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Book3 Unit One 学案


Unit 1 Festivals around the world

I.教学内容分析
本单元的中心话题是“节日” ,主要讲述了不同地区不同种类的节日。 Warming Up部分设计了小组活动,通过图表填写让学生区分中国的传统节日与别国节日的 异同,目的在于激活学生已有的节日背景知识,引出主题,为以后几堂课学习热身。 Pre-reading 通过几个

问题,调动学生已有的知识和经验, 激发学生想了解更多节日的好奇 心,让他们主动参与到主题教学活动中,为下面学习阅读文章作铺垫。 Reading 部分先简要介绍了一下早期各种节日的起源以及存在的原因,然后又分别介绍了 几种世界各地的节日,依次的顺序是亡灵节、纪念名人的节日、丰收节、春天的节日等。 Comprehending 由四个部分组成。第一、三、四部分通过表格形式,第二部分通过让学生 回答问题的方式,鼓励学生积极思考,加深对课文的理解。 Learning about Language 部分主要突出了本单元的语法项目——情态动词的用法。 这些情态 动词主要有:can,could,may,might,will,would,shall,should,must,can’t 等的用法。 Using Language 部分中包括了听、说、读、写几个部分的内容。学生可通过对 Trinidad Carnival、情人节等一些节日的学习,分析问题,锻炼自己的思维能力。阅读后的习题及讨论 不仅帮助学生理解文章的主旨大意,更重要的是让学生寻找解决问题的方法。 Learning Tip 部分主要建议学生搜集各种资料,查询与世界各地节日有关的信息,了解各种 节日的来源与内涵。 II.教学重点和难点 1. 教学重点 (1) 本单元的生词和短语; (2) 掌握一些情态动词的基本用法; (3) 了解有关节日和民俗,掌握有关词汇,如custom,religious等 。 2. 教学难点 (1) 增进学生对中国节日的理解,了解和感悟外国的节日; (2) 提高学生的社会文化素质,加强跨国文化素质; (3) 培养学生运用资源策略。 本单元建议分七课时(练习除外)

重点词汇,短语,句子总结
重点单词 starve origin agricultural religious apologize plenty trick custom social sadness satisfy independence admire permission obvious feast gather energetic possibility forgive hunt harvest shape grateful decorate
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award ancient Christian poet

ancestor light weep drown

festival honor wipe heart-broken

beauty belief event

celebrate spirit sweets

重点短语
1.mean doing sth. mean to do sth. mean sb. to do sth. be meant for ……… 2.take place 3.of all kinds 4.starve to death be starved of , starve for sth, starve to do, 5. plenty of 6. be satisfied with to one’s satisfaction 7. do harm to sb.= do sb. harm 8.in the shape of 9.in memory of/ to the memory of sb. 10.dress up 11.award sth.(to sb.) award sb.sth.(for sth.) 、 reward sb. for sth. reward sb. with sth. 12. admire sb. for sth 13.look forward to, have a good time, enjoy oneself 15. turn up turn down turn off turn on turn out ...... turn to sb. for help 16.keep one’s word break one’s word, 17.It be obvious that-clause 18.set off , set in set up, set out to do = set about doing sth. set down , 19.remind sb. of sth. , 20 take place 21 in memory of 22 play a trick on 23 throw away 24 as though
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14,have fun with(sb)

25 dress up 26 day and night

27 keep one’s word 28 hold one’s breath

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重点句子 1 Festivals and celebrations of all kinds have been held everywhere since ancient times.

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Some festivals are held to honor the dead or to satisfy the ancestors, who might return either to help or do harm.

3

It’s now a children’s festival, when they can dress up and …….

4 to honor Mohandas Gandhi, the leader who helped gain India’s dependence from Britain.

5

China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon and …..

6

Some western countries have very exciting festivals, which take place forty days before Easter.

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The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks forward to the end of winter and to the

coming of spring.

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She could be with her friend right now laughing at him.

9

It’s obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting …..

Collocations from FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS (课文中的短语)

honour the dead 纪念死去了的人, hold festivals and celebrations, catch animals, have food 吃饭, light fires, make music, bring a year of plenty 带来富足的一年, satisfy and please sb.讨好取悦某人, do harm to 对??有害, clean the graves 扫墓, light incense, in memory of 纪念;追念, light lamps, play music,

