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2015届广东高考英语一轮复习M3 Unit 1


必修 3
Unit 1 Festivals around the world

一、单词拼写 根据读音、词性和词义写出下列单词。 harvest 1. ___________[ ‵h??vist] vt & vi 收割 2. ___________[ stɑ?v]vt&vi饿死 starve 3. ___________ indep

endent [indi‵pend?nt]adj.独立的;自主的 4. ___________[ agricultural ?gri‵k?lt??r?l] adj.农业的,农艺的 5. ___________[ ?d‵mai?] vt.赞美;钦佩 admire 6. ___________[ draun] vt & vi淹没;溺死 drown 7. ___________[ waip] vt.擦;擦去 wipe 8. ___________[ Christian ‵krist??n] n.基督徒 9. ___________[ bi‵li?f] n.信任;信心 belief 10. ___________[ wi?p] vi.哭泣;流泪 weep

11. ___________ [f?‵giv]vt .原谅;饶恕 forgive

12. ___________ religious [ ri‵lid??s] adj.宗教上的;虔诚的
13. ___________ energetic [ 、en?‵d?etik] adj.充满活力的;精力 充沛的 14. ___________ obvious [‵?bvi?s]adj.显而易见的 15. ____________[ celebration 、seli‵brei??n] n.庆祝;庆贺

16. ____________ [‵?nsist?]n.祖先;祖宗 ancestor custom 17. ____________ [‵k?st?m]n.习惯;风俗
18. ____________[ ni‵sesiti] n.必要性;需要 necessity prediction [pri‵dik??n]n.预言;预报; 19. ____________ 20. ____________ announcer [?‵nauns?]n.广播员;报幕员

1.starve vi.& vt.(使)饿死;饿得要死 starve for 渴望;盼望 starve to do 渴望做?? be starved of/for 剥夺;使匮乏 starve to death/be starved to death 饿死 starvation n.饥饿

运用

完成句子

(1)我们渴望得到刘先生的消息,但是一切都晚了。 starved for We ________________ news about Mr.Liu, but it was all late.

(2)发动机没有油了,启动不了。
was starved of The engine ________________ petrol and couldn't start. (3)甚至在今天你能想象非洲的一些儿童饿死吗? Even today can you imagine some children in Africa are

starved to death __________________ ?
(4)晚饭什么时候做好?我快饿死了。 am starving When will the dinner be ready? I ________________.

2.award n.奖;奖品 vt.授予;判定 award sth.to sb./award sb.sth.(for sth.) ( 因为某个原因) 给予 或授予某人某物/判定或颁发某物给某人 运用 用 award 相关短语的适当形式填空

awarded Mary a prize _____________ for (1)The school _____________ her good work. was awarded the gold medal ________ for (2)He ________________ being the fastest runner. awarded a large sum of money _______ to (3)The judge ______________ those hurt in the fire.

3.admire vt.赞美;钦佩;羡慕

admire sb./sth.(for sth.) (因某事物)赞赏/钦佩/羡慕某人或物
admirable adj.值得赞扬的;令人钦佩的 运用 完成句子

(1)我因你的诚实而钦佩你。 admire you for your honesty. I ________________ (2)到纽约来观光的人对那些高层建筑物都赞叹不已。

admired the tall buildings The visitors to New York City all ______________________.
(3)几乎每一个人都羡慕他的才华。

admire his talents There are very few but _________________.

用所学单词及用法完成下列句子

1.他在考试中得了满分。
gained full marks He ____________________ in the examination.

2.她获得了去哈佛大学读书的奖学金。 awarded a scholarship to study at Harvard. She has been ______________________
3.我决不原谅你昨天晚上对我所说的话。 forgive for I'll never _______________ you ________________ what

you said to me last night.

4.你可以不喜欢他,但你不得不佩服他坚韧不拔的精神。 You may not like him, but you have to ______ admirehis persistence. 5.大萧条时期很多人被迫流浪街头,忍饥挨饿。 starve Many people had to ___________ on the pavement during the Great Depression. 6.国家与国家之间的社会习俗有很大差异。 customs vary greatly from country to country. Social ___________

7.对罪犯的改造有了明显的效果。
obvious result. The reformation of criminals has produced an _______

四、词组互译 将下列词组或短语译成中文或英语。 take place 1. ________________________ 发生,举行

2. ________________________ 节日和庆祝活动 festivals and celebrations
3. ________________________ 为了纪念 in memory of in the shape of 4. ________________________ 以……形式 5. ________________________ dress up play a trick on 6. ________________________ decorate … with … 7. ________________________ get together 8. ________________________ 打扮 开玩笑,恶作剧

用……装饰 ……
聚集在一起

look forward to 9. _______________________ 盼望,期待 10. _______________________ 日日夜夜 day and night

11. _____________________ as though 好像 12. ______________________ have fun with 玩得开心 13. ______________________ be proud of 为??骄傲

14. ______________________ turn up 出现,露面
15. ______________________ keep one’s word 遵守诺言
屏息 16. _______________________ hold one’s breath

17. _______________________ get married to 与某人结婚
18. _______________________ set off 出发,动身
提醒某人某事 19. _______________________ remind … of…

20. _______________________ throw away 扔掉

1.dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰

dress up for sth.为某事而盛装
dress up as sb.打扮成某人

be dressed in 穿着(衣服或颜色)
dress sb./oneself 给某人或自己穿衣服 put on 穿上,戴上;上演,演出

运用

完成句子

(1)穿着绿色的衣服,她看起来更漂亮。 Dressed in green ___________________ , she looks more beautiful. (2)他穿上雨衣,很快便消失在雨中。

He put on his raincoat _______________________ and soon disappeared in the rain.
(3)不用盛装打扮,穿平时的衣服来就行。

dress up Don't bother to ________________ ; come as you are.

