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2014 高三每周一练训练五

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. When you cover the journal, you will have _______ better understanding of __

____nature. A. a; the B. the; a C. /; the D. a; / 22. Old batteries can’t be discarded (抛弃) even when they are no longer useful, because they’ll pollute the environment. A. casually B. partly C. gradually D. immediately 23. —Did you receive the letter the next day? —No.Somehow, it was three weeks ______ I received it. A.since B.when C.that D.before 24. It was lack of money, not of effort, ______ delayed their project. A. which B. as C. that D. What 25. I was born in Hangzhou , a city ______ name will create a picture of beautiful trees and green grass in our mind. A. which B. of which C. that D. whose 26. The chief manager has decided to put he thinks is energetic, clever, and has good qualities in the position of the leadership of the company. A.whoever B.anyone C.whomever D.those who 27. In front of used to be a two-storied brick building stands a skyscraper with marbles and glass glittering in the sun. A.what B.where C.that D.which 28. Maybe you have travelled to many parts of the world, but nowhere else _____ striking attractions. A.you can see so many B.can you see such many C.you can see such many D.can you see many such 29. In the weeks before the Academy Awards ceremony, movie reviewers make predictions about which movies and actors . A.have awarded B.will award C.are awarded D.will be awarded 30. The sports meet will be held on time ______ the bad weather. A. because of B. regardless of C. instead of D. in favor of 31. It’s too late. Go to bed right away. Forget you need to get up as early as you can ___the early train? A. catch B. catching C. caught D. to catch 32. —Did you get to the railway station on time? —Sure.The city center wasn't as crowded this morning as it usually . A.was B.is C.has been D.had been 33. Don’t be discouraged. If you such feelings, you will do better next time. A. carry out B. break down C. give away D. put away 34. I actually believe that we _____ in Xi’an now if you hadn’t been caught drunk driving last month. A. would be B. would have been C. were D. had been 35. --- Bill, can I get you anything to drink? --- ____________ . A. You are welcome B. No problem C. I wouldn't mind a coffee D. Doesn’t matter 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

Being on the road at 3:15 a.m. to drive 450 kms wasn't in my plans for the weekend. I had been looking forward to a couple of with transportation, I It 42 39 36 days to prepare myself for the following busy 38 37 40 . point My son, Simon, and his good friends were heading for the so that they could get together and enjoy their week's make the trip frightening, Simon and I 44 45 41 . Due to the last-minute problem

to drive my car to ensure that everyone could get to the by snowboarding and skiing. 43

to me on my journey that no sooner had I as I was looking forward to relaxation. 46

and said goodbye than I would

, in total, a round trip of 900 kms in just 10 hours. Such a long drive in one day was , on our way, a little about his break and a whole lot of his school subjects. It 47 spent five continuous hours together, other than 49 . Within

was great to have this time with him as we when we played Saturday cricket(板球). On my return trip, I an hour it 50 48

a strange sense of loneliness in some heavy morning 51

. 1 spent the next four hours listening to some CDs and enjoying the scenery. refreshed and energized even though I was 52 sleep that evening.

Surprisingly, after my long trip home I was A change 54 53

physically exhausted. And I knew that I would have a(n)

your environment, no matter how great, can provide you with the opportunity to 55 event and many more opportunities to spend quality

something from different angles, as well as to be refreshed and energized. Now I'm looking forward to my next

time with those who are important to me and make my life more rewarding. 36. A. surprising 37. A. hour 38. A. snowfield 39. A. fueled 40. A. kick-off 41. A. freedom 42. A. appealed 43. A. rested 44. A. back 45. A. even 46. A. quarreled 47. A. constantly 48. A. developed 49. A. smoke 50. A. turned 51. A. greatly B. exciting B. day B. beach B. parked B. drop-off B. excitement B. happened B. started B. forward B. just B. talked B. usually B. showed B. dust B. cleared B. completely C. moving C. week C. hotel C. offered C. call-off C. adventure C. appeared C. arrived C. out C. particularly C. complained C. frequently C. lost C. fog C. froze C. immediately D. relaxing D. month D. school D. lent D. take-off D. break D. occurred D. left D. away D. mostly D. argued D. rarely D. kept D. snow D. shone D. mentally

