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2013届江苏高考完形填空、任务型阅读专项训练一


2013 届江苏高考 完形填空、任务型阅读专项训练一
I. 完形填空 Immediately I got up and dressed, I stuck my violin under my jacket and went out into the streets to try my wandered about for an hour, looking for a l

ikely 37 , feeling as though I were about to commit a crime. at last under a bridge near the station and decided to have a try. I felt tense and _39 . It was the first time, after all. I drew the violin from under the jacket like a gun. 40 myself. It was here, in 36 . I

Then I _3 8

Southampton, with trains rattling overhead, that I was about to

One moment I was part of the hurrying

crowds, the next I stood apart, my back to the wall, my hat on the 41 before me, the violin under my chin. The first notes I played were loud and raw, like a declaration of protest, then they settled down and began to run more _42 44 and to stay more or less in tune. To my 43 ,I was neither arrested nor told to shut up. Indeed, nobody took any at all. Then an old man, without stopping at all, dropped a penny into my 45 as though getting rid of some guilty

evidence I worked the streets of Southampton for several days, gradually acquiring the truth of the was not a good thing, for instance, to let the hat fill up with money-the sight could _47 46 by trial and error. It

a kind-hearted man; nor was it his money. Placing a

wise to 48 it completely, which could also confuse him, giving him no hint as to where to _49 couple of pennies in the hat to start the thing going soon became a off the cream, but always leaving two 51 behind. 50

practice and I made sure, between tunes, to take

Old _52 were most generous, and so were women with children, shop girls and barmaids. were always receptive and so were big guys with muscles.

As for men, heavy drinkers

But _53 a man with an expensive hat, briefcase or dog; 55 ,young

respectable types were the least _54 of all. Except for retired any officers, who would shout “Why aren’t you mad?” and then would over-tip to cover up their confusion. 36. A. violin 37. A. station B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. luck bridge wandered excited show bridge slowly sorrow pity pocket performance discourage C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. skill street played nervous damage wall smoothly astonishment notice hand music help D. art D. D. D. spot sat strange

38. A. stopped 39. A. lost 40. A. shame 41. A. pavement 42. A. angrily 43. A. excitement 44. A. money 45. A. hat 46. A. people 47. A. encourage 48. A. fill 49. A. make 50. A. modern 51. A. pennies 52. A. workers 53. A. sometimes

D. declare D. D. D. D. road roughly surprise rest

D. bag D. D. trade support

B. empty B. get B. regular B. dollars B. teachers B. often

C. tear C. drop C. timely C. pounds C. ladies C. always

D. hide D. earn D. economic D. euros D. doctors D. never

54. A. generous 55. A. playing II. 任务型阅读

B. comfortable B. working

C. handsome C. cheating

D. D.

selfish shopping

Have you ever wondered why there are so many skin colours in the world? Do you know why people living in particular areas usually have a certain colour? Biology and history are the two reasons for this. Skin contains something called melanin, which determines a person’s skin colour. The more melanin a person has, the darker his or her skin will be. The amount of and production of melanin are controlled by genetics, but can be affected by other things, such as sunlight. If a person lives in a place with strong sunlight, his or her skin will protect itself by producing more melanin, making the skin darker. In a place with less sunlight, a person’s body will produce less melanin, making the skin lighter. Skin colour is also affected by another source—vitamin D. Humans all need vitamin D to build bones. People can get it by eating foods such as fish and milk, or from sunlight, which causes vitamin production in the skin. Melanin protects skin by absorbing sunlight, so sunlight absorbed by melanin cannot be used for vitamin D production. Therefore, a dark-skinned person will produce less vitamin D than a light-skinned person when they received the same amount of sunlight. The connection between vitamin D production and skin colour is clear when we look at evolution. The earliest humans lived in Africa, their dark skin covered with hair. When they moved to places that had less sunlight, their bodies produced less vitamin D because of their dark skin. As a result, their skin made less melanin, so they could get enough sunlight to produce vitamin D. their skin gradually got lighter and they lost hair. Now, people who live in areas with strong sunlight, like Africa, have darker skin, while people living in other areas have lighter skin. The exception to this is the Inuit, who live in a place with little sunlight, but have dark skin because they eat a lot of fish and have enough vitamin D. Evolution has given us a rainbow of skin colours. Humans have always had melanin to determine our skin colour. What has changed through history is the environment where we have lived. This has in turn changed our melanin production, and eventually, skin colour. A World of Skin Colour People living in a particular (72) are many different skin colours in the world. The reasons for different skin colours mainly (73) usually have the same skin colour and there

Brief (71) Reasons for skin colour

in biology and history.

Biological reasons

? The amount of melanin, by which a person’s skin colour is (74) , varies from people to people. The more melanin a person has, the (75) his or her skin will be. ? Vitamin D is another source (76) skin colour. Vitamin D is necessary for humans to build bones. Sunlight contributes to vitamin D production in the skin. ? The earliest people in Africa had dark skin with hair covering it because the sunlight is very strong.. ? When they moved to places where they could not get enough sunlight to (77) vitamin D, their skin colour became lighter. ? Generally speaking, people in areas with strong sunlight, have darker skin (78) people in other areas have lighter skin. Melanin (80) an important role in our skin colour. With our living environment changing, melanin production is changed, which leads to the changes in our skin colour.

Historical reasons

(79) (一)

BDACD ACDCA DBBCB ACDAB 71. introduction 72. area 73. lie 76. affecting 77. produce 78. while

74. determined 79. Conclusion / Summary

75. darker 80. plays


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