Unit 1 Friendship Section Ⅱ Learning about Language
Ⅰ.将直接引语变成间接引语 1．John said，“I want to take part in the 2016 Olympic Games.” →John said ____________ to take part in the 2016 Olym
pic Games. 2．He said to Kate，“How is your sister now？” →He asked Kate ______________________. 3．Mr. Smith said，“His voice is wonderful.” →Mr. Smith said ______________________. 4．He said，“My sister wants to go with me.” →He said ________________________. 5．She said (to me), “I like this book very much.” →She told me ____________________ very much. 6．She said (to him), “You haven't returned me my book.” →She told him that ______________________. 7．He said，“The film had begun when I got to the cinema.” →He said that ________________________________. 8．I asked the teacher，“When shall we have our sports meeting？” →I asked the teacher __________________________ our sports meeting. 答案：1.that he wanted 2.how her sister was then 3.that his voice was wonderful 4.that his sister wanted to go with him 5.that she liked that book 6.he hadn't returned her her book 7.the film had begun when he got to the cinema 8.when we should have Ⅱ.语法填空 1．He asked ________could tell the exact time when the problem will be solved. 答案：who 句意：他问谁能告知这个问题能够被解决的确切时间。间接引语用陈述语 序；who 应位于间接引语的开头。 2．“Have you ever been to the seaside？”he asked me. →He asked me if I________ever been to the seaside. 答案：had 句意：他问我是否去过海边。直接引语是一般疑问句，间接引语要变成由 whether/if 引导的宾语从句；主句动词用了过去时态，直接引语为现在完成时，变成间接引
语时要用过去完成时。 3．A tourist explained to a foreigner why the flag ________(fly) at halfmast (半旗)． 答案：flew 句意：一位游客向一个外国人解释为什么降半旗。根据主句谓语可知应用 过去时。 4．We were told that there ________(be)going to be an English corner in the hall at 7 o'clock p．m.. 答案：was 句意：有人告诉我们下午七点在大厅有一个英语角。主句为一般过去时， 在间接引语中，要用过去时态。而且 an English corner 为单数，因此用 was going to be。 5．He asked, “When did Cambodia's former King pass away？” →He asked when Cambodia's former King ________ away. 答案：had passed 句意：他问柬埔寨前国王是何时去世的。直接引语是一般过去时， 变为间接引语时要变成过去完成时。 6．He said，“Mother, the boy is very naughty.” →He ________his mother that the boy was very naughty. 答案：told 句意：他跟妈妈说那个男孩很淘气。陈述句变间接引语时，主句动词可以 用 tell。 7．He told us last night that the flight to Shanghai ________(take) off at eight tomorrow. 答案：takes 句意：昨晚他告诉我们到上海的航班明天八点起飞。直接引语表达的为
客观现象，为时刻表规定的内容，变为间接引语时谓语动词需用一般现在时。 8．The head teacher told us that most of the students ________(be) born in the 1990s. 答案：were 有具体的过去时间作状语的直接引语变为间接引语时，时态不变，仍然用 一般过去时。 9． “Did the cold weather really begin？” the child said to his mother.→The child asked his mother ________the cold weather had really begun. 答案：whether/if 句意：孩子问妈妈寒冷的天气是否已真正开始。变间接引语时一般
疑问句变为 whether/if 引导的宾语从句。 10． A spokesman said the other day that the company ________(say)“sorry” to some underage(未成年的) workers for hiring them. 答案：had said 句意：几天前一位发言人说这家公司因雇用未成年工人已向他们道歉。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 Jenny， I often think if I am as important to you as you are to me. We had an unhappy time yesterday. I really felt sad after it and almost apologized(道歉)to you. However, you could still laugh and talk with others like nothing had happened. I suddenly realized that I was not that important to you. You didn't even realize that I was angry and sad.