52. A. uncomfortable 53. A. about 54. A. give up 55. A. planned

B. uneasy B. from B. look at B. discussed

C. sound C. in C. find out C. unexpected

D. light D. for D. carry on D. unwanted

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A Driving a car is not just handling controls and judging speed and distance. It requires you to predict what other road users will do and get ready to react to something unexpected. When alcohol is consumed, it enters your bloodstream and acts as a depressant (抑制药) , damaging eyesight, judgement and co-ordination (协调) , slowing down reaction time and greatly increasing the risk of accidents. Even below the drink driving limit , driving will be affected. Alcohol may take a few minutes to be absorbed into the bloodstream and start action on the brain. Absorption rate is increased when drinking on an empty stomach or when consuming drinks mixed with fruit juice. To get rid of alcohol from the body is a very slow process and it is not possible to speed it up with any measures like taking a shower or having a cup of tea or coffee. The present Road Traffic Ordinance states clearly that the limit of alcohol concentration is: ● 50 milligrams of alcohol per 100ml of blood; or ● 22 micrograms of alcohol per 100ml of breath; or ● 67 milligrams of alcohol per 100ml of urine(尿液) Drivers who cause traffic accidents, or who commit a moving traffic offence or are being suspected of drink driving will be tested. Any driver found drinking beyond the limit will be charged. The driver declared guilty may be fined a maximum of HK﹩25,000 and be sentenced to up to 3 years in prison and punished for 10 driving-offence points; or temporarily banned from driving. The same punishment applies to failing to provide specimens(样本) for breath, blood or urine tests without good excuse. Drink driving is a criminal offence. Be a responsible driver, think before you drink. For the safety of yourself and other road users, never drive after consuming alcohol. 56. The first paragraph is mainly about_____________. A. the effect of drinking on driving B. the damage of drinking to your body C. the introductions of driving skills D. the process of alcohol being absorbed 57. The underlined word “it” in the second paragraph refers to “________”. A. alcohol B. process C. blood D. absorption 58 Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Drinking below the drink driving limit has no effect on driving. B. 50 milligrams of alcohol per 100ml of breath is below the drink limit C. Having a cup of tea helps to get rid of alcohol from the body. D.Alcohol is taken in more quickly when drunk with fruit juice.

59. A driver suspected of drink driving_________. A. will be punished for 10 driving-offence points. B. will be forbidden to drive for 3years. C. should provide specimens for testing. D. should pay a maximum fine of HK$25,000 B An Australian inventor has designed and built an environmentally friendly ferry (渡船) that uses solar and wind power to transport people around Sydney Harbor. Robert Dane and his Solar Sailor were given the top prize at the Australian Design Awards recently. The Solar Sailor has been in use for six months. It uses four sources of energy for its power — solar, wind, battery power with stored solar energy and a fuel generator(发电机) in store all controlled by computers. The ferry can travel up to 7.5 knots on just wind and solar power. It's solar wings and fiberglass solar panels(太阳电池板) which not only take in sunlight and store it in batteries, but also act as sails. "We angle (调整角度) our solar panels to the sun in two planes (面) , which increases the amount of energy we get from the sun by 40 percent," Dane says. "And also we can use that same structure to do another job, which is also the sail, and so these wing sails actually push the ferry forward just like a soft sail does." Computers check the sun and wind and angle the solar wings to take in the most sunlight. If there isn't much wind or it is a cloudy day, energy stored in the batteries runs the electric motor for up to five hours. "If the batteries are too low, then the computer turns the generator on so the boat is always able to meet a commercial schedule, or get from point A to point B no matter what," Dan explains. Dane got his idea for the Solar Sailor from a book on insects. He was amazed how insects use their wings to collect solar energy to warm themselves. "When I read that, I realized there was a good example in nature for what we were going to do, which was to use a solar wing to collect solar energy and also to sail," he says. 60. What is the Solar Sailor? A. A sailor who is good at using solar energy. B. An Australian inventor. C. A new type of generator designed by Dane. D. A ferry that uses solar and wind power. 61. We can learn from the passage ____ . A. the ferry sails at a speed of 7.5 kilometers an hour. B. four sources of energy for the ferry are controlled by Dane. C. the ferry is good for the environment. D. solar energy needn't be stored in case of good weather. 62. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Dane got his idea for the ferry from a book. B. If the batteries are too low, the ferry travels a little more slowly. C. That insects use their wings to collect solar energy gave Dane the idea. D. Solar wings and fiberglass solar panels can also act as sails. 63. What is the purpose of writing this article? A. To praise the designer Robert Dane. B. To make an advertisement. C. To introduce a new invention. D. To tell us to learn from nature. C

