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动词类 1、看 look 看的动作;see 看的结果; watch 观察;observe 为了研究进行的观察; Notice 注意; catch sight of 看见; stare 好奇地看; glare 瞪着看; Glance 瞅见; glimpse 瞥见;see a film watch TV 2、说 telll sth to sb.=t

ell sb sth 告诉的内容;talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的 交流;Say sth 诉说的内容;speak in English 说的语言;whisper sth to sb 耳 语 Inform sb of sth; 通知某人某事; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说 服某人做某事; Bargain 讨价还价; chat 聊天; repeat 重复 explain 解释 warn

警告 remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 figure 指出 declare 宣布 claim 自称 mention 提起 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布

introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3、叫 cry 哭叫 quarrel 大吵 4、问 ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气

5、答 answer 回答 respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 6 、听 到 7、写 dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 take down/write down 写下,记下 drop a line 写信 draw 画 listen to 听的动作 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听

8、 拿/放

take 拿走 bring 拿来

hold 举着

carry 扛, (无方向性) fetch 挑

拿来拿去 lift 举

Put 放 lay 铺/放置

pull 拉/push 推 grasp 握住 scratch 抠 strike 突然的击打/突然想到

9、抓 take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 10、打 blow 吹刮 attack 攻击 11、 扔 摇 12、送 行 13、摸/抱 s arms 14、踢/碰 15、行 kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 climb jump touch 摸 /fold 折叠 send 寄送 deliver 递送 throw 扔 hit 一次性的打击

beat 不间断的打击

drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake

give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送

/embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握

in one’

walk run

skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 crawl 匍匐前进

move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly 16、坐 斜靠 17、睡/休息 have a rest 18、 笑 19、哭 sit down be seated

seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean

lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed take a nap 打盹 be asleep bend turn over 翻身 rest

smile 微笑 (不出声) laugh cry shed tears 留泪

burst into laughter burst out laughing sob 抽泣 burst into tears

weep 呜咽地哭

/burst out crying

20、找/查 发现/探索

find 找到 look for 正在找过程

find out 查明


hunt for search for seek / seek for 身 search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地

in search of 寻找

Search sb 搜

Check 检查,核实 察 21、穿

examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视

put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 get changed 换衣服 be in red

be dressed in 穿的状态 脱 remove 去除

make-up 化装 22、吃/喝

Take off

eat/drink sip 吮吸

have a meal have supper toast taste

treat sb to 请某人吃 23、得 24、失 get

help oneself to 随便吃 gain possess gone 不见(物)

obtain acquire 获得知识和技能

lose 丢了 be lost die

/be missing 人错过失踪,不见 die away 逐渐消失 conquer 征服

great loss 25、有

die off 相继死去 有 own 是自己的


occupy 占有=possess

江苏省宿豫中学一高三学生整理排版、祝大家金榜题名! 26、无 /gone 27、增/减 人主动抬价 28、买/卖 bargain bill /cheque / cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts rise / go up /drop raise /bring down /reduce buy purchase afford increase/decrease pay pay off pay for sell on sale nothing left the remaining thing disappear be missing

29、存在/消失 up disappear die 30 、 变 化

come into being exist appear survive


show turn

die out

pass away be out of sight improve become grow go+ bad /wrong/ sour reform doubt recall know recite


/without( negative adj.) turn + colour change /change into 31、认识的过程 feel sense guess suppose wonder

/learn realize understand apply to 32、成功/失败 s dream win lose fail to do


be familiar with

make it succeed

make progress come true

realize one’

failure defeat

suffer loss beat

turn sth. Into reality

33、努力 try /manage make efforts attempt one can to do 34、祝贺 会 35、赞美/批评 praise think highly of / criticize /scold sb. for sth. 36、喜/恶 into like congratulations on sb

do ones best do as much as

celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚

blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame Speak ill of

have a low opinion of sb be keen on Dislike

love be fond of in favor of

be crazy about adore be hate be awful/disgusting

prefer enjoy

ignore turn off 37、判断 think believe reach consider find feel conclude return to get to infer doubt visit leave

