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初中英语语法课件 句子成分和词类


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句子成分和词类
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

名词 Lucy is an American. 主语 代词 All of them are late for school today. 表示句子所说的 Three plus two is five.数词 是谁或是什么 The poor should be helped.名词化的形容词 To teach such a blind boy is not easy. 不定式短语 不及物动词 The sun rises in the east. 谓语 被动态的 The song was written by Maria. 动词短语 主语的动作、 He can swim well. 情态动词+动词原型 状态或特征 动词 My mother goes shopping on Sundays. 短语 I am a teacher.系动词 We are making a model plane. 及物动词

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Women often go shopping. 副词 介词短语 2. I have worked hard on my English for quite a few years. 动词不定式 3. I got up early to catch the early train. 名词词组 4. Take the medicine three times a day. 形容词 5. Hungry and thirsty, I was too tired to move. 6. We give instructions to the computer by putting in 介词短语 the programs. 从句 7. A woman saw it happen when she was walking past. 状语 用来修饰句子其他成分或整个句子,说明 事件, 地点,条件,原因,结果,目的, so that=in because if so…that order to
1.

让步,程度,比较和方式等。 though

He has written a book. 名词 宾语 2. I don’t like dancing. 动名词 动词的对象或承受者 3. The boy wants to be a footballer. 动词不定式 4. ---How many apples do you want? ---I want three. 数词 5. The teacher is looking at you. 代词 6. I don’t believe what he said. 从句
1.

1. Buy me a new pen, mum.

双宾语
give, pass, bring, send, show, tell, buy, make, get, lend

2. She showed us the photos.
=Buy a new pen for me, mum.

=She showed the photos to us.

1.

2.
3. 4.

Give me that long red pencil. 形容词 Mary is a woman doctor.名词 My book is lost. 代词

We have got only three minutes. 数词 5. There excited men are shouting at the end of the exciting 过去分词和现在分词 race. 6. There are many beautiful things to see in the 动词不定式 museum. 动名词 7. Will you join in the singing group? 形容词短语作后置定语 8. There is a basket full of flowers. 介词短语 9. My father is talking with a girl of ten. 10. My father is talking with a girl 从句 is ten years old. who 定语 修饰或限定名词或代词的部分

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2.
3. 4. 5. 6.

They named the boy David. 名词 She stopped the child from listening.介词短语 I found him out again.副词 He taught us how to use the camera. 动词不定式 I found the test easy. 形容词 现在 I saw some old people dancing in the square. 分词

补语
宾 语 补 足 语

说明宾语的动作,身份,性质,状 态和特征。宾语和宾语补足语在逻 辑上是主谓或主表关系。

1.

2.
3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Her father is a taxi driver. 名词 ----Who’s at the door?----It’s me. 代词 Everything became ready.形容词 Ten minus five is five. 数词 He isn’t here. 副词 The book is exciting. 现在分词 We felt excited. 过去分词 动词不定式 Her job is to look after those babies.

表语

出现在系动词后,说明主语的身份,性质, go bad/fall ill/come 状态和特征。 true/keep healthy Be动词 感官动词 seem, keep, get, turn, look, sound, feel, become, grow, come, smell, taste, touch, fall, go

说说它们的成分
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6.
7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

He is angry. 表语 Jane is going home from school. 主语 The man is wearing a black jacket. 宾语 The text is very difficult. 表语 I saw him reading in the sun. 宾语补足语 She put the dishes on the table. 宾语 补语 We found the exercise easy. 状 Though it was raining heavily, we still went to school. 语 To learn English well is important. 主语 He lent me the bike. 宾语 状语 We go to Britain once a year. Look at the blackboard.宾语

定语 13. The man with a smile is my teacher. 表语 14. The food on the plate went bad. 15. I have a book which my father bought for me. 定语 16. His job is to protect the innocent. 表语 17. You musn’t go out now.谓语 状语 18. I used to go to work on foot. 19. My sister looks beautiful.表语 定 20. There are many women teachers in our 语 school.

主,谓, 宾,定,状,补, 表


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