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lead sb. back to earth, on an important feast day, in the shape of sth. offer sth. to sb. ask for sth., dress up 乔装打扮;穿上盛装, play a trick 诈骗;开玩笑, hold festivals as an honour to sb.,

give gifts of moon cakes, an energetic and important festival, look forward to 期望;期待;盼望, eat dumplings 吃饺子, give sb. lucky money 给某人压岁钱, in red paper, dragon dances, celebrate the lunar New Year 庆祝阴历的新年, take place 发生,

a national holiday, gain …’s independence, gather… for…, a season of agricultural work,

day and night 日日夜夜, loud music, colourful clothing of all kinds, an important religious and social festival,

decorate churches with 用??装饰教堂, get together 聚会, have meals 吃饭, win awards for sth. admire the moon,

be covered with 由??覆盖., have fun with each other 彼此玩得开心, enjoy life 享受生活, be proud of 为??自豪, forget sth. for a little while 暂时忘记某事
take place 表示 “发生、产生”。 比较 happen 与 take place: happen 偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生 take place 必然性的发生 Great changes have taken place in my hometown.

Notes to some difficult sentences (课文中重难点句子)
1. Discuss when they take place. (Warming up)

We don’t know what has happened to the poor mother. 2. Festivals and celebrations of all kinds are held everywhere. (Reading) 这里 festivals and celebrations of all kinds = all
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kinds of festivals and celebrations。 又如:experiments of this kind = this kind of experiments —You said he was old. 你说他老了。 —I never said anything of the kind.(=I said nothing at all like that.)我从来没有说过那种话! 注意 of a kind 的含义: 1) of the same kind:Father and son are two of a kind. They’re both generous. 2) of a not very good kind:It’s advice of a kind,but it wasn’t very helpful. 3. The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and the coming of spring. (Reading) look forward to 期待, to 在这里是介词。 I’m looking forward to seeing you soon. 下列短语中的 to 也是介词。 1.be similar to 与??相似 2.be/get engaged to(与某人)订婚 3. relate…to/with 把??与??联系起来,be related to 与??有关系 4. be/become/get addicted to“对??上瘾;沉溺于” 5. look up to 尊敬;钦佩 6. A is to B what C is to D. “A 对 B 而言正如 C 对 D 一样。 ” 7. belong to 属于;是??的成员之一

14. put an end to 结束;制止 15. lead to 导致;招致 16. come to life 恢复生气;活跃起来 17. set an example to 为……树立榜样 18. get used to 适应于……;习惯于…… 19. tend to 朝某方向;趋于 20. date back to 追溯到;始于 21. object to 反对;讨厌 22. according to 根据 23. adjust to 适应 24. draw attention to 吸引某人的注意力

25. open a /the door to/for 为……创造条件,给……开门,给 4. The country is covered with cherry trees flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow. as though=as if 好像;仿佛;似乎; The boy looks as if he were a big man. 5. In European countries it is the custom to decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit. (Reading) it 在这里是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的不定 式 to decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit。 6. If they are not given anything, the children

8. contribute to “为……作贡献;有助于……;向……投稿” might play a trick. (Reading) 9. available( to)可获得的;可用的;可看见的 10. to the full/fullest 充分地;尽情地;非常 11. witness to“为??作证;出庭证明;证实;说明” 12. attend to“处理;专心于;注意” 13. have access to 接近;进入 play a trick (on sb) 在这里是“捉弄某人”的意思。 类似是表达还有 laugh at sb 嘲笑某人;make jokes about sb 开某人的玩笑。 The naughty children like playing tricks on their maths teacher.
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Don’t laugh at the people in trouble. How dare you make jokes about your boss? 7. Because they thought these festivals would bring a year of plenty. (Reading) year/ day/ life of plenty 表示“富足的年景/日子/生活”。 You have a life of plenty, what would you be worried about?

get married secretly 秘密结婚, be married to sb.嫁给/娶了某人, become angry 变得生气, return to Heaven, cross the river 过河, once a year 一年一次, make… of…, on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month

Collocations from A SAD LOVE STORY (Using Language 重点短语)
meet sb. at the coffee shop 在咖啡店遇到某人, after work 下班后, turn up 突然出现;到场;调低(收音机等), right now, laugh at 嘲笑, keep one’s word 守信用;履行诺言, look forward to ~ing 期待做某事, all day 整天, be alone with sb.与某人在一起, be like a fool 像个傻瓜, hold one’s breath 屏息;屏气, drown one’s sadness in coffee, it is obvious that…显然……, wait for…to leave 等待……离开, wipe the table 擦桌子, sit down 坐下, turn on the TV 打开电视, a weaving girl 织女, a herd boy 牛郎, fall in love with 与……相爱,

每年七月初七, hear about 听说, set off for home 动身回家, throw… away, remind sb. of…提醒某人想起……, pass… on the corner on one’s way home 在回家路上, hear…~do/ ~ing, wave at sb. 向某人挥手, have a gift for sb.给某人一个礼物 a happy Valentine’s Day 一个快乐情人节

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