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《导学案》2015版高中英语(人教版必修3)教师用书:Unit 5 Period 1 Reading Comprehension 讲义


位于北美洲北部的加拿大,风景旖旎,气候怡人,文化多元化,被公认为是全世界最适合居住的国家。 今天, 让我们一起走进它,零距离地感触这片土地所散发出的独特魅力。 Welcome to Canada

Thinking of visiting Canada one day?Of course, you are welcome. OK, let s start ou

r journey and get close to it. As is known,Canada, the second largest country in the world, is recognized as the most comfortable country to live in. Every year it attracts millions of visitors from all over the world because of its breathtaking (壮观的) scenery and charm,which make it well-known and unique. Canada lies in the northern part of the North America Continent in the West Hemisphere. It stretches over 5 ,500 kilometers from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific and over 4,600 kilometers from the northern tip of Ellesmere land to the United States border.The country covers an area of 9,984,670 square kilometers, which is a little bit larger than China. The United States, the only country next to Canada on land, is to the south of Canada. The borderline shared by the two countries is more than 5,500 kilometers,and this borderline is undefended. Citizens of both countries can cross the border without a visa. On the other three sides Canada is surrounded by water. To the east of the country is the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west, the Pacific Ocean. The Arctic Ocean is to the north of the country. Canada is a country with a large area, but with a small population. The population of the country is only 25 million. Since Canada is a country made up mainly of immigrants , its people have different ethnic origins. The two largest groups are made up of people of the French and English origins. Indians and Inuit, the native people, make up only 1.2% of Canada s total population. Most Canadians believe in Catholicity and Christianity. There are some famous cities in Canada.Ottawa is the national capital with a population of 750,000.The city is centered on Canadian government buildings, especially the Parliament Buildings and Confederation Square in front of them. Today Toronto replaces Montreal as the largest metropolis (大城市) of Canada populated by over 3 million people. The city has achieved a high reputation in finance, popular arts and culture.Many Canadian s banks and companies have head offices in Toronto. Canada has made steady and rapid progress in the past decades.It is taking on a newer look every day. So, if you want to travel,it is just the place to be!

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Answer the following questions. 1.From what aspects does this passage introduce Canada?(no more than 18 words)

2.Which city in Canada is the biggest one now? 【答案】 1.The passage introduces Canada from its location, area, population, races and main cities. 2.Toronto.

Period 1

Reading Comprehension

1.了解加拿大的地理状况、人口、大城市、美景、自然资源等。 2.学会如何读旅行报道。 3.能正确地用英语表达方位。

1.教师提供背景材料,让学生对加拿大有更多的了解。 2.教师引导学生学会如何归纳每一段落的大意。

重点句式

1.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring over 90 metres. 2.Because of the Great Lakes, they learned, Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world.

根据已有知识回答问题 1.What language(s) do Canadians speak? 2.Which is the capital of Canada and which is the biggest city of Canada? 【答案】 1.English and French. 2.Ottawa is the capital of Canada and Toronto is the biggest city of Canada.

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Ⅰ.Fast reading:Read the passage quickly and answer the following questions. 1.What is the main idea of the passage? 【答案】The passage is about a trip of two girls, and it tells us some information about Canada. 2.Why is the title given as Canada—“The True North”? 【答案】Because the two girls took a trip across Canada by taking the cross-Canada train called “The True North”. 3.Match the main idea with each paragraph. Para.1 Para. 2 Para. 3 Para. 4 Para. Calgary. 【答案】Para.1:D Para.2:B Para.3:E Para.4:C Para.5:A Ⅱ.Careful reading:Decide the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )1.They will take the train across Canada westward. )2.You can cross Canada in less than five days. )3.Vancouver is the coldest part in Canada. )4.It is so wet in Vancouver that the trees are tall. )5.Canada is a large country with a small population. )6.The ocean ships cannot go to Thunder Bay. )7.Toronto is to the south of Thunder Bay. )8.Their trip across the whole continent was exciting because of some great scenery. )9.Their cousins took them and their baggage to catch “The True North”. )10.Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world. 【答案】1.F Ⅲ.Post reading 1.Fill in the blanks according to the passage. It was exciting for Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian to cross the whole (1) way to the station, Danny Lin (2) Canada s most beautiful city, (4) the girls were (6) across Canada. On the part, is , area, about their trip. Vancouver, which is Canada s (3) by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. After two days (5) 2.F 3.F 4.T 5.T 6.F 7.T 8.T 9.F 10.T A.The train went southward to Toronto. B.Their friend Danny Lin met them at the airport and helped them get to the station. On the way, Danny C.The two girls went through a wheat-growing province and then back to the port city of Thunder Bay. D.Li Daiyu and Liu Qian went to visit their cousins by flying to Vancouver first , and then decided to take 5 E. When they crossed the Rocky Mountains, the girls saw many animals. Then they went to

told them a lot of information about Canada.

