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非限制性定语从句


Grammar
Restrictive Attributive Clause

VS
NonNon-restrictive Attributive Clause

试比较
She has a son who is a doctor. (不止一
个)

She has a son,

who is a doctor. (仅有一
个)

He said nothing that made her angry.
(没说使她生气的话) 没说使她生气的话)

He said nothing, which made her 他没作声,这使她非常生气) angry.(他没作声,这使她非常生气)

限制性定语从句与非限制 性定语从句的区别
1。限制性定语从句是先行词不可缺 少的定语,如果省去,主句的意思就 不完整或不明确。非限制性定语从句 只是对先行词作附加说明,如果省去, 主句的意思仍然清楚。

2,限制性定语从句与主句之间不能用 , 逗号分开, 逗号分开,非限制性定语从句与主句之 间要用逗号隔开. 间要用逗号隔开 The film which was shown just now is very exciting. (限制性) (限制性) 限制性 We saw an exciting film , which is about how people fight against pollution. (非限制性 非限制性) 非限制性

3.限制性定语从句可以用 限制性定语从句可以用that引导 非 引导; 限制性定语从句可以用 引导 限制性定语从句不用that引导 应用 引导,应用 限制性定语从句不用 引导 which/as引导 引导. 引导

That is the interesting novel that/which you are eager to read. I read an interesting novel, which was about the Long March.

关系代词as的用法及其与which的区别 关系代词as的用法及其与which的区别 as的用法及其与which ? 关系代词as在定语从句中指代整件事, 在定语从句中指代整件事,

充当句中的主语或者宾语, 充当句中的主语或者宾语,它经常和 the same, such, as一起搭配使用,共 一起搭配使用, 同构成一个固定词组。
1. As we all know, he is a famous scientist. 2. As is expected, he is a diligent boy. 3. She has the same book as you have.

关系代词as可以放在句子的开头,可以使 可以放在句子的开头, 用被动语态,而关系代词which则不可以。 用被动语态, 则不可以。 请比较:
As everyone knows, it is necessary to build a hospital in this small town. It is necessary to build a hospital in this small town, which is clear to us. Our department will hold the meeting, as is known by us.

as习惯上用于下列词组 习惯上用于下列词组: 习惯上用于下列词组 the same…as as…as as we have seen as is known to all as anybody can see as was expected such…as as you know

For example
He has bought the same type of bike as I have . Such teachers as know Tom think him bright. As we know,China is a developing country. He,as we expected,came to the party on time.

as The earth is round,___ is known to all. ___ is known to all, the earth is As round 定语从句在句首时只能用as, 定语从句在句首时只能用as, as ___ is known to all ,与之搭配的动 is that the earth It 具有正如之意, 具有正如之意 round. 词一般是固定的

? This is the same book as I lost. 这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。 这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。

? This is the same book that I 这本书就是我丢的那本。 lost.这本书就是我丢的那本。

This is such an interesting book ____ we all like. as This is so interesting a book 定语从句 _____ we all like. as 这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一 本书。 本书。

This is such an interesting book ____we that all like it. This is so interesting a book ____we that all like it. 结果状语从句 这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。 这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。

4.限制性定语从句的关系代词做宾语时可 限制性定语从句的关系代词做宾语时可 省略。 省略。非限制性定语从句的关系代词作宾 语时则不能省略, 语时则不能省略,介词后的关系代词也不 能省略。 能省略。 I will never forget the days (that/which) we spent together. He is the man to whom you can turn for help. His mother, whom he loved dearly,died in1918.

5。 限制性定语从句只修饰先行词,非限 。 限制性定语从句只修饰先行词, 制性定语从句可以修饰先行词,也可以修 制性定语从句可以修饰先行词, 饰其前面的整个句字或句字的一部分。 饰其前面的整个句字或句字的一部分。 She failed to the exam again, which made her mother very angry. He will made a trip to Suzhou, which is famous for it’s beautiful scenery.

区别 形式 限 非

限定性定从 VS 非限定性定从
The village where I grew up” a beautiful place. 无 “ , is I spent a whole afternoon with Tom, who was very helpful.