38、到达 arrive at

stay in sp

leave for on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer

39、受伤 hurt injured from suffer a loss

40、损坏 damage destroy 41、修复 repair rebuild


break down

be broken


restore fix

recover oneself receive refuse turn down

42、支持/反对 agree disagree accept be against elect 43、做饭 brush cook vote for/ against wash cut chop boil






cover uncover cooker advise suggest recommend urge propose demand

44 、 建 议

persuade 说服 45、花费 sth It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth expense 46、省/存钱 47、参加 save /save up set aside put away attend spare no effort/ time sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do

take part in

join /join in

compete in/ for/against

48、控告 accuse sb. of 49、救治 help /help out sb. Of sth

charge sb. With save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果

Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth 50、敬佩 admire in honor of 51、逃避 ran away escape from respect show respect for/to

assist sb in doing sth adore envy /be jealousy

flee hide forbid doing sth.

52、阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth Ban prohibit

53、对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth settle 54、效仿 copy imitate come about explosion fasten fix set equip learn from learn happen to take place break out


54、爆发/发生 burst out go off


be armed with 用什么武装


equipped with 装备有 56、 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase with 跟上 57、想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 be concerned 担心 be considerate consider towards sb. catch up with 赶上 keep up

think over 仔细考虑 58、打算

plan / intend / design to do seem appear look like

be going to do /be about to do /will do as if as though end close down


60、开办/关闭 open start set up 名词类

close/close up

1、假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave

be on holiday have

two days off 2 、 旅 游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go

camping/picnicking/hiking 3、 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest

host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard 4、餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn and knife fruit tray restaurant kitchen menu bill order dash tip fork

reserve /book table Taste delicious napkin



5、诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon specialist patient

6、车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb. 7、 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse effort wrist

8 、 意 志 will courage patience determination faith ambition energy 9、才能/品质


talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid honest cold serious easy-going learned

careful proud Strict knowledgeable 10、优缺点 advantage 11、目标



weakness faith

aim goal intention

purpose belief

12、方式 means method

way manner approach cut weight/put

13、身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit

on weight 14、图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph sketch 划草图 15 、 文 章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article pie chart draw a

magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记 Files

form make a list of

16、课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17、学校活动 match ceremony 18、建议/观点 advice suggestion 19 、 气 候 / 天 气 idea proposal view recommandation game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/

climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow

hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20、 交通 bike by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a

give sb. a lift/ride regular 有规律的(形容词) practice

21、习惯 habit custom get used to 惯例(名词) 22、感觉 23、情感 sight hearing feeling touch

smell sense delight sadness sorrow



24、财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/well-off 25、运动比赛 on the playground on the track and filed pitch event game

match sports player Coach judge jogging weightlifting 26、衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing

play volleyball/soccer/

clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数,

cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of,an article of 27、事件 incident, accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 形容词类 1、人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲 sad unhappy painful bitter silent/still peaceful be fed up with shocked /amazed

平静 calm quiet 烦 bother bored 震惊 surprised


怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid 失望 desperate disappointed 满意 be satisfied hopeless be depressed

with /be content to do burst into rage

生气 Annoyed angry disgusting 2、表程度的副词类 narrowly/Nearly/ almost Accidently/ once in a while Farther/ further 易考的近义词组 Run/ manage grow/ plant

hardly/ hard

extremely/ very

very/ quite

occasionaly/ once

far / by far however/ therefore/so/thus

better/ worse be well/ good


fit/ suit/ match

Hit/ beat/strike

meet/ satisfy lie/sit/locate

touch /feel help/work/ do

play /performer

Contain/ hold /seat/ fill Fall/ sink/ drop Cause/ reason Last/ continue

matter/ problem /trouble/ that’s why/ that’s because keep/ stay/

money/ account because/ since,as/ for separate/ divide

treat/ cure/ operate

Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold

turn/become/go change/vary/range

Provide/supply/offer/ give/send

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