the train across the whole continent.

to see such an empty country. After dinner, they were back in an (7)

the busy port city of Thunder Bay at the top of the Great Lakes. The girls were surprised at the fact (8) ocean ships can sail up the Great Lakes. That night (9) Superior, (10) 【答案】(1)continent (2)chatted (8)that (9)as (10)through they slept, the train rushed across the top of Lake (6)amazed (7)urban the great forests and southward towards Toronto. (3)warmest (4)surrounded (5)trip / travel

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2.If someday, your friend goes to Canada, where will you recommend him to go? Why?

【答案】I will recommend him to go Vancouver. Because it lies in Canada s warmest part and it is Canada s most beautiful city, surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean.

1.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring over 90 metres. 那儿的湿度很大, 所以树都长得特别高,一些高达 90 多米。

本句是由 so...that...引导的结果状语从句。其中 some measuring over 90 metres 是独立主格结构。

如果时间允许的话,我会和你一起去看电影。 【答案】Time permitting, I shall go to the cinema with you.

独立主格结构由名词或代词加上其他成分构成,在语法上是一个独立的短语,不是句子,作用相当于状语从句, 可表示时间、原因、条件、结果、方式或伴随情况。 构成形式:名词(代词)+现在分词/过去分词/形容词/副词/不定式/介词短语。 The meeting over, they left the hall. 会议结束了,他们离开了大厅。(时间/原因状语) My watch having been lost, I didn t know what time it was then. 我的表丢了,我那时不知道几点钟。 (原因状语) Mary entered the room, her hands in her pockets. 玛丽走进房间,手放在口袋里。(伴随状语)

完成句子 (1)She is (2)They are (3)The test lovely a girl little worms all of us like her very much. we can t see them with our eyes. (夹在胳膊下). (3)finished (4)under his arm

(finish), we began our holiday. (2)such; that

(4)He came out of the library, a book 【答案】(1)so; that

2.Because of the Great Lakes, they learned, Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world. 他们了解到,由于有五大湖区,加拿大的淡水比世界上其他任何一个国家都多。

more fresh water than any other country 在此处为比较级表示最高级含义。

他是班里最高的。 【答案】 He is taller than anyone else in his class. = He is taller than any of the other students in his class. = He is taller than any other student in his class.

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用比较级表示最高级,同一范围内比较时,常用“主语+动词+比较级+ than any other+单数名词”或“主语+动词+ 比较级+ than any of the other +复数名词”。不同范围内比较,常用“主语+动词+比较级+ than any +单数名词”。

单项填空 As is known, China has A.the largest; those population than B.a larger; that of any other country in the world.

C.the larger; this D.a larger; it 【答案与解析】B have a population of...“有多少人口”;第 2 空 that 指代 population。

根据课文补全下面的短文 Li Daiyu and Liu Qian were 1. way,they would 3. a trip across Canada. 2. of taking the aeroplane all the , they saw beautiful and an Canada by train after arriving in Vancouver by air. Canada is the second 4. by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Having 7.

country in the world. It is 5,500 kilometres from coast to coast. As they went 5. scenery, as well as large cities. Vancouver is 6.

down in their train seats, they looked out of the window at some mountain goats and a grizzly 8. the competition there have a 9. 【答案】1.on

eagle. They went by the city of Calgary. It is famous for the Calgary Stampede. Many of the cowboys taking part in for riding horses. Then they arrived in Thunder Bay,a city at the 10. 5.eastward 6.surrounded 7.settled 8.bear 9.gift 10.top of the Great Lakes, and learned even more about Canada and its natural resources. 2.Instead 3.cross 4.largest

●温馨贴士 本课时为阅读课,知识结构图解如下:

(共用 P135~137 练习)

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