In-line skating(滚轴溜冰)is a fun sport that everyone can enjoy. Follow these safety tips to keep skating safe and fun. Step 1: Gear up! Even before you put on your skates, put on all your safety gear(护具). Step 2: Buckle up! Strap(绑紧)on your skates. Make sure they fit well and are snugly(紧贴)around your ankles. This helps your ankles stay strong and straight. Step 3: Fall down! You probably do not usually try to fall. But it is good to practice falling on skates. Fall forward onto your knee pads. Put out your hands and let your wrist guards hit the ground. See? Are you surprised that it doesn’t hurt? Practice falling until it is easy to fall forward and get up again. If you are not afraid to fall, you will try new things. Knowing how to fall will help you be a better skater and find your balance. When you can stay balanced, you won’t fall as much. Step 4: Stop! Make sure you can stop on your skates. The quickest and safest is probably the brake stop. The brake is usually on the back of the right skate. The brake stop: Roll forward with your skates pointing the same way. Let your right skate roll a little forward. Bend your knees as if you are sitting down. Then press your right heel down hard. This will make your brake pad drag on the ground until you stop. The T stop: Roll forward with your skates pointing the same way. Then turn your right foot out so the toes are pointing to your right. Drag your right skate. Let the wheels drag on the ground until you come to a stop. Another way to stop is to run or jump onto the grass. Step 5: Roll around! Find a flat, smooth place to practice. Do not skate in streets. Parks and playgrounds are good places to practice. Look for “No skating” signs to make sure you can skate there. 64. According to the article, which of these steps are most important for a new skater? A. Relax and have fun. C. Learn to fall and stop safely. A. skate fast __________.

B. Find a class and skate fast. D. Buy expensive gear and skates. C. put on gear D. fall safely

65. In the step right after “Buckle up!” you should practice how to _____________. B. brake 66. To begin a brake stop, you should let your right skate roll forward, bend your knees, and

A. press your right heel down C. put your wrists out in front 67. How is the passage organized? A. It tells stories about skating. C. It gives step-by-step instructions.

B. turn your foot D. tighten your skates B. It gives descriptions of skates. D. It uses a question-and-answer form. D

Are you an optimist? Do you look at your glass and see it as half full? Do you believe that every cloud has a silver lining and that generally things turn out for the best? Do you believe that if something is meant to be, it will be? If you reply "yes" to all of these questions, then you are an optimist. You probably are enthusiastic,cheerful and outgoing. You may well be successful at work and in love. But you may be misguided because things don't turn out for the best. You may believe that when one door closes another one opens (for example,you may fail to land a new job,another chance will come around soon), Wrong. When one door closes, another door slams in your face. That's bitter reality. Now a book has been published which confirms what we pessimists(悲观者)have suspected all along. It's called The Positive Power of Defensive Pessimism. Its author argues that defensive pessimism can lead to positive results. Defensive pessimism is a strategy used to manage fear,anxiety and worry. Defensive pessimists prepare for things by setting low outcomes for themselves. They carefully consider everything that may go wrong and plan for ways to handle these problems. And this gives them a sense of control. Lawrence Sanno, a psychology professor, says, "What's interesting about defensive pessimists is that they tend to be very successful people, so their low opinion of the situation's outcomes is not realistic. They use it to motivate themselves to perform better. ” So far, so good. This is not rocket science. Defensive pessimists prepare carefully and consider what might go wrong, whether at work, on a date or even in a sports game. It makes sense to have a back-up plan. There are many sayings in English urging caution. For example, “Don't put all your eggs in one basket," and “ Don't count your chickens until they hatch. “ To have a confident and optimistic approach to life's problems is good. But listen to what Woody Alien ,the American comedian says, ”Confidence is what you have before you understand the problem.“ There are pros and cons to being an optimist and a pessimist. Don't feel bad if you see the glass half empty. You are a realist. But lighten up and hook up with someone who sees the same glass half full. 68. What is the passage mainly about? A. A book that has recently been published. B. The dangers of being too optimistic. C. How to become successful in life. D. The benefits of defensive pessimism. 69. The underlined sentence “This is not rocket science" in paragraph 4 means_____. A. it is quite simple to understand. C. it's not a dangerous thing to do B. there is no real proof D. the cost is not so high

