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人教版高中英语必修 5 基础知识练习题
(单词拼写/ 完成句子/单项选择)
一. 单词拼写 1. Snow ____________(猜疑,怀疑)that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence. 2. The water companies were ____________(指导, 引导)n

ot to expose people to polluted water any more. 3. His friends were ________(热情的)and encouraged him to publish his ideas, but Copernicus was _______(小心的,谨慎的). 4.It can be c____________ from the facts that the man had robbed the lady of her purse. 5.It is a _________________(挑战), I guess, of man against nature. 6.She tried to be more (积极的,肯定的)____________ about her new job. 7.Scientists are _________________(调查)the effects of diet on fighting cancer. 8.Parents continue to be__________(负责的,有责任的)for their children. 9. It was a_______________() in the newspaper that new speed restrictions(限制) would be introduced. 10.We ______________ ? 5000 to the earthquake-hit area. 11. By _____________(分析) the collected materials, we can easily reach a correct conclusion. 12.Happily this was ______( 完成 )without ____( 冲突,矛盾 )when James became King of England and Wales as well. 12. For____________( 历史的 ) ___________( 建筑物 ),you have to go to older but smaller towns. 13. I'd like to take this ____________(机会,时机)to thank my colleagues for their support. 14. The beauty of the hill is said to be beyond _____________(描述,描写). 15. The room still has many of its____________(最初的,原始的) features. 16. The equator(赤道) is an i_____________ line around the middle of the earth. 17. I have to remind myself ____________(不断地)that I am really in AD 3008. 18. It seems you keep getting flashbacks from your___________(早先的,在前的) time period. 19. At first my new ___________(环境,周围事物)were difficult to___________(容忍,忍受). 20. The rubbish is turned into several grades of useful_______________(原料,材料). 21. However, the companies have to train their ________(代表)to live and work in space __________(定居,解决).

22. My _____________(动机)increased as I thought of the wonderful world of the future. 23. His trip to India made a strong i________________ on him. 24. The word ―i___________‖ means ―happening immediately‖. 25. The problems facing the President are________________(巨大的,庞大的). 26. She's not very ______________(乐观的)about the outcome of the talks. 27. There was a serious incident _____________(涉及,牵扯) a group of youths. 28. She made an a_________________ for her son to see the doctor. 29. Scientists have found a more ________________(准确的,精确的) way of dating cave paintings. 30. I have to stay here . She doesn't a______________ of my leaving just now. 32. Completed projects (方案) must be s___________ to the manager by 10 March. 33. His father is a journalist by p_______________. 34. She’s been ___________(故意地) ignoring him all day. 35. The public remain _____________(怀疑的) of/about his chance of winning. 36. First aid is a t___________ form of help given to someone who suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found. 37. The ______________(最重要的,不可缺少的)character of the town has been destroyed by the new road. 38. The rise in inflation was just one _____________(症状,征兆)of the poor state of the economy. 39. John was presented with his award at a ____(典礼,仪式)which recognized the ______(勇 敢,勇气)of ten people. 二. 完成下列句子. 1. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people

___________________(患霍乱的). 2. The driver was ______________________________(对-----负责)the car incident. 3. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the

sky__________(有意义,讲得通).. 4. Many thousands of terrified people died__________________________(每当有爆发时). 5.All his mathematical calculations__________________________(得出同样的结论). 6. ①_______________(专注于) his work, the worker didn't hear me.


②_____________________________(暴露在太阳底下)for too long will do harm to you. ③ The boy was completely ______________(absorb) in his book, with his eyes ________(fix) on it and there was a _________(puzzle) expression on his face. 7. Theirs is a big family , ________________________________(由 10 个人组成). 8. When people ___________________(提到)England you find Wales ___________(include) as well. 9. ______________(值得表扬), the four countries do work together in some areas (eg, the currency and international relations) 10. ________________________(为了方便起见) it is __________________(粗略分成) three zones. 11. This solid stone, square tower had ________________________(仍旧屹立)for one thousand years. 12. _______________________( 看上去奇怪的是 )the man who had developed communism _________(竟然)have lived and died in London. 13. Many farmers want to ____________________________(摆脱,脱离)farming and make a living in cities. 14. I still cannot believe that I am __________________(接受)this prize that I won last year. 15. Copying these documents __________________________(用了一早上的时间). 16. _________________________(为旅行担心), I was unsettled for the first few days. 17. _______________________(由于缺乏新鲜空气), my head ached. 18. However, I ________________( 看 不 到 ) Wang Ping when we reached

