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人教版高中英语必修2 Unit4 重点词汇辨析与学习


人教版高中英语
Module 2 Unit 4

Wildlife Protection

易错易混淆

? For a moment Arthur was at a loss
about how to reply to the question. at a loss 1. 感到迷惑;不知所措

? I am selling the car at a loss.
at a loss 2. 亏本经营

易错易混淆

? The young man will succeed Mr.
White as director. succeed 1. vi.成功 2. vt.接替 3. vi.继承

? He succeeded to his uncle’s property. ? When the king died, his elder son
succeeded to the throne(王位).

易错易混淆

? Lost in thought, he almost knocked
into a passing car. lost in thought 形容人陷入沉思的状态

? He was lost in his books and didn’t
notice my coming.

(be) lost in

沉湎于……,专注于……

易混词 —— preserve, reserve

preserve /pr??z ?:v/ vt. 保护;保存 n. [C]保护区 preservation n.[U]保护;保存
reserve /r??z ?:v/ n. [C]保留地;专用 地;异议 vt. 保留;预定

reservation n. [C] [U]保留;异 议;(房间、座位等的)预定

易混词 —— preserve, reserve 请用正确的词填空,并翻译句子:

? These oil paintings are _________ preserved so well
that the visitors are greatly amazed. 保存 ? I will call the restaurant to make a ___________ reservation . 预订座位

? This costal area was made a national
preserve/reserve last year. wildlife _______________ 保护区

易混词 —— preserve, reserve

? We accepted their offer without reserve /
reservation.

毫无异议

? The carvings are in a poor state of
preservation. 保养状况

? Reserve your strength for the climb.
vt. 保存

近义词 —— react, reply, respond

react /ri??kt / vi. (作出)反应;化学反 应 reaction
reply /r??pla ?/ n. [C][U]回答;答 复 vi. & vt. 回答;答复

respond /r??sp ?nd/ vi. & vt. 回答 vi. 响应;有反应 response

近义词 —— react, reply, respond

? He smiled at me in response to my
help, saying nothing at that moment.

近义词 —— react, reply, respond

? When asked about the company’s future,
the director _________________ replied / responded that he remained optimistic. vt. 回答;答复

? Knowing basic first-aid techniques will
help you _____________ react / respond quickly to emergencies. vi. 反应

? I’m looking forward to your early _____. reply
n. 回复

incident, accident, event, affair
incident n.[C]事件;事变;暴力事件 小事件或小插曲;政治上的有影响的事变
accident n.[C]偶然事件;意外事故 偶然或意外发生的不幸的事情

event n.[C]事件 历史上的重大事件;国内外大事或比赛项目
affair n.[C]事务;事件;暧昧关系 政治上、国际上的事务等

incident, accident, event, affair

? He died in a traffic accident.
?
事故 He could remember every incident in 小事 great detail. 比赛项目

? The 800 meters is not his best event. ? current affairs 时事 ? love affairs 暧昧关系

多义词 ——

appreciate
感激

? I really appreciate your
handwriting.

? I really appreciate working
with you.
明白

? It took me a long time before I
was able to fully appreciate what my parents had done for me.
欣赏

常用词组 —— come into being

? There are many reasons for this
problem to come into being. come into being 形成;产生

come into effect 开始生效;开始实施
come into use 开始被使用 come into power 上台执政

和come有关的短语

? When do the new laws come into
effect.

? A new type of microscope has come
into use.

? Great changes took place in that
country since the new government came into power.

和come有关的短语

? come along ? come up (with) ? When it comes to …, …

inspect, check, examine, test
inspect 仔细检查;视察;检阅 为发现问题而进行的仔细挑剔的检查
check 检查;查看;查明;核实 核查核对

examine 检查;测验;调查 通过测试来确定人或物的特点、性能
test 测试;测验 以某种手段测试某人是否达到一定的标准

inspect, check, examine, test

? The visiting president inspected the
troops

? Make sure you inspect the goods
before signing for them.

long before 和 before long

? It will be long before we arrive.
要过多久……才 ? They had known each other long before I knew them. 很久以前

? She’s studying at an international
school at the moment, but before long she will go abroad. 不久以后



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