2.remind...of...使??想起??
remind sb.of sth.=recall sth.to sb.使某人想起某事 remind sb.to do sth.提醒某人去做某事 remind sb.about sth.提醒某人某事 remind that-clause 使想起/记起??

运用

完成句子

(1)这张照片让我想起了我的童年。 reminds me _________ of This photo ____________ my childhood. (2)你要提醒他吃药,别让他忘了。

remind him _______ to take his medicine in You must ___________
case he forgets. (3)我想提醒你明早你有一个约会。 remind about your appointment I'd like to ______________ you _________ tomorrow morning.

用所学短语及用法完成下列句子 1.我们聚在一起是为了纪念为我们的幸福而牺牲的人们。 in memory of those who died for our We gathered here ________________ happiness. 2.他们都盛装去参加除夕晚会。 dressed up They all _____________ to take part in the New Year's party. 3.这个女孩渴望有一件新 T 恤,那样她就可以在她生日那 天穿了。 looking forward to a new shirt so that she The girl was __________________ could wear it on her birthday.

4.除非你履行诺言,否则就再也没有人相信你了。 keep your word No one will believe you any more unless you _____________. 5.据说每年都有很多非洲人饿死。 starve to death It's said that many Africans ________________ every year. 6.当你迟到的时候,你应该向你的老师道歉。 apologize to your teacher. When you are late, you should _____________ 7.这场事故是什么时候发生的? take place When did the accident ________________ ? 8.半小时后他才出现。 turn up He didn't ________________ until half an hour later. 9.我提醒吉罗德他曾许下的诺言。 I ________________ Gerald ________ his promise. reminded of

原句 1 The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks
as though it is covered with pink snow.(节日里)整个国度到处都

是盛开的樱花,看上去就像覆盖了一层粉红色的雪。
as though/if 意为“好像”,可以引导方式状语从句,或放

在 act, look, sound, feel, smell 等动词后面引导表语从
句,常用虚拟语气。

精练

根据中文提示,完成下列句子

(1)伊丽莎白对一切事情记忆犹新,仿佛就发生在昨天一 样。

as though/if it happened Eliza remembers everything exactly _____________________ yesterday ____________________. (2)当铅笔的一部分在一杯水里时,它看起来好像被折断
了。 it looks as though/if When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, _______________ it were broken.

原句 2 离开??

It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop

was waiting for Li Fang to leave...很明显咖啡店老板在等着李方
“It was obvious that...”后接一个主语从句。其中 it 作形式主 语。类似的结构还有: It is clear/necessary/important/strange/natural/...that-clause( 从

句常用虚拟语气,即谓语动词用“should+动词原形”)
It is a pity/a shame/no wonder/...that-clause (从句常用虚拟语 气,即谓语动词用“should+动词原形”) It is said/believed/reported/expected/known/...that-clause

精练

根据中文提示,完成下列句子

(1)真奇怪,这么重要的会议,他居然缺席。 he should have been absent from such an It was strange that _________________________________ important meeting ____________________________________. (2)他竟然向我们撒谎,真是可耻。

he should have lied to us It was a shame that _________________________.
(3)据报道,双方的会谈有进展。 the talks between the two sides made progress It is reported that ______________________________________.

【原句3】.At that time people would starve if(when) food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months. 在那个时代,如果食物难以找到,特别是在 寒冷的冬月,人们就会挨饿 [模仿要点]句子结构: when/ if +从句 , especially + 强调
【模仿】在我们遇到麻烦时他总是乐于帮助我们,尤其是在我 们在英语学习中遇到困难时。 He is always ready to help us when we are in trouble, _______________________________________________ especially when we come across some difficulties in our __________________________________ English studies.

4.【原句】.Today's festivals have many origins, some religions, some seasonal, and some for special people or events.现在的节日有很多由来,一些是宗教上的,一些是季 节性的,一些是纪念特殊的人和事件的。 [模仿要点] 句子结构:“一些…,一些…”表达
【模仿】我非常荣幸有机会和这么多优秀的同学一起学习,有 些非常热心,有些非常勤奋,有些非常善良。 It is an honor for me to have the chance to study with so _______________________________________________ many excellent/ good students, some warm-hearted , __________________________________ some diligent and some kind.

5【原句】 India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi, the leader who helped gain India's independence from Britain. [模仿要点] 句子结构:逗号+同位语+定语从句
【模仿】我忘不了布朗夫人,她是我的英语老师,在我感到沮 丧的时候她总是鼓励我挑战自己。 I________________________________________________ will never forget Mrs Brown, my English teacher who always encouraged me to challenge myself when I was _________________________________ disappointed.

运用所学语言基础知识,补充完整下面短文,并背诵之 Festivals are meant to celebrate important events and they take place (1)_______________ ( 发生) in different times of year.The Spring Festival is the most important festival in China to celebrate the It is the time for arrival of lunar new year.(2)___________________ ( 是??的时 候) the reunion of the family members.On the Spring Festival Eve, dressed up (3)____________ ( 穿 着 ) in beautiful new clothes, families get together (4)_______________ ( 团 聚 ) and have a big meal.Children are

looking forward to (5)_____________________ ( 期盼) being given lucky money for set off good luck.In many places people like to (6)_____________ (燃放) day and night fireworks (7)________________ ( 昼夜地) .Dumplings, the most turn up traditional food, often (8)________________ ( 出 现 ) on the have fun with (开心地 table.People wear new clothes and (9)________________

play a trick on 玩 耍 ) each other.Sometimes, they even (10)________________
(开玩笑;搞恶作剧) their friends and relatives.


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