Sorry, but I do wish I ________. A.had B.can C.will D.could

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