_______________________(看上去像一个很大的市场) because of many carriages flying by_____________________(四面八方地). 19. _________________(到达一个看上去很怪的房子), he showed me into a large, bright clean room. 20. Wang Ping flashed a switch on a computer screen, and a table and some chairs rose__________________( 从 地 板 底 下 ) from under the

floor_________________________(好像魔术般地). 21. _____________(被描述成一个巨大的圆盘子), it spins slowly in space to imitate the pull of


the earth's gravity. 22. I stared at the moving model of the waste machine, ___________________________(被它的 效率所吸引). 23. They try to ____________________( 弥 补 ) their lack of attention

_____________________(通过给孩子钱). 24. Can I ______________________________(出去采访新闻) immediately? 25. He ________________________________(走完那段距离) in half an hour. 26. You may be able to ___________________(集中,全神贯注于)photography later if you' re interested. 27. We say a good journalist must_____________ ______________(对新闻非常敏感的嗅觉). 28. ____________(与此同时) you have to prepare the next question__________(依靠依赖) what the person says. 29. Have you ever had a case where someone _____________________(控告你的记 者)_____________ __________________________(搞错,误解)? 30. A footballer_______________(被控受贿) for not scoring goals____________(目的是让) the other team win. 31. He _________________________________(对------充耳不闻) what I said. 31. ------but there are other time when ______________________________(快速进行急救) can save lives. 33. The arrangements for the concert next Sunday have been all____________________(准备就 绪) 34. If bums are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart,_____________(如果可能). 35. __________________________(毫无疑问的是) John's quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade's life. 36. ⑴ It shows that ____________________(对---急救知识的掌握) can_________________(有真正的区别). ⑵ ___________________________________(没有区别, 没有关系) to me where you come from.


三.单项选择题 (五个单元综合).1. The flowers his friend gave him will die unless______ every day. A. watered B. watering C. water D. to water

2. Your house is always so neat—how do you ______ it with three children? A. manage 3. B. serve C. adapt D. construct

_______for the breakdown of the school computer network,Alice was in low spirits. A.Blaming B.Blamed C.To blame D.To be blamed

4. At the meeting, student representatives ________some very good suggestions. A. put out B. put off C. put forward D. put down 5. Although I had read the book assigned by the professor several times , it didn’t make any _____ to me. A.meaning B.importance C.sense D.significance 6. Only by reading more books improve your reading skills. A. you can B. can you C. do you D. you do 7. So ______ was he in his work that he didn’t notice that it was raining hard. A. taken B. devoted C. absorbed D. interesting

8. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ___ as the plane was making a landing. A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating

9. The results of the medical checkup suggested that my father _____ in poor health, so the doctor suggested that he ____ smoking and take more exercise.A. was; gave up B. be; should give up C. should be; gave up D. was; give up 10. There was little ____given to those who had worked the hardest. A. credit B. conflict C. aspect D. lack 11. The _____ boy wondered why fish soon went _____ in hot weather. He went to ask his teacher. A. puzzled; badly B. puzzling; bad C. puzzling; badly D. puzzled; bad 12. Don’t you believe it! Glass can ________ steel in many ways in life. A. take place of B. take the place of C. in place of D. instead of 13. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ______ as the plane was making a landing. A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating 14. When I got there, he was about to leave, so he only had time to explain ___ to me what he thought of our plan. D. repeatedly 15. This basketball team had lots of good players, so its fans never expected that it ____ have failed in the final. A. must B. might C. should D. need A. carefully B. impatiently C. roughly

16. I saw Mary dancing at Kate’s birthday party and on that ____ she was really excellent. A. scene B. situation C. position

D. occasion

17. When we arrived in the deep night, we found there was no food ____ as all the shops were shut. A. accessible B. available C. remaining D. convenient

18. Would it be __________ for you to pick me up at 4:00 o’clock at the airport. A. free 19. B. vacant C. handy D. convenient

With a lot of difficulties ___ ,they went to the seashore and had a good rest. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settled

20. My cousin ___art at the university, but his major is English.A. takes on B. takes away C. takes up D. takes after 21. When ____ , the museum will be open to the public next year. A. completed B. completing C. being completed D. to be completed

22. Tom has always thought of himself as a good cook and never fails to _____everyone of it. A. remember B. know C. introduce D. remind.