功能 限 They’re two girls . The girl that I like is kind. 意思不完整 非 My sister Ellen, who is nice, is a nurse. 不影响表达 先行 限 非 词 关 系 词
The English man that I know is Peter. 通常为单个名词或代词 Mike sold the house, which 也可是整个句子 . 既可以是单个名词, 既可以是单个名词, made his father angry

不能引导非限定性定从 非限定性定从。 ① that 不能引导非限定性定从。

Exercise 代替。 ② whom 在非限定从中不能用 在非限定从中不能用who 代替。 不能用
引导非限定从的关系词, 不可省略。 ③ 引导非限定从的关系词,即使作宾语也 不可省略。

1. The weather turned out to be very good, ______was B more than we could expect. A. what B. which C. that D. it 2. John is the boy to ______ I gave the money. B who B. whom C. that D. which 3. His English, _______ used to be very poor, is now A excellent. A.which B.that C. when D. what 4. I’ll come at ten, _______ I’ll be free. C A. which B. that C. when D. what 5. She has two brothers, ________ are teachers. A A. who B. that C. whom D. / A.



(99) He made another wonderful discovery, _______ of great importance to science. A. which I think is B. which I think it is C. which I think it D. I think which is (00) Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, _____, of course, made the others unhappy. A. who B. which C. this D. what



(01) John said he’d been working in the office for an A. hour, ______ was true. he B. this C. which D. who





(00) _____ is known to all, the moon goes around the earth twice a month. A. As B. It C. Which D. What



(99) He made another wonderful discovery, _______ of great importance to science. A. which I think is B. which I think it is C. which I think it D. I think which is (00) Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, _____, of course, made the others unhappy. A. who B. which C. this D. what



(01) John said he’d been working in the office for an A. hour, ______ was true. he B. this C. which D. who





(00) _____ is known to all, the moon goes around the earth twice a month. A. As B. It C. Which D. What

*关系代词 关系代词

*介词+关系代词 介词 关系代词

介词+关系代词 *名词或代词+介词 关系代词 名词或代词 介词

which ① The knife ______ we often use to cut the bread is very sharp. ( which, with which) with which ② The knife _________ we cut the bread is very sharp. (which, with which) ③ I have never climbed the mountain, of which ______ the top is covered with snow all year round. ④ I have never climbed the mountain, _____ whose top is covered with snow all year round. (which, of which, whose, where)

*关系代词和人称代词 指示代词的选择 关系代词和人称代词/指示代词的选择 关系代词和人称代词

A ① He has three sons, none of _____ is a doctor. B ② He has three sons, but none of ____ is a doctor. D ③ He has three sons, _______ are doctors. ④ He has three sons; ____ are doctors. C A. whom B. them C. they D. who

定语从句易混句型

when 1.① I still remember the days _______ I worked with the farmers. ② I still remember the days _______ I which spent with the farmers A.which B. on which C. when D. what
2. ① We were on the way ______ it began when to rain. ② I don’t like the way _____ you speak that to your parents. A. when B. that C. how D. which

3. ① The teacher didn’t know the reason _______ she was absent yesterday. why ②The teacher couldn’t accept the reason ______ she explained yesterday. that A. how B. why C. that D. who 4. D ① Is this school ___ you ever visited? ② Is this the school ___ you ever studied? A ③ Is this the school in __ you ever studied? B A. where B. which C. that D. the one

C 5. ① This is ______ he said at he meeting yesterday. A ② This is all____ he said at the meeting yesterday. A. that B. which C. what D. how B 6.① _____ is reported in the newspapers, they have beaten all the other teams. A ② ____ is reported in the newspaper that they have beaten all the other teams. ③____ is reported in the newspaper is D that they have beaten all the other teams. A. It B. As C. Which D. What

7. ① That is the house, ______ windows C hasn’t been cleaned for months.

D ② That is the house, ______ the windows hasn’t been cleaned for months. A ③ That is the house, but ______ windows hasn’t been cleaned for months.
A. it’s B. its C. whose D. of which

8. ① John said he’d been working in the office for hours, ______ true. C ② John said he’d been working in the office for hours, but ______ true. B A.he was C. which was B. it was D. who was

9. ① A few people were caught in the big fire, ____ died. B ② A few people were caught in the big fire, ____ dead. C A. two of who C. two of them B. two of whom D. two of they

10. ① Do you know the girl ______ calling D herself Miss Forgetful?

A ② Do you know the girl ______ calls herself Miss Forgetful?
A. who B. whom C. she D. /

B 11. ① He wrote the best composition, ____ surprised all of us. A ② He wrote the best composition ____ we all read just now.
A. that B. which C. it D. /


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