some, any 的用法和练习
一. Some 的用法 1. some : adj.（多用于肯定句、希望得到对法肯定回答的疑问句中） 1）修饰可数名词复数，指三个或三个以上，“一些、若干” eg. Some children like playing in the park. Would you like some apples? 2）修饰不可数名词，“一些、若干”
eg. There is some water in the bottle. Would you like some tea or coffee? 3）修饰可数名词单数，“未确指的人、事物或地点” eg. Some man at the door is asking to see you. 2. some: pron. “一些人、一些物；有些人、有些物” eg. There are many people in the park. Some are walking. Some are talking. eg. Some of the dumplings are made of shrimps( 虾, 小虾).
二. Any 的用法 1. any: adj.（多用于否定句、疑问句） 1）修饰可数名词复数，“任何数目的人或物” eg. I didn’t eat any apples. eg. Are there any stamps in the drawer? 2）修饰不可数名词，“任何量的” eg. Can you speak any French? 3）用于肯定句中修饰单数可数名词，“任何一个” eg. Give me a pen ---any pen will be OK. 2. any: pron. “任何一个人/物” eg. She didn’t spend any of the money.
总结： 表示一些时，some 用于肯定句和希望得到肯定回答的疑问句中；any 用于否定句和疑问句 中.
Some or Any? 一、1. - "Would you like _____ more coffee?" (some/any) - "Yes, please." 2. I wonder if _____ will show up at the meeting. (someone/anyone) 3. Doesn't _____ know the answer to this question? (someone/anyone) 4. On TV _____ said that smoking does not cause lung cancer. (someone/anyone) 5. (annoyed and emphatic) How can _____ tell such a pack of lies ? (someone/anyone) 6. It must be difficult to live without _____ money. (some/any) 7. Have you seen my shoes? I can't find them _____. (somewhere/anywhere) 8. - "Can you believe we've run out of milk!"
- "Would you like me to get _____ at the nearest shop?" (some/any) 9. _____ say the Internet is just a hype and that it will blow over. (Some/Any) 10. _____ day peace will come to Northern Ireland. (Some/Any) 11. Our shipment is due to arrive _____ day now. (some/any) 12. I haven't seen you for _____ time now. (some/any) 13. If in _____ event a fire would break out, the first thing you should do is evacuate the building. (some/any) 14. Is there _____ real evidence that my client has actually committed the crime? (some/any) 15. Is there _____ I can do for you, madam? (something/anything)
参考答案： 1. some 2. anyone 6. any 7. anywhere 11. any 12. some
3. anyone 8. some 13. any
4. someone 9. Some 14. any
5. anyone 10. Some 15. anything
二、1. There are ( ) newspapers on the table. 2. Is there ( ) bread on the plate？ 3. Are there ( ) boats on the river? 4. ---Do you have ( ) brothers ? ---Yes, I have two brothers. 5. ---Is there ( ) tea in the cup? ---Yes, there is ( ) tea in it, but there isn’t milk. 6. I want to ask you ( ) questions. 7. My little boy wants ( ) water to drink. 8. There are ( ) tables in the room, but there aren’t ( 9. Would you like ( ) milk? 10. Will you give me ( ) paper?
答案：1.some 2.any 3.any 4.any 5.any, some 6.some 7.some 8.some, any 9.some 10.some