What's more, you even forgot my birthday this year. Goodbye, my friend. I have closed my feeling toward you. It is to say goodbye, my friend. But it is meaningless(无意义的)for us to be friends any longer. Lucy Dear Lucy， I'm sorry that I hurt you so much yesterday. But here is something I really need to tell you. I never thought the quarrel we had yesterday was as serious as you thought. I just felt tired and didn't feel like going shopping. Susan and Lily are also my good friends. I couldn't pretend(假 装)not seeing them when they passed by. I also couldn't let them know I was blue because of the quarrel. I didn't want them to feel sad just because I was sad. I'm your best friend, but I don't want to be your only friend. I don't want to be with you all the time because sometimes I need to have my own time. I want to spend some time with my other friends and my brother. Please try to make more friends. You will feel much happier if you have more friends. And remember, I'm your best friend forever! Jenny 1．What's the purpose of Lucy's letter? A．To tell Jenny that she is really sorry for what happened yesterday. B．To tell Jenny she doesn't want to be friends with her any longer. C．To ask Jenny not to be friends with Susan or Lily. D．To ask Jenny if she means much to her. 答案：B 作者意图题。根据 Lucy 的信的最后一段，可知她写这封信的目的是想告诉 Jenny 她以后再也不想跟她继续做朋友了。 2．In the letter, Jenny suggests Lucy should________. A．make more friends B．leave her alone C．make friends with Susan and Lily D．spend more time with her family 答案：A 细节理解题。根据 Jenny 信中的“Please try to make more friends.”可知她建议 Lucy 多交些朋友，而不是只有她一个朋友。 3．According to the passage, if we say someone is blue, we mean he/she is________. A．angry C．kind B．sad D．happy
答案： B 推理判断题。 根据“I didn't want them to feel sad just because I was sad.”可知 blue 在这里是指“伤心的，不愉快的”。 4．After reading Jenny's letter, we learn that________.
A．Jenny and Lucy are both students B．Lucy doesn't know how to keep a healthy friendship C．a friend in need is a friend indeed D．Lucy is Jenny's only friend 答案：B 推理判断题。根据 Jenny 的信，我们可知 Lucy 仅仅因为 Jenny 不想陪她去购 物就很伤心，还跟她吵架，后来看到 Jenny 跟别的朋友聊天，她就很气愤，最后又写信说要 跟 Jenny 断交，由此可推断 Lucy 不知道该怎样保持一段健康的友谊。 Ⅳ.七选五 How to Make Friends Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves selfworth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leave us without a friend. __1__ But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 1．Associate with others. The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places. 2．Start a conversation. Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. __2__ You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people. 3．__3__ Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together. Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience. 4．Let it grow. It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. __4__ The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. 5．Enjoy your friendship. The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. __5__ Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. A．Be cheerful.
B．Do things together. C．Do not wait to be spoken to. D．Try not to find fault with your friends. E．Making new friends comes easy for some people. F．For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G．So you will need to give your friend time to react to you. 答案：1～5 ECBGD Ⅴ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2014· 三亚市一中高一期中) Friends are very importance to teenagers. They gave fun and excitement to each other. They also give advices to one another. They can talk about lots of problems with their friends. As for parents, they are sure important. But some teenagers often says their parents don't understand them. In large families, brothers and sisters often argue each other for good things, such as delicious food or super toys. Because most teenagers think friends are the most important people in their lives. It is very important for teenagers to have one friend and group of friends. As for the reason, it is may be because we can discuss some private things with their friends. 答案： Friends are very importance to teenagers. They gave fun and excitement to each other. important give They also give advices to one another. They can talk about lots of problems with their friends. As advice for parents, they are sure important. But some teenagers often says their parents don't surely say
understand them. In large families, brothers and sisters often argue ∧ each other for good with things, such as delicious food or super toys. Because most teenagers think friends are the most So important people in their lives. It is very important for teenagers to have one friend and group of or friends. As for the reason, it ＼ is may be because we can discuss some private things with their they friends.