23 A modern city has been set up in ____was a wasteland ten years ago. A. what B. which C. where D. that 24. ______ __ a reply, he decided to send another e-mail. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received

25. You see the lightning _____ it happens, but you hear the thunder later. A. for an instant B. on the instant C. in an instant D. the instant

26. After his journey from abroad, he returned home,_________________. A. exhausted B. exhausting C. being exhausted D. having exhausted

27. He had some _________ experience of this kind of work, so he got a chance to have a try. A. obvious B. previous C. advanced D. precious

28. ____________ by many tall trees, the lake looks more beautiful. A. Surrounding 29. B. Surrounded C. Being surrounded D. To surround

I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all life ________ so happy. A. did I feel B. I felt C. I had felt D. had I felt

30. This book is said to ____ many events not found in other history books.A. write B. cover C. print D. read 31. ---Would you come to see me tomorrow? A. It depends B. That depends on ----_____________. C. It is depended D. That depends so

32. Not until the war was over _______ to school. children couldn’t go C. could the children go

A. that the children could go B. the

D. the children could go

33. ① No sooner _______to bed than he fell asleep.A. he had gone B. had he gone C. he


went D. did he go ② Hardly ______ the house when he was caught. A. the thief had entered thief entering 34. ___ by cutting down our expenses will we be able to afford our son’s college fees.A.Just B. Only C. Never D. / 35. ① ________, she talked a lot about her favorite movie star to us. A. A girl as she is B. The girl as she is C. A girl as she is D. Girl as she is B. entered the thief C. had the thief entered D. was the

② _____, he has much experience in learning English. A.As is he young 36. B.Young as he is C.As young he is D.Young although he is

My mother didn’t ____ us leaving Kunming at once, so we had to stay there for ____ two days. A. approve; other B. approve of; more C. approve of; another D. approve; the other

37. Only when ____ the painting ____ decide whether the painting is worth buying. A. he sees; he can B.does he see; can he C.he sees; can he D. sees he; he can

38. In the dark forests_____, some large enough to hold several English towns. A. stand many lakes B. lie many lakes C. many lakes lie D. many lakes stand A. So loudly did he speak B. Such

39. ____ that even people in the next room could hear him. loudly did he speak C. So loudly he spoke

D. Such loudly he spoke

40. The way ______________ the problem sounds reasonable. A. referred to solve B. referred to solving C. referred to to solve D. referring to to solve 41. Phone him and make an ______________ with him at 3:00 P.M. A. appointment B. approval C. approach D. application

42. Jane told me she would not attend the conference ________. A. if he invited B. when inviting C. unless invited D. while inviting

43. — Do you think the rain will affect the results of the football game? — Well, the players are used to such rainy weather, so it shouldn’t make any _______ to them. A. difficulty B. difference C. trouble ---- No, and I______ C. don’t want be D. don’t want ---Not at all. D. sense

44. ---- Aren’t you the manager? A. don’t want to

B. don’t want to be

45. ---I’ll be away on a business trip. Would you mind looking after my cat? ______.


A. I’ve no time

B. I’d rather not

C. I’d like it ----______.

D. I’d be glad to

46. ----Do you think it will snow tomorrow? A. I don’t think

B. No, I don’t think

C. I don’t think so

D. No, I don’t so

47. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him _______. A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to ----- Certainly _______.A. I not B.

48. – Will you waste your time and money on that? don’t C. not D. no

49. – Who should be responsible for the accident? carried out the order ______. D. as they told A. as told

-- The boss, not the workers. They just B. as are told C. as telling

50. He seldom _____________ his notebook when giving the speech to the students. A. stuck to B. referred to C. turned to D. led to

1-----5 6---10 11----15 description 16---20 21---25 26---30 31---39 original / imaginary / constantly / previous / surroundings (tolerate) materials / representative (settlement) /motivation / impression / instant enormous / optimistic /involving / appointment / accurate approve / submitted / profession /deliberately / skeptical / temporary / essential / symptom / ceremony(bravery) suspected / instructed / enthusiastic (cautious) / concluded / challenge possitive / investigating / respossible / annonced / contributed analysing / accomplished (conflict) / historical ( architectures) /opportunity /


1. exposed to chorora

2. to blame for

3. make sense


every time there was outbreak.

5. led to the same conclusion

6. Absorbed in

/ Being exposed to the sun / absorbed / fixed / puzzled 8. refer to included 11. remained standing 14. taking up 9. To one’s credit

7. consisting of 10 people roughly divided into 13. break away from

10. For convenience should

12. It seemed strange that

15. took up the whole morning 16. Worried about the journey 17. Hit 18. lost sight of what looked like a huge market as if by magic 19. Having

by the lack of fresh air

arrived at a strange-looking house 20. from under the floor


21. Described as a large round plate

22. absorbed by its efficiency

23. make up for 26.

by giving children money 24. go out on a story 25. covered the distance concentrate on 27. have a good nose for stories 28. Meanwhile

depending on

29. accused your reporter of getting the wrong end of the stick money so as to/in order to/to let 32. giving first aid quickly

30. was accused of taking

31. turned a deaf ear to

33. in place 34. if possible 35. make a real difference ⑵ It

There was no doubt 36. ⑴ a knowledge of first aid makes no difference




11----20 DBCCC DBDAC 31---40 ACB/C B D/B CCBAC



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