70. The writer would probably describe himself as_____. A. a scientist B. an optimist C. a defeatist D. a realist 71. Which of the following English expressions would a defensive pessimist believe? A. “Every cloud has a silver lining.” B. “The glass is half full not half empty.” C. “Don't put all your eggs in one basket.” D. “Whatever will be, will be.” E The common cold is the world's most widespread illness, which is plagues(疫病) that flesh receives. The most widespread fallacy(谬误) of all is that colds are caused by cold. They are not. They are caused by viruses passing on from person to person. You catch a cold by coming into contact, directly or indirectly, with someone who already has one. If cold causes colds, it would be reasonable to expect the Eskimos to suffer from them forever. But they do not. And in isolated Arctic regions explorers have reported being free from colds until coming into contact again with infected people from the outside world by way of packages and mail dropped from airplanes. During the First World War soldiers who spent long periods in the trenches(战壕), cold and wet, showed no increased tendency to catch colds. In the Second World War prisoners at the notorious Auschwitz Concentration Camp(奥斯维辛集中营), naked and starving, were astonished to find that they seldom had colds. At the Common Cold Research Unit in England, volunteers took part in Experiments in which they gave themselves to the discomforts of being cold and wet for long stretches of time. After taking hot baths, they put on bathing suits, allowed themselves to be with cold water, and then stood about dripping wet in drafty room. Some wore wet socks all day while others exercised in the rain until close to exhaustion. Not one of the volunteers came down with a cold unless a cold virus was actually dropped in his nose. If, then, cold and wet have nothing to do with catching colds, why are they more frequent in the winter? Despite the most pains-taking research, no one has yet found the answer. One explanation offered by scientists is that people tend to stay together indoors more in cold weather than at other times, and this makes it easier for cold viruses to be passed on. No one has yet found a cure for the cold. There are drugs and pain suppressors(止痛片) such as aspirin, but all they do is relieve the symptoms. 72. Which of the following does not agree with the chosen passage? A. Colds are not caused by cold. B. People suffer from colds just because they like to stay indoors. C. The Eskimos do not suffer from colds all the time. D. A person may catch a cold by touching someone who already had one. 73. Arctic explorers may catch colds when . A. they are working in the isolated arctic regions.

B. they are writing reports in terribly cold weather. C. they are free from work in the isolated arctic regions. D. they are coming into touch again with the outside world. 74. Volunteers taking part in the experiments in the Common Cold Research Unit A. suffered a lot. C. often caught colds. 75. The passage mainly discusses . B. never caught colds. D. became very strong. .

A. the experiments on the common cold. B. the continued spread of common colds. C. the fallacy about the common cold. D. the reason and the way people catch colds. 第二卷 (非选择题 共 35 分) 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文填词(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填 入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词完整地写在右边相对应的横线上。所填单词要求意义准确,拼写 正确。 In recent years,people in big cities are complaining about the h_________ traffic. It has seriously influenced people’s daily life and economic ________(发展). To solve the problem, some pieces of advice are put f_______. Some people suggest that more streets and roads should be built. ____ this way,the stress of the traffic can be relieved, thus ________ (加快) up the flow of buses and cars. _____ advise the government to place restrictions on car use, which can decrease the traffic flow. __________,this will affect the consumption and make buses more crowded. In my opinion, _____ number of private cars should be put under control. And at the same time,buses should have their o_______ special routes which cannot be used by other _________(车辆).

76._________ 77._________ 78._________ 79._________ 80._________ 81._________ 82._________ 83._________ 84._________ 85.__________


第二部分 英语知识运用
第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21—25 DADCD 26—30 AADDB 31—35 DBDAC

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

36—40 DCACB 41—45 DDCAC 第三部分


51—55 DCCBC

阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
60-62 DCBC 63-66 CDAC 67-70 DADC 71-75 BDAC


第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节 短文填词(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

1. heavy 6. Others

2. development 7. However

3. forward 8. the

4. In 9. own

5. speeding 10. vehicles


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