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《导学案》2015版高中英语(人教版必修3)教师用书:Unit 5 Period 3 Grammar 讲义


Period 3

Grammar

1.通过对构词法的学习,扩大学生的词汇量,并培养学生的词汇生成能力。 2.识记、理解并能正确运用同位语从句。

1.通过对教材 P36~37 的阅读,掌握构词法和同位语从句的基本用法。 2.学会根据句子的真实情境来学习同位语从句。

重点短语 重点语法


1. 2. 同位语从句

负责;掌管 有……的面积

自我核对 重点短语: 1.in charge of 2.have an area of

品句填空 1.She likes to c with grandma over the phone. down there. 2.He went to Australia in the 1980s and s 3.What she saw t

her and she had bad dreams every night after that. better yesterday.

4.The man that survived the earthquake was s 5.There are seven c 6.The 7.She gives the 8.The man has 9.I ll go

in the world, of which Asia is the largest.

(距离) between the two villages is two kilometers. (印象) of being older than she really is. (宽阔的) shoulders and looks handsome. (市区) tomorrow. Do you want to go with me ? (黎明) the next day. 4.slightly

10.They arrived in New York at 【答案】1.chat 5.continents 9.downtown 10.dawn

2.settled 3.terrified

6.distance 7.impression

8.broad

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同位语从句

仔细观察下列句子,并注意画线部分的用法。 They were wild with joy at the news that their team had won. 当听到他们队获胜的消息时,他们欣喜若狂。 Where did you get the idea that I could not come?你从哪儿听说我不能来? The thought came to him that Tom might have returned the book. 他突然想起汤姆可能已经还了书了。

一般来说,在主从复合句中,用作同位语的从句叫(1) 释该名词表示的(2) 【答案】(1)同位语从句 (2)具体内容

。它通常跟在某些名词之后,用以说明或解

。有时同位语从句可以不紧跟在被说明的名词后面,而被别的词隔开。

一、可以跟同位语从句的名词通常有 advice, decision, fact, hope, idea, information, message, news, promise, proposal, reply, report, suggestion, word(消息),problem, question, doubt, thought 等。 I made a promise that I would write to him as soon as I got to Beijing. 我向他许诺说我一到北京就给他写信。 He often asked me the question whether the work was worth doing. 他经常问我这个问题,那就是这份工作是否值 得做。 The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody. 他什么也没说,这一事实使大家都感到惊奇。 A thought came to him that he should have picked up his son. 他突然想起他本来应该去接儿子的。 二、 同位语从句常用 that 引导,引导同位语从句的 that 在从句中不充当任何成分,无任何具体意思,一般不省略。 同位语从句还可用 whether, how, when, where, why 等引导,这些连词在从句中都具有各自的意义并充当成 分。 The news that our team won the first prize excited all of us. 我们队得了第一名,这消息使我们都很兴奋。 I have no idea how he did it. 我不知道他怎么做的。(how 在从句中作状语) 三、同位语从句与定语从句的区别: 比较:We expressed the hope (that) they had expressed. (定语从句) We expressed the hope that they would come to visit China again. (同位语从句) 1.从语法角度上看,引导同位语从句的 that 是连词,只起连接的作用,在从句中并不作任何句子成分,一般不能 省略,如第 2 句中 that 引导同位语从句,其中 that 无词意,也不充当任何成分。而引导定语从句的 that 是关系 代词,除了起连接作用外,还在从句中作句子成分,当其在从句中作宾语时,常常可以省略,如第 1 句中 that 引导 定语从句,that 指代 hope,又在从句中充当宾语,且 that 可以用 which 替换或省略。 2.从语义角度上看,同位语从句用来进一步说明前面名词的内容;而定语从句用来修饰、限定前面的先行词。 同位语从句与前面的名词是同位关系,如第 2 句中的从句表示这个“希望”的内容是“他们再来访问中国”;而定

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语从句与前面的名词是所属关系,表示“……的”,如第 1 句中的从句意为“他们曾经表达过的”,起修饰 hope 的作 用。 3.同位语从句的简易判断方法: 我们可以在名词和从句之间加 be 动词,使之构成一个新句子,如果合乎逻辑,句子通顺,则是同位语从句;定 语从句是不能用系表结构把先行词与从句连接起来的。 The belief that the earth is flat is still held in some countries. →The belief is that the earth is flat.

用适当词填空,使句子意思完整 (1)They expressed the hope (2)The fact (3)Word has come they would come over to China soon.

he didn t see Tom this morning is true. some American guests will come to our college for a visit next week. he got the money from his home yesterday. is actually going on in the classroom? we should have the meeting in the hall now must be decided at once. (2)that (3)that (4)how (5)what (6)whether

(4)He can t answer the question (5)Do you have any idea (6)The problem 【答案】(1)that

Ⅰ.单句改错 1.Our team has won the game, that made us very happy. 2.I ve come with a message from Mr Wang how he won t be able to see you this afternoon. 3.He must answer the question if he agrees with what she said or not. 4.I ve read the book where you gave me the day before yesterday. 5.One of the kids held the opinion when what the teacher said was right. 【答案】1.that→which Ⅱ.用适当的连词填空 1.The news 2.I have no idea 3.He told us the truth 4.The question is his health is failing makes us sad. they are spending their holidays. Maybe they will spend the holidays in Africa. he had been abroad before. he will come back in three days. all these houses (should) be pulled down in three weeks. 3.that 4.whether 5.that 2.how→that 3.if→whether 4.where→that / which 或省略 5.when→that

5.The government gave the order 【答案】1.that 2.where

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●温馨贴士 本课时的核心部分为同位语从句,知识要点图解如下:

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